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Thus far into the bowels of the land

Yet one thing more, good captain, do for me; Have we march'd on without impediment; Where is lord Stanley quarter'd, do you know? And here receive we from our father Stanley Blunt. Unless I have mista'en his colours much, Lines of fair comfort and encouragement. (Which, well I am assur’d, I have not done,) The wretched, bloody, and usurping boar, His regiment lies half a mile at least That spoild your summer fields, and fruitful vines, South from the mighty power of the king. Swills your warm blood like wash, and makes his Richm. If without peril it be possible, trough

Sweet Blunt, make some good means to speak with In your embowellid bosoms, this foul swine

him, Lies now even in the centre of this isle,

And give him from me this most needful note. Near to the town of Leicester, as we learn :

Blunt. Upon my life, my lord, I'll undertake it; From Tamworth thither, is but one day's march. And so, God give you quiet rest to-night! In God's name, cheerly on, courageous friends, Richm. Good night, good captain Blunt. Come, To reap the harvest of perpetual peace

gentlemen, By this one bloody trial of sharp war.

Let us consult upon to-morrow's business ;
Oxf. Every man's conscience is a thousandsworcs, In to my tent, the air is raw and cold.
To fight against that bloody homicide.

(They withdraw into the tent. Herb. I doubt not, but his friends will turn to us. Blunt. He hath no friends, but who are friends Enter, to his tent, King Richard, Norfolk, Ratcliff,

and Catesby. for fear; Which, in his dearest need, will fly from him. K. Rich. What is't o'clock ? Richm. All for our vantage. Then, in God's Cate.

It's supper time, my lord; name, march:

It's nine o'clock.
True hope is swift, and flies with swallow's wings, K. Rich. I will not sup to-night.-
Kings it makes gods, and meaner creatures kings. Give me some ink and paper. -

(Exeunt. What, is my beaver easier than it was? SCENE III.-Bosworth Field.

Enter King

And all my armour laid into my tent?

Cate. It is, my liege; and all things are in readiRichard, and forces; the Duke of Norfolk, Earl of Surrey, and others.

K. Rich. Good Norfolk, hie thee to thy charge; K. Rich. Here pitch our tents, even here in Use careful watch, choose trusty sentinels. Bosworth field.

Nor. I go, my lord. My lord of Surrey, why look you so sad ?

K. Rich. Stir with the lark to-morrow, gentle Sur. My heart is ten times lighter than my looks.

Norfolk. K. Rich. My lord of Norfolk,

Nor. I warrant you, my lord.

(Exit. Nor.

Here, most gracious liege. K. Rich. Ratcliff, K. Rich. Norfolk, we must have knocks; Ha! Rat. My lord ? must we not?

K. Rich. Send out a pursuivant at arms Nor. We must both give and take, my loving lord. To Stanley's regiment; bid him bring his power K. Rich. Up with my tent: Here will I lie to- Before sun-rising, lest his son George fall night;

Into the blind cave of eternal night.-(Soldiers begin to set up the king's tent. Fill me a bowl of wine.—Give me a watch :3– But where, to-morrow?-Well, all's one for that.

[To Catesby. Who hath descried the number of the traitors ? Saddle white Surrey for the field to-morrow.-

Nor. Six or seven thousand is their utmost power. || Look that my staves4 be sound, and not too heavy.

K. Rich. Why, our battalia trebles that account : || Ratcliff,Besides, the king's name is a tower of strength, Rat. My lord ? Which they upon the adverse faction want. K. Rich. Saw'st thou the melancholy lord NorUp with the tent.--Come, noble gentlemen,

thumberland ? Let us survey the vantage of the ground ;

Rat. Thomas the earl of Surrey, and himself, Call for some men of sound direction

Much about cock-shuts time, from troop to troop, Let's want no discipline, make no delay ; Went through the army, cheering up the soldiers. For, lords, to-morrow is a busy day. (Exeunt. K. Rich. I am satisfied. Give me a bowl of wine: Enter, on the other side of the field, Richmond, | Nor cheer of mind, that I was wont to have.

I have not that alacrity of spirit, Sir William Brandon, Oxford, and other Lords

. So, set it down. Is ink and paper ready? Some of the soldiers pitch Richmond's tent.

