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ADDRESS OF NICHOLAS BIDDLE, ESQ.
distinguished artists, and the most prominent statesmen. incentives were wanting, may serve to stimulate the In the midst of their prosperity, such men can never sense of public duty in those who administer the instituforget the source of it, nor will they ever cease to min. tion, to render it worthy of their own children. głe with their prayers and to commemorate with their For this purpose, happily, it is only necessary to fulfil labors, the name of their great benefactor. What hu- the design of the founder, which provides ample means man being can be insensible to the happiness of having and expressly enjoins the employment of them, to give caused such a succession of good through remote ages, every kind of liberal and useful instruction. or not frel that such applause is more grateful than all They would much err, who, comparing this instituthe shouts which ever rose from the bloodiest field of tion with any ordinary standard, regard it as an almsbattle, and worth all the vulgar fame of a hundred con- house or a poorhouse, in which a certain number of quests!
pauper boys, housed together, to be kept from harm, The general design and the resources of the institu. are to receive some hasty rudiments of instruction, and tion are proportioned to its purposes, and characteristic then to be thrust out on the world to make way for a of him who did nothing which he did not do well. similar swarm of unfortunate children. By no means.
After the building shall have been completed, there The comprehensiue benevolence of Girard looked to will remain the arrual income from two millions of dol. higher and better things. It is not a poor school nor a lars, now yielding $102,000, and if these funds should charity school, nor a free school, in their ordinary ac. be inadequate for all the orphans applying for admission, ceptation. It is, as he denominates it, a "College. the income of nearly all the remainder of the estate is to The peremptory prohibition that "no distinctive dress be appropriated to the erection of as many new build should ever be worn,” reveals his purpose that these ings as his square in the city would have contained. So youths shall not be designated as objects of remark or that, in general, it may be stated with reasonable confi- contempt by their contemporaries--that they shall be dence, that when all the buildings are ready for the re. distinguished only by their conduct, and shall not wear ception of the pupils, there will be available for the the livery even of charity. The instruction too requirmaintenance of the institution, an income of not lessed, is of the highest character, embracing almost every than one hundred thousand dollars, which may be in- thing worthy of being studied in the circle of human creased to at least two hundred and twenty thousand knowledge. “They shall be instructed,” says he, "in dollars.
the various branches of a sound education, compreThese ample funds are to be devoted to the mainte-hending reading, writing, grammar, arithmetic, geonance and education of “poor male white orpban chil. graphy, navigation, surveying, practical mathematics, dren.” of all the classes of human indigence there are astronomy, natural, chemical, and experimental philosonone more helpless and none more entitled to our sym- phy, the French and Spanish languages - (I do not for. pathies than these children of misfortune. They have bid, but I do not recommend the Greek and Latin lan. lost their natural protectors. The arms which have guages)--and such other learning and science as the hitherto embraced and sustained them, have been fold- capacities of the several scholars may merit or warrant." ed in death. They began life in comfort, perbaps in This excludes nothing-nay, it embraces every thing affluence; but now they stand alone, abandoned and necessary to form a well educated man. How far this helpless, to struggle against the world's coldness, with instruction is to be carried—whether when the degrees precarious means of subsistence, with no means of in- of talent and disposition come to be analysed, some are struction, and treading on that narrow and slippery to be instructed up to the point of their appropriate caverge which too often separates want from crime. From pacity, while the more intelligent and more diligent are this friendless condition, they are rescued by the benevo. to be carried into the higher regions of science, are lence of Girard, who not merely provides the means of questions of future administrations, to be decided by subsistence, but redressing the wrongs of fortune, raises experience. But it is manifest that all the means of them at once in the scale of being, and qualifies them to education, thorough, perfect education: are to be probe useful members of that society which they would vided; that every facility for the acquisition of know. otherwise disturb or corrupt.
