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is the When naught would be accepted but the ring, You would abate the strength of your displea
Ant. I once did lend my body for his wealth;
Por. Then you shall be his surety: Give him
And bid him keep it better than the other.
Bass. By heaven, it is the same I gave the
Por. I had it of him: pardon me, Bassanio; For by this ring the doctor lay with me.
Ner. And pardon me, my gentle Gratiano; For that same scrubbed boy, the doctor's clerk, In lieu of this, last night did lie with me.
Gra. Why, this is like the mending of highways
If you did know to whom I gave the ring,
Por. If you had known the virtue of the ring,
I'll die for't, but some woman had the ring.
No woman had it, but a civil doctor,
Here is a letter, read it at your leisure;
Of my dear friend. What should I say, sweet And I have better news in store for you,
Than you expect: unseal this letter soon;
There you shall find, three of your argosies
You shall not know by what strange accident
Bass. Were you the doctor, and I knew you
I was enforc'd to send it after him;
I was beset with shame and courtesy ;
So much besmear it: Pardon me, good lady;
The ring of me to give the worthy doctor.
Por. Let not that doctor e'er come near my
I'll not deny him any thing I have,
Lie not a night from home; watch me, like
If you do not, if I be left alone,
Now, by mine honour, which is yet my own,
Ner. And I his clerk; therefore be well ad-
How you do leave me to mine own protection.
For, if I do, I'll mar the young clerk's pen.
Por. Sir, grieve not you; You are welcome
Bass. Portia, forgive me this enforced
And, in the hearing of these many friends,
Por. Mark you but that!
In both my eyes he doubly sees himself:
In summer, where the ways are fair enough;
Bass. Nay, but hear me :
Pardon this fault, and by my soul 1 swear,
Por. Speak not so grossly.-You are all amaz'd:
MEASURE FOR MEASURE.
LITERARY AND HISTORICAL NOTICE.
THE fable of this play (written in 1603) was taken from the Promos and Cassandra of George Whetstone. The p duction is described as very meagre and insipid, though forming a complete embryo of Measure fut Me sure; and if the genius of Shakspeare enabled him to avoid the faults of his modelist, by imparting a presmer degree of interest to his own drama, it did not give him strength to resist the besetting sin of his pieces-un indulgence in obscenity, buffoonery, and quibble. Some portion of this would naturally result from the m delicate and improbable incident which he took for the ground-work of his plot. Such an occurrence coas only be wrought into a catastrophe, by the introduction of agents whom morality condemns, and by the ame of allusions at which modesty revolts. But neither the necessities of the story, nor the purposes of ar tertainment, can justify such a strange admixture of pathetic contingencies and unmeaning trifles--of cusok ng sentiment and disgusting ribaldry as are exhibited in this piece. Still the moral is of excrilent applica tion; since there are few situations of life in which delegated authority is not capable of abuse. Saim may fail in restraining tyranny, and precept in correcting intolerance; but they teach mankind the cessity of caution in conferring power, by shewing “the fantastic tricks” which mortals are prone to play, wİK "dressed, in a little authority," and entrusted with" the thunder of Jove." Though Shakspeare wrote to gratify monarchs, he never descended to palliate oppression ; and in the scene between Angelo and lesbecia, where the latter pleads for her brother's life, the reader will meet with another eloquent vindication of the principles of justice and humanity---differing from the speech of Portia, on a somewhat similar occaena, bit excellently opposed to that mild and dispassionate appeal, by the cutting and indignant sarcasm with which it lashes "the insolence of office." Dr. Johnson animadverts upon the peculiarities of the play, and thus decides upon its merits: "The light or comic part is very natural and pleasing; but the grave scars ja few passages excepted) have more labour than elegance. The plot is more intricate than artful”
VINCENTIO, Duke of Vienna.
ESCALUS, an ancient Lord, joined with Ange-
CLAUDIO, a young Gentlemen.
Two other like Gentleman.
THOMAS, Two Friars.
ELBOW, a simple Constable.
VARRIUS, a Gentleman, Servant to the Duke.JULIET, beloved by Claudio.
FRANCISCA, a Nun.
MRS. OVER-DONE, a Bawed.
SCENE 1.-An apartment in the
Enter DUKE, ESCALUS, Lords, and
FROTH, a Foolish Gentleman.
ISABELLA, Sister to Claudio.
Since I am put to know, that your own science,
Lords, Gentlemen, Guards, Officers, and other Attendants.
Duke. Of government the properties to un-I
But that to your sufficiency, as your worth w
And let them work. The nature of our people,
That we remember: There is our commission,
say, bid come before us Angelo.
[Exit an Attendant.
+ This a controverted passage; and as unintedig-bit Full of.
Both thanks and use. § But I do bend my speech
come not to composition with the king of Huagary, why, then all the dukes fall upon the king.
1 Gent. Heaven grant us its peace, but not the king of Hungary's!
2 Gent. Amen.
Duke. No more evasion:
We have with a leaver'd and prepared choice
Ang. Yet, give leave, my lord,
That we may bring you something on the way.
As to your soul seeins good. Give me your
In our remove, be thou at full ourself;
Live in thy tongue and heart: Old Escalus,
1 Gent. And thou the velvet thou art good velvet thou art a three-pil'd piece, I warrant thee I had as lief be a list of an English ker
Ang. Now, good my lord,
Let there be some more test made of my metal, sey, as be pil'd, as thou art pil'd, for a French
velvet. Do I speak feelingly now?
Lucio. I think thou dost; and, indeed, with most painful feeling of thy speech: I will, out of thine own confession, learn to begin thy health; but, whilst I live, forget to drink after thee.
I'll privily away: I love the people,
Duke. I thank you: Fare you well.
