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dents of that part of South America which
Imperial Decree, the Portuguese have invaded.
A British ship has been seized at the Dated the fifteenth day of the Seventh Moon Havannah-when the captain was deprived
of the Twenty-first Year (6th September of his sword--the specie and stores taken
1816) of Kia-King, addressed to the Viceaway and the British colours torn down
roy Kiang, and the Fuynen Jung of Can. and destroyed.
ton, and received the fifth of the Eighth Moon (25th September).
The English Ambassadors, upon their asia,
arrival this time at Tien-sing, have not observed the laws of politeness,* in return for
the invitation of the emperor. EAST INDIES.
Reaching The Calcutta Journal, Nov. 6, states, that Tung-chow (four leagues from court), they a fatal rencontre took place between Cap. gave assurances of readiness to perform the tain Heaviside with a part of the officers and prostrations and genuflexions required by crew of the Hon. Company's ship Elphin the laws of good manners (of the coun. stone, and a party of Malays, in the month try); Arrived at the imperial country-house
(half a league from court), and when toe of September, at Boroo, on the north east of Sumatra. Mr Macdonald, surgeon, and
were upon the point of repairing to the hall the second officer, were killed on the spot,
(to receive the embassy), the first, as well and several others left for dead. Captain of ill health, would not appear. We, in
as the second ambassador, under pretence Heaviside was desperately wounded. The peace of the Peninsula is likely should be ordered to depart. Reflecting,
e, passed a decrec, that they to be disturbed by the predatory excur. sions of Ameer Khan, who, at the head however, that although the said ambassadors of an army of 80,000 Pindarrees, spreads of politeness, their sovereign, who, from an
were blameable in not adhering to the laws terror and devastation around. only object is plunder, some of the Rajahs immense distance, and over various seas, had
sent to offer us presents, and to present with were desirous of calling in the assistance of the Company's troops, and a considerable respect his letters, indicating a wish to shew force has been ordered to assemble under deserved contempt, such being also against
us duc consideration and obedience, had not the command of Colonel John Adams, in the dominions of the Rajah of Berar.
our maxim of encouragement to our infeWe understand the Prince Regent has riors; in consequence, from among the prebrought the most satisfactory accounts of the
sents of the said king, we chose the most state of every part of India. Trade was
trifling and insignificant (which are) four brisk, and so far from there being a glut of charts, two portraits, and ninety-five engraBritish goods in our settlements, there was vings ; and in order to gratify him, have actually a want of them.
accepted them. We, in return, give, as a reward to the said king, a Yu-Yut, a string of rare stones, two large purses and four
small ones ; and we ordered the arabassaAccounts have been received relative to the mission to China. The embassy had dors to receive these gifts, and to return to returned to Canton; and though the pre
their country (we having so enacted) in obsents were not accepted by the emperor, yet
servance of the maxim (of Confucius), there was no reason to suppose that the
“ Give much, receive little.” good understanding between the two coun
When the ambassadors received the said iries would be in any way affected. Trade gifts, they became exceeding glad, and was carried on as usual, and three China ships
evinced their repentance. They have alleft Canton after the embassy had returned ready quitted Tung-chow. Upon their arfrom Pekin to Canton. This intelligence rival at Canton, you, Kiang and Jung, will was brought by the Prince Regent. Whilst invite them to a dinner, in compliance with she was preparing, March 12th, to weigh good manners, and will say to them as folanchor from St Helena for England, three large ships came in sight, and these proved
Your good fortune has been small ; to be the vessels so anxiously expected from you arrived
at the gates of the iniperial China, namely, the General Hewitt, the house, and were unable to lift your eyes to
the face of Heaven (the emperor). Castic Huntly, and the Cumberland. As
The soon as they came to anchor, an officer from great emperor reflected that your king sightthe Prince Regent went on board the Ge
ed after happiness (China !!!) and acted neral Hewitt, in order to obtain the latest
with sincerity ; he therefore accepted some intelligence from China respecting Brio tish affairs. Part of the presents intended • Previous to coming to table, the guest for the emperor had been sold at Canton, makes a profound inclination, or actual proand the remainder were put on board the stration, according to the rank of the host. General Hewitt, together with despatches + Insignia of honour (a long carved stone) for England. The three ships left Canton presented on days of fietc, to high mandari»« on the 5th January.
and foreign ambassadors.
presents, and gifted your king with various
NEW SOUTH WALES. precious articles. You must return thanks The advertisements in the Sydney Ga. to the emperor for his benefits, and return zette are of considerable interest, in conveywith speed to your country, that your king ing an idea of the great improvements in may feel a respectful gratitude for these every description of European manufacture, acts of kindness. Take care to embark the of East India goods, West India produce, rest of the presents with safety, that they &c. They have their theatre, their Hyde may not be lost or destroyed.