Rat. It is, my lord.
Richm. The weary sun hath made a golden set, K. Rich. Bid my guard watch;
And, by the bright track of his fiery car, About the mid of night, come to my tent
Gives token of a goodly day to-morrow.-

And help to arm me.—Leave me, say.
Sir William Brandon, you shall bear my standard.— [King Richard retires into his tent. Exeunt
Give me some ink and paper in my tent;-

Ratcliff and Catesby.
I'll draw the form and model of our battle,
Limit! each leader to his several charge,

Richmond's tent opens, and discovers him and his And part in just proportion our small power,

officers, 8C. Enter Stanley. My lord of Oxford, -you sir, William Brandon,- Stan. Fortune and victory sit on thy helm! And you, sir Walter Herbert, stay with me : Richm. Allcomfort that the dark nightcan afford, The earl of Pembroke keeps his regiment; Be to thy person, noble father-in-law! Good captain Blunt, bear my good-night to him, Tell me, how fares our loving mother? And by the second hour in the morning

Stan. I, by attorney,6 bless thee from thy mother, Desire the earl to see me in my tent :

Who prays continually for Richmond's good:

So much for that.-The silent hours steal on, (1) Appoint. (2) Remains with. (3) A watch-light. (4) Wood of the lances. (5) Twilight (6) Deputation.

leave me

And flaky darkness breaks within the east. Grey. Think upon Grey, and let thy soul despair ! In brief, for so the season bids us be,

(70 King Richard. Prepare thy battle early in the morning;

Vaugh. Think upon Vaughan; and, with guilty And put thy fortune to the arbitrement

fear, Of bloody strokes, and mortal-staring war. Let fall thy lance! Despair, and die! I, as I may (that which I would, I cannot,)

[To King Richard. With best advantage will deceive the time, AU. Awake! and think, our wrongs in Richard's And aid thee in this doubtful shock of arms :


[7o Richmond. But on thy side I may not be too forward, Will conquer him ;-awake, and win the day! Lest, being seen, thy brother, tender George, Be executed in his father's sight.

The Ghost of Hastings rises. Farewell: The leisure and the fearful time

Ghost. Bloody and guilty, guiltily awake ; Cuts off the ceremonious vows of love,

(To King Richard. And ample interchange of sweet discourse, And in a bloody battle end thy days! Which so long sunder'dfriends should dwell upon : Think on lord Hastings; and despair, and die ! God give us leisure for these rites of love!

Quiet untroubled soul, awake, awake! Once more, adieu : -Be valiant, and speed well!

[To Richmond. Richm. Good lords, conduct him to his regiment : Arm, fight, and conquer, for fair England's sake! I'll strive, with troubled thoughts, to take a nap; Lest leaden slumber peisel me down to-morrow,

The Ghosts of the two young Princes rise. When I should mount with wings of victory : Ghosts. Dream on thy cousins smother'd in the Once more, good night, kind lords and gentlemen.

Tower; (E.ceunt Lords, &c. with Stanley. || Let us be lead within thy bosom, Richard, O Thou! whose captain I account myself,

And weigh thee down to ruin, shame, and death! Look on my forces with a gracious eye;

Thy nephews' souls bid thee despair, and die.Put in their hands thy bruising irons of wrath,

Sleep, Richmond, sleepin peace, and wake in joy ;
That they may crush down with a heavy fall Good angels guard thee from the boar's annoy
The usurping helmets of our adversaries ! Live, and beget a happy race of kings!
Make us thy ministers of chastisement,

Edward's unhappy sons do bid thee flourish.
That we may praise thee in thy victory!
To thee I do commend my watchful soul,

The Ghost of Queen Anne rises.
Ere I let fall the windows of mine eyes ;

Ghost. Richard, thy wife, that wretched Anne Sleeping, and waking, 0, defend me still ! [Sleeps.

thy wife,
The Ghost of Prince Edward, son to Henry the || Now fills thy sleep with perturbations :

That never slept a quiet hour with thee,
Sixth, rises between the two tents.

Tomorrow, in the battle, think on me,
Ghost. Let me sit heavy on thy soul tomorrow ! || And fall thy edgeless sword; Despair, and die!

