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various colours, after exposure to the that the mere surface action of direct rays of the sun, when taken light upon a solid substance could again into the dark. But in nature, 80 instantaneously change its inby means not to be at present ex
ternal condition as to open among plained, light breaks up the car- its particles floodgates for the pasbonic acid in the leaves of plants in sage of the electric current, to close order to separate the carbon. In again on the removal of light. But the laboratory carbonic acid may be during the last twelve months Dr. broken up by heat, but at a tem- W. Siemens and Professor Adams, perature of 2,500° centigrade. Se- in different countries and by diflenium is now shown to make ferent means, have arrived at pracmanifest another mode, in which tically the same result. The action light affects solids; for, by the pre- of light powerfully affects the capasence or absence of light the power city of this substance for conveying of this substance to transmit elec- electric currents; and this is the tricity is increased or diminished. case not for white light alone, but The history of the discovery is very different effects are produced by the instructive. A telegraph clerk at different colours of the spectrum Valencia noticed that a stick of into which white light may be recrystalline selenium, such as had fracted. been used for some time in tele- There is a great deal that is suggraphy, where high electrical re- gestive in this, even physiologically. sistance was .required, offered con- The effect of light upon nervous siderably less resistance to a battery action is sufficiently well known. current when exposed to light than Dulness of spirits and mental when kept in the dark. These facts lethargy, are almost inevitable conwere made known in 1873, but the comitants of a leaden sky and a statement was received even by murky atmosphere. It may be that men of science with considerable a physiological key to this is by the incredulity. It was not credited above facts suggested.
BOOK JOURNAL. A Compendium of Christian Theology : Protestant divinity. It is barely just to
Being Analytical Outlines of a Course say that it is one of the noblest theologi. of Theological Study, Biblical, Dog. cal productions of the present century, matic, Historical. By W. B. POPE, and in comparison with works which Theological Tutor, Didsbury College, have been for generations the revered Manchester. London: Published for authorities in divinity, such as Pearson the Author at the Wesleyan Con- on the Creed, it must be pronounced more ference Office. 1875.
scientific, more compendious, comprehenFirst Notice. For a work of this order sive and complete. Yet, though answer. a single notice is altogether insufficient. ing closely to its title, “A Compendium, Whilst its merits and importance chal. being Analytical Outlines of a course of lenge immediate recognition, they also
Theological Study," it is far from being demand a close and careful study which
a mere skeleton. It glows and pulses its massiveness renders a work of time. with intellectual and spiritual life. To We have already incidentally said that change the figure, the strong meat” of its publication marks an era in Methodist
the Word, though condensed to the last Theology.* We might safely have writ- degree and packed into the smallest space, ten English Theology. Indeed we have like pemmican for an Arctic expedition, no hesitation in claiming and predicting
has not lost in the process any of its nufor it a high place in the front rank of tritive properties or of its delicious taste;
it is still "savoury meat, such as” the February, 1876. P. 85.
devout soul “loveth." Whilst free from any affectation of novelty, it is one of the most original works in the language. We know no work of the size and kind so unencumbered with quotations from any book but the Bible.' In this respect the contrast is very striking with the ponderous citations of Pearson and the plethora of extracts which clogs the fluency of Watson. The style is in itself a study : absolutely individual, it bears no trace or tinge of mannerism. Its scholarly finish relieves its severe simplicity. Its marble-like purity and polish, and gleaming white solidity, befits the symmetrical proportions and the imposing dimensions of the work, as a stately intellectual structure. There is a fasci. nation in its calm and sometimes corus. cant lucidity. In truth, the first impression is that of one who steps into a classic temple, with its long perspective of well-ordered pillars, roofed by the blue of heaven. The charm is heightened by the delicate tracery of a restrained imaginativeness, consisting mainly of a kind of floral scroll-work of exquisitely apt, yet bold and startlingly beautiful, quotations or adaptations of Scripture phraseology, reminding us
God is and that the world was framell by the Word of God," (P. 28,) we must of course assume that this is but one of those bold adaptations of Scripture of which we have spoken, and that the interlineated words “in our own instincts" are not meant to be expository of the text quoted, “Heb. xi. 3, 4." Once more, when he comments thus on the declaration of St. John, “Ye have an unction from the Holy One, etc.”—“In his Epistle he seems to make the unction of the Spirit a privilege of all Christians, but a close examination will give reason to think that he referred primarily to the Apostolic Xpioua,” etc.; one might think he means (P. 67,) that St. John only “seems to make the unction of the Spirit a privilege of all Christians," but that on P. 91, we find that in most real and glorious sense, it is actually“the privilege of all Christians.” But these, though by no means unimportant, are comparatively minute matters.
