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Host. O the Lord, that Sir John were come! he would make this a bloody day to somebody. But I pray God the fruit of her womb miscarry!

First Bead. If it do, you shall have a dozen of cushions again; you have but eleven now. Come, I charge you both go with me; for the man is dead that you and Pistol beat amongst you.

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Dol. I'll tell you what, you thin man in a censer, I will have you as soundly swinged for this,-you blue- 20 bottle rogue, you filthy famished correctioner, if you be not swinged, I'll forswear half-kirtles.

12. the Lord] om. Ff.

12. he] I Q. 13, 14. pray God] would Ff. 14. miscarry] might miscarry Ff. 18. amongst] among Ff. you] thee... thou Ff. 19. censer] Theobald; censor Q, Ff. bottle] blew bottle Q; blew-Bottel'd Ff 1, 2; blew-Bottl'd Ff 3, 4.

13. make. somebody] A familiar saying. See Richard III. v. iii. 281: "A black day will it be to somebody," and Ford, Perkin Warbeck, III. i: “A bloody hour will it prove to some." 14. miscarry] Mrs. Quickly's meaning is perhaps may not miscarry."

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15. you. cushions] See Chapman and Shirley, Tragedy of Chabot, Admiral of France, III. ii: "she... will wear a cushion to seem with child." Also J. Webster, Appius and Virginia, IV. i; Massinger, Middleton and Rowley, The Old Law, Iv. i: ""Tis but a cushion, I warrant thee" (in reference to Agatha, who has said that she is enceinte); J. Dryden The Wild Gallant, IV. ii.

18. amongst you] Cf. King Lear, IV. ii. 76, and Craig's note in this edition. Cf. also Jack Juggler (Haz. Dods., ii. 142): "I shall surely be killed between them three"; Beaumont and Fletcher, The Maid's Tragedy, 1. ii: "they ha' near killed her among them."

19. thin... censer] Probably, as Steevens explained, an allusion to the figure of a man upon the lid of a censer or perfuming-pan. Censers were used for burning perfumes in dwellinghouses (cf. Much Ado, 1. iii. 60, 61); they were made of thin metal, and often had rudely hammered or embossed figures in the middle of the pierced convex lid. A reference is made to the slashed lid of a censer in The Taming of the Shrew, IV. iii. 90, 91. Grant White believed the meaning to be "that the thin officer wore some

19. you 20, 21, blue

kind of cap which she [Doll] likened to a censer "-an interpretation approved by Rolfe.

20. soundly] thoroughly. Cf. Merry Wives, Iv. iv. 63: "pinch him sound,' and Dekker and Webster, Northward Hoe, 1. ii: "these Flemings pay soundly."

20. swinged] thrashed. So in King John, 11. i. 288, and Greene, George a Greene, IV. i: he swingde me till my bones did ake."

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20, 21. blue-bottle] An allusion to the blue coat worn by beadles. See Middleton, Michaelmas Term, III. v: "blue beadles"; Dekker and Webster, Northward Hoe, 11. i: "why... go these two like beadles in blue?"; Nabbes, Microcosmus, v: "the whips of furies are not halfe so terrible as a blew coate." "Blue-bottle" is applied as a nickname to a serving man in Wilkins, Miseries of Enforced Marriage, 1: "Ilf.... here is a scrape-trencher arrived: How now, blue-bottle, are you of the house?" and in Dekker and Webster, Northward Hoe, 1. iii: "now, blue - bottle?" Serving men, like beadles, wore blue coats.

21. correctioner] beadle, whose function was to administer correction. No other instance of "correctioner" is known, but the term "House of Correction" was currently used for a Bridewell. One of the scenes in Dekker's Honest Whore, Part II. (Pearson, ii. 166-183), is laid in a House of Correction for "the Bawd, the Rogue, the Whore, . . . The sturdy

First Bead. Come, come, you she knight-errant, come.
Host. O God, that right should thus overcome might!
Well, of sufferance comes ease.

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Dol. Come, you rogue, come; bring me to a justice.
Host. Ay, come, you starved blood-hound.

Dol. Goodman death, goodman bones.

Host. Thou atomy, thou!

