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we'll borrow place of him:—Sir, by your leave :
[To ANG Elo.
Mast thou or word, or wit, or impudence,
That yet can do thee office f * if thou hast,
Rely upon it till my tale be heard,
And hold no longer out.
A ng. O my dread lord,
I should be guistier than my guiltiness,
to think I can be undiscernible,
When I perceive, your grace, like power divine,
Hath look'd upon Iny passes : t Then, good
No longer session hold upon my shame. -
But let iny trial be mine own confession :
Immediate sentence then, and sequent : death,
is all the grace I beg.
Duke. Come hither, Mariana :-
Say, wast thou e'er contracted to this woman 7
A ng. I was, my lord.
Duke. Go take her hence, and marry her in-
Do you the office, friar; which consummate,
Return him here again :-Go with him, Provost.
[Ereunt A No elo, MAR1ANA, PET ER,
and PRovost.
Escal. My lord, I am more amaz'd at his dis-
Than at the strangeness of it. [honour.
Duke. Come hither, Isabel :
Your friar is now your prince : As I was then
Advertising, 3 and holy to your business,
Not changing heart with habit, I am still
Attorney'd at your service.
Isab. Oh give me pardon,
That I, your vassal, have employ'd and pain'd
Your unknown sovereignty.
Luke. You are pardon'd, Isabel:
And now, dear maid, be you as free to us.
Your brother's death, I know, sits at your heart;
And you may marvel, why I obscur'd myself,
Labouring to save his life ; and would
Make rash remonstrance of my hidden power,
Than let him so be lost : O nost kind maid,
It was the swift celerity of his death,
which I did think with slower foot came on,
That brain’d iny purpose : But, peace be with
him :
That life is better life, past fearing death,
Than that which lives to fear; make it your com-
89 happy is your brother. [fort,


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Isab. I do, my lord. Duke. For this new-married man, approaching here, Whose salt imagination yet hath wrong'd Your well-defended honour, you must pardom For Mariana's sake : but as he adjudg’d your (Being criminal, in double violation [brother, of sacred chastity, and of promise-breach, Thereon dependent, for your brother's life.) The very mercy of the law cries out Most audible, even from his proper | tongue, An Angelo for Claudio, death for death. Haste still pays haste, and leisure answers leisure; Like doth quit like, and Measure still for Meastore. Then, Angelo, thy fault's thus manifested : Which though thou would'st deny, denies thee vantage : we do condemn thee to the very block where Claudio stoop'd to death, and with like Away with him. [haste ;Mari. O my most gracious lord, I hope you will not mock me with a husband 1 Duke. It is your husband mock'd you with a husband : Consenting to the safeguard of your honour, I thought year marriage fit; else imputation, For that he knew you, might reproach your life, And choke your good to coine : for his possessions,

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Although by confiscation they are our’s,
We do instate and widow you withal,
To buy you a better husband.
Mari. O my dear lord,
I crave no other, nor no better man.
Duke. Never crave him ; we are definitive.
Mari. Gentle, my liege, [ Aneeling.
Duke. You do but lose your labour;
Away with him to death.-Now, Sir, to you.
(To Lucio.
Mari. O my good lord —Sweet isabel, take
my part:
Lend me your knees, and all my life to come
I'll lend you, all my life to do you service.
Duke. Against all sense" you do inspórtune
her :
Should she kneel down, in mercy of this fact,
Her brother's ghost his paved bed would break,
And take her hence in horror.
Asari. Isabel,
Sweet Isabel, do yet but kneel by me ;
Hold up your hands, say nothing, I'll speak a!!.
They say, best men are moulded out of faults:

| And, for the most, become much more the better | For being a little bad : so may my husband.

