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confidence of the entire body, or But what will the Swiss do should that in either case none of the Old Archbishop Heycamp and Bishops Catholic bishops (Dutch or German) Reinkens and Rinkel refuse to conwould consent to consecrate him. secrate their man ? Will they try The second course is still more to find some Greek bishop who will alarming to the Conservatives, and perform the consecration ? Or will is hinted at in Switzerland by some they do what Wesley did, when he who do not hesitate to say that there with other presbyters ordained Coke is no need of a bishop at all. to the Episcopate, and told his
The fact is there are in these two brother Charles nothing about the sections of the modern reform the arrangements for the ordination till two tendencies always observable the act was completed ? In this case when a new force is breaking loose their church-government would be from old restraints. We find it at Episcopal more in name than in the commencement of Christianity reality, and would perhaps resemble itself. Amongst the Christians who to some extent that of the Methodist had been Jews, the Hellenists, such Church of America, which is to a large as Stephen, Philip, and those at | degree essentially Presbyterian. Or Antioch (Acts xi. 19, etc.) were will they, as a matter not of choice but far more ready to admit converted necessity, be satisfied with PresbySamaritans and heathens into the terianism pure and simple ? The Christian Church, without expecting question is one of great interest, and them to conform to the law of perhaps before these lines are printed Moses. At the time of the Refor- the answer will have been given. One mation the same tendencies were other course remains open,—that of visible. Most German and English considering the decisions already reformers wished to differ from arrived at as null until they have Rome only where this was absolutely been approved by a Synod in which necessary, while the Swiss and Scotch a bishop presided. In such a case and the English Puritans adopted there would be no difficulty in getting the bolder course of giving up all ordination from Bishop Reinkens. that was not Scriptural. Another As stated above, all were not in illustration is found in the early his-favour of the late decisions. Protory of Methodism. Charles Wesley fessor Hirschwälder of Bern, Abbé would have made cleaving to “the Deramey (in whose church the sitChurch” a fundamental principle, tings took place) and eleven more while most of the preachers wished were at any rate opposed to the to study only the interests of the anti-celibacy decision. great work they had commenced, Now the Abbé Deramey is even and viewed its bearing on
the more conservative than the German Church of England as quite a Old Catholics. He says that he secondary question. A phenomenon has very little hope of them. The which is an almost necessary accom- law, the abrogation of which by the paniment of all great movements Bonn Synod of 1874 shocked the ought not to be wondered at. Was Swiss priest, is the decree of the it to be expected that freedom- Lateran Council of 1215; accordloving, republican Switzerland, and ing to which all Catholics, on penalty authority - respecting monarchical of excommunication, are required to Germany, would long pull together, go at least once a year to confession, without one complaining that the and at Easter to attend communion. other was going too fast.
The Synod of 1874 says, in the fifth
of thirteen decisions touching auri- may receive the benefit of absolution.” cular confession : " The so-called And one of the rubrics in the Order command of the Church to confess for the Visitation of the Sick directs at least once a year is not binding thus: “Here shall the sick person be ,on those who are not oppressed moved to make a special confession with any inward necessity to receive of his sins, if he feel his conscience this sacrament.” The recording of troubled with any weighty matter. the annual confessions and participa- After which confession, the priest tions in the communion, as well as shall absolve him (if he humbly and the infliction of ecclesiastical censures heartily desire it), etc." on account of the neglect of them The Catechism of the Old Cathoare prohibited. Yet the Synod at lics, just issued from the press, is the same time states emphatically the best guide to their doctrines, that it should be looked upon as a
inasmuch as it is published with the sacred duty to come very frequently authority of the Synod. It contains to the Lord's table, and that especi- about sixty-eight pages. The book ally at the time of Easter;
to be used in higher classes for ment with ancient custom. The religious instruction will appear in a Abbé maintains that these changes few days. These two works will were concessions to the spirit of inno- show what the exact doctrines of vation. But this was not the case. the German Old Catholics are. As Confession was looked
yet there is no authoritative history the same sense as that expressed in
of the movement. The book of the exhortation which the minister, close upon three hundred pages, with as the Prayer-Book designates a historical introduction by Theodorus, clergyman of the Church of England, called “The New Reformation, must read on the Sunday before ad- contains a great many inaccuracies. ministering the Lord's Supper, in The writer of it appears to have which the following passage occurs:
bestowed much labour upon the “And because it is requisite, that no work and to take much interest in man should come to the Holy Com- the movement, but he does not seem munion, but with a full trust in sufficiently acquainted with the God's mercy, and with a quiet con- literature of the question. The most science; therefore if there be any of correct parts are those in which he you, who by this means cannot quiet has had at command reports, such his own conscience herein, but as those of the Congresses and that requireth further comfort or counsel, of the first Bonn Conference. While let him come to me, or to some other therefore the work contains much discreet and learned minister of God's matter, it does not meet the existWord, and open his grief ; that by ing want of information on the Old the ministry of God's holy Word he Catholic movement.
