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KING HENRY VIII.
PERSONS REPRESENTED. King Henry the Eighth.
Surveyor to the duke of Buckingham. Cardinal Wolsey. Cardinal Campeius. Brandon, and a Serjeant at arms. Capucius, ambassador from the emperor Door-keeper of the council-chamber. Porter, and Charles V.
his Man. Cranmer, archbishop of Canterbury.
Page to Gardiner. A Crier.
Queen Katharine, wife to king Henry, afterwards Lord Chamberlain. Lord Chancellor.
Anne Bullen, Gardiner, bishop of Winchester,
maid of honour; afterwards Bishop of Lincoln. Lord Abergavenny. Lord
An old lady, friend to Anne Bullen. Sir Henry Guildford. Sir Thomas Lovell.
Patience, woman to queen
Katharine. Sir Anthony Denny. Sir Nicholas Vaux.
Several Lords and Ladies in the dumb shows; Secretaries to Wolsey.
Women attending upon the queen; Spirits, Cromwell, servant to Wolsey.
which appear to her ; Scribes, Officers, Guards, Griffith, gentleman-usher to queen Katharine.
and other Attendants. Three other Gentlemen. Doctor Butts, physician to the king.
Scene, chiefly in London and Westminster; once, Garter, king at arms.
I thank your grace:
I COME no more to make you laugh; things
SCENE I.-London. An antechamber in the
Palace. Enter the Duke of Norfolk, at one door; now, That bear a weighty and a serious brow,
at the other, the Duke of Buckingham, and the Sad, high, and working, full of state and wo,
GOOD morrow, and well met. How have you The subject will deserve it. Such, as give
Healthful; and ever since a fresh admirer
An untimely ague Richly in two short hours. Only they,
Stay'd me a prisoner in my chamber, when That come to hear a merry, bawdy play, Those suns of glory, those two lights of men,3 A noise of targets; or to see a fellow
Met in the vale of Arde. In a long motley coat, guarded with yellow, Nor.
'Twixt Guynes and Arde: Will be deceiv'd: for, gentle bearers, know, I was then present, saw them salute on horseback; To rank our chosen truth with such a show Beheld them, when they lighted, how they clung As fool and fight is, beside forfeiting
In their embracement, as they grew together; Our own brains, and the opinion that we bring Which had they, what four thron'd ones could have (To make that only true we now intend, 2)
weigh'd Will leave us never an understanding friend. Such a compounded one? Therefore, for goodness' sake, and as you are Buck.
All the whole time known
I was my chamber's prisoner. The first and happiest hearers of the town,
Then you lost Be sad, as we would make ye : Think, ye see The view of earthly glory : Men might say, The very persons of our noble story,
Till this time, pomp was single; but now married As they were living; think, you see them great, To one above itself. Each following day And follow'd with the general throng, and sweat, || Became the next day's master, till the last Of thousand friends; then, in a moment, see Made former wonders it's: To-day, the French, How soon this mightiness meets misery! All clinquant, all in gold, like heathen gods, And, if you can be merry then, I'll say, Shone down the English : and, to-morrow, they A man may weep upon his wedding-day.
(3) Henry VIII. and Francis I. king of France. (1) Laced. (2) Pretend.
Made Britain, India : every man, that stood,
I do know Show'd like a mine. Their dwarfish pages were Kinsmen of mine, three at the least, that have As cherubims, all gilt: the madams too,
By this so sicken'd their estates, that never
Grievingly I think, Still him in praise : and, being present both, The peace between the French and us not values 'Twas said, they saw but one; and no discerner The cost that did conclude it. Durst wag his tongue in censure. When these suns Buck.
Every man, (For so they phrase them,) by their heralds chal- | After the hideous storm that follow'd, was
A thing inspir'd: and, not consulting, broke The noble spirits to arms, they did perform Into a general prophecy,—That this tempesi, Beyond thought's compass; that former fabulous Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded story,
The sudden breach on't. Being now seen possible enough, got credit,
Which is budded out; That Bevisa was believ'd.
