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Pole is never vulgar. He has far more perversity prompts my son to try the ease of manner than a German in the experiment. “One, two, three !” he same rank of life, and is at once more counts with outstretched finger. It familiar and more respectful. The works like a charm for the hindmost Goral (mountaineer) has moreover the Hebrew ducks frantically down in advantage over the great mass of his futile endeavor to avert his fate, and countrymen of never having bowed his the other two, fushed purple with rage, neck beneath the yoke of serfdom. shake their tists angrily at us as we His ancestors having been free-born ty past. An effective group they men like hiniself, there is no reflection make, these three black-robed figures, of bygone degradation to overshadow with the mountain range as backhis native dignity. About half-way to ground, all aglow with the crimson Zakopane we stop to rest the horses at sunset. Fine subject for a picture Neumarkt, a dreary little town, squalid which might be entitled “Orthodox and dirty like most Polish country Jews cursing blasphemous Gentiles." towns, and with a population in which But soon we have left them far bethe proportion of Jews to Christians is hind, and other pictures take their as two to one. We imbibe some atro-place, for now we have turned into the ciously bad coffee, served up in bar- long, straight cutting through the pine barous fashion at the little Jewish inn, forest, reaching right up into the or rather, as it ambitiously styles itself, bosom of the hills, where we have the hotel, and are just preparing to elected to stay. Swiss-like buildings start again when our driver comes up constructed of rough, undyed deal with a face of grave concern. “Only boards begin to start up on either side fancy what you have forgotten, sir !” of us; two rival hydropathic estabhe ejaculates, addressing my son. lishments, and a score of minor villas, “Dear me! What ?" we ask, much most conspicuous among these the alarmed. “ To give me a glass of beer now abandoned residence of Madame in order to drink your health !” Modrzejeska, the famous tragic actress,

This important omission being recti- whom the ill-nature of some personal fied, we clamber back into the Budka enemies has now compelled to seek and resume the drive. The air which a refuge in America. had previously been stiflingly hot grows gradually cooler as we approach the mountains, till by and by we realize that we are actually shivering, a deli

From The Pall Mall Budget. cious and almost forgotten sensation,

IS THE RACE IMPROVING? whose very memory had been obliter- The projected revival of the Olymated by the late hot weeks in town. pian games, of which a programme has The mountains, at first appearing as a just been issued, will be an interesting long, jagged line on the horizon, begin experiment in sport, since it is likely to to acquire distinctness and individu- bring to Athens competing athletes ality of outline. Three black-robed, from all parts of Europe ; but I doubt slip-shod Jews stand on the road in whether it will settle the great question deep conversation, with their backs with wbich ethnologists are constantly turned to the mountain range. There confronted, and which is of keen scienis nothing which the orthodox Polish Lific interest — namely, as to whether Jews detest so much as being counted the human race is on the up or the when several of them are together, be-down grade of physical development. lieving as they do that the one on Our increased powers of storing and whom falls the last number must inev-diffusing knowledge (thanks mainly to itably die before long. Having heard the art of printing) enable us to do of this little Hebrew weakness, the many things that were undreamt of in temptation to prove its veracity is to a the philosophy of the ancients. The schoolboy irresistible, and the imp of I motive that impels us to read history

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must be curiosity – I am sorry to say | argon among his paraphernalia without I cannot place it higher than that. troubling to verify the experiments of We certainly make no attempt as a Rayleigh and Ramsay. And in such people to profit by the political experi- matters we have the pull over the ence of past geverations ; otherwise,