[To King Richard. Thou, quiet soul, sleep thou a quiet sleep; Think, how thou stab’dst me in my prime of youth

[To Richmond At Tewksbury; Despair therefore, and die

Dream of success and happy victory; Be cheerful, Richmond; for the wronged souls

Thy adversary's wife doth pray for thee. Of butcher'd princes fight in thy behalf:

The Ghost of Buckingham rises. King Henry's issue, Richmond, comforts thee.

Ghost. The first was I, that help'd thee to the The Ghost of King Henry the Sixth rises.

(To King Richard. Ghost. When I was mortal, my anointed body

The last was I that felt thy tyranny :

[Í'o King Richard. O, in the battle think on Buckingham, By thee was punched full of deadly holes :

And die in terror of thy guiltiness! Think on the Tower, and me ; Despair, and die ; Painting, 'despair; despairing, yield thy breath

Dream on, dream on, of bloody deeds and death ; Harry the Sixth bids thee despair and die.Virtuous and holy, be thou conqueror !

I died for hope, ere I could lend thee aid : (To Richmond

(To Richmond. Harry, that prophesy'd thou should'st be king,

Put cheer thy heart, and be thou not dismay'd: Doth comfort thee in thy sleep; Live, and flourish : God and good angels fight on Richmond's side ;

And Richard falls in height of all his pride.
The Ghost of Clarence rises.

[The Ghosts vanish. King Richard starts out

of his dream. Ghost. Let me sit heavy on thy soul to-morrow!

K. Rich. Give me another horse,-bind up my [ To King Richard.

wounds,1, that was wash'd to death with fulsome wine,

llave mercy, Jesu!-Soft; I did but dream; Poor Clarence, by thy guile betray'd to death!

O coward conscience, how dost thou afflict me!-To-morrow in the battle think on me, And fall thy edgeless sword; Despair, and dié !- Cold fearful drops stand on my trembling flesh.

The lights burn blue. It is now dead midnight. Thou offspring of the house of Lancaster,

What do I fear? myself? there's none else by :

(To Richmond. Richard loves Fichard; that is, I am I. The wronged heirs of York do pray for thee;

Is there a murderer here? No:-Yes; I am: Good angels guard thy battle! Live, and flourish! Then fly,—What, from myself? Great reasonThe Ghosts of Rivers, Grey, and Vaughan, rise.


Lest I revenge. What? Myself on myself? Riv. Let me sit heavy on thy soul to-morrow, I love myself. Wherefore? for any good,

(To King Richard. That I myself have done unto myself? Rivers, that died at Pomfret! Despair, and die! O, no: alas, I rather hate myself,

For hateful deeds committed by myself. (1) Weigh.

I am a villain : Yet I lie, I am not.


Fool, of thyseli speak well :—Fool, do not flatter. || Of England's chair, where he is falsely set ;
My conscience hath a thousand several tongues,

One that hath ever been God's enemy :
And every tongue brings in a several tale, Then, if you fight against God's enemy,
And every tale condemns me for a villain. God will, in justice, ward2 you as his soldiers ;
Perjury, perjury, in the high'st degree ;


you do sweat to put a tyrant down, Murder, stern murder, in the dirst degree; You sleep in peace, the tyrant being slain ; All several sins, all us’d in each degree,


you do fight against your country's foes,
Throng to the bar, crying all,-Guilty! guilty! Your country's fat shall pay your pains the hire ;
I shall despair.—There is no creature loves me; If you do fight in safeguard of your wives,
And, if I die, no soul will pity me:-

Your wives shall welcome home the conquerors ;
Nay, wherefore should they ? since that I myself If you do free your children from the sword,
Find in myself no pity to myself


Your children's children quit: it in your age, Methought, the souls of all that I had murder'd Then, in the name of God, and all these rights, Came to my tent: and every one did threat Advance yourstandards, draw your willing swords; To-morrow's vengeance on the head of Richard. For me, the ransom of my bold attempt

Shall be this cold corpse on the earth's cold face;
Enter Ratcliff.

But if I thrive, the gain of my attempt
Rat. My lord,

The least of you shall share his part thereof.
K. Rich. Who's there?

