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stowed by the Society of Friends, and yet 1 by the election of two esteemed brethren, many more, especially in India, by contribu the Rev. Frederick Trestrail and Mr. tions on the spot. It is one of the striking Edward B. Underbill, to be joint Secrefeatures of the missionary enterprise, that taries; this arrangement being connected it calls into active exercise the sympathies with another, which had in view a reducand aid of all in every place who confess tion in the amount of travelling agency allegiance to the Lord Jesus Christ, and which had been previously employed. In provides for itself in the very scenes of its consequence of it the engagement of the labours and triumphs, the means of growth Rev. Philip Saffery has not been renewed; and perpetuation.

while our loog-loved brother, the Rey. In reviewing the course of the year, there Eustace Carey, has it in contemplation to is one reflection the Committee would urge accept a call to regular pastoral labour. upon the members of the Society. God has The Committee now advert, and with continued to bless his servants, so that there some feelings of gratification, to the state has been no diminution, but an increase, in of the Society's funds. the spiritual results of missionary toil. For The Committee commenced the financial if some portions of the vineyard are not so year with a debt of £4,946. 178. 10d., not productive as might be wished, the fruit in including in that sum the balance of £1,554. others has been sufficiently abundant to re 148. ld., owing on the special grant to move discouragement or fear. Yet the Jamaica. They are happy to state that this strength of the Mission has been declining. debt has not been increased. The income In no case are the labourers equal to the has exceeded the expenditure by £144. 2s. toil demanded of them. Western Africa 10d.; a result which is owing to a liberal has lost one after another of its most ener donation of £200 by the senior Treasurer, getic evangelists. They are reduced to the just previous to the closing of the accounts, lowest possible number to hold the ground given in the hope that the funds of the that had been occupied. In Ceylon, where Society may, in the coming year, be able three missionaries were not enough for the to meet more adequately the claims of the service of thirty-five stations and the over heathen world. sight of four hundred and fifty members of But in order to keep the expenditure churches, one only is left-and must we not within the income, large reductions have say, to sink under the accumulated respon. been made. In India alone, the expenditure sibility and toil? In India, with one or two has been reduced by £2,625 ; in Ceylon by exceptions, every station needs additional nearly £200 ; in Africa by nearly £1000; aid; some places have already been aban in incidental and casual expenses about doned for want of it. Large tracts of coun £150. In other respects the expenditure try are unoccupied, where it would appear has been about the same as last year. the fields are white unto the harvest. Many

With regard to the receipts, the fund for of our brethren are aged. Should they be

general purposes has improved by £860; taken to their rest, as in the course of nature

arising partly from enlarged contributions they must speedily be, the Committee are

by the Auxiliaries, and partly from the unable to supply their place. And others

amount of legacies received. There has also are overwhelmed with care and anxiety,

been an increase of nearly £100 for transinduced by the scarcity of help. Brethren, lations. On the other hand, the receipts we are straitened in ourselves. It is bere,

for the sale of the various publications isin our own hearts, in the churches of Christ

sued by the Society have fallen off more in this land, we may find the reinedy. A than £150. Unless some increased efforts more generous and self-denying spirit must

for their wider circulation are made by actuate the disciples of Christ, and your

the constituency at large, this deficiency Committee will not then have the deep sor will become greater. If so, it will be a row and pain to turn a deaf ear to the loud

question how far the present style of these cry ever reaching them from heathen lands,

publications is to be kept up, and whether and from the weary and worn brethren who

some extensive changes must not be made labour in them, “Come over and help us.” in this department. The total receipts for HOME PROCEEDINGS.