For France hath flaw'd the league, and hath attach'd Buck
O, you go far. Our merchants' goods at Bourdeaux. Nor. As I belong to worship, and affect
Is it therefore In honour honesty, the tract of every thing The ambassador is silenc'd? Would by a good discourser lose some life,
Marry, is't. Which action's self was tongue to. All was royal ; Aber. A proper title of a peace; and purchas'd To the disposing of it nought rebell'd;
At a superfluous rate! Order gave each thing view; the office did
Why, all this business Distinctly his full function.
Our reverend cardinal carried.9
'Like it your grace, I mean, who set the body and the limbs
The state takes notice of the private difference of this great sport together, as you guess ? Betwixt you and the cardinal. I advise you,
Nor. One, certes,3 that promises no element (And take it from a heart that wishes towards you In such a business.
Honour and plenteous safety,) that you read
I pray you, who, my lord? The cardinal's malice and his potency
What his high hatred would effect, wants not
Thither he darts it. Bosom up my counsel, And keep it from the earth.
You'll find it wholesoine. Lo, where comes that
Enter Cardinal Wolsey (the purse borne before For high feats done to the crown; neither allied
him,) certain of the guard, and two Secretaries
The Cardinal in his passage To eminent assistants, but, spider-like, Out of his self-drawing web, he gives us note,
fizeth his eye on Buckingham, and Buckingham The force of his own merit makes his way;
on him, both full of disdain. A gift that heaven gives for him, which buys Wol. The duke of Buckingham's surveyor, ha? A place next to the king.
Where's his examination?
Here, so please you. What heaven hath given him, let some graver eye
Wol. Is he in person ready? Pierce into that; but I can see his pride
Ay, please your grace. Peep through each part of him: Whence has he Wol. Well, we shall then know more; and that?
Buckingham If not from hell, the devil is a niggard ;
Shall lessen this big look. (Exe. Wolsey, and train. Or has given all before, and he begins
Buck. This butcher's curlo is venom-mouth'd, A new hell in himself.
and I Buck. Why the devil,
Have not the power to muzzle him; therefore, best Upon this French going-out, took he upon him, Not wake him in his slumber. A beggar's book Without the privity o'the king, to appoint Out-worths a noble's blood. Who should attend on him? He makes up the file? Nor.
What, are you chaf'd? Oi all the gentry; for the most part such Ask God for temperance; that's the appliance only, Too, whom as great a charge as little honour Which your disease requires. He meant to lay upon: and his own letter,8
I read in his looks The honourable board of council out,
Matter against me; and his eye revil'd Must fetch him in he papers.
Me, as his abject object : at this instant
(1) In opinion, which was most noble.
(5) Proud. (6) Lump of fat.
(8) Sets down in his letter without consulting the council.
I am sorry
I am sorry
He bores' me with some trick He's gone to the || (As soon he shall by me,) that thus the cardinal ! king;
Does buy and sell his honour as he pleases, I'll follow, and out-stare him.
And for his own advantage. Nor.
Stay, my lord, Nor. And let your reason with your choler question To hear this of him; and could wish, he were What 'tis you go about: To climb steep hills, Something mistaken in't. Requires slow pace at first : Anger is like
No, not a syllable, A full-hot horse; who being allow'd his way, I do pronounce him in that very shape, Self-mettle tires him. Not a man in England He shall appear in proof. Can advise me like you : be to yourself
Enter Brandon ; a Serjeant at Arms before him, As you would to your friend.
and two or three of the guards. Buck.
I'll to the king;
Sir, There's difference in no persons.
My lord the duke of Buckingham, and earl Nor.