ledge should be at hand; nor is there any reason why How wide the limits of that benevolence may be, it the Girard Collage-liberally endowed beyond all exis impossible to conjecture. If the imperfection of lan- ample-should not be superior to any existing establishguage suggests a doubt as to the degree of destitution ment, in the talents of its professors or the abundance which makes an “orphan,” the greater weakness of our of its means of instruction; and with the blessing of God, nature forces upon us the melancholy inquiry,—what so it shall be. There shall be collected within these child is there who may not be a poor orphan? Who is walls all that the knowledge and research of men have there indeed among us whose children may not yet accumulated to enlighten and improve the minds of need the blessings of this institution? Let none of us youth. It will be the civil West Point of this country, in the confidence of prosperity deem his own offspring where all the sciences which minister to men's happisecure. Alas! all our prosperity is so vain and shadowy, ness, and all the arts of peace, may be thoroughly and and misfortune is so constantly in ambush to assail us, practically taught. Its success will naturally render it that it were presumptuous in any of us to suppose him the model for other institutions-the centre of all imself beyond the reach of vicissitudes, which would ren- provement in things taught no less than in the art of der such an institution the happiest refuge for his chil- teaching them—the nursery of instructors as well as pudren. Yes, fellow citizens, this college is our own; the pils;—thus, not merely accomplishing the direct benefit property of us all. It is intended to remedy misfor- of those to whom its instruction extends, but irradiattunes to which we are all equally liable. And it should ing by its example the whole circumference of human be a source of great consolation to each of us, that if, in knowledge. the ever-varying turns of human life, misfortune should To this intellectual cultivation will be added that, overtake, and death surprise us, they who bear our without which all instruction is valueless, and all learnnames, and are destined to be the fathers of our de ingthe mere ability for evil-that moral discipline which scendents, will here find a home where they may be makes men virtuous and happy at their own fire-sides. prepared for future usefulness, and become in turn the “My desire is,” says he, “that all the instructors and protectors and support of their more helpless relatives. teachers in the college shall take pains to instil into the
Hereafter, thanks to the bounty of Girard, every fa- minds of the scholars, the pure principles of morality, so ther among us may, on his death-bed, enjoy the reflec. that on their entrance into active life, they may, from tion, that although unprovided with fortune, there is inclination and habit, evince benevolence towards their secured to his sons that which is at once the means of fellow creatures, and a love of truth, sobriety, and in. fortune, and far better than the amplest fortune without dustry." When this harmony between the heart and it,—a good education. This consideration, if any, such the understanding ceases, mere knowledge is a curse,
and men become intellectual statues, with the perfect on the administration of it. For myself and my colforms of manly exterior, but cold, and selfish, and worth leagues, to whom the high honor has been assigned of less to the community which endures them. Our youth sharing in that administration, I can only say, fellow citoo will not fail to be deeply imbued with that enthusiastic tizens, that we have assumed the trust with the deepest devotion to republican government, and that knowledge sense of its responsibility, and a determination to exeof his public rights and duties, which should form the cute it in the spirit of enlightened benevolence which basis of the American character. It is thus that the animated the founder; and we shall in our turn retire founder strictly enjoins that by every proper means, a from it, with the hope that our fair city may always find pure attachment to our republican institutions, and to successors who to equal zeal, add greater ability to serve the sacred rights of conscience as guaranteed by our it. happy constitution, shall be formed and fostered in the Under such auspices, we confidently trust that all the minds of the scholars."
expectations of the founder will be realized. With this Nor need there be any dread that such an education delightful anticipation, we now invoke the blessing of will disqualify them for their pursuits in after life. In God on this great undertaking. this country all pursuits are open to all men, nor need
In the name of Stephen Girard, of the city of Philadel. the humblest citizen despair of the bighest honors of phia, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Merchant, the republic. They err who suppose that because men and Mariner, we lay the foundation of this Girard College are instructed, they may desert the ordinary walks of for Orphans. We dedicate it to the cause of cuarity, employment. There never can be such an over educa. 'which not only feeds and clothes the destitułe, but wisetion of the mass of the people. Men labor not for a ly confers the greatest blessings on the greatest sufwant of knowledge, but for the want of bread. cultivation of the mind, like the cultivation of the soil, only renders it more productive, and knowledge be its chief value;
To the cause of Education, which gives to human life comes the best auxiliary to industry by rendering the To the cause of Morals, without which knowledge laborer more intelligent and more ambitious to excel. were worse than unavailing; and finally, The youths thus instructed will go forth into the various
To the cause of our Country, whose service is the nopursuits of life, many of which are in their nature me blest object to which knowledge and morals can be dechanical; but they will begin with the disposition and voted. the power not merely to excel in them, but to rise be. yond them; and they will emerge from their workshops, city, the pride and admiration of our latest posterity;
Long may this structure stand, in its majestic simpli. as their countrymen, Franklin, and Rittenhouse, and long may it continue to yield its annual harvest of eduGodfrey, and Fulton did before them, reaching all the cated and moral citizens to adorn and to defend our distinctions of the state which may be honorably won, country. Long may each successive age enjoy its still by talents and character.