Park, their races, and every description of After this lecture, should the ambassadors amusement England in miniature. А supplicate you to receive the remainder of
new governor has lately been appointed, the presents, answer—" In one word, a and it is said, it is no longer to be used as decree has passed; we dare not, therefore, a depot for transported criminals, but that present troublesome petitions,” and with every encouragement is to be given to setthis decision you will rid yourselves of the tlers, and that it is likely to become a coembassy. Respect this.
lony of the greatest importance to the mon ther country.
PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.
HABEAS CORPUS SUSPENSION BILL.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
speedily for the relief of the people of Ireland.
Mar. 10.- Lord HOLLAND gave notice, Mar. 3.—The order of the day being that he would, on an early day, move for read, for taking into consideration the copies of the instructions given to the goamendments made by the Commons on this vernor of St Helena, respecting the treatbill, the Earl of Rosslyn said, he disap- ment of Napoleon Bonaparte ; and moved proved of the original framing of the bill, that the Lords be summoned on Tuesday which placed the liberties of the people of se'nnight, which was ordered. Scotland in a very different and far more Mar. 11.-The bill for the protection of precarious footing than it did those of Eng. the Prince Regent was read a third time land. In the former, an inferior magistrate and passed. was empowered to act under the bill; where- SINECURES AND USELESS OFFICES. as, in the latter, a responsible minister, or Mar. 11.-Earl GROSVENOR called up. six privy councillors, only could act. So on their Lordships to agree to a motion, far he approved of the amendments; but of generally, for the abolition of sinecures or the measure generally he disapproved. Af- useless offices, to which he could not conter some discussion, the amendments were ceive any sound objection; and after a speech agreed to.
of considerable length, he proposed these Mar. 4. The royal assent was given, by four resolutions : Ist, That sinecures should commission, to the Habeas Corpus Sus- be abolished, after the expiration of the pension Bill, the Malt Duty Bill, and se- lives during which they were at present veral private bills. The Army Seduction held : 2d, That useless places should be Bill, and Treasonable Practices Bill, were abolished forthwith, or properly regulated : brought up from the Commons, and read a 3d, That places or offices should no more first time.
be granted in reversion : and then, 4th, He XAVY AND ARMY SEDUCTION BILL. should propose a resolution in favour of
Mar. 6.-Viscount MELVILLE moved some reform. The Earl of LAUDERDALE the order of the day for their Lordships asserted, that there never was a period in going into a committee on the Navy and our history when men in office were less corArmy Seduction Bill, when Lord SHAftes. rupt, and perhaps never a time when the BURÝ took the chair. The bill being gone piblic was more corrupt; that the influence through, was reported without any amend of the Crown in the House of Commons was ment, as was also the Regent's Protection far less than formerly, and abolishing these Bill. Adjourned.
places would be no relief to the public burTREASONABLE PRACTICES AND ARMY dens. After some discussion, the question
AND NAVY SEDUCTION BILLS. was put. Contents 5; non-contents 45; Mar. 7.-The Earl of LIVERPOOL majority against the motion 40. moved the third reading of these bills ; but Mar. 13.- Earl GROSVENOR presented on some ambiguities being pointed out by a petition from Chalford in Gloucestershire Lord HOLLAND, it was agreed to postpone against the corn laws, and praying for a the third reading of the Treasonable Prac- renewal of the property tax ; also one from tices Bill till Monday; and the Army and Southwark, praying for the abolition of Navy Seduction Bill, aiter some opposition sinecures. Laid on the table. by Lord GROSVENOR, was read a third time and passed.
Mar. 14.-Earl DARNLEY presented a
petition from Belfast, praying for the stop: The Earl of DARNLEY pressed the ne
page of the distilleries; which was laid on ressity of adopting some measure very the table.
DISTRESS IN TRELAND.
Mar. 14.Lord DARNLEY presented a Appeal Committee, the recommendations in petition from Belfast, complaining of the which were agreed to by the House. distresses in the north of Ireland, from the
PROTEST, scarcity and bad quality of corn.