all purposes, including £359. 2s. 6d. towards The year which has now closed has wit the debt have been £19,776. 13s. Id. nessed some important changes in the home It is therefore evident, after all the reducagency of the Society. In the month of fions that have been made, that nothing Jupe last, the Rev. Joseph Angus, then short of an income of £20,000 will suffice Secretary, felt it his duty to relinguish a to maintain the Society in its present posipost which he had occupied during a course tion. This even makes no provision for of nine years, at first conjointly with the the support of the widows and orphans of late lamented Rev. J. Dyer, and subse. those who have fallen in the field, and will quently alone, with much honour to himself scarcely meet the contingencies arising out and great advantage to the Society. As the of sickness, and the necessity of a return to Committee did not part with him in his England, when the broken health of misofficial capacity without the most unfeigned sionaries absolutely requires such a change. affection and regret, so they took the earliest Still less does it provide for the expense of opportunity afforded them of placing his sending out new missionaries to supply vaname on the list of the Committee.

cancies, or to help those who are oppressed The official vacancy created by Mr. An beyond measure with their labours. If the gus's resignation was promptly filled up lincome falls below this amount, there will

the debt hos Including fazotal recein

be either an increase of debt, or a further | perishing multitudes of the heathen from reduction in the number of your missiona- darkness to light. ries, both European and native, or the entire abandonment of one or more depart

THE MAY MEETINGS. ments of the Mission. Your Committee are determined, as far as they can avoid it,

These interesting annual assemblies have that the debt shall not be increased; but to

Leen held this year in London as usual. diminish the number of missionaries by

We regret that our space does not permit recalling Europeans, would be no saving

us to enter into detail on each of them. for one year at least, while it would cripple,

The report of the Baptist Missionary Soif not destroy, the Mission where they

ciety will be found at length on another laboured; and to abandon any field, the

page. At the Business Meeting of the SoCommittee are reluctant. But one or the

ciety, Mr. Pryce's and Mr. Mursell's resoother of these alternatives must be adopted,

lution proposing an alteration in the conunless the churches are prepared for more

stitution, was, after some discussion, reenlarged and systematic efforts. Your

ferred for consideration to the General Committee will wait for a decision with no

Committee. The Public Meeting was small anxiety, and if they are compelled to

largely attended, the speakers being Messrs. give up stations where God has blessed the

Walters of Preston, Farebrother from Mission, they cannot be blamed.

China, J. J. Brown of Reading, J. F.

Newman of Shortwood, J. L. Phillips of The effect which the resolutions of the

Melksham, and B. W. Noel. The meetCommittée, in regard to reduction of expen

ings of the Triennial Conference of the diture, has had on the minds of missionaries,

Anti-State-Church Association, as well as has been seen in their communications

the Public Meetings held in connexion with published in the Herald. These com

it, were unusually large and interesting. munications are distressing. Very many

The number of delegates appointed to the of the churches have sympathised deeply

Conference was about 550; and the strikwith their brethren who are toiling in the

ing unanimity and earnestness which chafield. Most urgent have been the requests

racterised the entire proceedings, could not from various quarters, not to proceed any

fail to be a sufficient reply to those who farther, and some have proved the reality of

have recently attempted to put a stop to their sympathy by sending up increased

the Society's operations. The reception contributions. India, Africa, Hayti, Trini

given to Dr. Price and Mr. Miall, who have dad, and the Bahamas, the East and the

particularly been attacked by the indiviWest, all loudly call for additional aid-a

duals referred to, was very gratifying. call rendered the more painfully interesting

When they entered the room almost the by the brightening prospects of the Mission

whole assembly rose to receive them; and in those fields; and shall it be in vain ?

when, soon after, a resolution of confidence What, then, remains to the friends of the in and gratitude to Dr. Price, who is reSociety? A more just appreciation of the tiring from official connexion with the Asclaims which the love of Christ and the sociation on account of his health, was put souls of men have upon them,-a holy and to the vote, the entire assembly again rose, fervent Zeal in the cause of God, - and and carried it with the most enthusiastic everywhere throughout the whole denomi acclamations. The Conference continued nation, increased and systematic organiza three days, and two Public Meetings were tion for the gathering into the treasury of held on successive evenings, both of which the Lord the gifts of his people. Let our were crowded. The meetings of the Baptist associations when they meet, consider the Union, the Baptist Home Missionary SoMission as one part of their business. Let ciety, the Baptist Irish Society, the Bible churches in various districts agree to unite Translation Society, and the Hanserd in their anniversaries at the same time, so Knollys Society, were all deeply interesting. as to save expense in deputations. In many districts, deputations may occasionally be