ancients - a very considerable pull; having got rid of the one-map despot- since most of the physical and mechanism in politics, we should not now be ical sciences — not all the sciences, of exertiog ourselves to introduce the course, for it would be hard to say in heartless and soulless despotism of what respect astronomy, for instance, democracy, which is to the former as will ever be of a h’ap'orth of use lo the despotism of a company of limited the human race, but most — have some liability shareholders is to that of the sort of bearing upon the eternal probpersonal head of a firm. Tradition lems of food, shelter, and raiment. moulds a great part of our daily life. Well, this being so, are we better or If men go out into the world to learn worse men than our distant forefathers ? at each other's expense the lessons of Is the race improving all round as it is, practical experience, and no other les- undoubtedly, increasing in knowledge, sons seem to stick, women contrive to or are we ning to brain and nerves take over the bulk of their mother's and degenerating physically ? If the wisdom, and to get on very well with proposed Olympian games, which are that, which they carefully transmit in to be conducted upon the model of the turn, unquestioned and unsifted, to ancient ones, could throw any light their daughters. Not all of this tra- upon this question they would possess ditional knowledge, of course, is prac- the highest scientific interest. I am tically acted upon. If there is one afraid, however, they must be regarded lesson more than another that is sedu- as a sort of international sporting “fixe lously impressed upon each generation ture,” merely. The truth I believe to of women by their elders it is that men be this — on the physical question : are not to be trusted. Yet men are as that within historical time, which goes much trusted now (and with as little much further back than ancient Greece, reason) as they have ever been, every there has been no material alteration woman believing in matters of love in the human race. The size of the that her case is the exception that tests armor and of the weapons carried in the rule. It is pretty much the same the Middle Ages is a most inconclusive with this as with gambling. There is criterion. More trustworthy are some always the chance of a win, and that is statistics recently put forward by a inducement enough for the victim to French savant, Dr. Rahon, on the take the risk.

strength of his investigation of human The world is steadily storing up its remains belonging to the quaternary scientific knowledge, as certain nations period, the neolithic period, the protoare said to hoard gold, and the heritage historic, and Parisians of the Middle is one that we all, without distinction Ages, and what do they show ? That of class, or creed, or nationality, come from the earliest times stature (and into, the one conditiou being that we presumably other characteristics) have should have a taste for the treasures not appreciably changed. The human thus handed down from the past. race is not yet old enough to be modi. Every astronomer enters into the la- tied by the process of natural selection. bors of William Herschel, every mech- It has always had food enough. The anism into those of James Watt, and pinch of the Darwinian law will come every chemist of the future will carry with over-population.


Sixth Series,
Volume VI.


No. 2651. - April 27, 1895.

From Beginning,

Vol. COV.

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Blackwood's Magazine, · II. MRS. TONKIN AT HOME. Charles Lee,

Leisure Hour,

STEVENSON. By H. Bellyse Baildon, Temple Bar,
H. Lacey, .

Gentleman's Magazine,

GUAGES. By John Stuart Blackie, Contemporary Review,
By W. L. Courtney, .

Fortnightly Review,

Macmillan's Magazine,
M. Field,

Sunday Magazine,

Fishing Gazette,






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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For Eight DOLLARS remitted directly to the Publishers, the Living AGE will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks, and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTELL & Co.

Single copies of the LIVING AGE, 18 cents.


For we're poor, and hungry, and frozen Non eadem est ætas, non mens.

out. HORACE.

We may not thank you in eloquent You ask a “many-winter'd” bard

words ; Where hides his old vocation ?

But litter your welcome largess about, Accept — the answer is not hard

And though cockney carols we cannot A classic explanation.


We'll gather on branch and on gutter“Immortal” though he be, he still,

spout, Tithonus-like, grows older,

And chirrup our thanks, we poor London While she, his Muse of Pindus Hill,

Birds !!! Still bares a youthful shoulder.

Punch. Could that too-sprightly Nymph but leave

Her ageless grace and beauty,
They might, betwixt them both, achieve

A hymn de Senectute ;

Let me not, like a useless weed, But she - she can't grow grey ; and so,

In rankness flourish still, Her slave, whose hairs are falling,

But may I both in word and deed Must e'en his Doric flute forego,

A true man's part fulfil. And seek some graver calling, –

To work, to strive, to have an aim, Not ill-content to stand aside,

No matter what it be, To yield to minstrels fitter

If conscience free my soul from blame His singing-robes, his singing-pride,

It must advantage me.
His fancies sweet - and bitter !
Temple Bar,

For death it is – a death-in-life —

For any man to stand
A part, and view his fellow's strife,
And not to bear a hand.


The stagnant pool so foul to see,

The tree that rots at core,

Are fitting types of such as he
WE'VE got no work to do-o-o !

That rusteth evermore. Our homes are cold as the wintry air.

