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Kindled through agitation to a flame,
645 Which when she saw, thus to her guide she spake.
Serpent, we might have spar'd our coming hither, Fruitless to me, though fruit be here to excess, The credit of whose virtue rest with thee, Wondrous indeed, if cause of such effects.
650 But of this tree we may not taste nor touch ; God so commanded, and left that command Sole daughter of his voice; the rest, we live
643. and into fraud ]
648. Fruitless to me, though Fraud signifies hurt and da- fruit be here to excess,] Besides mage, as well as deceit and de- the jingle, the same word is lusion. Virg. Æn. x. 72.
used in a literal and metaphoQuis Deus in fraudem, quæ dura
rical sense, as in Bion, Idyl. i. potentia nostra
16, 17. Egit?
Αγριων αγριον έλκος εχει κατα μη And Milton often uses English Αδωνις, words in the Latin signification. Μειζον δ' & Κυθερεια φερει ποτι καρδιαν 643. Fraud is used in the
έλκος. same sense in Par. Reg. i 372. And not unlike is that in Vir
—when to all his angels he propos'd gil, Æn. vii. 295. To draw the proud king Ahab into
Num capti potuere capi ?fraud, That he might fall in Ramoth
653. Sole daughter of his
Another Hebraism. 644. -the tree
Bath Koi, The daughter of a Of prohibition]
voice, is a noted phrase among An Hebraism for the prohibited the Jews, and they understand or forbidden tree.
by it a voice from heaven; and
E. coice ;!
Law to ourselves, our reason is our law.
To whom the Tempter guilefully replied.
To whom thus Eve yet sinless. Of the fruit
this command is called the sole brew particle, Indeed. Is it daughter, as it is the only com- true that God has forbid you mand that we read of, that was to eat of the fruits of Paradise? given to our first parents in as if he had forbidden them to Paradise. Thus Adam says, iv. taste, not of one, but of all the 426.
trees; another of Satan's sly insinuations.
The Hebrew parfor well thou know'st God hath pronounc'd it death to
ticle, Yea or Indeed, plainly taste that tree,
shews that the short and sumThe only sign of our obedience left mary account that Moses gives &c.
of the Serpent's temptation, has -Then let us not think hard
respect to some previous disOne easy prohibition.
course, which could in all pro653. -the rest, we live bability be no other than what Law to ourselves,)
our poet has pitched upon. The rest, as for what remains, Hume. in all things else. A Grecism, 659. — Of the fruit &c.] and common in Latin. So Vir- This is exactly the answer of gil, Æn. iii. 594. cætera Graius. Eve in Genesis iii. 2, 3. put into We live law to ourselves. Rom. ii. verse. We may eat of the fruit of 14. These having not the law, are the trees of the garden : but of a law unto themselves. Richard- the fruit of the tree which is in
the midst of the garden, God hath 656. Indeed ? hath God then said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither
said that of the fruit shall yje touch it, lest ye die. And Of all these garden trees ye it shews great art and judgment shall not eat,)
in our author, in knowing so Gen. iii. 1. Yea, hath God said, well when to adhere to the Ye shall not eat of every tree of words of Scripture, and when the garden? In which our au- to amplify and enlarge upon thor has followed the Chaldee them, as he does in Satan's paraphrase interpreting the He- reply to Eve.
She scarce had said, though brief, when now more bold The Tempter, but with shew of zeal and love 665 To Man, and indignation at his wrong, New part puts on, and as to passion mov’d, Fluctuates disturb’d, yet comely and in act Rais', as of some great matter to begin. As when of old some orator renown'd
670 In Athens or free Rome, where eloquence Flourish'd, since mute, to some great cause address'd Stood in himself collected, while each part,
673. Stood in himself col
-in act lected,] This beautiful and
Rais'd, as of sonie great matter to
begin. nervous expression, which Milton has used in several places, But I cannot so easily answer was, I fancy, adopted from the the Doctor's objection to moItalian in se raccolto. I do not tion's being destitute of each ; remember to have met with it nor do I understand how any in any English writer before part of the orator, considered by his time. Thyer.
itself and merely as a part, could 673. Stood in himself collected, win audience. I suspect therewhile each part,
fore that an s in the copy was Motion, each act won audience mistaken for a comma, and that ere the tongue,]
Milton gave it, Dr. Bentley says that this pas
-while each part's sage has not Milton's character
Motion, each act won audience ere nor turn. Motion, he thinks.
the tongue. should have each before it as well as part and act : and he It was the graceful motion of
each part of him, and not the asks, What is each part and each
parts themselves, that won auact, before he had spoke a
dience and attention. Pearce. word ? He therefore would have it,
Or suppose we should read
with less alteration than Dr. Stood in himself collected whole, Bentley proposes,
while each Motion, each air won audience ere Stood in himself collected whole, the tongue.
while each But act is right, and is explained
Motion, each act won audience ere
the tongue. by Milton himself in ver. 668. to be what an orator puts him. But Dr. Greenwood says, there self into, before he begins to is great beauty in the pause being speak;
upon collected, and besides the
Motion, each act won audience ere the tongue,
O sacred, wise, and wisdom-giving plant,
ear would be offended by the Thus Cicero in his first oration harshness of whole and while against Catiline, Quousque tancoming together. So that not- dem abutere, Catilina, patientia withstanding these objections, nostra ? &c. Thyer. he prefers the common reading 685.
shall not die:] to any of the emendations pro- Gen. iii. 4. And the serpent said posed; and would only offer this unto the woman, Ye shall not small alteration,
And it is very artwhile each part,
fully contrived by our author to Motion, and act
make the Serpent give an in673. There seems to be no stance in himself. necessity for any alteration; the 686. How should ye? by the expression may be somewhat fruit ? it gives you life unusual, but it is easy to under- To knowledge; by the threai’ner? stand each before motion : each
look on me,] part, each motion, each act won So the passage should evidently audience; and each succeeding be pointed. It was printed very word is more expressive, and wrong in Milton's own editions more definite, than the one which thus: precedes it. E. 675. Sometimes in highth began,
How should ye? by the fruit ? it
gives you life as no delay
To knowledge ? By the threat'ner, Of preface brooking through his look on me.
zeal of righi:]
Meant me, by vent'ring higher than my lot.
shall be as Gods, since I as man, Internal man, is but proportion meet ;
702. Your fear itself of death 705. che knows that in the removes the fear.] Justice is in- day &c.] Gen. iii. 5. For God separable from the very being doth know, that in the day ye and essence of God, so that eat thereof, then your eyes shall could he be unjust, he would be be opened ; and ye shall be as no longer God, and then neither Gods, knowing good and evil. to be obeyed nor feared; so that so that where the author comthe fear of death, which does ments and enlarges upon Scripimply injustice in God, destroys ture, he still preserves as much itself, because God can as well as may be the very words of cease to be, as to be just. A Scripture. Satanic syllogism. Hume.