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they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe. Luke, xxiii. 11. And Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again unto Pilate. John, xix. 1, 2, 3. Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him, and the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe. And said, Hail, king of the Jews! And they smote him with their hands.
7. Q. Wherefore was Christ crucified ?
A. To fulfil both the types and prophecies coucerning his death. Gen. xxii. 6. And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon
Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together. Numb. xxi. 9. And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it on a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived. Compare John, iii. 14. And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up. Psalm xxii. 17. I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me.
Zech, xii. 10. And they shall look upon me, whom they have pierced
And, in the next place, to deliver us from the curse of the law, by making himself a curse for us. Gal. iii. 13.
8. Q. How did Christ suffer all this?
A. Only in his * humane nature: his body endured all the inflictions of the Jews and soldiers without: his soul was the seat of all his fears, and horrors, and pains, which he felt within. The divine nature only gave worth and value to what the humane bare.
The same person was God and man, who underwent all this : but the man only suffered; the divine nature neither did, nor could suffer any thing.
Proops SUBJOINED.-* 1 Pet. iii. 18. For Christ also hath suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the spirit. iv. 1. Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin.
Acts, xx. 28. Take heed therefore unto yourselves and to all the flock, over which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. 1 Cor. ii. 8. Which none of the princes of this world knew : for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of Glory.
9. Q. Wherefore to his being crucified, do you add, that he died ?
A. Because, though crucifixion was a capital punishment, and extended unto death, yet it was not necessarily in itself, mortal. So that Christ might have been crucified, and yet for all that, not have died.
Proofs SUBJOINED.—Luke, xxiii. 46. And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands 1 commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost. Mark, xv. 37, 44. And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost.-And Pilate murrelled if he were already deud, and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead. Acts, ii.
23. Him being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain. v. 36. The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree.
10. Q. Was it necessary to our Redemption that Christ should die? A. It was.
Heb. ix. 16, 23. Where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.-It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these ; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.
For the wages of sin is death, Rom. vi. 23, and without shedding of blood there is no remission. Heb. ix. 22.
And therefore we could not have been delivered from death on any other terms than by Christ's dying in our stead. Matt. xxvi. 39. O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt.
Whereas, by dying, he has made a full satisfaction for our sins; has taken away the sting of death; and conquered him, who had the power of death, that is, the devil, Heb. ii. 14. Heb. ix. 13, 14, 26. For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer, sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works, to serve the living God? So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto themi that look for him shall he appear the second time
without sin unto salvation. Romans, v. 6, 8. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. But God commendeth his love towards us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
1 Cor. xv. 55, 57. O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? Thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory, through our Lord Jesus Christ.
ProOFS SUBJOINED.—Isaiah, liji. 10. Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him : he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. Pet. i. 8, 19. Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable, and full of glory. Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers ; but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish, and without spot. Rom. v. 6 to 10. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die. But, God commendeth his love towards us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. viii. 32. He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him freely give us all things. Col. i. 21, 22. And you, that were sometimes alienated, and enemies in
your mind by wicked works, yet now hath
he reconciled, in the body of his flesh, through death, to present you holy and unblameable, and unreproveable in his sight.
11. Q. How was Christ's body disposed of, after he was dead?
A. It was decently and honourably buried, by Joseph of Arimathæa and Nicodemus, principal men among the Jews; and that according to the prophecies of God to that purpose. Matt. xxvii. 60. And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth. And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed. Mark, xv. 43 to 46. Joseph of Arimathæa, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus. And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead; and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead. And when he knew it of the centurion, he gave the body to Joseph. John, xix. 38, &c. Comp. Isaiah, liii. 9. John. And after this, Joseph of Arimathæa, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore and took the body of Jesus. Isaiah. And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.
12. Q. What became of his soul, wbile bis body
lay in the grave ?
A. He therein descended into hell. Psalm xvi. 10. For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption,