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His grace

distance from the King The Bishops place|| (And of your choice,) these reverend fathers; men themselves on each side the court, in manner of Of singular integrity and learning, a consistory; between them, the Scribes. The Yea, the elect of the land, who are assembled Lords sit next the Bishops. The Crier and the To plead your cause: It shall be therefore bootless, rest of the Attendants stand in convenient order That longer you desire the court; as well about the stage.

For your own quiet, as to rectify Wol. Whilst our commission from Rome is read,|| What is unsettled in the king. Let silence be commanded.

Cam. K. Hen.

What's the need?

Hath spoken well, and justly: Therefore, madam, It hath already publicly been read,

It's fit this royal session do proceed; And on all sides the authority allow'd :

And that, without delay, their arguments You may then spare that time.

Be now produc'd, and heard.

Be't so :-Proceed.
2. Kail.

Lord cardinal,Scribe. Say, Henry, king of England, come into To you I speak. the court.

Wol. Your pleasure, madam? Crier. Henry, king of England, &c.

Q. Kath.

Sir, K. Hen. Here.

I am about to weep; but thinking that Scribe. Say, Katharine, queen of England, come

We are a queen, (or long have dream'd so,) certain, into court.

The daughter of a king, my drops of tears
Crier. Katharine, queen of England, &c.

l'll turn to sparks of fire.

Be patient yet: [The Queen makes no answer, rises out of her

2. Kath. I will, when you are humble; nay, chair, goes about the court, comes to the King, before, and kweels at his feet; then speaks.]

Or God will punish me. I do believe, Q. Kath. Sir, I desire you, do me right and Induc'd by potent circumstances, that justice;

You are mine enemy; and make my challenge, And to bestow your pity on me: for

You shall not be my judge: for it is

you I am a most poor woman, and a stranger, '

Have blown this coal betwixt my lord and

me, Born out of your dominions; having here

Which God's dew quench!- Therefore, I say again, No judge indifferent, nor no more assurance I utterly abhor, yea, from my soul, Of equal friendship and proceeding. Alas, sir,



for my judge; whom, yet once more, In what have I offended you? what cause

I hold my most malicious foe, and think not Hath my behaviour given to your displeasure,

At all a friend to truth.
That thus you should proceed to put me off,


I do profess
And take your good grace from me: Heaven witness, || You speak not like yourself; who ever yet
I have been to you a true and humble wife, Have stood to charity, and display'd the effects
At all times to your will conformable :

Of disposition gentle, and of wisdom Ever in fear to kindle your dislike,

O'er-topping woman's power. Madam, you do me Yea, subject to your countenance; glad, or sorry,

wrong : As I saw it inclin'd. When was the hour, I have no spleen against you; ror injustice I ever contradicted your desire,

For you, or any : how far I have proceeded, Or made it not mine too? Or which of your friends | Or how far further shall, is warranted Have I not strove to love, although I knew By a commission from the consistory, He were mine enemy? what friend of mine Vea, the whole consistory of Rome. You chargeme, That had to him deriv'd your anger, did I

That I have blown this coal: I do deny it: Continue in nay, gave notice

The king is present: if it be known to him, He was from thence discharg'd ? Sir, call to mind That I gainsay? my deed, how may be wound, That I have been your wife, in this obedience, And worthily, my falsehood ? yea, as much Upward of twenty years, and have been blest As you have done my truth. But if he know, With many children by you: If, in the course

That I am free of your report, he knows, And process of this time, you can report

I am not of your wrong. Therefore in him And prove it too, against mine honour aught,

It lies, to cure me: and the cure is, to My bond to wedlock, or my love and duty, Remove these thoughts from you: The which before Against your sacred person, in God's name, His highness shall speak in, I do beseech Turn me away; and let the foul'st contempt You, gracious madam, to unthink your speaking, Shut door upon me, and so give me up

And to say so no more. To the sharpest kind of justice. Please you, sir,

R Kath.

