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vigorously-concentrate talent upon itmake its issues blaze with light and heat-come out, full charged with point- feeling towards each other, without ques
A good degree of kind and friendly ed fact, and weighty argument, admin- tion, generally exists. Aside from pe istering, at the same time, rousing, ex- culiar denominational aims, they feel hortation and scorching rebuke—and let themselves in one great common cause them overspread the land.-Cross.
—that of Christian truth and virtue.
Yet there is room for improvement. INFIDELITY.
The Nashville Banner, on the appearWe see it stated, that, in the eastern ance of the American Presbyterian, had States, there are published, four profess- said some hard things against religious edly atheistical newspapers, with an ag- newspapers,—that they are wedded to gregate circulation of about 7,000 copies party, fight against each other, do no weekly. Thus are scattered the seeds good, but much harm, &c. The Cumof death. Besides these, immense edi. berland Presbyterian replies, and the tions of atheistical infidel works are reply contains the following paragraph: printed and sold, “ dog-cheap,” nay, “We deny the charge, that the “ ulgiven away. In these books and papers, timate end of the eighty-seven religious the most deadly blows are aimed, not journals in the United States, is to susonly against the religion of the Bible, tain one party, to the detriment of all but against all the civil, social, and do- others; ” and, as it is our daily employmestic virtues. Christian preacher, ment to read the valuable articles they watchman, disciple, awake! be active ! contain, we hold that we are much betdiffuse the light of truth! distribute Bi- ter prepared to put a proper estimate bles, religious books, tracts, papers!—ib. upon their ultimate end, than this assail
ant can be. Here, we must remark, WHO IS THE BEST CHRISTIAN ?
that among no set of men in these United The Rev. B. Williams, missionary in States, does a more friendly and brotherNew Zealand, relates the following con- ly spirit exist, than does, at this time, versation, which took place between an among the great mass of religious edEnglish captain and Pomare, a chief of itors. They are always ready 10 perone of the Society Islands.
form kind offices to each other. Indeed, “ Pomare formerly received many that their ultimate end is the same—and
they are a band of brothers, who feel presents from the captain, and they used to consider him all in all. The that is high and holy, viz: The univerchief was asked by the captain, what he sal diffusion of religious knowledge thought of the missionaries. “I think," the temporal and eternal happiness of said he, “ that what they tell us is for
their fellow-citizens—the conversion of our good, and will be the means of our this nation to the religion of the Lord going to heaven after death ; but all Jesus Christ. And that end shall be at
Their march is onward; and that we obtain from you, is an incite- tained. ment to destruction."
“ Do you be
the time is at the door, when all the lieve,” said the captain, “ what the newspapers in this land shall be of a missionaries tell you about, heaven and religious character, and they shall have hell? Who has been to either of those
" written in their brazen fronts,” Holi
ness to the Lord.
“I places, to give you information ? "
All the banners on believe," replied the chief, that what earth, yca, all the powers of hell and the missionaries say is true, because they
darkness cannot prevent this glorious endeavor to do us good. You stir us
issue."-Cross and Journal, up to fight, and they try to keep us at DEATH OF peace.”
Died, on the 6th of Dec. 1834, at Glasgow, between the hours of eleven
and iwelve o'clock at night, in the 43d Wc learn that Dr. E. Skinner, who year of his age, the Rev. Edward Irving. recently went out to Liberia, has been He was sensible to the last, and his de appointed Governor of the Colony, vice parting words were, “In life or in Rev. Mr. Pinney, who has resigned, in death, I am the Lord's;" previous to order to pursue the work of a mission which, he sung the 23d Psalm in He ary.
ORDINATIONS AND INSTALLATIONS. Mr. JESSE M. Davis, ord. evangelist Mr. HORACE A. Wilcox, late of the in the Baptist church, Clark's Station, Newton Institution. ord. pastor of the (Geo.,) Dec., 1834.
Baptist church, Willington, (Conn.,) Feb. Mr. William Day, ord. pastor of the 5, 1835. second Baptist church, Newark, (N. J.,) Mr. JAMES MALLARY, ord. evangelist Jan. 14, 1835.
in the Baptist church of Lenox and SulliMr. JESSE R. HAMPTON, ord. evan. van, (N. Y.,) Jan. 22, 1835. gelist in the Baptist church, Spruce St., Mr. GEORGE BRIDGE, ord. pastor of Philadelphia, Jan. 23, 1835.
the Siloam Baptist church, Smithfield, Mr. E. c.'J. THOMAS, ord. evangelist Madison Co. (N. Y.,) Jan., 1835. in Hancock Co., (Georgia,) Jan. 6, 1835. Mr. DANIEL DODGE, ord. evangelist
Mr. ROSWELL LAMB, ord. evangelist in Baptist church, Sedgwick. (Me.,) Jan. at Farmington, Oakland Co., (Michigan,) 29, 1835. Nov. 30, 1834.