upon in much
We were about to write the New | changes and the much more numerous Hymn-Book, but at once felt that additions have not destroyed, not it would be a misnomer. The few even impaired, the identity of the
endeared and time-hallowed 6 Col
Book or a new one,
but simply the lection of Hymns for the use of the old one enlarged and enriched, with People called Methodists." A slight slight modifications, enforced by the re-arrangement and a considerable good providence, and we trust, superenlargement and enrichment would
intended by the good Spirit of God; not dissipate the tender and sacred and more important additions, called associations of a sanctuary which for by the growing intelligence and had served for two or three genera- the broadening catholicity of the tions of worshippers. So long as the Church. frontage was untouched, the elevation Or, to pass from Scripture analogy not lowered, the mural monuments to Scripture precedent. The Book undefaced and undisturbed, it would of Psalms itself was not, like the still remain the holy and beautiful golden calf, cast all at once, in a house where our fathers praised” fixed and final form. It is in five God, notwithstanding an extension distinct sections, probably marking of area, whether in the form of
as many eras, or stages of developwings or transepts or roomy and well- ment, in the hymnology of the proportioned recess, a widening of Old Testament Church. There is the pulpit and an expansion of the strong internal evidence that the orchestra, with improved provision Psalter of David's own time confor School, Class, Prayer-meeting, sisted only of the first forty-one sacramental services and anniver- psalms, closing with a doxology and sary
solemnities. When old St. a double Amen ; every one of which Paul's was burnt to the ground, and was David's own composition, so the stately modern structure of Sir that the primitive psalter was called, Christopher Wren hid the site of its
with literal exactness, the Psalms venerable predecessor, the later of David. Then came, probably on erection was rightly called New St. the opening of the temple, the colPaul's, until it in turn had received lection which would have been the the consecration of a century of wor- Second Book of Psalms, had not the ship. When the sumptuous Grecian- unity been preserved by the judicious ized erection of Herod swallowed continuation of the numbering. up and superseded the humble edifice This section, too, Psalms xlii-lxxii., of Zerubbabel and Joshua, the son consists wholly of David's inspiraof Josedech, the Jews might well tions. It appropriately begins with speak of the huge and glistening a passionate aspiration after the mass of masonry as less than half a
services of the sanctuary—Psalm century old : “Forty and six years xlii.; as the earliest addition to the was this temple in building." But Methodist Hymn-Book begins with, though successive kings and priests “Before Jehovah's awful throne”. extended the courts and multiplied and as appropriately ends with “A the chambers of Solomon's temple, Psalm for Solomon,” an expanded to match the enlarged dimensions of doxology, a double Amen, and the the city of God; so long as the statement that the collection of original shrine of which God took exclusively Davidic Psalms here possession was substantially the close. Then follows the Third same, the temple in which Hezekiah Section - Psalms lxxiii-lxxxix. ; praised and Josiah wept was the of various authorship, led off by self-same temple wherein Solomon Asaph, next to David the most richlyhad prayed. Even so, the Hymn- anointed of the psalmists — the Book of 1876 is not another Hymn- | Isaac Watts of the old dispensation,
--with a rich vein of solemn, tender | Hymns, a large proportion of the and devout melancholy, a strong newly-introduced hymns being the feeling for outward nature and the composition of the Wesleys; and it sacredness of “the congregation.” will be received and loved as the This section includes one of David's veritable Hymn-Book in the words not before published. It ends, like of which our fathers breathed out its predecessors, with doxology and their souls towards God in holy repeated Amen. The Fourth Sec- worship, and in so many instances, tion-xc-cvi.,-impressively opens breathed them out to God in death. with "A Prayer of Moses," a psalm Let us then judge of the Hymnof the wilderness, which had not Book as a whole : and that we may before been incorporated in the do so with intelligence and justice, worship of Mount Zion, followed by it will be right to ask :-1. What another which the imagery of the ought a Hymn-Book for a large desert stamps with the same date ; number of connected churches to be ? and then by Psalm xcii., the first II. What ought a Hymn-Book for distinctively Sabbath song; "A Song “the people called Methodists” to for the Sabbath-day;” after which be ? III. What ought the Hymncome anonymous psalms, inter- Book to be which is to serve the spersed with other Psalms of David Wesleyan-Methodist churches during which had not heretofore been the last quarter of the nineteenth statedly sung in the temple; much century and is to be their Manual of as“ Jesu! Lover of my soul,” and sacred song when the twentieth “ Glory be to God on high,” were century of the Christian era shall " not included in the hymn-books dawn upon the world? published during the life-time of Mr. I. What ought a Hymn-Book for Wesley." This again finishes with a large number of connected churches doxology and Amen, but this time to be ?