Be advis'd; Of Hereford, Stafford, and Northampton, I Heat not a furnace for your foe so hot
Arrest thee of high treason, in the name That it do singe yourself: We may outrun,
of our most sovereign king. By violent swiftness, that which we run at,
Lo you, my lord, And lose by over-running. Know you not,
The net has fall’n upon me; I shall perish
Under device and practice.3
To see you ta'en from liberty, to look on
You shall to the Tower. Or but allay, the fire of passion.
It will help me nothing, Buck.
To plead mine innocence ; for that die is on me, I am thankful to you ; and I'll go along Which makes my whitest part black. The will By your prescription :- but this top-proud fellow,
of Heaven (Whom from the flow of gall I name not, but
Be done in this and all things I obey.From sincere motions,) by intelligence,
O my lord Aberga'ny, fare you well. And proofs as clear as founts in Júly, when Bran. Nay, he must bear you company :—The We see each grain of gravel, I do know
(To Abergavenny. To be corrupt and treasonous.
Is pleas'd, you shall to the Tower, till you know Nor.
Say not, treasonous. How he determines further. Buck. To the king I'll say't; and make my vouch
As the duke said, as strong
The will of heaven be done, and the king's pleasure As shore of rock. Attend. This holy fox, By me obey'd. Or wolf, or both (for he is equal ravenous,
Here is a warrant from As he is subtle ; and as prone to mischief, The king, to attach lord Montacute; and the bodies As able to perform it: his mind and place
Of the duke's confessor, John de la Court, Infecting one another, yea, reciprocally,)
One Gilbert Peck, his chancellor,Only to show his pomp as well in France
So, so; As here at home, suggests the king our master
These are the limbs of the plot: no more, I hope. To this last costly treaty, the interview,
Bran. A monk o'the Chartreux. That swallow'd so much treasure, and like a glass
O, Nicholas Hopkins ? Did break i'the rinsing.
'Faith, and so it did. Buck. My surveyor is false; the o'er-great car. Buck. Pray, give me favour, sir. This cunning
Hath show'd him gold: my life is spann'd4 already: The articles o'the combination drew,
I am the shadow of poor Buckingham; As himself pleas'd; and they were ratified, Whose figure even this instant cloud puts on, As he cried, Thus let be: to as much end, By dark’ning my clear sun.—My lord, farewell
. Asgive a crutch to the dead: But our count-cardinal
(Exeunt. Has done this, and 'tis well; for worthy Wolsey, SCENE II.-The council-chamber. Cornets. Who cannot err, he did it. Now this follows
Enter King Henry, Cardinal Wolsey, the Lords (Which, as I take it, is a kind of puppy
of the Council, Sir Thomas Lovell, officers, and To the old dam, treason,)-Charles the emperor, Assistants. The King enters, leaning on the Under pretence to see the queen his aunt
Cardinal's shoulder. (For 'twas, indeed, his colour; but he came To whisper Wolsey,) here makes visitation :
K. Hen. My life itself, and the best heart of it, His fears were, that the interview, betwixt
Thanks you for this great care : I stood i'the level England and France, might, through their amity, To you that chok'd it.--Let be call'd before us
Of a full-charg'd confederacy, and give thanks Breed him some prejudice; for from this league Peep'd harms that menac'd him: He privily
That gentleman of Buckingham's: in person Deals with our cardinal; and, as I trow,
I'll hear him his confessions justify; Which I do well; for, I am sure, the emperor
And point by point the treasons of his master Paidere he promis’d; whereby his suit was granted, He shall again relate. Ere it was ask'd ;- but when the way was made,'|| The King takes his state. The Lords of the And pav'd with gold, the emperor thus desir’d;- Council take their several places. The Cardinai That he would please to alter the king's course, places himself under the King's feet, 'on his And break the foresaid peace. Let the king know,
right side. (1) Stabs. (2) Excites. (3) Unfair stratagem.