Mr. LEVI GARRET BECK, ord, evanMr. J. W. SARGENT, ord. pastor of the gelist in the New Market Street Baptist Baptist church, Billerica, (Mass.) Jan. 14, church, Philadelphia, (Fen.,) January 21, 1835.
Account of Moneys, received in Donations, by the Treasurer of the General
Convention of the Baptist Denomination in the United States, for Foreign
Missions, from February 15 to March 15, 1835.
of Kingston, for the education of a heathen child named Wel-
25,00 Mr. Leander Warren, Cor. Sec. of the Juvenile Miss. Soc. of
Baptist Sabbath school in Worcester, to educate a Burman
209,73 St. Lawrence County, N. Y., Baptist Missionary Convention, from Mr. H. Lewis, by band of Mr. Davis,
62,00 Rev. Phineas Bond, of Warren, Me.,
12,00 The American Bible Society, by Hubert Van Wagenen, Esq.
Treas., to aid in printing and distributing the sacred Scrip-
3000,00 Miss Eliza Bump, in behalf of the Young Ladies' Association of
the first Baptist church in l'rovidence, the third annual pay.
25,00 Rev. Amos I. Baitle, for Col. Charles McAllester, Treasurer
of the North Carolina Baptist State Convention, for the Bur.
man, $150; African, $2,73; and $147,27 for other Missions, 300,00 A. C. Smith, Esq., Treasurer of the General Committee of the Charleston Association of S. C.,
150,00 Peter Simonson for Female Foreign Mission Society connected
with Fourth Bap. Church, Providence, R. I., for the educa-
12,50 H. LINCOLN, Treas.
Erratum.– In a part of this number, on page 148, marginal note, for “classical adage,” read “classical usage.”
PUBLISHER'S NOTICE. Our friends at the South and West, who are in arrears for the Magazine, Are re. minded that a favorable opportunity will be presented for transmitting their subscriptions by their delegates to the Triennial Convention, at Richmond, Va., in April, where the Treasurer of the Convention is expected to be present, and will take charge of the same.
- Go ye
The population of China, in the first century of the Christian era, according to Malte Brun, was somewhat short of 60 millions. It was about the same, three centuries ago. Though since that time, it has increased to almost 400 millions; yet, as in some of the centuries preceding, it was reduced as low as 40 millions, (we prefer to speak in round numbers for the sake of easier recollection,) the average population of the whole period, has been about 70 millions. If we suppose, according to the ordinary reckoning, that three generations have departed this life in each successive century, it will follow that since the Saviour said to his followers, into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature," not far from 4000 millions of souls, from China alone, have entered upon the retributions of eternity! What, then, has been done by the followers of Christ, for the salvation of all these millions? What is now doing for the conversion to God of the present generation of near 400 millions more, of immortal souls? And what are the prospects, at the present moment, of effecting the christianization of this great and growing empire? These are questions of the highest interest. We intend to devote this article to a rapid survey of the first part of the wide field which they open to our attention.
What has been done in past ages for the christianization of China? The history of the past divides itself into four parts. Efforts have been made by the Apostles, by the Nestorian Christians, by the Roman Catholics, and by Protestants.
I. APOSTOLIC MISSIONS. It has sometimes been questioned, whether the Gospel was introduced into China in the Apostolic age. Mosheim doubts it. Mr. Gutzlaff, in the Appendix to his Voyages, took the same ground; but in his more recent History of China he admits its high probability. Chinese historians, it is true, have no where described the early introduction of Christianity; but this proves nothing against it, as they confound all foreign creeds, and ireat them with indiscriminate contempt. The evidence in its favor is this. St. Thomas is denominated, in the Epitome of the Syrian canons, "the Apostle of the Hindoos and the Chinese.” He is said to have traversed a great part of western Asia, visited India, and finally reached Kambalu, which according to the latest researches, is the Khanbalik of the Tartars, and the Peking of the Chinese. After establishing a church in Peking he returned to Hindostan, where he fell a victim of the hostility of the Brahmins. This is confirmed by the Chaldean ritual, which says, “ By the blessed Thomas, the kingdom of Heaven was extended and opened to the Chinese.” If this be a fact, it seems an interesting circumstance, that the very Apostle who had demanded the strongest and most palpable proofs of our Lord's resurrection, was afterwards honored to bear his name to the most distant regions of the known world. Perhaps he felt, in the recollection of his former unbelief, that he had much forgiven, and therefore he loved much.