My lord, my lord, The king, your father, was reputed for

I am a simple woman, much too weak A prince most prudent, of an excellent

To oppose your cunning. You are meek, and lumAnd unmatch'd wit and judgment: Ferdinand,

ble-mouth'd ; My father, king of Spain, was reckond one You sign your place and calling, in full seeming, 3 The wisest prince, that there had reign'd by many With meekness and humility : but your heart A year before : It is not to be question'd

Is cramm'd with arrogancy, spleen, and pride. That they had gather'd a wise council to them You have, by fortune, and his highness' favours, Of every realm, that did debate this business, Gone slightly o'er low steps; and now are mounted Who deem'd our marriage lawful : Wherefore 1|| Where powers are your retainers : and your words, humbly

Domestics to you, serve your will, as't please Beseech you, sir, to spare me,.

Yourself pronounce their office. I must tell you, Be by my friends in Spain advis'd; whose counsel | You tender more your person's honour, than I will implore: if not, i'the name of God,

Your high profession spiritual : That again Your pleasure be fulfill'd!

I do refuse you for my judge ; and here,

You have here, lady, Before you all, appeal unto the pope,
(1) Useless.
(2) Depy.

(3) Appearance.

my liking ?

till I may

to say

To bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness, Whether our daughter were legitimate,
And to be judg'd by him.

Respecting this our marriage with the dowager, (She court'sies to the King, and offers to depart. Sometime our brother's wife. This respite shook Cam.

The queen is obstinate, The bosom of my conscience, enter'd me, Stubborn to justice, apt to accuse it, and Yea, with a splitting power, and made to tremble Disdainful to be try'd by it; 'tis not well.

The region of my breast; which forc'd such way, She's going away.

That many maz'd considerings did throng, K. Hen. Call her again.

And press'd in with this caution. First, methought, Crier. Katharine, queen of England, come into 1 stood not in the smile of heaven; who had the court.

Commanded nature, that my lady's womb, Grif. Madam, you are call'd back.

If not conceiv'd a male child by me, should
Q. Kath. What need you note it? pray you, keep Do no more offices of life to't, than
your way:


does to the dead: for her male issue When you are call'd, return. Now the Lord help, Or died where they were made, or shortly after They vex me past my patience !-pray you, pass on: This world had 'air'd them: Hence 'I took a I will not tarry; no, nor ever miore,

thought, Upon this business, my appearance make

This was a jud ment on me; that my kingdom, In any of their courts.

Well worthy the best heir o'the world, should not (Exe. Queen, Grif. and her other attendants. Be gladded in't by me: Then follows, that K. Hen.

Go thy ways, Kate: weigh'd the danger which my realms stood in That man i'the world, who shall report he has By this my issue's fail; and that gave to me A better wife, let him in nought be trusted, Many a groaning throe. Thus hulling4 in For speaking false in that: Thou art, alone The wild sea of my conscience, I did steer (If thy rare qualities, sweet gentleness,

Toward this remedy, whereupon we are Thy meekness saint-like, wife-like government, Now present here together; that's to say, Obeying in commanding, -and thy parts I meant to rectify my conscience,—which Sovereign and pious else, could speak thee out,?) I then did feel full sick, and yet not well, The queen of earthly queens : She is noble born ; || By all the reverend fathers of the land, And, like her true nobility, she has

And doctors learn'd,- First, I began in private Carried herself towards me.

With you, my lord of Lincoln ; you remember Wol.

Most gracious sir, How under my oppiession I did reek, In humblest manner I require your highness,

When I first mov'd you. That it shall please you to declare, in hearing


Very well, my liege. Of all these ears (for where I am robb’d and bound, K. Hen. I have spoke long; be pleas'd yourself There must I be unloos'd; although not there At onceand fully satisfied,) whether ever I How far you satisfied me. Did broach this business to your highness; or


So please your highness, Laid any scruple in your way, which might The question did at first so stagger me, Induce you to the question on't? or ever

Bearing a state of mighty moment in't, Have to you, but with thanks to God for such And consequence of dread, -that I committed A royal lady,--spake one the least word, might The daring'st counsel which I had, to doubt; Be to the prejudice of her present state,

And did entreat your highness to this course, Or touch of her good person?

Which you are running here.
K. Hen.
My lord cardinal, K. Hen.