O Isabel I will you not lend a knee ?
Duke. He dies for Claudio's death.
Isab. Most bounteous Sir, [Kneeling
Look, if it please you, on this man condemu’d,
As if ny brother liv'd : I partly think,
A due sincerity govern'd his deeds,
Till he did look on me ; since it is so,
Let him not die : My brother had but justice,
In that he did the thing for which he died :
For Angelo,
His act did not o'ertake his bad intent;
And must be buried but as an intent
That perish’d by the way: thoughts are no sub-
lutents but merely thoughts. [Jew is ;
Mari. Merely, my lord.
Duke. Your suit's unprofitable; stand up, I
I have bethought me of another fault :
Provost, how came it, Claudio was beheaded
At an unusual hour of
Prov. It was commanded so.
Duke. Had you a special warrant for the deed
Prov. No, my good lord; it was by private
in essage. -
Duke. For which I do discharge you of your
Give up your keys. [oslice :
Prop. Pardon me, nobles lord :
I thought it was a fault, but knew it not ;
Yet did repent me, after more advice : +
For testimony whereof, one in the prison
That should by private order else have died,
I have reserv'd alive.
Duke. What's he f
Prov. His name is Barnardine.
Duke. I would thou had'st done so by Claudio.
Go, fetch him hither; let me look upon him.
[Erit Provost.
Escal. I am sorry, one so learned, and so wise
As you, lord Angelo, have still appear'd,
Should slip so grossly, both in the heat of blood,
And lack of temper'd judgment afterward.
A ng. I am sorry that such sorrow I procure :
And so deep sticks it in my penitent heart,
That I crave death more willingly than mercy;
'Tis my deserving, and I do intreat it.

Re-enter Provost, BAR N An or NE, Clac dio, and Ju Li Et.

Duke. Which is that Barnardine Prot. This, my lord. Duke. There was a friar told me of this man :Sirrah, thou art said to have a stubborn soul That apprehends no further than this world, And squar'st thy life according. Thou'rt con. deinn"d ; But, for those earthly faults, I quit them all ; And pray thee, take this mercy to provide

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As there is sense in truth, and truth in virtue, | F's I am assanc'd this man's wife, as strongly Look As words could make up vows 1 aud, uy good 19. lord, Coin But Tuesday night last gone, in his garden-house, Good He knew me as a wife: As this is true them Let me in safety raise one from tuy knees; Thus or else for ever be confixed here, And A marble monument 1 Whie Ang. I did but smile till now ; 1. * Now, good my lord, give me the scope of justice; Es My patience here is touch'd : I do perceive, These poor informal" women are no more is’t n But instruments of some more lunghtier member, To as That sets theus on : Let Ine have way, ony lord, And To find this practice out. To ca Duke. Ay, with my heart; And t And punish them unto your height of pleasure.— . To ta Thou foolish friar ; and, thou pernicious woman, To th Compact with her that's gone I think'st thou, thy oaths, [saint, But w Though they would swear down each particular Du were testimonies against his worth and credit, Dare That's seal’d in approbation —You, lord Escalus, Dare Sit with my cousiu ; lend him your kind pains Nor h To find out this abuse, whence 'tis derived.- Made There is another friar that set them ou ; Where Let hunn be sent for. Till it F. Peter. would he were here, my lord; for But fa he, indeed, Hath set the wounen on to this complaint : Stand Your provost knows the place where he abides, As mu And he unay fetch himn. Est Duke. Go, do it instantly.— [Erit Provost. And you, my noble and well-warranted cousin, Ang whom it concerns to hear this matter forth, ; Do with your injuries as seeins you best, Is this In any chastisement : 1 for a while Luc Will leave you ; but stir not you, till you have man b Deterinined upon these slanderers. [well | Dul Escal. My lord, we'll do it thoroughly.—[Erit your v Duke.) Signior Lucio, did not you say, you knew sence that friar Lodowick to be a dishonest person 1 Luc Lucio. Luculius non facit monachum houests what y in nothing, but in his clothes; and one that hath | Duo spoke most villanous speeches of the duke. Luc Escal. We shall entreat you to abide here till flesh-n he coine, and enforce them against him : we shall report: find this friar a notable fellow. DuA Lucio. As any in Vienna, on my word. ere you Escat, Call that same Isabel here once again ; so of [To an Attendant..] I would speak with her: Lut Pray you, my lord, give me leave to question; pluck i you shall see how I'll handle her. Duk Lucio. Not better than he, by her own report. I myself. Escal. Say you ? Ang. Lucio. Marry, Sir, I think, if you handled her after h privately, she would sooner confess; perchance, Esca publicly she'll be ashamed. —Away Re-enter Officers, with Isabella, the Duke, * in the Friar's habit, and Provost. those g Escat. I will go darkly to work with her. coupat Lucio. That's the way: for women are light s at midnight. Duk Escal. Come on, mistress : [To Isan ELLA.] Ang. here's a gentlewoman denies all that you have | Luci. said. foh, Sir Lucio. My lord, here comes the rascal I spoke|must be of ; here with the provost. visage, Escat. In very good tine : speak not you to biting f him, till we call upon you. off f Lucio. Mum. [P. Escat. Come, Sir: Did you set these women on to slander lord Angelo 1 they have confess'd Duke you did. Duke. 'tis false, First, P Joscal. How I know you where you are 7 Sneak in Duke. Respect to your great place and let the devil Must hav Be sometime honour'd for his burning throne :- Lucio Where is the duke 1 'tis he should bear ine Duke. speak : • Crazy. + Conspiracy. 1 To the end. • refer