Mr. Pope's doctrine of Inspiration is in our judgment the only defensible one: certainly it is the Wesleyan doctrine, that which underlies the Notes on the New Testament: and its mode of statement is wonderfully clear and understandable.
The book is nobly monumental and a rich love-gift from the Methodist mind to the theological stores of Christendom. Readings in Holy Scripture for Young
ever and again of Richard Winter Hamilton ; though in his case a laboured pomp of diction, the very contrast to Mr. Pope's chaste English, sadly marred its fine effect. Mr. Pope's energetic compression sometimes gives to his sentences an epigrammatic strength and sparkle. Hence, too, he excels in definition. Very rarely, however, extreme brevity pro. duces its proverbial obscurity. Thus when he says, “As the Church was enlarged the Bible was enlarged ; but never was the one without the other," (P. 10,) we should like to know whether he dates “the Bible” from the days of Seth and Abel, or the Church from the time of Moses, or both from some intermediate period, or whether he simply means that from the time when "the early oracles” were first committed to " the covenant people” the Church has never let slip the Bible. Again, when we are told, “There is the sacred deposit of original truths in the constitution of man's nature,” (P. 16,) one would like to ask, Does this imply the doctrine of innate ideas, or a personal revelation prior to, and independent of, all outward instruction and the action of the Spirit on the individual heart? Or does he regard "the light of the Son in human reason
as part of "the constitution of man's' nature"? When he writes “By faith in our own instincts we know that
Children, By WILLIAM BINNS.
day School Union. 1876.
chisms Illustrated. By BENJAMIN
meed of encouragement, she will do good
as We san It. With Notices of the
the Wesleyan Conference Office. 1875. A very taking, pleasant book. Its title is exactly descriptive of its character. It consists of a series of photo. graphs, glimpses-quick, flashing pictures of scenery and society in the western world. But they are glimpses which could only reveal themselves to the glances of a keen, sensitive, shrewd and poetic eye. The genial and able author takes his readers along with him on a very interesting tour, and makes them see the New World as he saw it, on its Eastern and Western seaboard and in steaming across its mighty breadth. We do not know another book so small which gives such a true and vivid idea of America as it reveals itself to a hurrying visiter with penetrating eyes kept wide open. The writer can both see well and say well. His style is in the main that of a cultivated man who is at the same time a preacher and a poet. The book is thoroughly healthy and good humoured. The journey was evidently performed under the most favourable gastronomic conditions. Nothing is more glowingly and gratefully depicted than the “square meals” the unstinted cuisine of America. In this point the volume reminds us much of Judge Talfourd's Up the Rhine, which scrupulously records the bill of fare from stage to stage. But throughout the present volume there runs a vein of genuine piety. Our author knows “hon to abound.” Many of the anecdotes are very good, but some only worthy of that conversational currency which they had already obtained on this side the Atlantic. We heartily recom. mend every traveller at home, who likes a cheap, charming and comfortable, and withal edifying trip by his own fireside, to treat himself without delay to this really capital book.
part, only be accomplished in early life, for
of “The White Cross and Dove of
* Except occasionally in exclamations.
HAYMAN BROTHERS AND LILLY, 19, CROBS STREET, HATTON GARDEX, E.C.