J. A. COUPLAND. Our stomachs are empty, booho-o-o ! booho

0-0! And like Mother Hubbard our cupboards

are bare. We're frozen out! Though our hearts are


IF Helen love me, she does so
And we're full of industry, zeal, and After the cautious modern fashion,

And usages like linkboys go
There is not the chance of a job about, To light the progress of her passion.
Through the hardened earth and the
chilling drift.

Say mine estate should dwindle ; say
We do not howl as we prowl the street,

The breath of scandal fogged mine honor,

Helen would weep her love away, With ruddy faces and bodies plump ;

And bid me think no more upon her. Our voices though dulled by the cold are sweet,

Say I fell ill, or lame, or blind, But the snow-spread lawn, and the frozen

The counsel of her friends would move pump,

her, The ice-bound pond, and the highway hard, Regretfully, to prove unkind, Are all our foes. And no Union door,

And seek a less unfortunate lover, No Refuge warm is for us unbarred ;

We, we are the helpless deserving poor ; But these things happen not, that is So Christians thoughtful, gentle, and good, Not in such sort as frightens Helen, Warm by fireside or snug in bed,

Whereas her dear small prudencies Be sure your bounty, of broken food,

Make me a fenced demesne to dwell in. For us on pathways and lawns is spread ;


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From Blackwood's Magazine. always felt that of those who had writSIR BARTLE FRERE.'

ten and spoken most strongly against MR. MARTINEAU has had a very his South-African policy, “some did so laborious task, and has completed it in in blind reliance on party leaders, and two interesting volumes, written, on all from very imperfect knowledge of the whole, in a fair and discriminating facts ; and I felt sure that in time, spirit. His hero filled a much larger though perhaps not in my time, my space in the public eye than alls to countrymen here woul do

me the the lot of most Iudian statesmen. Our same justice as they who live in South Indian Empire is so vast, and the Africa have done from the first.” details of its administration usually so Party passion has now subsided, and unattractive to the public, that its lead this book appears at a time when we ing men, though of the highest charac- can all judge his career more dispaster and achievements, frequently find sionately than we could fifteen years their fame at home not in proportion ago ; and this generally fair and comto their deserts. Sir Bartle Frere had plete statement of his case is very welan unusually successful career in the come, as affording materials for so East, which extended over thirty-three doing. years (1834–67), comprising all the best His Indian career — that portion of years of his life.

But his name only it, at all events, during which he played became a household word in Great a leading part — was cast in eventful Britain when his administration of af- times, including the reigns of Lord fairs in South Africa, not by any means Dalhousie and Lord Canning, the period the most distinguished portion of a of annexation and mutiny. The policy great career, became the subject of of Lord Dalhousie's annexations has exasperated party controversy on the been the subject of controversy in the eve of a decisive general election. past. Probably its best defence is Owing possibly to his having all his that it was inevitable. We could not life been detached from party politics, nurse and dandle native governments and still more to the singleness of mind forever, - in other words, maintain and honesty of purpose which he threw them in power so long as they followed into his work, he so managed matters the advice of an English resident. that in the fierce combat for power one Over and over again it has been proved of the great parties in the State pur- that those who accept responsibility sued him with merciless invective, must proclaim their authority and drop while the other accorded to him a the fictions by which they desire to somewhat grudging and half-hearted conceal it. As the English power support. A great career ended in out- grew and spread over the land, the ward disgrace, which he endured with pretences of native independence were dignity and patience a proof of one by one thrown away, and the Britgreatness which most public men are ish Empire was eventually consolidated glad to be spared the opportunity of under the queen in 1858, though not affording. Baron Hübner, who knew until sanguinary rebellion had him well, said to a friend shortly avenged the policy of wholesale annexafter his death, “He died of a broken ation. heart." His biographer remarks that Having regard to the vexed question the iron had eutered into his soul, but of the annexation of the Transvaal in that no word of complaint concerning later times, it is interesting to note his own treatment ever passed his lips, that Frere was officially mixed up with even to his most intimate friends. the first of Lord Dalhousie's annexa. Frere's own view is expressed in a let- tions, that of Sattara ; and also that he ter to Sir Harry Verney, that he had disapproved the policy. He was one

of a minority who objected to it from · The Life and Correspondence of Sir Bartle

the first. Frere, Bart., G.C.B., etc. By John Martineau.

He thought, for instance, 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1895.

that the treatment of Sattara was a

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