WINITIE 8.75 T.A. A. E.

Liter ARY And historical Notice.

To the stery-book, or Pleasant Histors (as it is called) of Derritus and Fawnia, written by Robert Greene, M.A.

we are indebted for Shakspeare's Winter's Tale. The parts of Antigonus, Paulina, and Autolycus, are of the poet's own invention ; and many circumstances of the novel are omitted in the drama. Mr. Walpole ranks it among the historic plays of Shakspeare, and says it was certainly presented, (in compliment to Queen Elizabeth) as an indirect apology for her mother, Anne Boleyn i the unreasonable jealousy and violent conduct of Leontes, forming a true portrait of Henry VIII. who generally made the law the engine of his passions. Several passages, it must be confessed, strongly favour this plausible conjecture, and seem to apply to the real history much closer than to the fable. But Malone and Sir William Blackstone refer to other passages, which would strengthen a contrary opinion ; to one, in particular, which could scarcely be intended for the ear of her, who had put the Queen of Scots to death. It was, however, probably written immediately upon Elizabeth's death ; nor could it fail of being very agreeable to James her successor. An onattention to dramatic rules, so common with Shakspeare, is perhaps more glaringly apparent in thus than in any other of his productions; and Pope and Dryden have made it the subject of some ill-advised censure. but had Shakspeare been acquainted with these rules, (which he certainly was not,) the exquisite talent displayed in his writings, is a sufficient apology for the freedom with which he has set them aside. his inexhaustible genius was not to be restrained, nor the restless disposition of an English audience to * sratified, by a close and reverent adherence to the classical unities of the stage. Hence such a breach in tim” and probability, as producing, at a rustic festival, a lovely woman, fit to be married, who but a few minutes before, had been deposited on the sea-shore, an infant in swaddling clothes. Hence the celerity with which seas are crossed, countries traversed, battles fought, and marriages accomplished. The Winter's Tale, however, with all its contradictions---with a mean fable, extravagantly conducted---is scarcely inferior to any of Shakspeare's plays. It contains much excellent sentiment, several strongly-marked characters, and a tissue of events fully justifying the title ;---for a jumble of improbable incidents, some merry and some oad, is the legitimate feature of a Christmas story. Still it must be observed, that though the origin and progress of jealousy are always unaccountable, the sudden transition of Leontes from a state of perfect friendship and affection to that of hatred and vindictive rage, is not accompanied by any apparent circumstances to render it probable or natural. Paulina's character is novel, and very pleasingly inagined ; and Hermone's defence is not less beautiful and pathetic than its prototype in Henry VIII. Autolycus, the king of beggars and of

pedlars, is one of the most arch and amusing scoundrels ever designed by our poet. His songs are all exceedingly spirited.

