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Communicated by the Rev. J. B. HOLROYD.

(WITH A WOOD-CUT.) On seeing an ancient pile of building, which has outlived the vicissitudes of many ages, with all the revolutions and changes that have shaken the foundations of neighbouring kingdoms and states, we naturally desire to know something of its history. Such an interesting object is that noble and majestic structure, Alowick Castle, the seat of his Grace the Duke of Noré thumberland. A castle on this site, which rises gra. dually with a fine elevation from the south side of the river Aln, is supposed to have been built in the time of the Romans; but no part of the original structure is How remaining. A few years ago, when the castle-keep, or dungeon, was taken down to be repaired, under the present walls were discovered the foundations of other buildings, and some of the stones appeared to


have Roman mouldings. The present castle is built in the Saxon style, with all the modes and ornaments of that age : the battlements are crowded with figures, according to the taste of the Normans, representing men in different attitudes, offensive and defensive, with such arms as were then used. The building is of free-stone, in chisseled work : its form is singular, heing composed of a cluster of semi-circular and angular bastions.

Alnwick Castle contains about five acres of ground within its outer walls; which are flanked with sixteen towers and turrets, affording a complete set of offices to the castle, and most of them retaining their original names and uses. The Castle properly consists of three courts, or divisions; the entrance into which was defended with the same number of gates ; each in a high embattled tower, furnished with a portcullis, and the outward gate with a drawbridge also. Each gate had a porter's lodge, and a strong prison : beneath this was a deep, dark dungeon, into which the more refractory prisoners were let down with cords, through a trap-door in the floor. That of the inner ward is still remaining, in all its original horrors. .

The effect on first entering within the walls, from the town, is very striking. After passing through a long, gloomy gateway, the eye is presented, at once, with the great body of the inner castle, surrounded with semi-circular towers, finely adorned with pinnacles, figures, and battlements. The impression is heightened by the successive entrances into the second and third courts, through massy towers, tilt you arrive in the inner court. The entrance into the body of the castle is by a large staircase, of a very singular form, expanding like a fan, forty-six



feet long, thirty-five wide, and forty-three high. Turning to the left, the first room you enter is the saloon, an apartment in the most elegant style of Gothic architecture, forty-two feet long, thirty-seven wide, and twenty high. The next is the drawingroom, consisting of one large oval, with a semi-circular projection, or bow window : it is forty-six feet long, thirty-five wide, and twenty-one high. . From this you enter the dining-room, which may be considered as a noble model of a great Baron's hall : it is fifty-. three feet long, twenty-one wide, and twenty-six. high ; exclusive of a circular recess, nineteen feet in diameter. From the dining-room, you pass a circular staircase, and are conducted into a Gothie apartment, used for a breakfast or supper-room, thirty-eight feet long, twenty wide, and sixteen high. You next proceed to the library, a very fine room, sixty-four. feet long, twenty-three wide, and sixteen high. It is well filled with books, and ornamented with stuccowork in the Gothic style. This apartment leads to the chapel, which exhibits a display of Gothic ornaments in the greatest perfectiou. The several parts: of the chapel have been designed after the best models. The great east window is in the style of the finest. window in York Minster : the ceilings is borrowed. from that of King's College, Cambridge: the mould. ings and stucco-work are gilt, and painted after the great church at Milan : and the windows of painted glass are remarkable for their lightness and elegancé. Exclusive of a recess, the chapel is fifty feet long, twenty-one wide, and twenty-two high. There are two state bed-chambers, with other rooms of midor importance, but all as conformable as possible to the general style of the Castle.

Before the Norman Conquest, this Castle, together with the Barony of Alnwick, belonged to GilBERT Tyson, who was slain fighting along with HAROLD. His son, William, had an only daughter, whom the Conqueror gave in marriage to one of his Norman chieftains, named Ivo DE VEScy, together with all the inheritance of her house. The castle and barony of Alnwick continued in the possession of the LORDS DE VESCY till the 25th year of EDWARD I., A. D. 1297, when the last Baron of this family died without issue, and left his property to Anthony Bec, Bishop of Darham. The Bishop kept possession of it twelve years, and then sold it to LORD HENRY · Percy. The grant was confirmed by King Ed. WARD II., at Sheene, in the year 1310. From that period Alnwick Castle became the baronial seat of the LORDS DE PERCY, and of their successors, the EARLS and DUKES OF NORTHUMBERLAND.


(Continued from page 160.) ZEDEKIAI, the last king of Judah, was a weak and wicked prince. Faithful to no engagements either human or divine, after eight years' constrained submission to the yoke of Babylon, he entered into a confederacy with Egypt, and renouncing his allegiance to the former Power, provoked that war, which ended in his ruin, and in the desolation of the kingdom over which he reigned.

Warned by the Prophet of the foolishness and danger of confiding in the strength of Egypt, ZEDEKIAH had too soon occasion to regret that weak cre• dulity which led him to rely upon a broken reed. His new confederate was, like himself, devoid of

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