II. NESTORIAN MISSIONS. The year 636 forms a new era of the propagation of Christianity in China, though not in its purest form. The Syrian monument, alluded to by Mosheim, as found in Se-gan-foo, in the Chinese province of Shen-se, on the borders of Tartary, contains according to Mr. Gutzlaff the following record. Olopwan, the Nestorian, entered China from Judea A. D. 636, after having escaped great perils by sea and land. The learned Emperor Tae-tsung, whose royal residence was fixed at Se-gan-foo, in Shen-se, welcomed his arrival, examined his doctrine, acknowledged its truth, and published an edict in its favor. A church was built, and one-and-twenty persons appointed for its service. News of this success being conveyed to the Nestorians in the west, a great number of the brethren entered China as missionaries. For almost eighty years their churches flourished, but their mixture of superstition well nigh proved their ruin. In the reign of Heuen-tsung, A. D. 713, they were confounded with the Boodhists, and a severe edict prohibiting the worship of idols, published against them. The severity of this persecution however, did not extinguish their zeal; for Christianity, cven in its most deformed shape, contains within it an invigorating and reviving energy. Though we know little of their subsequent history, yet we are told that the Chinese churches were constantly supplied with missionaries from Syria, down to the time of the ferocious Mohammedan conqueror, Timour or Tamerlane, in the 14th century, whose bloody hand swept them utterly away.
The Nestorians have ever been among the purest of the Eastern Patriarchal churches; though for some time past_they have partially acknowledged the authority of the Pope of Rome.
III. PAPAL MISSIONS. The Roman Catholics (chiefly it would seem from political motives) have labored in this great missionary field. Haiton, the Armenian traveller, informs us that the celebrated Kublai Khan, afterwards founder of the Mongol dynasty in China, was baptized, with his whole house, by Rubruquis, a missionary sent by St. Louis of France, and Pope Innocent IV. in 1250. But Kublai was then but 21 years of age; he had not yet established his power, and his conversion to Catholic Christianity appears to have been nominal, for when Emperor of China in 1269, he declined submission to the Pope. Yet many facts show that this great conqueror ever viewed Christianity itself with a favorable eye. Nayan, his uncle, a professed Christian chief, had rebelled against him. A great number of Christians were in the ranks of Nayan, and the sign of the cross was in his banners; but his army of 400,000 men was cut to pieces by the impetuous valor of Kublai. When the Jews and Saracens perceived the banner of the cross overthrown, they taunted the Christians, who complained to the Emperor. Kublai severely rebuked the infidels, adding, “ If the cross of Christ has not proved advantageous to the party of Nayan, the effect has been consistent with reason and justice, inasmuch as he was a rebel and traitor to his lord, and to such wretches it could not afford protection. Let none therefore presume to charge with injustice the God of the Christians, who is the perfection of goodness and justice!” On returning to Peking after this signal victory, the Emperor commanded all the Christians to attend him at the festival of Easter, and bring with them their sacred book, containing the four Gospels. He caused the book to be perfumed, devoutly kissed it, and directed all his nobles present to do the same. The Mongol prince Barkah also, another grandson of Genghis Kan, on a journey to Peking, is said to have met some Christian merchants, and to have been converted by them. On his return he enjoined all his subjects to follow his example, but died before he saw his wishes realized. About A. D. 1275, Vicenza and Tripoli, two learned friars, were sent by Pope Gregory X. as missionaries to Peking, in company with the celebrated Venetian travellers Nicolas, Matthew, and Marco Polo. The missionaries, however, terrified by the dangers of a route through so many deserts inhabited by rapacious hordes, and filled with scenes of barbarity and blood, did not reach their destination. In 1289, Corvino, another friar, sent by pope Nicolas IV., penetrated to the capital of China, soon after the succession of Timur Kan to the throne of his grandfather Kublai. According to his own account, he erected a church in Peking, but the Nestorians bitterly opposed him. The Tartar Khan George, who was a Nestorian, he brought over to the Catholic faith, and translated the New Testament and the Psalter into the language of the country. Upon his representations, new missionaries were