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Arch. Velily, 1 speak it in the freedom of my knowledge : we cannot with such usagnificence—in so rare—I know not what to say.--We will give you sleepy drinks ; that your senses, unintelligent of our insufficience, inay, though they cannot praise us, as little accuse us. Cam. You pay a great deal too dear, for what’s given freely. Arch. Believe me, I speak as my understanding instructs une, aud as mine honesty puts it to ulterance. Cam. Sicilia cannot show himself over-kind to Bohemia. They were trained together in their childhoods; and there rooted betwixt them then such an affection, which cannot choose but branch now. Since their more mature dignities, and royal necessities, made separation of their society, their encounters, though not personal, have been royally attornied," with interchange of gifts, letters, loving eiubassies; that they have seemed to be together, though absent ; shook hands, as over a vast , t and einbraced, as it were, from the ends of opposed winds. The heavens continue their loves | Arch. I think, there is not in the world either inalice, or matter, to alter it. You have an unspeakable comfort of your young prince Manillius; it is a gentleman of the greatest promise, that ever came into my note. ('am. I very well agree with you in the hopes of hitn : it is a gallant child ; one that, indeed, physics the subject, I makes old hearts fresh : they, that went on crutches ere he was born, desire yet their life, to see hitn a man. Arch. Would they else be content to die? Cam. Yes; if there were no other excuse why they should desire to live. Arch. If the king had no son, they would desire to live on crutches till he had one. [Ereunt.

SCEVE II.-The same.—A Room of state in - the Palace.

Exter Leoxtes, Polix ENFs, HERM ion E, MAMILLI Us, CAM illo, and Attendants.

Pol. Nine changes of the wat'ry star have been (throue The sl:epherd's note, since we have left our Without a burden: time as long again would be fill’d up, my brother, with our thanks; And yet we should, for perpetuity, Go hence in debt: Aud therefore, like a cipher, Yet standing in rich place, I multiply, With one we-thank-you, unau, thousands more That go before it. Leon. Stay your thanks awbile; And pay thein when you part. Pol. Sir, that's to morrow. I am question'd by my fears, of what may chance, or breed upon our absence: That may blow No sneaping 3 winds at home, to unake us say, This is put forth too truly Besides, I have To tire your royalty. [stay’d Leon. We are tougher, brother, Than you can put us to't. Pol. No longer stay. Leon. One seven-night longer. Pol. Very sooth, to-morrow. Leon. We’ll part the time between's then : and in that I’ll no gain-saying. Pol. Press me not, "beseech you, so : There is no tongue that moves, uvue, none i'the would, [now, so soon as your's, could win me : so it should were there necessity in your request, although 'Twere needful I denied it. My affairs do even drag me houseward : which to binder, Were, in your love, a willip to lue ; uy stay,