I then mov'd

I do excuse you; yea, upon mine honour, My lord of Canterbury ; and got your leave
I free you from't. You are not to be taught To make this present summons :-Unsolicited
That you have many enemies, that know not i left no reverend person in this court;
Why they are so, but, like to village curs, But by particular consent proceeded,
Bark when their fellows do: by some of these Under your hands and seals. Therefore, go on :


You are excus'd: For no dislike i'the world against the person
But will you be more justified? you ever of the good queen, but the sharp thorny points
Have wish'd the sleeping of this business ; never Of my alleged reasons, drive this forward:
Desir'd it to be stirrd; but oft have hinder'd; oft Prove but our marriage lawful, by my life,
The passages made toward it :-on my honour, And kingly dignity, we are contented
I speak my good lord cardinal to this point, To wear our mortal state to come, with her,
And thus far clear him. Now,

what mov'd meto't,- Katharine our queen, before the primest creature I will be bold with time, and your attention :- That's paragon'da o'the world. Then mark the inducement. Thus it came ;-give


So please your highness, heed to't:

The queen being absent, 'tis a needful fitness My conscience first received a tenderness, That we adjourn this court till further day: Scruple, and prick, on certain speeches utter'd Meanwhile must be an earnest motion By the bishop of Bayonne, then French ambassador; Made to the queen, to call back her appeal Who had been hither sent on the debating She intends unto his holiness. [They rise to depart. A marriage, "twixt the duke of Orleans and

K. Hen.

I may perceive, (Aside. Our daughter Mary: I'the progress of this busi- These cardinals trifle with me: I abhor ness,

This dilatory sloth, and tricks of Rome. Ere a determinate resolution, he

My learn’d and well-beloved servant, Cranmer, (I mean the bishop) did require a respite; Pr'ythee, return !7 with thy approach, I know, Wherein he might the king bis lord advertise My comfort comes along. Break up the court :

I say, set on [Exe. in manner as they entered. (1) Speak out thy merits. (2) Immediately satisfied.

(5) Waste, or wear away. (3) Closed or fastened.

(6) Without compare. (4) Floating without guidance.

(7) An apostrophe to the absent bishop.

Pray their


Believe me, she has had much wrong: Lord car.

dinal, SCENE I.Palace at Bridewell. A room in the willing'st sin I ever yet committed,

the Queen's apartment. The Queen, and some May be absolv'd in English. of her Women, at work.


Noble lady, Q. Kath. Take thy lute, wench: my soul grows(And service to his majesty and you,)

I am sorry, my integrity should breed sad with troubles; Sing, and disperse them, if thou canst: leave We come not by the

So deep suspicion, where all faith was meant.

way of accusation, working.

To taint that honour every good tongue blesses; SONG.

Nor to betray you any way to sorrow;

You have too much, good lady: but to know Orpheus with his lute made trees,

How you stand minded in the weighty difference And the mountain-tops, that freeze, Between the king and you; and to deliver, Bow themselves, when he did sing

Like free and honest men, our just opinions, To his music, plants, and flowers,

And comforts to your cause. Ever sprung; as sun, and showers,


Most honour'd madam, There had been a lasting spring.

My lord of York-out of his noble nature, Every thing that heard him play,

Zeal and obedience he still bore

your grace; Even the billows of the sea,

Forgetting, like a good man, your late censure Hung their heads, and then lay by.

Both of his truth and him (which was too far,) In sweet music is such art;

Ofers, as I do, in a sign of peace,
Killing care, and grief of heart,

His service and his counsel.
Fall asleep, or, hearing, die.


To betray me. (1side.

My lords, I thank you both for your good wills, Enter a Gentleman.

Ye speak like honest men, (pray God, ye prove so.) R Kath. How now?

But how to make you suddenly an answer, Gent. An't please your grace, the two great car- | In such a point of weight, so near mine honour dinals

(More near my life, I fear,) with my weak wit, Wait in the presence.!

And to such men of gravity and learning, P. Kath.

Would they speak with me? || In truth, I know not. I was set at work Gent. They will'd me say so, madam.

Among my maids; full little, God knows, looking 2. Kath.


Either for such men, or such business. To come near. [Exit Gent.] What can be theirFor her sake that I have been (for I feel business

The last fit of my greatness,) good your graces, With me, a poor weak woman, fallen from favour? || Let me have time, and counsel, for my cause; I do not like their coming, now I think on’t. Alas! I am a woman, friendless, hopeless. They should be good men; their affairs are right- Wol. Madam, you wrong the king's love with

these fears; But all hoods make not monks.