Dol. Come, you thin thing; come, you rascal.
First Bead. Very well.

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[Exeunt.

SCENE V.-A public place near Westminster Abbey.

Enter two GROOMS strewing rushes.

First Groom. More rushes, more rushes.

Sec. Groom. The trumpets have sounded twice.

23. she knight-errant] shee-Knight arrant Q, Ff. 24. overcome] o'recome Ff. atomy] Anatomy Ff.

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31.

24. God] om. Ff.

29.

27. Ay, come] I come Q; Yes, come Ff. Exeunt.] om. Q.

SCENE V.

.] Theobald. Enter . . .] Enter strewers of rushes Q; Enter two 1. First Groom.] see note infra.

Begger, and the Lazy Lowne." The culprits are brought in by constables and delivered to the beadles for correction. The methods of correction employed in this House of Correction are very fully described by Dekker, whose purpose in writing the scene was plainly humanitarian.

22. half-kirtles] A kirtle consisted of a jacket and a train or upper petticoat attached to the jacket; a half-kirtle was one or other portion of the full kirtle. Cf. J. Fletcher, The Chances, IV. ii: half-gowns."

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25. of... case] Proverbial. Marston, What You Will, Prol.: "I'll give a proverb,-Sufferance giveth ease." "We are taught by God," writes Sir Tobie Mathews (Letters); "that Sufferance is the way to Ease" (ed. 1660, p. 155). Cf. Jack Straw (Haz. Dods., v. 398); and Peele, Sir Clyomon and Sir Clamydes, xxii: "Of sufferance cometh ease."

28. Goodman] Used ironically, as in King Lear, 11. ii. 49. "Death" and "bones" refer to the device of a skull [a "death" or "death's head"] and cross-bones. Death," however,

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sometimes signifies a skeleton, e.g. in King John, v. ii. 177.

2.e.

29. atomy] Probably Mrs. Quickly's blundering form of " anatomy,' skeleton (Anatomy Ff). See Lodge, The Wounds of Civil War, v: "Thou, but a poor anatomy of bones, Cas'd in a knavish tawny withered skin"; Dekker, Satiro-mastix (Pearson, i. 197); Massinger, Maid of Honour, 11. "with hunger made Anatomies while we live "; Captain Underwit, III. ii: men did "Fatt wast to leane Anotomye." And in J. Shirley, The Maid's Revenge, III. ii, Sharkino refers to his starveling servant Scarabeo as

IV:

my anatomy.' Atomy is, however, a common Elizabethan form of "atom," Webster, The White Devil, Iv. i: “I'll in the senses "mote," "mite"; cf.

cut her into atomies. And let th' ir

regular north-wind sweep her up, And blow her int' his nostrils"; and Everie Woman in her Humor, 1. i: "her soule an Atomus . . . Her eies as hollow as Anatomy."

SCENE V.

1-3. First... Groom] While the stage-direction of F has "Enter two

First Groom. 'Twill be two o'clock ere they come from the coronation : dispatch, dispatch.

[Exeunt.

Enter FALSTAFF, SHALLOW, PISTOL, BARDOLPH, and PAGE.

Fal. Stand here by me, Master Robert Shallow; I will
make the king do you grace: I will leer upon him
as a' comes by; and do but mark the countenance
that he will give me.

Pist. God bless thy lungs, good knight.
Fal. Come here, Pistol; stand behind me. O, if I had
had time to have made new liveries, I would have
bestowed the thousand pound I borrowed of you.
But 'tis no matter; this poor show doth better: this
doth infer the zeal I had to see him.

Shal. It doth so.

5

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of the Clocke Ff.

3. 'Twill... o'clock] Twill... a clocke Q; It will 4. dispatch, dispatch] om. Ff. Exeunt.] Exeunt Grooms. Ff 3, 4; Exit. Groo. Ff 1, 2; om. Q. 5. Enter...] Trumpets sound, and the King, and his traine passe ouer the stage: after them enter Falstaffe, Shallow, Pistol, Bardolfe, and the Boy. Q. 5. Master Robert] M. Robert Ff; maister Q. 9. God] om. Ff. 13. 'tis] it is Ff. 15. Shal.] Pist. Q.