increasing benefits, when time shall have filled its halls That the scene of so many blessings may be appro. with the inemory of the mighty dead who have been priate to them, it is intended to make this structure reared within them, and shed over its outward beauty worthy of its great object;-worthy of the name of its the mellowing hues of a thousand years of renown. founder, and of the city which he was so anxious to em. bellish. Among the sciences most needed in this country, where individual wealth is hastening to indulge its taste, and where every state and city and county re. quires extensive public buildings, is architecture.' In- The College is located on a tract of land containing dispensable in the rudest forms of life, it becomes the forty-five acres, formerly known by the name of Peel highest ornament of the most enlightened. In every Hall, situated on the Ridge road, 14 miles from the city, state of its progress, the style of its public works displays This estate was purchased Mr. William Parker, by the character of the nation which rears them. Dispro- Mr. Girard, a short time before his death, for the pur. portioned and grotesque among a course and unlettered poses of the college. people—in nations more advanced, often over orna- The building is peripteral, being 160 feet front, by mented with the gaudy profusion and the caprices of 217 feet on the Aank, including the porticoes. tasteless wealth-it is only when sustained by the public The columns are six feet in diameter at the base, and spirit of a community at once enlightened and generous, 54 feet 6 inches high, including capitals and bases. that architecture attains its highest glory-a refined The order is Grecian Corinthian, from the monument simplicity. Of that perfection it is proposed that this of Lysicratus, or Lantern of Demosthenes at Athens. structure shall present a model, the equal at least of The superstructure reposes on a casement, in the similar works in any other country, and not unworthy of form of a truncated pyramid, composed of 12 steps surthe best days of antiquity—a structure which will at rounding the whole building. The passage between once gratify the honorable pride of every citizen of the the columns and the walls of the cell is 15 fcet. United States, and form the best study for all the All the columns, entablature, and pediment, are to be branches of industry connected with architecture. composed of white, and the cell of light blue marble.
The enjoyment of so many advantages devolves on the foors, and stairways, are also to be composed of us, fellow citizens, the duty of great care and vigilance marble. to preserve them.
The vestibules are each 26 by 48 feet: they are orAfter bestowing upon our city this rich inheritance, Gi- namented with 16 rich Ionic columns, antæ, and entarard adds this emphatic declaration. “In relation to the blature, supporting a ceiling embellished with lacunari. organization of the College and its appendages, I leave Each story contains four rooms 50 feet square in the necessarily many details to the Mayor, Aldermen, and clear. The two rooms across the south end of the first citizens of Philadelphia, and I do so with the more con- story, are divided from each other by marble columns, fidence, as, from the nature of my bequests and the be- and entablature of the Corinthian order, so that they nefit to result from them, I trust that my fellow citizens may be used as one room, for the purpose of exhibitions, of Philadelphia will observe and evince special care and &c. anxiety in selecting members for their City Councils The whole building is to be heated by means of furand other Agents.'
naces placed in the cellar. That the generous confidence with which he has thus The college is located parallel with the city streets, committed to us the execution of his great designs, fronting the south. The land at the base of the building should never be betrayed, we owe equally to the name is 26 feet above the reservoir on Fair Mount. The of the founder and to the interests of our posterity; as whole height of the edifice is 97 feet, making the elevathe whole value of this institution will depend entirely Ition of the roof 123 feet above the said reservoir.
SKETCH OF THE PROPOSED BUILDING,
Among the interesting objects exhibited at Peel Hall
, of mountains—though omitted in most maps-enters on Thursday, on the occasion of laying the corner stone this township, (having passed through North Carolina, of the Girard College, was a piece of sculpture worthy Virginia, and Maryland,) and passes on to the Susqueof notice in itself, but especially to be admired when banna-traverses Lancaster county between Pequea considered in reference to the age of the artist. and Octorara creeks-forms the boundary betu een
It was a small basso reliero of Mr. Girard, from Otis's Montgomery and Berks, and reaches the Delaware belikeness, done on marble, by a lad about 16 years of tween Northampton and Berks. Pursuing a northeast age, named Wilson, an apprentice, as we learn, in the course through New Jersey, it enters New York between marble cutting establishment of Mr. Sailor, in the north. the sources of the Wallkill and Passaic rivers-forms western part of the city. The likeness of Mr. Girard the Highlands near West Point-and enters Canada unwas, so far as we could judge, fully equal to Otis's por- der the name of the Green Mountains, trait, and the work was finished with taste. We have The inhabitants are principally of Scotch and Irish seen nothing of late that reflected more credit on an descent, and for sobriety, industry, and purity of morals, artist than does this juvenile attempt of Master Wilson. are not surpassed by any body of people in the Union. We are sure from the commendation bestowed on the | Every landholder lives by the sweat of his brow. Slawork, and the admiration excited by the faithfulness of very is almost unknown among them. They appear to the likeness, that the matter will be in good hands, and have adopted the admonition given by Trapbois to Glenthat the capacities of the boy will be more fully inquir., varlock—"The wise man is his own best assistant, ed into, with a view towards an improvement of his ex- and are aware that no man is truly independent, who traordinary talents.-U. S. Gazelte.
