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we'll borrow place of him:—Sir, by your leave :
Isab. I do, my lord. Duke. For this new-married man, approaching here, Whose salt imagination yet hath wrong'd Your well-defended honour, you must pardom For Mariana's sake : but as he adjudg’d your (Being criminal, in double violation [brother, of sacred chastity, and of promise-breach, Thereon dependent, for your brother's life.) The very mercy of the law cries out Most audible, even from his proper | tongue, An Angelo for Claudio, death for death. Haste still pays haste, and leisure answers leisure; Like doth quit like, and Measure still for Meastore. Then, Angelo, thy fault's thus manifested : Which though thou would'st deny, denies thee vantage : we do condemn thee to the very block where Claudio stoop'd to death, and with like Away with him. [haste ;Mari. O my most gracious lord, I hope you will not mock me with a husband 1 Duke. It is your husband mock'd you with a husband : Consenting to the safeguard of your honour, I thought year marriage fit; else imputation, For that he knew you, might reproach your life, And choke your good to coine : for his possessions,
Although by confiscation they are our’s,
| And, for the most, become much more the better | For being a little bad : so may my husband.
O Isabel I will you not lend a knee ?
Re-enter Provost, BAR N An or NE, Clac dio, and Ju Li Et.
Duke. Which is that Barnardine Prot. This, my lord. Duke. There was a friar told me of this man :Sirrah, thou art said to have a stubborn soul That apprehends no further than this world, And squar'st thy life according. Thou'rt con. deinn"d ; But, for those earthly faults, I quit them all ; And pray thee, take this mercy to provide
As there is sense in truth, and truth in virtue, | F's I am assanc'd this man's wife, as strongly Look As words could make up vows 1 aud, uy good 19. lord, Coin But Tuesday night last gone, in his garden-house, Good He knew me as a wife: As this is true them Let me in safety raise one from tuy knees; Thus or else for ever be confixed here, And A marble monument 1 Whie Ang. I did but smile till now ; 1. * Now, good my lord, give me the scope of justice; Es My patience here is touch'd : I do perceive, These poor informal" women are no more is’t n But instruments of some more lunghtier member, To as That sets theus on : Let Ine have way, ony lord, And To find this practice out. To ca Duke. Ay, with my heart; And t And punish them unto your height of pleasure.— . To ta Thou foolish friar ; and, thou pernicious woman, To th Compact with her that's gone I think'st thou, thy oaths, [saint, But w Though they would swear down each particular Du were testimonies against his worth and credit, Dare That's seal’d in approbation —You, lord Escalus, Dare Sit with my cousiu ; lend him your kind pains Nor h To find out this abuse, whence 'tis derived.- Made There is another friar that set them ou ; Where Let hunn be sent for. Till it F. Peter. would he were here, my lord; for But fa he, indeed, Hath set the wounen on to this complaint : Stand Your provost knows the place where he abides, As mu And he unay fetch himn. Est Duke. Go, do it instantly.— [Erit Provost. And you, my noble and well-warranted cousin, Ang whom it concerns to hear this matter forth, ; Do with your injuries as seeins you best, Is this In any chastisement : 1 for a while Luc Will leave you ; but stir not you, till you have man b Deterinined upon these slanderers. [well | Dul Escal. My lord, we'll do it thoroughly.—[Erit your v Duke.) Signior Lucio, did not you say, you knew sence that friar Lodowick to be a dishonest person 1 Luc Lucio. Luculius non facit monachum houests what y in nothing, but in his clothes; and one that hath | Duo spoke most villanous speeches of the duke. Luc Escal. We shall entreat you to abide here till flesh-n he coine, and enforce them against him : we shall report: find this friar a notable fellow. DuA Lucio. As any in Vienna, on my word. ere you Escat, Call that same Isabel here once again ; so of [To an Attendant..] I would speak with her: Lut Pray you, my lord, give me leave to question; pluck i you shall see how I'll handle her. Duk Lucio. Not better than he, by her own report. I myself. Escal. Say you ? Ang. Lucio. Marry, Sir, I think, if you handled her after h privately, she would sooner confess; perchance, Esca publicly she'll be ashamed. —Away Re-enter Officers, with Isabella, the Duke, * in the Friar's habit, and Provost. those g Escat. I will go darkly to work with her. coupat Lucio. That's the way: for women are light s at midnight. Duk Escal. Come on, mistress : [To Isan ELLA.] Ang. here's a gentlewoman denies all that you have | Luci. said. foh, Sir Lucio. My lord, here comes the rascal I spoke|must be of ; here with the provost. visage, Escat. In very good tine : speak not you to biting f him, till we call upon you. off f Lucio. Mum. [P. Escat. Come, Sir: Did you set these women on to slander lord Angelo 1 they have confess'd Duke you did. Duke. 'tis false, First, P Joscal. How I know you where you are 7 Sneak in Duke. Respect to your great place and let the devil Must hav Be sometime honour'd for his burning throne :- Lucio Where is the duke 1 'tis he should bear ine Duke. speak : • Crazy. + Conspiracy. 1 To the end. • refer
WINITIE 8.75 T.A. A. E.
Liter ARY And historical Notice.