WEEKLY TRACT SOCIETY. wholly spared, if the brethren residing in The second annual meeting of this society them would but take the matter into their was held on Thursday evening, 25th April, own hands. While we hope there is a grow at Calthorpe-Street school-room, Gray'sing interest in the cause, a spirit of prayer Ion-Road (Rev. B. W. Noel's). J. R. springing up all around, there must yet be a Taylor, Esq. presided. Prayer having been more combined effort, more unity of action, offered by Rev. E. Whimper, the chairman more individual effort, more local zeal, less delivered an appropriate address. The dependence on the executive, and more of a Rev. W. H. Elliott, secretary, read the consciousness in pastors, deacons, and mem report, which shewed an increase in the bers of our churches, that the work is their funds during the past year, as well as an own, and that each and all should engage in extension of the society's operations. It it ; and above all, a simple but earnest reli also detailed pleasing instances of the usefulance on God, who in his divine promises ness of the Society's weekly publications, and invites us to place entire trust in him, and earnestly called upon the christian public to who will, if we seek it in earnest prayer, aid the society in carrying out its benevolent pour out the spirit of wisdom and liberality efforts. The Revs. C. A. M. Shepherd, on the churches at home, refresh and glad J. Branch, Mr. Hatch, J. Robertson, M.A., den the hearts of missionaries abroad, and and Joseph Payne, and M. Murphy, Esq. abundantly bless their efforts in turning the spoke to the several resolutions.

less theirssionariesesh and gland

SWEDEN.
To the Editors of The Church."
Dear Brethren,

The following petition has been adopted by a public meeting in Londou, in consequence of a request from Mr. Nilsson, pastor of the Baptist church recently formed in Sweden, that we would interest ourselves on behalf of our brethren there. Will you invite brethren to obtain the concurrence of their churches in this or a similar petition, as they may prefer? If they concur in this, the name of pastor and church will be attached to it, on receipt of authority to do so. Yours in Christ,

WM. NORTON. Egham, Surrey, May 3, 1850.

( Copy.) To His Most Gracious Majesty the King of

Sweden and Norway. May it please your Majesty,

Having learned that our brethren, the Baptists of Sweden, are suffering persecution on account of their religion, and that they are liable even to be banished from their country, and sent forth destitute and without means of support for themselves and families, we humbly and fervently entreat your Majesty to exercise your royal power to secure to them, in common with all your subjects, full religious liberty,--a blessing which we rejoice to know exists already in Norway.

That it may please the Most High God to incline your Majesty to listen to cur entreaty, that he may prosper your reign, and grant your Majesty, through faith in Christ, a crown unfading when this life shall end, is your petitioners' most earnest prayer. NAUNTON, NEAR STOW-ON-THE-WOLD,

GLOUCESTERSHIRE. On Tuesday, March 19th, the foundation stone of a new Baptist chapel was laid in the above village. The ceremony was performed at 3 o'clock p.m. by Mrs. Collett, of Candicote, in the midst of a large assembly of spectators and friends. The 67th Psalm was read, and prayer offered, by the Rev. J. Teall, the pastor of the church and congregation for whose accommodation the building is being erected ; an address was delivered by the Rev. E. Hull, of Blockley; and the Rev. J. Statham, of Bourton-onthe-Water, implored the Divine blessing to rest upon the undertaking. At 4 o'clock, about 150 friends sat down to tea; and a public meeting was held in the evening. The chair was occupied by Mr. Comely, of Notgrove; and addresses were delivered by the Revs. Messrs. Teall, Statham, Dunn, Ricketts, and Messrs. Fuller and Goffe. The chapel, when finished, will be 45 by 27} feet inside the walls, will have an end gallery and vestibule, with spacious vestries and lecture-room attached, and so arranged as to afford accommodation for hearing, when necessary. The estimated cost is £400, and it is hoped such pecuniary assis- |

tance will be rendered by the denomination generally, as to realize the wishes of the friends, in closing the doors, on the day of opening, free of debt. It is fully expected that the building will be ready for public worship about the third week in July.