depends on the labour, or fidelity, of others, for his
comfort. Their system of farming heretofore adopted From the Columbia Spy.
is a bad one, and one that has tended much to impover
ish the soil. Having an abundance of woodland, the YORK BARRENS.
practice was to clear a field every season. Wheat is Such is the title given to a considerable section of universally the first crop sown on the new land. The land situated in the south-eastern part of York county. average crop is from 18 to 20 bushels per acre. The As the unfortunate title has given the place a worse second crop is rye. Corn follows, and then oats. This character than it really merits, perhaps some of the rea is the usual course. It is then left out for a year or two, ders of the Spy may be gratified with a brief sketch of and the course begins again, until it will produce noththe country, the people, their customs and manners. ing. More recently, as they have improved their sys
The townships of Chanceford, Lower Chanceford, tem of farming, the face of the country begins to wear Town, Peachbottom, Hopewell, and part of Windsor, a more favorable aspect, and from their persevering in. comprise what is usually denominated the “ Barrens of dustry and habits of economy, all of them live comfort. York,” containing in 1830 a population of more than ably, and many of them have become quite wealthy. 8000'souls. The soil generally is gravelly and poor, in
Fluskings, choppings, and quiltings are frequent terspersed here and there with farms of undulating sur. among them. At the former the neighbors meet at face, and soil loam of good quality. The title is not de dark; the corn having been previously pulled, and haulrived--as most persons suppose from the sterility of ed in a pile near the crib. The hands join it, the comic the soil; but from the circumstance that some 100 years story and the loud laugh are heard. The whiskey botsince, the Indians, for the purpose of improving it as a tle goes round often, but seldom are any seen intoxicat. “hunting ground,” subjected the whole face of the ed. Four or five hundred bushels are husked by nine country to fire as often as they deem it necessary to do or ten o'clock. A plentiful supper is provided, and the so; and when it became in possession of the whites, frolic ends with some kind of play-mostly one called nothing but barrens on every side were presented to the
"The Brogue,” at which those that are not expert are view-hence the name. As an evidence that it has un- soon heartily beaten. At the latter the ladies spend dergone this fiery ordeal, it is only necessary to say, the afternoon in quilting-the gentlemen assemble early that large quantities of land which twenty years since in the evening--a fiddle is generally provided, and they were clothed with barrens, are now thickly covered are soon seen with thriving young timber.
“Tripping on the light fantastic toe.” It is a district of country well watered with durable This is the only amusement of which they seem to be streams, many of them large enough for water power of immoderately fond, and many of them have acquired an every description. Grist and saw.mills, oil and fulling. ease, and grace in their movements, that are not often mills, are numerous, still many eligible sites remain un- surpassed. improved. The principal mineral discovered is iron Education, there, as in most country places, is too ore, for the manufacturing of which, there are two Fur- much neglected. All however endeavor to give their naces in Chanceford, and a Forge (Castle-Fin) in Lower children the rudiments of an English education, and Chanceford.