Groomes" it assigns, with Q, speeches to three speakers marked 1, 2, 3. As, however, the third speech is a reply to the objection made in the second speech to the first speaker's call for more rushes, it would appear that the third speech should be assigned to the first speaker. The Second Groom says that the trumpets have already sounded twice and implies that the third or final flourish of trumpets announcing the King's arrival may be immediately expected, when it would be too late to strew rushes. The First Groom answers that there is yet time, if dispatch be used, as the Coronation party would not return before two o'clock. Dyce (ed. 2) has the stage-direction "Enter three Grooms," and assigns to these the three speeches respectively; he gives, however, the words" Dispatch, dispatch to the First Groom. Playgoers were familiar with the three soundings of a trumpet; cf. Mayne, The City Match, III. ii: "'t [the trumpet] has sounded twice," i.e. the piece will soon begin.

5. Enter...] Cambridge Edd. remark that it would seem probable from

the stage-direction of Q, that the King first crossed the stage in procession to his coronation, which is supposed to take place during the dialogue between Falstaff and the others, and that on his second entrance he appeared with the crown on his head.

The

6. leer] look languishingly. tryall of Cheualry, II. i: "and that sowre crab do but leere at thee," and W. Congreve, The Double Dealer, IV. ii: "Sir Paul. This [eye] has done execution in its time, girl; why thou hast my leer, hussy. our house is distinguished by a languishing eye." Cf. also "leer," an amorous sideglance, in Merry Wives, 1. iii. 48.

12. bestowed] laid out. R. Edwards, Damon and Pythias (Haz. Dods., iv. 83): " at the tavern shall bestow whole tway pence,' and Lingua, I. ix: "would not bestow twopence buy," etc.

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14. infer] demonstrate, as in King John, III. i. 213. 15, 17, 19. Shal Shal... Shal ] Of these three speeches, all of which are given in Q to Pistol, Ff is certainly right in giving the first,

Fal. It shows my earnestness of affection,

Shal. It doth so.

Fal. My devotion,

Shal. It doth, it doth, it doth.

Fal. As it were, to ride day and night; and not to 20 deliberate, not to remember, not to have patience to

shift me,

Shal. It is best, certain.

Fal. But to stand stained with travel, and sweating with desire to see him; thinking of nothing else, putting 25 all affairs else in oblivion, as if there were nothing else to be done but to see him.

Pist. 'Tis "semper idem," for "obsque hoc nihil est :" 'tis all in every part.

Shal. 'Tis so, indeed.

Pist. My knight, I will inflame thy noble liver,

And make thee rage.

Thy Doll, and Helen of thy noble thoughts,

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17, 19. Shal.] Hanmer ; 20-22. As

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me,-]

23.

16. of] in Ff. 16. affection,-] affection. Q, Ff. Pist. Q, Ff. 18. devotion,-] deuotion. Q, Ff. three lines, ending night, remember, me. in Ff. 22. me,-] me. Q, Ff. best,] Cambridge Edd.; best Q; most Ff. 24. Fal.] om. Q. 24-27. But him] continued to Shallow in Q. 26. affairs else] affayres Ff. 28. obsque] absque Ff 2-4. 28, 29. 'tis all] tis in Q. 31-38. My arranged as by Capell; prose Q, Ff. Pope.

as Hanmer in assigning the second and third also, to Shallow.

22. shift me] change my apparel. So in Middleton, Blurt, Master-Constable, IV. i, Simperina bids the drenched Curvetto : 66 go, hie you home, shift you." Look About You (Haz. Dods., vii. 479): "I'll shift me as I ride" [i.e. in a coach]; Chapman, Jonson and Marston, Eastward Hoe, v. v: "have you no apparel to lend Francis to shift him?"

28. obsque ... est] apart from this there is nothing. The later Ff correct Pistol's false Latin by reading absque for obsque.