Your hopes and friends are infinite.
Q. Kath.

In England,
Enter Wolsey and Campeius.

But little for my profit: Can you think, lords, Wol.

Peace to your highness ! || That any Englishman dare give me counsel? Q. Kath. Your graces find me here part of a Or be a known friend, 'gainst his highess' pleasure housewife;

(Though he be grown so desperate to be honest,) I would by all, against the worst may happen. And live a subject ? Nay, forsooth, my friends, What are your pleasures with me, reverend lords ? || They that must weigh out3


afíictions, Wol. May it please you, noble madam, to with-|| They that my trust must grow to, live not here; draw

They are, as all my other comforts, far hence, Into your private chamber, we shall give you In mine own country, lords. The full cause of our coming.


I would, your grace 2. Kath.

Speak it here; Would leave your griefs, and take my counsel. There's nothing I have done yet, o'my conscience,

2. Kath.

How, sir? Deserves a corner: 'Would, all other women Čam. Put your main cause into the king's proCould speak this with as free a soul as I do!

tection ; My lords, I care not (so much I am happy He's loving and most gracious; 'twill be much Above a number,) if my actions

Both for your honour better, and your cause ; Were tried by every tongue, every eye saw them, For, if the trial of the law o'ertake you, Envy and base opinion set against them,

You'll part away disgrac'd. I know my life so even : If your business


He tells

you rightly. Seek me out, and that way I am wife in,

Q. Kath. Ye tell me what ye wish for both, my Out with it boldly; Truth loves open dealing. Wol. Tanta est ergà te mentis integritas, regina Is this your Christian counsel ? out upon ye! serenissima,

Heaven is above all yet; there sits a Judge, Q. Kath. O, good my lord, no Latin;

That no king can corrupt. I am not such a truant since my coming,


Your rage mistakes us. As not to know the language I have liv'd in: 2. Kath. The more shame for ye; holy men I A strange tongue makes my cause more strange,

thought ye, suspicious ;

Upon my soul, two reverend cardinal virtues : Pray, speak in English: here are some will thank|| But cardinal sins, and hollow hearts, I fear ye : you,

Mend them for shame, my lords. Is this your If you speak truth, for their poor mistress' sake;

comfort? (1) Presence-chamber. (2) Professions.

(3) Outweigh.

eous :

ruin :

The cordial that ye bring a wretched lady? Cam. Madam, you'll find it so. You wrong your A woman lost among ye, laugh'd at, scorn'd?

virtues I will not wish ye half my miseries,

With these weak women's fears. A noble spirit, I have more charity : But say, I warn'd


As yours was put into you, ever casts Take heed, for Heaven's sake take heed, lest at once Such doubts, as false coin, from it. The king loves The burden of my sorrows fall upon ye.

you ; Wol. Madam, this is a mere distraction; Beware, you lose it not: For us, if you please You turn the good we offer into envy.

To trust us in your business, we are ready Kath. Ye turn me into nothing: Wo upon ye,|| To use our utmost studies in your service. And all such false professors! Would ye have me Q. Kath. Do what ye will, my lords : And, pray, (If you have any justice, any pity ;

forgive me, if ye

be any thing but churchmen's habits,) If I have us'd2 myself unmannerly: Put my sick cause into his hands that hates me? You know, I am a woman, lacking wit Alas! he has banish'd me his bed already ; To make a seemly answer to such persons. His love, too long ago : I am old, my lords, Pray, do my service to his majesty : And all the fellowship I hold now with him He has my heart yet; and shall have my prayers, Is only my obedience. What can happen While I shall have my life. Come, reverend fathers, To me, above this wretchedness? all your studies Bestow your counsels on me : she now begs, Make me a curse like this.

That little thought, when she set footing here, Cam.