Sound, drums and trumpets, boldly and cheerfully; Rat. Ratcliff, my lord; 'tis I. The early village God, and Saint George! Richmond, and victory! cock

[Exeunt. Hath twice done salutation to the morn; Re-enter King Richard, Ratcliff, attendants, and Your friends are up, and buckle on their armour.

forces. K. Rich. O, Ratcliff, I have dream'd a fearful

K. Rich. What said Northumberland, as touchdream!

ing Richmond ? What thinkest thou ? will our friends prove all true?

Rat. That he was never trained up in arms.
Rat. No doubt, my

K. Rich. He said the truth : And what said
K. Rich.
Ratcliff, I fear, I fear,--

Surrey then?
Rat. Nay,goodmy lord, be notafraid of shadows.

Rat. He smild and said, the better for our pur-
K. Rich. By the apostle Paul, shadows to-night

pose. Have struck more terror to the soul of Richard,

K. Rich. He was i'the right; and so, indeed, it is. Than can the substance of ten thousand soldiers,

(Clock strikes. Armed in proof, and led by shallow Richmond.

Tell the clock there.-Give me a calendar.
It is not yet near day. Come, go with me;

Who saw the sun to-day?
Under our tents l'll play the eaves-dropper,


Not I, my lord.
To hear, if any mean to shrink from me.

K. Rich. Then he disdains to shine; for, by the (Exeunt King Richard and Ratcliff.

book, Richmond wakes. Enter Oxford and others.

He should have brav'd4 the east an hour ago :

A black day will it be to somebody.-
Lords. Good morrow, Richmond.

Richm. 'Cry mercy, lords, and watchful gentle-

Rat. My lord ?

K. Rich. The sun will not be seen to-day;
That you have ta'en a tardy sluggard here.

The sky doth frown and lour upon our army.
Lords. How have you slept, my lord ?

I would, these dewy tears were from the ground. Richm. The sweetest sleep, and fairest-boding|| Not shine to-day! Why, what is that to me, dreams

More than to Richmond ? for the self-same heaven, 'That ever enter'd in a drowsy head,

That frowns on me, looks sadly upon him.
Have I since your departure had, my lords.

Enter Norfolk.
Methought, their souls, whose bodies Richard mur-

Nor. Arm, arm, my lord; the foe vaunts in the
Came to my tent, and cried-On! victory!

field. I promise you, my heart is very jocund

K. Rich. Come, bustle, bustle ;-Caparison my In the remembrance of so fair a dream.

horse ; How far into the morning is it, lords?

Call up lord Stanley, bid him bring his power :-
Lords. Upon the stroke of four.

I will lead forth my soldiers to the plain,
Richm. Why, then 'tis time to arm, and give di- || And thus my battle shall be ordered.

rection (He advances to the troops. | My foreward shall be drawn out all in length,
More than I have said, loving countrymen, Consisting equally of horse and foot ;
The leisure and enforcement of the time

Our archers shall be placed in the midst :
Forbids to dwell on : Yet remember this,- John duke of Norfolk, Thomas earl of Surrey,
God, and our good cause, fight upon our side ; Shall have the leading of this foot and horse.
The prayers of holy saints, and wronged souls, They thus directed, we ourself will follow
Like high-rear'd bulwarks, stand before our faces; In the main battle ; whose puissance on either side
Richard except, those, whom we fight against, Shall be well winged with our chiefest horse.
Had rather have us win, than him they follow. This, and Saint George to boot-What think'st
For what is he they follow? truly, gentlemen,

thou, Norfolk ?
A bloody tyrant, and a homicide;

Nor. A good direction, warlike sovereign.
One rais'd in blood, and one in blood establish'd; This found I on my tent this morning.
One that made means to come by what he hath,

(Giving a scroll: And slanghter'd those that were the means to help K. Rich. Jockyof Norfolk, be not too bold, [Reads.

For Dickon thy master is bought and sold. A base foul stone, made precious by the foil

(4) Made it splendid. (1) Throne. (2) Guard.

(3) Requite. (5) The ancient familiarization of Richard. VOL, U.

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him ;

A thing devised by the enemy.

K. Rich. Slave, I have set my life upon a cast, Go, gentlemen, every man unto his charge : And I will stand the hazard of the die : Let not our babbling dreams attright our souls ; i think, there be six Richmonds in the field; Conscience is but a word that cowards use, Five have I slain to-day, instead of him :Devis'd at first to keep the strong in awe; A horse! a horse ! my kingdom for a horse ! (Exe. Our strong arins be our conscience, swords our law. March on, join bravely, let's to't pell-mell;

Alarums. Enter King Richard and Richmond; If not to heaven, then hand in hand to hell.

and exeunt fighting. Retreat, and flourish. What shall I say more than I have interrd?