On the motion, that the consideration of SEDITIOUS MEETING BILL. the Habeas Corpus Suspension Bill be put Mar. 17.-Lord SIDMOUTH moved the off for three months, being negatived. first reading of this bill, and the Lords Dissentient, Because we concur entirely were ordered to be summoned for Thursday. in the reasons stated in the protest entered NAPOLEON BONAPARTE.
against the second reading of the said bill Mar. 18.Lord HOLLAND Mored for a on the 24th February last, and because the great number of papers and correspondence, delay that has taken place since the bill has respecting the confinement and treatment of been hurried through this House, contrary Bonaparte at St Helena, calling upon Go- to its established forms and standing orders, vernment to vindicate themselves from as- (in consequence of which unbecoming haste persions thrown upon them in various pub- the amendments have been found necessary), lications, for their harsh treatment of the has confirmed and increased our conviction, ex-emperor. Earl Bathurst denied that that this measure, which necessity alone can any unnecessary severity was exercised to justify, is without any such justification. wards Bonaparte ; and said that there is no
CLIFTON. other restraint upon his correspondence than
AUGUSTUS FREDERICK. what is usual respecting prisoners of war the
VASSALL HOLLAND. letters must be opened. The sum allowed
SOMERSET. for his establishment is equal to that allowed Lords HOLLAND and DARNLEY entered for the governor-£12,000 per annum ; a protest, dissenting from the resolution of and he has, besides, personal property, the Lords, refusing the motion for the prowhich he may expend for his own comfort, duction of papers regarding the treatment if he find that allowance too small. His of Bonaparte in the island of St Helena. Lordship assured the House, that the incon- Mar. 28.-The Exchequer Courts Bill veniences complained of were created by was returned from the Commons, their Bonaparte himself. The motion was nega- Lordships' amendments having been agreed tived. SCOTS APPEAL.
Mar. 29.-Mr BROGDEN, accompanied Mar. 21.-In the case of Arnot v. Stuart, by several members, appeared at the Bar, counsel were finally heard. Afirmed, with and requested a conference with their Lord £50 costs.
ships on the subject of the amendments in The House went into a Committee on the the Seditious Assemblies Bill, which was SEDITIOUS ASSEMBLIES BILL, on which granted, and the alterations agreed to. some amendments were made.
Mar. 31.- The SPEAKER of the House SCOTS APPEALS.
of Commons attended, with several memMar. 24.-Shepherd v. Waterston affirm- bers, and heard the royal assent given, by ed, with £120 costs to one of the parties, commission, to the Seditious Meetings and riz. Mr Harvey.
Naval Officers' Half-pay Bills. The House Macdonald v. Stalker afftrmed.
then, on the motion of the Earl of LIVERSEDITIOUS ASSEMBLIES BILL. POOL, adjourned till Wednesday fortnight. Mar. 25.-The order of the day for the third reading of this bill was read. Lord
HOUSE OF COMMONS. ERSKINE objected to the bill as unnecessary, and considered the existing laws sufficient for every purpose. The Lord CHAN- March 3.—Sir E. KNATCHBULL wishCELLOR supported it. Lord SiDMOUTH ed to introduce a bill to alter and amend introduced a clause to prohibit public meet- the Game Act, which was to prevent perings within a mile of Westminster. Hall, sons from going out at night armed to dewith the exception of meetings at Covent- stroy game. The bill was brought up and Garden and Southwark. Several Lords ob- read a first time. jected to this clause, when the House di. SEDITIOUS ASSEMBLIES BILL. vided. For the clause 111 ; against it 23 ; The SOLICITOR GENERAL rose to move majority 88. The clause was of course : the second reading of the bill for prevent. annexed to the bill, which was read a third ing seditious assemblies. Of the various time and passed.
means, he said, employed by the fomentors Mar. 26. In the Scots appeal cause of of discontent, one of the most efficacious was, Walker v. Weir, their Lordships' decision to call together a number of persons, to was, that the case be remitted back for fur- inflame them by harangues, to persuade ther consideration.
them that the evils arising from the cira The Naval Stores Bill, and the Exche, cumstances of the times would be remequer Bills Bill, were read a third time and died by their application to Parliament, and passed.
to persuade them that they had a right to APPEAL COMMITTEE.
force Parliament to comply with their deMar. 27.-The Earl of SHAFTESBURY mands. These meetings, which might be presented a voluminous report from the turned to every mischievous purpose, the
bill was intended to control, by some regu. merely whether they would probibit the Lations precisely of the same kind as those distillation in Ireland; the trade with freadopted at other critical times. After some land was free, and, consequently, such a. discussion, and some remarks from Lord prohibition would give to the English distiller Cochi rane respecting the imprisonment of a preference in the Irish market. It should a Mr M·Arthur of Glasgow, who had been be considered, that one of the evils attend, afterward released, the bill was then read a ing the stoppage of the regular distillation : second time and ordered to be committed would be the stimulus thus given to illegal
distillation, which would probably cause, on SEDUCTION AND TREASON BILLS. the whole, an increase in the consumption
Mar. 3.- The Army and Navy Seduc. of corn ; and, as it would at least be a tion Bills, and the bill respecting Treasonmonth before the stoppage could be effectable Practices, were read a third time and ed, he was persuaded that the proposed passed.
