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serve God, infinitely more glorious than the brightest crown, which has heen worn by any earthly monarch.

Nor man

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fearless ness de ri ded mor al

courageous drown ing physic al con science des ti tute o pin ion

dif fi dent Ac ton ex er cise

de ter red i void

dif fer ence neg lect ed

Hen ry

op po sed


“Mother," said Norman, “ will

you please to tell me what is meant by moral courage? I know what one kind of courage is; but I suppose moral courage must mean something different."

“Yes," said his mother," it does mean something different." Commonly, by courage we mean fearlessness of danger.

“We call a man courageous who is not afraid of injury to his per

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son,—who is ready to risk his life, or endanger his health, when he is called to do so.

“ The man was courageous, who went into the burning house to save a child from the flames; and so was the lad on the wharf, who plunged into the water to save his companion from drowning

“But a person may possess very great physical courage, as we may call it, and yet be destitute of moral courage.

“Moral courage is something which makes a person fearless of the opinion of other people, when he knows he is doing his duty.

“Now, I have known persons who were more afraid of what people would think, than they were of death itself.

“ The man who fights a duel, for fear of being called a coward, may possess physical courage, but he has no claim to moral courage.

“ Again, I know a man who is by nature extremely diffident, and yet is possessed of great, moral courage; that is, he is always ready to do and say what he knows is right, however derided or opposed.”

“Yes, mother," said Norman,“ now I understand the difference; and it appears to me, if I could have but one kind of courage, I should rather it would be moral courage."

“I think your choice a good one," said his mother, “for it is seldom that the exercise of our physical courage is called for; but moral courage we always need, even a little boy like yourself.

“ When conscience tells you, you ought to do this or that, and you

do not do it, for fear you will be laughed at, or that some person will not like you so well, remember you show a want of moral courage.

“I do not mean that we are not to care for the good opinion of people;


it is proper to consider what will appear right, as well as what is really right.

“We ought to avoid giving offense as far as possible; but we must never do what is wrong, or be deterred from duty, to please any body.”

“Well,” said Norman, “I believe I will begin to-morrow to exercise moral courage. There is little Henry Acton at our school, that none of the boys will play with, because he wears a patched jacket.

“I have always wanted to speak to him, he seems to feel so sad and neglected; and I don't mean to care whether the boys laugh at me or not: I will ask him to play with me to. morrow."


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pur pos es leath er par tridge car cass es pann iers pheas ant blood suck er verm in

fur nish es ben e fit



liz ards car ria ges do mes tic poul try el e phant de stroy ing ea gles com mon ly con su ming vultures bull finch es un whole some


We derive great benefit from some of the animals, such as sheep, cows and oxen. The sheep supplies us with wool for our clothes, and flesh for our food. The flesh of sheep is called mutton.

The flesh of the ox is called beef. The hide of the ox is tanned into leather, which the shoe-maker makes into shoes and boots.

In many countries the ox draws the plow and the cart, and is of great service to the farmer. The cow furnishes us with milk. Butter and cheese are made of milk.

Horses are useful for riding, and drawing carriages, and in plowing. Mules are smaller than horses, bu have great strength in their backs, and carry heavy loads in panniers.

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