Then enler Picinmond, Stanley, bearing the Remember whom you are to cope withal;-

Crown, with divers oiher Lords, and forces. A sort of vagabonds, rascals, and runaways, Richm. God, and your arms, be prais'd, victoA scum of Bretagnes, and base lackey peasants,

rious friends; Whom their o'er-cloy'd country vomits forth The day is ours, the bloody dog is dead. To desperate ventures and assur'd destruction. Stan. Courageous Richmond, well hast thai You sleeping safe, they bring you to unrest ;

acquit thee! You having lands, and bless'd with beauteous wives,| Lo, here, this long-usurped royalty, They would restrain the one, distain the other. From the dead temples of this bloody wretch And who doth lead them, but a paltry fellow, Have I pluck'd off to grace thy brows withal; Long kept in Bretagne at our mother's cost? Wear it, enjoy it, and make much of it. A milk-sop, one that never in his life

Richm. Great God of heaven, say, Amen, to all:-Felt so much cold as over-shoes in snow? But, tell me first, is young George Stanley living? Let's whip these straggiers o'er the seas again; Stan. He is, my lord, and safe in Leicester town; Lash hence these over-weening rays of France, Whither, if it please you, we may now withdraw us. These famish'd beggars, weary of their lives; Richm. What men of name are slain on either Who, but for dreaming on this fond exploit,

side ? Forwantof means, poor rats, had hang'd themselves: Stan. John duke of Norfolk, Walter lord Ferrers, If we be conquer'd, let men conquer us,

Sir Robert Brakenbury, and sir William Brandon. And not these bastard Bretagnes; whom our fathers Richm. Inter their bodies as becomes their births. Have in their own land beaten, bobb’d, and thump'd, Proclaim a pardon to the soldiers fled, And, on record, left them the heirs of shame. That in subinission will return to us ; Shall these enjoy our lands ? lie with our wives? And then, as we have ta'en the sacrament, Ravish our daughters ?-Hark, I hear their drum. We will unite the white rose with the red :

[Drum afar off: | Smile heaven upon this fair conjunction, Fight, gentlemen of England ! fight, bold yeomen ! That long hath frown'd upon their enmity! Draw, archers, draw your arrows to the head! What traitor hears me, and says not,-- Amen? Spur your proud horses hard, and ride in blood; England hath long been mad, and scarr'd herself ; Amaze the welkin with your broken staves !2 The brother blindly shed the brother's blood, Enter a Messenger.

The father rashly slaughter'd his own son,

The son, compell’d, been butcher to the sire ; What

says lord Stanley? will he bring his power? || All this divided York and Lancaster, Mess. My lord, he doth deny to come.

Divided, their dire division -
K. Rich. Oft instantly with his son George's head. || O, now, let Richmond and Elizabeth,

Nor. My lord, the enemy is pass’d the marsh; The true succeeders of each royal house,
After the battle let George Stanley die.

By God's fair ordinance conjoin together! K. Rich. A thousand hearts are great within my || And let their heirs (God, if thy will be so,) bosom:

Enrich the time to come with smooth-fac'd peace, Advance our standards, set upon our foes ; With smiling plenty, and fair prosperous days! Our ancient word of courage, fair Saint George, Abate the edge of traitors, gracious Lord, Inspire us with the spleen of fiery dragons ! That would reduce these bloody days again, Upon them! Victory sits on our helms. (Exeunt. And make poor England weep in streams of blood! SCENE IV.

Another part of the field. Alar- Let them not live to taste this land's increase, um: Excursions. Enter Norfolk, and forces ;

That would with treason wound this fair land's to him Catesby.

Now civil wounds are stopp'd, peace lives again ; Cate. Rescue, my lord of Norfolk, rescue, rescue! || That she may long live here, God say- Amen. The king enacts more wonders than a man,

(Exeunt. Daring an opposite to every danger; His horse is slain, and all on foot he fights, Seeking for Richmond in the throat of death : Rescue, fair lord, or else the day is lost !