measure would not save one barrel of corn, PETITIONS.
but be productive of mischief rather than Sir Francis BURDETT moved that the good. He should add, that the Irish Gopetitions which lay on the floor, signed by vernment had taken all practicable means nearly a million of subscribers, should be in its power to obviate the dangers of scar., received. (There appeared to be nearly a city, especially by taking upon themselves waggon-load of petitions; they lay in a the responsibility of admitting American heup, und alniosi covered the floor of the flour, which the letter of the law did not Hous'; it is understood there were 600 of permit. At the suggestion of Sir J. New. them.) The SPEAKER. Bring them up. PORT the motion was withdrawn. (a lungh.) Sir Francis, on the suggestion
NEW COINAGE. of the Speaker, agreed to the propriety of Mar, 5. Mr BROUGHAM moved for proceeling with the petitions some other copies of some correspondence, which had day.
passed between the Chancellor of the ExPRISONERS AT GLASGOW, &c. chequer and certain Magistrates in the counMar, 4.Lord CoCHRANE, seeing the try, respecting the new coin, and expressed Learned Lord Advocate of Scotland in his in strong terms his indignation on discoverplace, begged to know if the statement was ing the letters W. W. P. on the reverse of true, that some of the persons imprisoned at the new coin of the realm, adding, that Glasgow had been discharged, there being Cardinal Wolsey having impressed upon no foundation for any charge against them. the king's coin a cardinal's hat, this was The Lord ADVOCATE stated, that he had made one of the articles of impeachment received no information on the subject. Sir against him. Mr W. W. POLE declared, Francis BURDETT said, he had received that if there had been any such corresponda letter from Glasgow, stating, that the per- ence as that alluded to by the Hon. and sons apprehended, and afterwards liberated, Learned Gentleinan, he had never heard of had been taken up on the evidence of spies. it. With regard to the letters W. W. P. Several petitions for reform were presented the Learned Gentleman ought to know shat by Lord Cochrane, some of which were ob- he was authorised, by indentures, to put jected to, and others ordered to lie on the what private marks he pleased on every table. The SOLICITOR GENERAL moved piece of the new currency. The question i some new clauses in the Seditious Assem. was put and negatived. blies Bill, pro forma, and the House ad. EQUALIZATION OF WEIGATS AND MEA-I journal.
Mar. 7.-The CHANCELLOR. Of the ExMar. 5.—The CHANCELLOR of the Ex- CHEQUER; in reply to a question of Sir CHEQUER moved a grant of £200,000 on ac- George Clerk, respecting the general equali--count, for expenses of a civil nature in Greatzation of weights and measures, assured Britain, which formed no part of the ordi. him that a measure was in progress for the ninary charge of the civil list. Agreed to. purpose to which he alluded. A com
Lord PALMERSTON moved for £500,000. mission had been issued, and the whole as a further sum for the expense of the was, for the present, under the superintendland service, with the exception of the ence of the Royal Society. troops in France, and in the territories of
POOR RATES. che East India Company. Agreed to. Mr CALCRAFT presented two petitions:
SCARCITY OF FOOD IN IRELAND. from two parishes in Devonshire, in one of it Mar, 5.-Mr MAURICE FITZGERALD which the Poor Rates amounted to 18 or 198. moved for an investigation into the amount and in the other to one guinea in the pound and state of human food in Ireland, with to the landholders that in one parish, ana view to determine whether it might be taining 575 inhabitants, no less than 497 expedient to stop the distillation of grain in were receiving parochial relief, and to this Ireland. Mr PEEL thought he should be he begged to call the attention of Lord Case able to satisfy the Hon. Gentleman and the cereagh. His Lordship said, he was conHouse, that prohibition of distillation vineed a great part of the rate would be would not lead to the resuit which he an- found to be wages paid in the shape of poor ticipated from it. The question was not rates; a system which ought to be discours
aged as much as possible. Mr CALCRAFT, Hon. Baronet, Sir Francis Burdett, was 527, in reply, stated, that he wished to call the of which 468 were printed. After several attention of the Committee on the Poor were rejected for want of form, and others Laws to the subject of making funded pro- for impropriety of language, the question perty rateable to the support of the poor, was put that the 468 printed petitions should and that he had sanguine hopes that their be read, when Lord CASTLEREAGH con. labours would be attended with the most tended, that the rules and practice of the salutary effects.
