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perpetual panegyrics on the conftitution. He knows little of general politics. He judges from the effects he feels.-Idem. CARE muft always be taken to guard against all independence in the rulers, on the fentiments of the people, and to provide, that they shall administer, not their own power, but the powers of government.-Chipman's Principles of Govern
BY the force of habit, and inveterate national prejudices, abuses are rendered facred; and, not unfrequently, come to be confidered as rightful privileges: and thofe inftitutions, which were the offspring of chance or violence, to be extolled as the most perfect productions of reafon, founded in the original and unalterable principles of nature. Such was the
British government, and fuch has been the force of habitual prejudice upon the people of that kingdom. That government has, indeed, received many improvements, with the improvements of the age: but they have generally been wrested by force from the reigning powers, or interposed in a revolution of the crown. Many refpectable characters long confidered them as fo many violations of the most facred rights. greater part of the nation appear fully perfuaded, that all farther improvements are impracticable, and that because their govern. ment was once the best, perhaps, which exifted in the world, it muft, through all the progreffive advances in knowledge, in morals, and in manners, continue the best, a pattern of unchanging perfection, though, in its principles, it is much. too limited for the prefent ftate of things. It is probable that all improvements in the government, will be oppofed and prevented by thofe in power, who are interested in the present order of things, till the improvements of an enlightened age, fhall produce a violent concuffion in the combat with ancient prejudices, and ftruggle through a fcene of tumult, outrage, and perhaps civil war, to arrive at fome inconfiderable amelioration in their conftitution.-Idem.
THE government of the United States of America exhibits a new fcene in the political history of the world; a number of integral republics, each claiming and exercifing all the powers of internal fovereignty, within the limits of their respective jurifdictions, formed into one general government, with powers of legiflation for all national purposes, and the power of executing all their laws, within the feveral ftates, on the individual citizens, and that independently of local authority.
ceriment was new; and the fuccefs has, hitherto,
exceeded the most fanguine expectation of its advocates. A fituation fo complicated, fo different from that of fimple governments, will have an effect, if not upon the laws of nature, from which the general principles are ultimately derived, yet to give a different modification to those principles, owing to the different combinations and relative circumftances of the conftituent parts; and will have an influence on its organization, and the execution of its laws.--Idem.
THAT government, that conftitution of fociety, the principles of which dictate thofe laws, and those only, which are adapted to the prefent ftate of men and manners, and tend to focial improvement, which are influenced by a fenfe of moral obligation, and fanctioned by the laws of nature, not of favage folitary nature, but of focial nature, in its improved and improveable ftate, is incontrovertibly good. So far as it deviates, it is clearly faulty. Upon a candid examination, upon a fair comparifon, it will be found, that a democratic republic is alone capable of this pre-eminence of principle.-Idem.
GUARANTEE to every man, the full enjoyment of his natural rights. Banish all exclufive privileges; all perpetuities of riches and honors. Leave free the acquifition and difpofal of property to fupply the occafions of the owner, and to anfwer all claims of right, both of the fociety, and of individuals. To give a ftimulus to industry, to provide folace and assistance, in the last helpless stages of life, and a reward for the attentions of humanity, confirm to the owner the power of directing who fhall fucceed to his right of property, after his death; but let it be without any limitation, or restraint upon the future use, or difpofal. Divert not the confequences of actions, as to the individual actors, from their proper courfe. Let no preference be given to any one in government, but what his conduct can fecure, from the fentiments of his fellow citizens. Of property, left to the difpofal of the law, let a descent from parents to children, in equal proportions, be held a facred principle of the conflitution. Secure but these, and every thing will flow in the channel intended by nature. The operation of the equal laws of nature, tend to exclude, or correct every dangerous excefs.-Idem.
WHAT will they then avail him in the grave?
His various policies, refin'd devices,
His fubtle wit, his quick capacious thought?
Will they go with him to the grave? No, no!
-I TELL thee what, Antonio,
There is a fort of men, whofe vifages
YET fubtle wights (fo blind are mortal men,
A man of sense can artifice difdain ;
I find the fool, when I behold the fcreen;
COULD great men thunder,
As Jove himself doth, Jove would ne'er be quiet; For every pelting petty officer
Would ufe his heav'n for thunder:
Nothing but thunder! Merciful Heav'n!
Thou rather with thy fharp and fulph'rous bolt
Split'ft the unwedgeable and gnarled oak,
Than the foft myrtle: O, but man! proud man!
Drefs'd in a little brief authority,
(Moft ignorant of what lies molt affur'd,
Plays fuch fantaflic tricks before high heav'n,
FAREWELL, a long farewell to all my greatness!
But far beyond my depth: my high-blown pride
Are nearer heav'n in place, be nearer it
In goodness. Rich men fhould tranfcend the poor
To all according to their worth and place;
And from the humble ground thefe vapours drain,
Which are fent down in fruitful drops of rain.-Sir John
OH greatnefs! bane of virtue and of honor!
Where dwells content, ineftimmable prize!-Tracy.
Of folemn mockery is all human grandeur !
THRICE happy they, who fleep in humble life,
'Tis all their pay, for thofe fuperior cares,
Thofe pangs of heart, their vaffals ne'er can feel -Young. HE that becomes acquainted and is invefted with authority and influence, will in a fhort time be convinced, that, in proportion as the power of doing well is enlarged, the temptations to do ill are multiplied and enforced.― Rambler.
THE awe which great actions or abilities imprefs, will be inevitably diminished by acquaintance, though nothing either mean or criminal fhould be found; becaufe we do not eafily confider him as great whom our own eyes fhew us to be little; nor labour to keep prefent to our thoughts the latent excellencies of him who fhares with us all our weakneffes and many of our follies; who, like us, is delighted with flight amufements, bufied with trifling employments, and difturbed by little vexations.-Idler.
THERE is nothing which I can fo reluctantly pardon in the great ones of this world, as the little value they entertain for the life of a man. Property, if feized or loft, may restored; and, without property, man may enjoy a thousand delightful pleafures of existence. The fun fhines as warmly on the poor as on the rich; and the gale of health breathes its balfam into the cottage cafement on the heath. no lefs fweetly and falubrioufly than into the portals of the palace. But can the lords of this world, who are fo lavish of the lives of their inferiors, with all their boafted power, give the cold heart to beat again, or relume the light of the eye once dimmed by the fhades of death? Accurfed defpots! Thew me your authority for taking away that which ye never gave, and cannot give; for undoing the work of God, and extinguishing the lamp of life, which was illuminated with a ray from heaven. Where is your charter to privilege murder? You do the work of fatan, who was a destroyer; and your right, if you poffefs any, must have originated from the father of mischief and mifery.-Spirit of Defpotifm.
"THE common people," fays a fenfible author, "generally think that great men have great minds, and scorn bafe actions; which judgment is fo falfe, that the bafeft and worst of actions