Your fears are worse. She should have bought her dignities so dear. Q. Kath. Have I liv'd thus long-(let me speak

[Exeunt. myself, Since virtue finds no friends,)—a wife, a true one? | SCENE II.-Ante-chamber to the King's apart.

ment. A woman (I dare say, without vain-glory,)

Enter the Duke of Norfolk, the Duke Never yet branded with suspicion ?

of Suffolk, the Earl of Surrey, and the Lord

Chamberlain. Have I with all my full affections Still met the king? lov'd him next heaven? obey'd Nor. If you will now unite in your complaints, him?

And force3 them with a constancy, the cardinal Been, out of fondness, superstitious to him?! Cannot stand under them: If you omit Almost forgot my prayers to content him? The offer of this time, I cannot promise, And am I thus rewarded ? 'tis not well, lords. But that you shall sustain more new disgraces, Bring me a constant woman to her husband, With these you bear already. One that ne'er dream'd a joy beyond his pleasure;


I am joyful And to that woman, when she has done most, To meet the least occasion, that may give me Yet will I add an honour,-a great patience. Remernbrance of my father-in-law, the duke, Wol. Madam, you wander from the good we To be reveng'd on him. aim at.


Which of the peers Q. Kath. My lord, I dare not make myself so Have uncontemn'd gone by him, or at least guilty,

Strangely neglected? when did he regard
To give up willingly that noble title

The stamp of nobleness in any person,
Your master wed me to : nothing but death Out of himself?
Shall e'er divorce my dignities.

Cham. My lords, you speak your pleasures : Wol. 'Pray, hear me. What he deserves of


I know; Q. Kath. 'Would I had never trod this English | What we can do to him (though now the time earth,

Gives way to us,) I much fear. If you cannot Or felt the flatteries that grow upon it!

Bar his access to the king, never attempt
Ye haveangels' faces, but heaven knows your hearts. | Any thing on him; for he hath a witchcraft
What will become of me now, wretched lady? Over the king in his tongue.
I am the most unhappy woman living


O, fear him not ; Alas! poor wenches, where are now your fortunes? || His spell in that is out: the king hath found

(To her Women. Matter against him, that for ever mars Shipwreck'd upon a kingdom, where no pity, The honey of his language. No, he's settled, No friends, no hope ; no kindred weep for me, Not to come off, in his displeasure. Almost, no grave allow'd me :-Like the lily, Sur.

Sir, That once was mistress of the field, and flourishid, I should be glad to hear such news as this I'll hang my head, and perish.

Once every hour. Wol.

If your grace


Believe it, this is true.
Could but be brought to know, our ends are honest, In the divorce, his contrary proceedings
You'd feel more comfort: why should wo, good lady,|| Are all unfolded ; wherein he appears,
Upon what cause, wrong you ? alas ! our places, As I could wish mine enemy.
The way of our profession, is against it;


How came
We are to cure such sorrows, not to sow them. His practices to light?
For goodness' sake, consider what


Most strangely.
How you may hurt yourself, ay, utterly.


O, how, how ? Grow from the king's acquaintance, by this carriage. Suff. The cardinal's letter to the pope miscarried, The hearts of princes kiss obedience,

And came to the eye o'the king : wherein was read, So much they love it; but to stubborn spirits, How that the cardinal did entreat his holiness They swell, and grow as terrible as storms. To stay the judgment o'the divorce : For if I know, you have a gentle, noble temper, It did take place, I do, quoth he, perceive A soul as even as a calm: Pray, think us My king is tangled in affection to Those we profess, peace-makers, friends, and ser- A creature of the queen's, lady Anne Bullen. vants.

Sur. Has the king this? (1) Served him with superstitious attention.

(2) Behaved. (3) Enforce. VOL, II.

2 G




Believe it.

Anne Bullen! No; I'll no Anne Bullens for him. Sur.

Will this work ? || There is more in it than fair visage.—Bullen! Cham. The king in this perceives him, how he No, we'll no Bullens.-Speedily I wish coasts,

To hear from Rome.-The marchioness of PemAnd hedges, his own way. But in this point

broke! All his tricks founder, and he brings his physic Nor. He's discontented. After his patient's death; the king already

May be, he hears the king Hath married the fair lady.

Does whet his anger to him.
'Would he had !

Sharp enough,
Suff. May you be happy in your wish, my lord ! Lord, for thy justice!
For, I profess, you have it.