House were against the entertaining printed PETITIONS FOR REFORM.
petitions. The House divided. Ayes 6 ; Mar. 10.-Sir R. FERGUSON presented noes 58; majority against receiving the a petition from Arbroath praying for a re- petitions 52. form in Parliament. It was not reasonable, MANUFACTURES AND COMMERCE. he said, to think that the people in Scot. Mar. 13.--Mr BROUGHAM, in a long land should be content, when they could and elaborate speech, set forth the distresses not but know that Cornwall sent as many of the lower classes of the community in members to that House as all Scotland. Mr fearful colours. The pressure in the cloth BRAND rose to confirm what had been said trade, great as it is represented, was less by the Gallant General, as to the anxiety of than in the other branches. At Birmingthe people in Scotland for a reform in Par- ham, out of 80,000 souls there were 27,000 Liament Mr BoswELL observed, there paupers, who were formerly able to earn was not a single petition from the landhold- from £2 to £3 a-week, who did not make ers of Scotland in favour of parliamentary more at present than from 7s. to 9s., in no reform. Lord A. HAMILTON asserted, instance more than 18s., and their wives that the voters in that country were not and children had no employment at all. commensurate with the landholders. The In Lancashire there were 500,000 persons LORD Advocate had stated on a former engaged in the weaving and spinning trade, night, and he would repeat it now, that the who could formerly earn 135. a-week, but people of Scotland, taking those classes of their wages in January last were as low as the community who were most capable of 4ks. 3}d., and some inferior workmen so little forining a judgment on the subject, were as 25. 6d. weekly, for the support of themnine-tenths of them opposed to any change selves and families, and that many of them in the representation of that country in were actually reduced to live upon half a Parliament. After much discussion the pound of oatmeal a-day, with a little salt petition was ordered to lic on the table. and water. In Spittalfields and Coventry ARMY ESTIMATES.
the distresses were nearly as great. He Lord PALMERSTOn called the attention did not attribute this state of things to of the House to the Army Estimates, when the change from war to peace (except perthe following sums were voted, from Dec- haps at Binningham), but to our restricember 25, 1816, to June 24, 1817 : tions on trade, our neglect of commerFor defraying the expenses of volunteer cial' treaties, and our excessive taxation, cavalry.....
£37,000 0 and keeping up so large a standing army, Ditto for Ireland, common 15,682 10 which not only prevented the nations on the Chelsea Hospital,
25,000 o continent from considering us in the light of a In-pensioners of Kilmainham
commercial country, but excited such jealousy Hospital,..
8,3000 of our power as incited them to every posOut-pensioners of Chelsea,cana 393,200 Osible means of injuring our trade. He conDitto of Kilmainham, 82,7000 tended, that if the duties on foreign articles
The CHANCELLOR of the ExchEQUER of consumption were greatly reduced, our moved for a grant of £1,000,000, to be trade would be much increased, in conseadvanced to the armies who fought at Wa- quence the revenue would be eventually aug. terloo Also the sum of £5,152,000, to mented, and all classes of society benefited. make good outstanding Exchequer Bills. He concluded with proposing resolutions Also £1,680,000 for the discharge of Irish tending to reprobate the conduct of minisExchequer Bills. And the House resum- ters, and calling upon the House to take ed.
the subject into their serious consideration.' POLICE IN IRELAND.
Mr ROBINSON replied; and Lord CASTLEMar. 11.-Mr PEEL introduced a bill REAGH, after stating that commercial treaties for the better regulation of the Police in were calculated to do more harm than Ireland, which would gradually reduce the good, moved the orders of the day. The military establishment of that country. House divided. For going into the orders WAYS AND MEANS.
of the day 118; for the resolutions 63; Mar. 12-The CHANCELLOR of the majority in favour of ministers 55. EXCHEQUER proposed that the sum of
NAVY ESTIMATES. £18,000,000 be raised by Exchequer Bills. Mar. 14.-Sir G. WARRENDER proposAgreed to... noi loro
ed, that the sum of £1,140,000 be granted PARLIAMENTARY REFORM. for the ordinary service of the navy for six The SPEAKER informed the House that lunar months, from the 1st of January 1817. he had caused the several petitions to be SEDITIOUS ASSEMBLIES' BILÍ. sorted The total number presented by the Upon the third reading of this bill, Mr Vol I.