-Before we can answer this with rubrical direction, “Let all question rightly we must inquire the people say, Amen, and with what are the purposes which a Hallelujah instead of the second Church Hymn-Book is to serve ? Amen. The collecting of the last These we shall gather from Holy section, Psalms cvii-cl., tradition, Writ. The utility, the necessity, of strongly corroborated by internal evi- a Hymn-Book is to give to devotion dence, ascribes to Ezra, on the return and edification, enlivenment, intenfrom the captivity. (See especially sity, sweetness and facility, by
investing them with the charm and Yet the oneness of the Book of potency of poetry and music : Psalms, formed as it was by succes
devotion and edification ; personal, sive additions through a period of social, public. This gives to sacred more than five hundred years, is song a very
and necessecured by the interspersing of sitates a very rich variety. It is a great Davidic psalms through all the mistake to suppose that Psalmody is sections, the continuity of number- | intended only for public worship and ing and the division by doxology is to serve almost exclusively for instead of any more marked sectional adoration and confession. This is distinction. The larger Psalter of refuted by the Word itself, both by the smaller second temple was felt precedent and precept. A large proto be still the psalter of David, and portion of the Psalms have no special 80 the Methodist Hymn-Book of suitability to public worship, having 1876 may still be called Wesley's a direct bearing on the personal
relations of the soul to God. The the realisation of that immediate very first psalm is a didactic and individual relation to God, that descriptive lyric, on the blessedness “my” and “now” which in Cornish of the godly “man,” which is just Betty's view, contained the secret of as suitable to private or domestic the superior effectiveness of the religion as to the services of the
presentation of Christian verities by temple. “If any man is merry," the Methodists to that of the formusays St. James," let him sing psalms." laries of the English Church, where It is no valid objection then, but, on they are embodied in more general the contrary an irrelevant one, based terms. We also learn from the Book on a misconception of the purpose of of Psalms that pictorially didactic a Hymn-Book, to complain that it odes quite admissible in contains compositions more suited psalmody; unless indeed the first for the closet of secret devotion than psalm be a blot upon the Psalter; for for the worship of “the great con- it is a perfect lyrical gem of the gregation.” A hymn-book would most regular structure, with Strophe be gravely defective which did not (v. 1-3) Antistrophe (v. 4, 5) and include a fair proportion of spiritual Epode (v. 6). Samuel Wesley's songs, such as may at once express, classical ode “ The morning flowers excite and sanctify a healthy exuber- display their sweets," which no one, ance of animal spirits; "brighten surely, would like to miss from the up the believer's evidence,” and sing Hymn-Book, is made on exactly the down unbelief, as Leigh Hunt used same model : Strophe, v. 1, 2; " to walk down distress of mind;" Antistrophe, v. 3, 4; Epode, v. 5, 6. hymns such as the village Methodist But of course a Church Hymnis described as singing as he strode Book should be to a very great across the lonely Derbyshire moors extent adapted to distinctively on a bright Sunday morning : Church purposes, especially to the
two leading departments of Church “O disclose Thy lovely face !
hymnody: united worship and mutual Quicken all my drooping powers, etc;"
edification. Both these are clearly hymns with which the godly artisan, indicated in the New Testament. housemaid, sailor, traveller, might The associated adoration of the glorify the lowliest work or beguile people of God was not to pass away the longest, roughest way.
in the smoke of the burning temple In such songs the Hymn-Book was at Jerusalem. St. Paul states it as already rich. What for example, one chief reason of the existence of can surpass “ My God, I am Thine, the celestio-terrestrial society, the or “My God, the spring of all my Church “ that ye may with one joys”? Yet this class of hymns is mind and one mouth glorify God, largely increased, not only by popular even the Father of our Lord Jesus strains suited to self-edification, but Christ.” (Romans xv. 6.) And also by those adapted to self-excita- again “ Unto Him (the Father of tion and enlivenment, such as “ Lord, our Lord Jesus Christ) be glory in I hear of showers of blessing,” and the Church, throughout all ages." " Sometimes a light surprises.” We (Ephesians iii. 21.) Unanimous and may safely say that no hymn-book, univocal adoration, “ with one mind except the Hebrew Psalter, can com- and one mouth,” is an essential part pare with the present “ Collection of Christian worship, and for this of Hymns for the use of the people psalms and hymns are indispensable. called Methodists," as a help to For this purpose we want spiritual