28, 29. 'tis... part] Pistol's version of the English proverb" All in all, and all in every part," which was used to signify absolute identity or perfection. Cf. Kyd, First Part of Jeronimo, II. iv: "You are as like Andrea, part for part, As he is like himselfe . . I could not think but Andreas selfe, so legd, so

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truth.] 33-38. Thy... truth.] as verse first by

facest, so speecht, so all in all"; Stubbes, Anatomy of Abuses, Part I. (ed. Furnivall, p. 29): "he is al in all; yea, so perfect"; Middleton, The Phoenix, 1. i: "Niece. Indeed that's all [= that's everything]. Fid. 'Tis all in all." Drayton (Mortimeriados, 1596) and Sir J. Davies (Nosce Teipsum, 1599) describe the soul as "all in all, and all in every part" (quoted by Malone). Ritson cites The Phoenix Nest, 1593: "Tota in toto, et tota in qualibet parte.'

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31. I... liver] The liver was supposed to be the seat of anger and other violent passions; cf. Much Ado, IV. i. 233, and iv. iii. 95 ante.

33. Helen] The name of Helen of Troy was frequently applied jocularly to a wife or mistress. Cf. Jonson, Poetaster, IV. i: "Which of these is thy wedlock [ = wife], Menelaus? thy Helen, thy Lucrece?" Beaumont and Fletcher, The Scornful Lady, 11. ii:

Is in base durance and contagious prison;

Haled thither

By most mechanical and dirty hand:

Rouse up revenge from ebon den with fell Alecto's
snake,

For Doll is in. Pistol speaks nought but truth.

Fal. I will deliver her.

35

[Shouts within, and the trumpets sound. Pist. There roar'd the sea, and trumpet-clangor sounds.

40

36. hand] hands Ff 3, 4.

35. Haled] halde Q; Hall'd Ff 1-3; Hal'd F 4. 38. truth] troth Ff. 39. Shouts...] Steevens (1793).

"Welcome to Troy! Come, thou shalt kiss my Helen"; Everie Woman in her Humor, 1. i: "goe in dame Helena " (where the Host is speaking to the Hostess). The name is applied to the courtesan Imperia in Middleton, Blurt, Master-Constable, IV. ii: "Bright Helena of this house, would thy Troy were a-fire." See also Greene, Frier Bacon and Frier Bungay, III. iii, and Massinger, The City Madam, Iv. i: "He and his Helen," where the reference is to a courtesan.

34. contagious] noxious, or causing infection.

35. Haled] dragged. Hall'd, the reading of Ff 1-3, and "hauled" [Hauld, Pope] were variant spellings of "haled."

36. mechanical] base, lit. belonging to or characteristic of a mechanic or artisan; see Marston, The Dutch Courtezan, I. i: "A poor decayed mechanical man's wife"; Barry, RamAlley, II. i: "some mechanic slave"; and Peele, Speeches to Queen Elizabeth at Theobalds (Bullen, ii. 313): "a mystery not mechanical," i.e. not mean or vulgar.

37. Rouse... revenge] An allusion probably to the reiterated cry of the ghosts, "Awake revenge," in Kyd's Spanish Tragedy, III. xv. Cf. A Warning for Fair Women, Induct. Ebon, black, as in Jonson, Every Man in his Humour, v. i: "Saturn, sitting in an ebon cloud"; and [W. Rowley?], The Birth of Merlin, 11. iii. Alecto was

one of the Erinyes or Furies, three avenging deities, whose office was to punish men both in this world and after death for various crimes. They were represented with serpents twined in their hair and with blood dripping from their eyes. Cf. Antony and Cleopatra, II. v. 40, and Virgil, Æneid, vii. 346.

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38. in] sc. in Bridewell. See Jonson, Bartholomew Fair, IV. iii: Ürs. [to Alice, a whore] You know where you were taw'd lately, both lash'd and slash'd, you were in Bridewall." To be "in" was a euphemism for to be in prison ; cf. Roister Doister, 1. ii: "He is in"; Sir Thomas More, 1. iii; Jonson, Every Man out of his Humour, Iv. iv: "he has broken the gaol and been out and in again"; The Puritan, I. iv: "what do you lie in for?" and III. ii: "he dwells now in the Marshalsea . . . but hee's an exlent fellow if he were out." Cf. Icel. setja... inn, as in, "Hverjir hafa verið settir inn?"

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