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The ossences we have made you do, we'll an-
swer ;
If you first sinn'd with us, and that with us
You did continue fault, aud that you slipp'd not
With any but with us.
Leon. Is he won yet f
Her. He'll stay, my lord.
Leon. At my request, he would not.
Hermione, my dearest, thou never spok'st
To better purpose.
Her. Never ? -
Ileon. Never, but once,
Lier. What f have I twice said well ? when
was’t before ?
I pr’ythee, tell me: Cram us with praise, and
anake us
As fat as tame things : Oue good deed, dying
slaughters a thousand, waiting upon that.
Our praises are our wages: You Inay ride us,
With one soft kiss, a thousand furlongs, ere
With spur we heat an acre. But to the jail :-
My last good was, to entreat his stay ;
what was my first it has an elder sister,
Or I inistake you : Oh! would her maine were
Grace I
But once before I spoke to the purpose: When 7
Nay, let me have’t ; I long.
Leon. Why, that was when
Three crabbed Inonths had sour'd themselves to
Ere I could make thee open thy white hand,
And clap thyself my love ; then didst thou utter,
I am your's for ever.
Her. It is Grace, indeed.— [twice:
why, lo you now, I have spoke to the purpose
The one for ever earn’d a royal husband ;
The other, for some while a friend.
[Giving her hand to Polix E N Es.
Leon: Too hot, too hot : (Aside.
To iningle friendship far, is mingling bloods.
I have trenor cord is "on me:—my heart dances;
But not for joy,+not joy.—This entertainment
May a free face put on ; derive a liberty
From heartiness, from bounty, fertile bosom,
And well become the agent; it may, I grant :
But to be paddling palus, and pinching fingers,
As now they are ; and making practis'd stiniles,

As in a looking glass –and then to sigh, as *t were The mort o'the deer; + Oh! that is entertain

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Most dear'st || my collop l–Can thy dam t-
may’t be 2
Affection I thy intention stabs the centre:
Thou dost make possible, things not so held
communo with dreams;—(How can this
be 1)-
With what's unreal thou coactive art,
And fellow'st nothing : Then, 'tis very credent,”
Thou may'st co-join with something; and thou
dost ;
(And that beyond commission; and I find it,)
And that to the infection of my brains,
And hardening of my brows.
Pol. What means Sicilia f
Jier. He somethiug seems unsettled.
Pol. How, my lord 7
What cheer how is't with you, best brother f
Her. You look,
As if you held a brow of much distraction:
Are you mov’d, my lord 7
Leon. No, in good earnest.—
How sometimes nature will betray its folly
Its tenderness, and make itself a pastime
To harder bosons ! Looking on the lines
Of my boy's face, methought, I did recoil
Twenty-three years; and saw myself unbreech'd,
In my green velvet coat ; my dagger unuzzled,
Lest it should bite its master, and so prove,
As ornaments oft do, too daugerous.
How like, methought, I then was to this kernel,
This quash, t this gentleman :-Mine honest
Will you take eggs for money f :
Man. No, my lord, I’ll sight.
Leon. You will why, happy
dole $—My brother,
Are you so fond of your young prince, as we
Do seem to be of our's 1
Pol. If at home, Sir,
He's all my exercise, my mirth, my matter:
Now my sworn friend, and then inine enemy ,
My parasite, Iny soldier, statesman, all :
He makes a July's day short as December ;
And with his varying childness, cures in ine
Thoughts that would thick my blood.
1.eon. So stands this squire
Offic'd with me: We two will walk, my lord,
And leave you to your graver steps.-Hermione,
How thou lov'st us, show in our brother’s wel-
coine ;
Let what is dear in Sicily, be cheap :
Next to thyself, and my young rover, he's
*}...", to inx heart.
Her. If you would seek us,
we are your's i'the garden : Shall's attend you
there 7
Leon. To your own bents dispose you : you'll
be found,
Be you beneath the sky :-I am angling now
Though you perceive me not how I give line.
Go to, go to
at 10 N. E. +
How she holds up the neb," the bill to him
And arms her with the boldness of a wise
To her allowing ** husband Gone alrea'y :
inch-thick, knee-deep ; o'er head and cars a
fork'd one. **
[Ere unt Polix EN es, Her Mion r, and
Go, play, boy, play —thy mother plays, and I
Play too; but so disgrac'd a part, whose is-ite
will hiss me to my grave; conteuipt and cla-
in our
Will be my knell.–Go, play, boy, play :-There
have been,
or I am much deceiv'd, cuckolds ere now ;
And many a man there is, even at this prosen",
Now, while 1 speak this, holds his wife by the

man be his

Observing Polix EN rs and Hert

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