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5. And the people shall be oppressed one of another,
And each will act proudly towards his neighbour;
And the base towards the honourable.
of the house of his father, by the garment:
“ Come, be thou ruler over us,
And let this ruin bè under thy hand :" 7. And he shall declare in that day, saying,
“I cannot be a healer;
And in my house is neither bread nor clothes,
For Jerusalem has stumbled, and Judah hath fallen; 8. Because their tongues and their deeds were against Jehovah,
Provoking the eyes of his glory. 9. The boldness of their countenance testifieth against them,
They publish their sin as Sodom, they hide it not.
For they award to themselves evil. 10. “Cry up the righteous,' for it shall be" well with him,"
“For the fruit of their doings shall they eat." 11. “ Alas! for the wicked" - evil - shall it be to him,"
“ For the reward of his hands shall be paid him."
least, all legal government at an Bishop Stock. The whole passage end, and all ranks of society con seems to point out these notorious founded together. I question whe and shamelessly wicked men, as ther history can show the fulfil the strenuous preachers of the docment of this in the decline of the trine of the merit of works, and as Jewish state, either at the eve of the denouncers to others of the puthe Babylonian or of the Roman nishment of sin. But as God sees, captivity.
" he that judgeth another judgeth !" Cry up the righteous." So himself."
12. My people! children have been their oppressors!
And women have ruled over them!
And the track of thy paths have they destroyed.' 13. Jehovah hath arisen to contend,
He hath stood up to judge his people.
The plunder of the poor is in your houses. 15. What mean ye,
16. The Lord Jehovah Sabaoth hath spoken,
Even Jehovah hath said ;
And tinkling with the ornaments of their feet. 17. Therefore hath Jehovah dishonoured the head of the daugh
ters of Zion,
' I cannot read here any thing and corrupt governors of the less than a censure upon the mis church. government of the flock of Christ, ? The oppression of the poor and on the abuse of the institu and defenceless by the rich and tions of the Christian church, powerful, in the visible church, is especially in the appointment of evidently the complaint here made false and insufficient teachers, by by the righteous Judge, who ariseth the great patrons of superstition, to judge his people.
And the caskets of perfume, and the amulets; 21. The rings, and the jewels for the face :
The cloaks, and the mufflers ;
The turbans, and the long veils:'
And instead of the girded garment, rags :
And sun-burnt skin, instead of beauty. 25. Thy friends shall fall by the sword,
And thy might in battle: 26. Her gates shall lament and mourn,
And she shall sit desolate on the ground.
In that day, saying;
" This display of female finery, and luxurious dress, among the prosperous oppressorsof the church, is very remarkable; and the sad reverse that follows, in the day of their calamity, is 'most strikingly described. No doubt, in every revolution which greatly affected the higher orders of society, this pro
phecy would be seen to have its fulfilment; but, as we shall learn hereafter, there is “ a 'time of trouble” yet to come upon the nations,“ such as was not since there was a nation upon the earth.”
A prophetic picture of the great decay of the male population by destructive wars.
* Chap. iv..
In whatever parts of the professing church these dreadful scenes are to be disclosed, it evidently appears to be at the eve of Messiah's appearance; for now our subject bursts upon us with great splendour :
2. In that day,
Shall there be a shoot of Jehovah,
For the escaped of Israel :
And that which is left in Jerusalem;
Every one that is written among the living in Jerusalem : 4. When Jehovah hath washed away
This filth of the daughter of Zion;
That this branch, or rather shoot of Jehovah, means the Messiah, has been generally allowed. He was “a sucker from the earth,” indeed, at his first advent; but the metaphor of the spreading tree, under which Israel takes shelter, relates, I conceive, to the second advent. This glorious event takes not place, we remark, till the guilt of some particular blood is removed from Jerusalem. This is, doubtless, the blood of their crucified Messiah, which the inhabitants of Jerusalem imprecated upon themselves and their children. * When this blood is purged away,
Compare Psalm li.
by the spirit of judgment, and of burning — when all their national sufferings shall be ended, especially those most calamitous ones of the last days; then, it should seem, Jerusalem or Zion will be in some wonderful manner the chosen spot for the visible display of the Divine Majesty:
5. And Jehovah shall create over all the station of Mount Zion,
And over the places of her solemn assemblies,
Surely over all shall be the glory.'
For a shade in the day from the heat;
These lines clearly allude to “ the pillar of fire that gave light” to the camp of Israel in the desert “ by night," and to “ the pillar of cloud, in which the Lord went before them by day.” Such a visible token of the Divine Presence, the prophecy seems to say, shall, at the time predicted, become stationary over the holy mountain of Zion. The effect will be, to dispel the darkness of night from that sacred spot; and to cause, that neither the burning heat of the sun, nor inconvenience from the conflicting elements, should any more be felt by its happy inhabitants. Compare Psalm Ixviii. 15, 16, 17.
· The Shekinab. Compare Deut. xxxiii. 2, &c.