To the stery-book, or Pleasant Histors (as it is called) of Derritus and Fawnia, written by Robert Greene, M.A.
we are indebted for Shakspeare's Winter's Tale. The parts of Antigonus, Paulina, and Autolycus, are of the poet's own invention ; and many circumstances of the novel are omitted in the drama. Mr. Walpole ranks it among the historic plays of Shakspeare, and says it was certainly presented, (in compliment to Queen Elizabeth) as an indirect apology for her mother, Anne Boleyn i the unreasonable jealousy and violent conduct of Leontes, forming a true portrait of Henry VIII. who generally made the law the engine of his passions. Several passages, it must be confessed, strongly favour this plausible conjecture, and seem to apply to the real history much closer than to the fable. But Malone and Sir William Blackstone refer to other passages, which would strengthen a contrary opinion ; to one, in particular, which could scarcely be intended for the ear of her, who had put the Queen of Scots to death. It was, however, probably written immediately upon Elizabeth's death ; nor could it fail of being very agreeable to James her successor. An onattention to dramatic rules, so common with Shakspeare, is perhaps more glaringly apparent in thus than in any other of his productions; and Pope and Dryden have made it the subject of some ill-advised censure. but had Shakspeare been acquainted with these rules, (which he certainly was not,) the exquisite talent displayed in his writings, is a sufficient apology for the freedom with which he has set them aside. his inexhaustible genius was not to be restrained, nor the restless disposition of an English audience to * sratified, by a close and reverent adherence to the classical unities of the stage. Hence such a breach in tim” and probability, as producing, at a rustic festival, a lovely woman, fit to be married, who but a few minutes before, had been deposited on the sea-shore, an infant in swaddling clothes. Hence the celerity with which seas are crossed, countries traversed, battles fought, and marriages accomplished. The Winter's Tale, however, with all its contradictions---with a mean fable, extravagantly conducted---is scarcely inferior to any of Shakspeare's plays. It contains much excellent sentiment, several strongly-marked characters, and a tissue of events fully justifying the title ;---for a jumble of improbable incidents, some merry and some oad, is the legitimate feature of a Christmas story. Still it must be observed, that though the origin and progress of jealousy are always unaccountable, the sudden transition of Leontes from a state of perfect friendship and affection to that of hatred and vindictive rage, is not accompanied by any apparent circumstances to render it probable or natural. Paulina's character is novel, and very pleasingly inagined ; and Hermone's defence is not less beautiful and pathetic than its prototype in Henry VIII. Autolycus, the king of beggars and of
pedlars, is one of the most arch and amusing scoundrels ever designed by our poet. His songs are all exceedingly spirited.
Arch. Velily, 1 speak it in the freedom of my knowledge : we cannot with such usagnificence—in so rare—I know not what to say.--We will give you sleepy drinks ; that your senses, unintelligent of our insufficience, inay, though they cannot praise us, as little accuse us. Cam. You pay a great deal too dear, for what’s given freely. Arch. Believe me, I speak as my understanding instructs une, aud as mine honesty puts it to ulterance. Cam. Sicilia cannot show himself over-kind to Bohemia. They were trained together in their childhoods; and there rooted betwixt them then such an affection, which cannot choose but branch now. Since their more mature dignities, and royal necessities, made separation of their society, their encounters, though not personal, have been royally attornied," with interchange of gifts, letters, loving eiubassies; that they have seemed to be together, though absent ; shook hands, as over a vast , t and einbraced, as it were, from the ends of opposed winds. The heavens continue their loves | Arch. I think, there is not in the world either inalice, or matter, to alter it. You have an unspeakable comfort of your young prince Manillius; it is a gentleman of the greatest promise, that ever came into my note. ('am. I very well agree with you in the hopes of hitn : it is a gallant child ; one that, indeed, physics the subject, I makes old hearts fresh : they, that went on crutches ere he was born, desire yet their life, to see hitn a man. Arch. Would they else be content to die? Cam. Yes; if there were no other excuse why they should desire to live. Arch. If the king had no son, they would desire to live on crutches till he had one. [Ereunt.
SCEVE II.-The same.—A Room of state in - the Palace.
Exter Leoxtes, Polix ENFs, HERM ion E, MAMILLI Us, CAM illo, and Attendants.
Pol. Nine changes of the wat'ry star have been (throue The sl:epherd's note, since we have left our Without a burden: time as long again would be fill’d up, my brother, with our thanks; And yet we should, for perpetuity, Go hence in debt: Aud therefore, like a cipher, Yet standing in rich place, I multiply, With one we-thank-you, unau, thousands more That go before it. Leon. Stay your thanks awbile; And pay thein when you part. Pol. Sir, that's to morrow. I am question'd by my fears, of what may chance, or breed upon our absence: That may blow No sneaping 3 winds at home, to unake us say, This is put forth too truly Besides, I have To tire your royalty. [stay’d Leon. We are tougher, brother, Than you can put us to't. Pol. No longer stay. Leon. One seven-night longer. Pol. Very sooth, to-morrow. Leon. We’ll part the time between's then : and in that I’ll no gain-saying. Pol. Press me not, "beseech you, so : There is no tongue that moves, uvue, none i'the would, [now, so soon as your's, could win me : so it should were there necessity in your request, although 'Twere needful I denied it. My affairs do even drag me houseward : which to binder, Were, in your love, a willip to lue ; uy stay,
The ossences we have made you do, we'll an-
As in a looking glass –and then to sigh, as *t were The mort o'the deer; + Oh! that is entertain
Most dear'st || my collop l–Can thy dam t-
man be his
Observing Polix EN rs and Hert