Wol. The late queen's gentlewoman; a knight's Sur. Now all my joy

daughter, Tracel the conjunction!

To be her mistress' mistress ! the queen's queen!-Suff My amen to't!

This candle burns not clear: 'tis I must snuff it; Nor.

All men's. | Then, out it goes. What though I know her virSuff. There's order given for her coronation :

Marry, this is yet but young, and may be left And well-deserving? yet I know her for
To some ears unrecounted.-But, my lords, A spleeny Lutheran ; and not wholesome to
She is a gallant creature, and complete

Our cause, that she should lie i'the bosom of
In mind and feature : I persuade me, from her Our hard-rul'd king. Again, there is sprung up
Will fall some blessing to this land, which shall A heretic, an arch one, Cranmer; one
In it be memoriz'd.3

Hath crawl'd into the favour of the king,
But, will the king

And is his oracle.
Digest this letter of the cardinal's ?


He is vex'd at something: The Lord forbid !

Suff. I would, 'twere something that would fret Nor. Marry, amen!

the string; Suff.

No, no;

The master-cord of his heart! There be more wasps that buzz about his nose, Will make this sting the sooner. Cardinal Campeius | Enter the King, reading a Schedule ,4 and Lovell. Is stolen away to Rome; hath ta'en no leave; Suft:

The king, the king. Has left the cause o’the king unhandled; and K. Hen. What piles of wealth hath he accumu. Is posted, as the agent of our cardinal,

lated To second all his plot. I do assure you

To his own portion ! and what expense by the hour The king cried, ha ! at this.

Seems to flow from him! How, i'the name of thrift, Cham.

Now, God incense him, || Does he rake this together?-Now, my lords ; And let him cry ha, louder!

Saw you the cardinal? Nor.

But, my lord,


My lord, we have When returns Cranmer?

Stood here observing him: Some strange commotion Suff. He is return'd, in his opinions; which Is in his brain : he bites his lip, and starts ; Have satisfied the king for his divorce,

Stops on a sudden, looks


the ground, Together with all famous colleges

Then, lays his finger on his temple; straight, Almost in Christendom: shortly, I believe, Springs out into fast gait;5 then, stops again, His second marriage shall be publish'd, and Strikes his breast hard ; and anon, he casts Her coronation. Katharine no more

His eye against the moon : in most strange postures Shall be call’d, queen; but princess dowager, We have seen him set himself. And widow to prince Arthur.

K. Hen.


well be; Nor.

This same Cranmer's || There is a mutiny in his mind. This morning, A worthy fellow, and hath ta’en much pain Papers of state he sent me to peruse, In the king's business.

As I requir'd; And, woth you, what I found Suff.

He has; and we shall see him There; on my conscience, put unwittingly?
For it, an archbishop.

Forsooth, an inventory, thus importing,
So I hear.

The several parcels of his plate, his treasure, Suff:

Rich stuffs, and ornaments of household; which The cardinal

I find at such proud rate, that it out-speaks

Enter Wolsey and Cromwell.

a subject.

It's Heaven's will;
Nor. Observe, observe, he's moody. Some spirit put this paper in the packet,
Wol. The packet, Cromwell, gave it you the To bless your eye withal.

K. Hen.

If he did think
Crom. To his own hand, in his bed-chamber. His contemplation were above the earth,
Wol. Look'd he o'the inside of the paper ? And fix'd on spiritual object, he should still

Presently || Dwell in his musings: but, I am afraid,
He did unseal them; and the first he view'd, His thinkings are below the moon, not worth
He did it with a serious mind; a heed

His serious considering.
Was in his countenance : You, he bade
Attend him here this morning.

[He takes his seat, and whispers Lovell, who

goes to Wolsey. Wol.

Is he ready

Heaven forgive me! To come abroad?

Ever God bless your highness!
I think, by this he is.

K. Hen.

Good my lord, Wol. Leave me a while. It shall be to the duchess of Alençon,

[Exit Cromwell. || You are full of heavenly stuff, and bear the inven.

tory The French king's sister : he shall marry her.-

Of your best graces in your mind; the which (1) Follow. . (2) New. (3) Made memorable. (4) An inventory. (5) Steps.

(6) Know,

'Tis so.

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