This is one of the most celebrated of our author's Alarum. Enter King Richard.

performances; yet I know not whether it has not

happened to him as to others, to be praised most, K. Rich. A horse! a horse! my kingdom for a when praise is not most deserved. That this play horse!

has scenes noble in themselves, and very well conCate. Withdraw,my lord, I'll help you to a horse. trived to strike in the exhibition, cannot be denied.

But some parts are trifling, others shocking, and (1) Company

some improbable.

JOHNSON (2) Fright the skies with the shivers of your lances.


PERSONS REPRESENTED. King Henry the Eighth.

Surveyor to the duke of Buckingham. Cardinal Wolsey. Cardinal Campeius. Brandon, and a Serjeant at arms. Capucius, ambassador from the emperor Door-keeper of the council-chamber. Porter, and Charles V.

his Man. Cranmer, archbishop of Canterbury.

Page to Gardiner. A Crier.
Duke of Norfolk. Duke of Buckingham.
Duke of Suffolk. Earl of Surrey.

Queen Katharine, wife to king Henry, afterwards Lord Chamberlain. Lord Chancellor.

divorced. Gardiner, bishop of Winchester.

Anne Bullen, her maid of honour; afterwards Bishop of Lincoln. Lord Abergavenny. Lord

queen. Sands.

An old lady, friend to Anne Bullen. Sir Henry Guildford. Sir Thomas Lovell. Patience, woman to queen Katharine. Sir Anthony Denny. Sir Nicholas Vaux.

Several Lords and Ladies in the dusnb shows ; Secretaries to Wolsey.

Women attending upon the queen; Spirits, Cromwell, servant to Wolsey.

which appear to her; Scribes, Officers, Guards, Griffith, gentleman-usher to queen Katharine.

and other Attendants. Three other Gentlemen. Doctor Butts, physician to the king.

Scene, chiefly in London and Westminster ; once, Garter, king at arms.

at Kimbolton.

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I thank your grace:

I COME no more to make you laugh; things

SCENE I.-London. An antechamber in the

Palace. Enter the Duke of Norfolk, at one door; now,

at the other, the Duke of Buckingham, and the That bear a weighty and a serious brow,

Lord Abergavenny.
Sad, high, and working, full of state and wo,
Such noble scenes as draw the eye to flow,

We now present. Those that can pity, here
May, if they think it well, let fall a tear;

GOOD morrow, and well met. How have you The subject will deserve it. Such, as give

Their money out of hope they may believe, Since last we saw in France ?
May here find truth too. Those, that come to see Nor.
Only a show or two, and so agree,

Healthful ;

and ever since a fresh admirer The play may pass; if they be still, and willing, of what I saw there. I'll undertake, may see away their shilling


An untimely ague Richly in two short hours. Only they,

Stay'd me a prisoner in my chamber, when That come to hear a merry, bawdy play, Those suns of glory, those two lights of men, 3 A noise of targets; or to see a fellow

Met in the vale of Arde. In a long motley coat, guarded! with yellow, Nor.

'Twixt Guynes and Arde: Will be deceiv'd: for, gentle hearers, know, I was then present, saw them salute on horseback; To rank our chosen truth with such a show Beheld them, when they lighted, how they clung As fool and fight is, beside forfeiting

In their embracement, as they grew together; Our own brains, and the opinion that we bring Which had they, what four thron'd ones could have (To make that only true we now intend, 2)

weigh'd Will leave us never an understanding friend. Such a compounded one? Therefore, for goodness' sake, and as you are


All the whole time known

I was my chamber's prisoner. The first and happiest hearers of the town,




lost Be sad, as we would make ye: Think, ye see The view of earthly glory : Men might say, The very persons of our noble story,

Till this time, pomp was single; but now married As they were living ; think, you see them great, To one above itself

. Each following day And follow'd with the general throng, and sweat, || Became the next day's master, till the last Of thousand friends ; then, in a moment, see Made former wonders it's: To-day, the French, Ilow soon this mightiness meets misery!

All clinquant,4 all in gold, like heathen gods, And, if you can be merry then, I'll say,

Shone down the English: and, to-morrow, they A man may weep upon his wedding-day.

(3) Henry VIII. and Francis I. king of France. (2) Pretend.

(4) Glittering, shining.

(1) Laced.

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