LOCKWOOD. The friends at this place, having enjoyed the benefits of the gospel for tifty-eight years through the benevolence of the late Benj. Ingham, Esq., who built the Baptist chapel there at his own expense, and gave it in trust to that denomination, resolved some time since to rebuild it, in order to make it more commodious and inviting. On Monday, April 22nd, they met in order to lay the foundation-stone of the new erection. Many assembled with them. The Rev. John Barker gave out the 102nd Psalm, engaged in prayer, and delivered an address. Mr. Godfrey Berry proceeded to lay the stone, having placed beneath it a plate bearing a suitable inscription; and Mr. G. Berry, the Rev. T. Thomas, and Mr. Thos. Beaumont, delivered appropriate addresses. The erection is expected to cost about £1200, of which £1000 is already subscribed.

BILSTON, STAFFORDSHIRE. Interesting services have been held by the Baptist church, Bilston, Staffordshire, to commemorate the jubilee of their exietence in the town. On Lord's-day, March 10th, the Rev. B. Evans. of Scarborough, preached to large and attentive congregations, after which collections were made in aid of a fund being raised for the purpose of erecting a house for the resident minister for the time being. On Tuesday evening, March 12th, a public tea meeting was held, when upwards of 600 sat down to tea, nearly all the tables having been furnished gratuitously by the ladies of the congregation. Mr. T. Skemp, minister of the place, presided, Mr. W. Baylis, gave a short sketch of the history of the cause, and suitable addresses were delivered by the Revs. Messrs. D. Wright of Darkhouse, J. Williams of Walsall, J. Voller of Princes-end, B. Evans of Scarborough, and J. Blakeman of Hook-Norton,-the two last-named having been at one time members of the church. The total amount realized by donations and collections towards the jubilee fund was nearly £70,

HASLINGDEN, LANCASHIRE. The Rev. James Bury resigned his pastoral charge at Colne, Lancashire, on the 7th April, and has accepted a unanimous invitation from the Baptist church meeting in Bury-Road, Haslingden, in the same county. He entered upon his labours on the third Sabbath of May.

ISLINGTON-GREEN, LONDON. The Rev. George B. Thomas, of Fishponds, near Bristol, has accepted the call to the pastoral office sent him, by the church in Islington-Green chapel, Islington, and entered upon the discharge of his duties the first Sunday in May,

THE CHURCH.

"Built upon the foundation of the Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ

himself being the chief corner-stone."-Eph. ii. 20.

JULY, 1850.

FRAGMENTARY NOTES OF VILLAGE SERMONS.

BY THE REV. JOHN POSTER.
(Taken by one of his hearers.)

No. 7. “What profit should we have if we pray to Him ?”—Job xxi. 15. Men in general are not sufficiently aware of the importance of the manner of asking questions. . Of so much importance is the manner, that we could cite good questions as evidences of bad men. For instance, Pharaoh's question, "Who is the Lord that I should obey him ?" Now, in itself nothing could be more reasonable than this question. Pharaoh was a heathen, and this is just the question that a missionary would wish a heathen to ask. There was the question asked by Pilate, What is truth?A proper question, but always cited as a proof of the culpably indifferent state of his mind ; for we are told that he did not wait for a reply. The question in our text is a reasonable enquiry, but it is here a part of a speech of the most wicked of mankind. We can suppose it asked in va. rious manners. 1. In a trifling impertinent manner. 2. In an unbelieving manner. 3. In a spirit of utter impiety. 4. As a grave and proper enquiry.