And for me,
A noise within, crying Room for the Queen. En- || Is nam’d, your wars in France : This makes bold ter the Queen, ushered by the Dukes of Norfolk
mouths : and Suffolk : she kneels. The King riseth from Tongues spit their duties out, and cold hearts freeze his state, takes her up, kisses, and placeth her Allegiance in them; their curses now,
Live where their prayers did; and it's come to pass,
That tractable obedience is a slave Q. Kath. Nay, we must longer kneel; I am a To each incensed will. I would, your highness suitor.
Would give it quick consideration, for K. Hen. Arise, and take place by us :-Half There is no primer business.
By my life,
I have no farther gone in this, than by 6. Kath.
Thank your majesty. A single voice; and that not pass'd me, That you would love yourself; and, in that love, By learned approbation of the judges. Not unconsider'd leave your honour, nor If I am traduc'd by tongues, which neither know The dignity of your office, is the point
My faculties, nor person, yet will be
The chronicles of my doing, let me say,
'Tis but the fate of place, and the rough brake? Q. Kath. I am solicited, not by a few, That virtue must go through. We must not stintä And those of true condition, that your subjects Our necessary actions, in the fear Are in great grievance : there have been com- || To cope' malicious censurers; which ever, missions
As ravenous fishes, do a vessel follow
Not ours, or not allow'd ;6 what worst, as oft, Of these exactions, yet the king our master Hitting a grosser quality, is cried up (Whose honour Heaven shield from soil !) even he For our best act. "If we shall stand still,
In fear our motion will be mock'd or carp'd at, Language unmannerly, yea, such which breaks We should take root here where we sit, or sit The sides of loyalty, and almost appears
State statues only.
K. Hen. Things done well,
And with a care, exempt themselves from fear; It doth appear; for, upon these taxations, Things done without example, in their issue The clothiers all, not able to maintain
Are to be fear'd. Have you a precedent The many to them 'longing, have put off Of this commission ? I believe, not any. The spinsters, carders, fullers, weavers, who, We must not rend our subjects from our laws, Unfit for other life, compellid by bunger And stick them in our will. Sixth part of each? And lack of other means, in desperate manner A trembling contribution! Why, we take, Daring the event to the teeth, are all in uproar, From every tree, lop, bark, and part o'the timber; And Danger serves among
And, though we leave it with a root, thus hack'd, K. Hen.
Taxation ! The air will drink the sap. To every county, Wherein? and what taxation ?–My lord cardinal, Where this is question'd, send our leiters, with You that are blam'd for it alike with us,
Free pardon to each man that has denied Know you of this taxation ?
The force of this commission : Pray, look to't; Woi.
Please you, sir, I put it to your care. I know but of a single part, in aught
A word with you. Pertains to the state ; and front but in that file!
[To the Secretary. Where others tell steps with me.
Let there be letters writ to every shire, 2. Kath.
No, my lord, of the king's grace and pardon. The grievid You know no more than others : but you frame Things, that are known alike; which are not whole- || Hardly conceive of me; let it be nois'd,
That, through our intercession, this revokement To those which would not know them, and yet must And pardon comes : I shall anon advise you Perforce be their acquaintance. These exactions, Further in the proceeding. (Exit Secretary Whereof my sovereign would have note, they are
Enter Surveyor. Most pestilent to the hearing; and,
to bear them, The back is sacrifice to the load. They say, Q. Kath. I am sorry, that the duke of Bucking. They are devis'd by you; or else you suffer
ham Too hard an exclamation.
Is run in your displeasure.
It grieves many :
To nature none more bound; his training such, 2. Kath.
I am much too venturous That he may furnish and instruct great teachers, In tempting of your patience; but am bolden'd And never seek for aid out of himself. Under your promis'd pardon The subjects' grief Yet see Comes through commissions, which compel from When these so noble benefits shall prove
Not well-dispos'd, the mind growing once corrupt, The sixth part of his substance, to be levied They turn to vicious forms, ten times more ugly Without delay; and the pretence for this Than ever they were fair. This man so complete,
(1) I am only one among the other counsellors. (4) Encounter. (5) Sometime. (6) Approved. (2) Thicket of thorns. (3) Retard.