A power I have; but of what strength and na-
Ang. 'Tis so with me :-Let us withdraw to-
And we may soon our satisfaction have
Escul. I'll wait upon your honour. [Exeunt.
Lucio. Thou concludest like the sanctimonious pirate, that went to sea with the ten commandments, but scraped one out of the table.
2 Gent. Thou shalt not steal?
+ So much thy own property.
Lucio. Ay, that he razed.
1 Gent. Why, 'twas a commandment to com. mand the captain and all the rest from their functions; they put forth to steal: There's not a soldier of us all, that, in the thanksgiving before meat, doth relish the petition well that prays for peace.
2 Gent. I never heard any soldier dislike it. Lucio. I believe thee; for, I think, thou never wast where grace was said.
2 Gent. No? a dozen times at least.
1 Gent. What? in metre?
Lucio. In any proportion, or in any language. 1 Gent. I think, or in any religion. Lucio. Ay! why not? Grace is grace, despite of all controversy: As for example; Thou thyself art a wicked villain, despite of all grace.
1 Gent. Well, there went but a pair of sheers between us. +
Lucio. I grant; as there may between the lists and the velvet; Thou art the list.
Gent. I think I have done myself wrong; have I not?
2 Gent. Yes, that thou hast; whether thou art tainted, or free.
Lucio. Behold, behold, where madam Mitigation comes! I have purchased as many diseases under her roof, as come to
2 Gent. To what, I pray ?
1 Gent. Who's that, I pray thee?
Bawd. Marry, Sir, that's Claudio, signior Claudio.
1 Gent. Claudio to prison! 'tis not so. Bawd. Nay, But I know, 'tis so; I saw him arrested; saw him carried away; and, which is more, within these three days his bead's to be chopped off.
Lucio. But, after all this fooling, I would not have it so Art thou sure of this?
Bawd. I am too sure of it and it is for getting madain Julietta with child.
Lucio. Believe me, this may be he promised to meet me two hours since; and he was ever precise in promise-keeping
2 Gent. Besides, you know, it draws some-
SOENE III.-The same.
Enter PROVOST,† CLAUDIO, JULIET, and
Bear me to prison, where I am committed.
Claud. Thus can the demi god, Authority, Make us pay down for our offence by weight.The words of heaven ;-on whom it will, it will; On whom it will not, so; yet still 'tis just.
Lucio. Why, how now, Claudio? whence comes this restraint?
Claud. From too much liberty, my Lucio, liberty;
As surfeit is the father of much fast,
Lucio. If I could speak so wisely under an arrest, I would send for certain of my creditors: And yet, to say the truth, I had as lief have the foppery of freedom, as the morality of imprisonment. What's thy offence, Claudio ?
Claud. What, but to speak of would offend again.
Lucio. What is it? murder?
Claud. Call it so.
Prov. Away, Sir; you must go.
Claud. One word, good friend :—Lucio, a wort with you. [Takes him and Lucio. A hundred, if they'll do you any good. -Is lechery so look'd after?
Claud. Thus stands it with me :-Upon a true contract,
1 Voraciously devour.
I got possession of Julietta's bed;
And the new deputy now for the duke,—
I pr'ythee, Lucio, do me this kind service :
When she will play with reason and discouIST,
Lucio. I pray, she may; as well for the encouragement of the like, which else would stand under grievous imposition; as for the enjes af of thy life, who I would be sorry should be thus foolishly lost at a game of tick-tack. I'll to
Claud. I thank you, good friend Lucio.
SCENE IV-A Monastery. Enter DUKE and FRIAR THOMAS Duke. No; holy father; throw away that thought;
Believe not that the dribbling dart of love
To give me secret harbour, bath a purpose
Fri. May your grace speak of it?
Duke. My holy Sir, none better knows than you
How I have ever lov'd the life remov'd; ¶
Enter on her probation. Completely armed.
1 have delivered to lord Angelo
Duke. We have strict statutes, and most biting
(The needful bits and curbs for headstrong
Which for these fourteen years we have let sleep;
Dead to infliction, to themselves are dead;
Fri. It rested in your grace
Duke. I do fear, too dreadful :
Sith 'twas my fault to give the people scope,
When evil deeds have their permissive pass,
I have on Angelo impos'd the office;
And yet my nature never in the sight,
Sapply me with the habit, and instruct me
At our more leisure shall I render you;
SCENE V.-A Nunnery.
Enter ISABELLA and FRANCISCA.
Isab. And have you nuns no further privi-
Fran. Are not these large enough?
But rather wishing a more strict restraint
Proclaim you are no less! Can you so stead me
Isab. Why her unhappy brother? let me ask
Lucio. Gentle and fair, your brother kindly
Not to be weary with you, he's in prison.
Lucio. For that, which, if myself might be
He should receive his punishment in thanks:
Isab. Sir, make me not your story.
I would not-though 'tis my familiar sin
Isub. You do bla-pheme the good, in mock-
Lucio. Do not believe it. Fewness and truth,+
Your brother and his lover have embrac'd:
Fran. it is a man's voice: Gentle Isabella,
Then, if you speak, you must not show your
6 On his defence.
Lucio. Hail, virgin, if you be; as three cheek
Isab. Oh! let him marry her!
Lucio. This is the point.
The duke is very strangely gone from hence : ac- Bore many gentlemen, myself being one,
In haud, and hope of action: but we do learn
Lucio. Is she your cousin?
Isub. Adoptedly; as school-maids change their
By vain though apt affection.
Isab. Alas! what poor ability's in me
Lucio. Assay the power you have.
Do not make a jest of me. In few and true words. 1 Breeding plenty. Tilling. Extent. Power of gaining favour. tt lave.