I. In a trilling manner; just as if a man should say, “ Don't trouble me! What you say may be very true; but at present I feel no concern about it.” 2. In a spirit of unbelief,—not exactly that of an Atheist. 3. In a spirit of daring impiety. There are spirits that can turn full on the Almighty with a frown of dislike, and can turn away from all appeals to their consciences respecting the claims of God and the glory of Christ. 4. But we suppose this question asked in great simplicity. “Tell us (we might say to the enquirer), have you been long making this enquiry ? How long? If only lately, it is very wonderful. How has it happened that you have deferred it so long? How did it not come among your first enquiries ?” Let those persons who have not made the enquiry, think how strange it is that they have neglected it, while God has sustained them every moment till now, amidst all the manifestations of mercy.

What profit to pray to God! How can a young or an old person forget this? Why, does it not occur in the morning and the evening hour ? When trials come, and temptations come? We may, in the first place, ask, What kind of praying it should be? For certainly every kind of prayer is not profitable. Though there seems to be a very prevalent idéa

VOL. IV.

H

that any thing will do for God. Men are very studious of the manner in which they address their fellow-mortals; they have a feeling of great at. tention to expression and gesture. The Jews had an opinion of this kind about their sacrifices. “Ye shall not offer the half,&c. There needs a similar admonition respecting every kind of worship. Certainly by this means men will not get profit. We are not to expect that every sort of prayer will do. An unmeaning repetition of words will not do; and that is a true description of what takes place in many religious assemblies. It can be no successful prayer when persons merely run over a number of sentences. It is very strange that any mortals should think that this would do good. But a careless utterance of one's own words amounts to much the same thing. It is possible for persons to say a great many words of their own; but if there is a total want of thought, and we are asked, What profit? we must answer, None. Think of the great difference of the same words in two extreme states of mind. You can imagine when the same words are used with the whole intent and meaning of your soul, containing the actual and living emotions of the heart, or even not to do justice to the measure of actual feeling. Now, imagine all this said in an opposite state of feeling, in a rambling, wandering state of thought, that often forgets we are in the presence of God. If our petitions were always offered up with their full emphasis of meaning, we might expect profit; in any other way, there is no promise of profit in the word of God. No good will follow from Pharisaical prayers, without the smallest reference to a Mediator, to a sacrifice for sin, accompanied by no prostra. tion of soul, no earnest pleading of Christ's merits. If there is little feeling, little humility, little repentance, the question, what profit there will be in such petitions, may soon be answered. If there is little rever. ence for the Sacred Power I am addressing, if I do not feel a reliance on Jesus Christ, it is meet to stop and begin again, and beg God to enable me to pray.

What do you call “ profit qSome things prayer will not procure. A man who cultivates the surface of the ground, does not complain that he cannot obtain the produce of the mines. A man in retirement should not complain that he has not the honours of a triumph, and his fame noised throughout Europe. So we are not to complain that prayer will not obtain what ambition wishes to gain. But it does unfortunately happen, that many of those things men are most intent upon, give the idea of profit to just those things prayer is not fitted to obtain. These men may well say, when called to address the divine throne, “What profit will there be qThere are a vast number of pursuits men should be ashamed of, and they will one day. Should not this excite very alarming conceptions? What are my principal anxieties ? And can I take the principal anxiety, and go with it into the presence of God ? Some pursuits can be wholly turned into prayer. Are there not such ? There are men who can take all their feelings, and turn them into petitions to God. If it is possible to take them so, and turn them into the language of prayer, would not you wish to have such pursuits ?

Again, the question, what profit?” may be presumed to have a reference to something which may be gained, if this be not attended to. Will the "profitof prayer countervail the loss of the other ? The question therefore is, Will the blessing obtained by prayer to God compensate for those benefits which might be obtained the while? What benefit do you mean to forego ?

There are so many hours in the year which need not be engaged in any other way. It must be certain, that whatever engagement men are called to, there is none but what leaves space open for prayer to God. Take

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