many of them are taught the classics. They have ge. The greatest natural curiosity is the “Narrows" of nerally a good classical school, at which several young Muddy creek, situated on the Baltimore road, about a men are annually fitted for college. Students from there mile south of the confluence of the two streams, (Big have generally been distinguished at college, and some and Little Muddy creeks.) The road crosses the of them have taken the first honors. Many of them streams near their junction, and with a steep ascent for are now located in different sections of the Union, honomore than a mile winds its way through scenery that is rably and profitably pursuing their various professions. in a peculiar manner, wild, bold, picturesque, and ro. The most distinguished of whom are Senator Rowan of mantic. On the top of the hill for about two hundred Kentucky, and James Ross of Pittsburg. yards is the narrow pass; which is not more than ten or In a word, the inhabitants, in the aggregate, are kind, fifteen feet in breadth. On the right hand about three hospitable, and rather intelligent. I know of no place hundred feet almost perpendicularly below, flows Lit. where the valetudinarian, or the man wearied with the tle Muddy creek due north. On the left flow their uni- toils, and vexations incident to a bustling world, could ted streams directly south to the farthest extremity of retire for a time, with more prospect of advantage, the pass; where they abruptly turn to the east and The pure fresh mountain breezes, and the icy coldness smoothly glide toward the Susquehanna. On the left of their limpid bubbling springs, impart a salutary and the descent is still more precipitous, so much so as to invigorating effect to the former; while the turbulent produce giddiness in most persons who venture too near passions of the latter are delightfully culmed, as he trathe brink.
verses their interminable forests, admiring the works of In Peachbottom township slate is found in great abun- nature, or pursuing the different varieties of game that dance and of an excellent quality for roofing. A chain sport upon their boughs, and gambol in their shades: or angling for the speckled trout, which glide in goodly hundred feet of this passage had barely descent enough numbers, through the silvery fluid that gushes along in to carry it off. Having followed it some 20 or 30 yards unsullied brightness over its pebbly bed.
through a small opening in the rocks, we were obliged LAUSUS. to turn back, and soon discovered a small opening to
the right, which we penetrated and found a narrow asFrom the Brownsville Philanthropist.
cending passage about two feet wide of a regular curve, DESCRIPTION OF DELANY'S CAVE which brought us into a beautiful room, the floor of
which is one solid rock, which, from its shape appears IN FAYETTE COUNTY, PA.
to have fallen from the roof which is 15 or 20 feet high, Having understood that there was a cave in Laurel Here we took some refreshment, and wrote our names Hill mountain, situate eight or ten miles south of Union, on half a sheet of letter paper and placed it upon the which had never been thoroughly explored, (by human wall, then fired a gun to try the effects of powder-the beings,) we determined on trying the experiment. dc. whole mountain appeared to tremble, and we were al. cordingly on Monday morning the 20th of April, after most deafened with the tremendous report, which was providing ourselves with ropes,candles, and the neces- re-echoed, from the top to the bottom of this great sary implements for producing fire in case our candles cavern. This apartment we designated as Fayette should go out we set out, accompanied by J.G. Miller. Hall. On the north side of this room and about six After a pleasant ride of some' fifteen miles, over a feet above the floor, we discovered an opening, which country most beautifully diversified with hills and vales, we entered, the roof, sides and floor of which was all clothed in nature's mantle of green, we arrived at a quite smooth; after going down this passage upwards of small village at the foot of the mountain called Hayden. 100 feet, we found another large avenue, near 30 feet town, from thence ascending the mountain in a north- wide, 50 or 60 feet high, and about 400 yards in length; easterly direction for about five miles, we arrived at here we found a considerable collection of white spar, the dwelling of Mr. Hamilton Abrams, the farm form- and the stream of water running the whole length of the erly owned by Mr. Delany; here we left our horses, avenue, after which it passes through a small aperture and also left word that if we did not return by the next in the rock. We arrived at the bottom a quarter before morning they should come to our relief. In fifteen seven o'clock, when we again took some refreshment. minutes we found ourselves seated at the mouth of this We now commenced our retreat, which we found very awful cavern. It is situate some nine miles south-west of tiresome and difficult. Being anxious to examine the Uniontown, three south of Nixon's mill, and a half a mile curiosities of nature we had neglected to pay proper east of Mr. Abrams's farm house, rather on the north attention to our course, and soon discovered that we side of the ridge some 70 or 80 yards from its summit. were off the course; however we found no difficulty in Around the entrance is a sink hole, something of the righting ourselves. We each procured a small quanti. shape of a common funnel, about 20 feet deep, from ty of spar, as a testimony of our perseverance. Having which the entrance is to the westward,seven feet wide and ascended the flats, we began to search for our hats, four high in the centre. At 20 minutes before 3 o'clock which we had left there as we passed down, and soon we entered, and immediately found ourselves in a pas- discovered that one of them had been removed, but to sage near 12 feet wide and from 20 to 87 feet high, of a no great distance. This was some hundred yards from regular descent about 48 degrees for 40 feet. After the mouth of the cave, though we did not give the matpassing down 15 or 20 yards, a branch took off to the ter a second thought, but proceeded on unmolested to left about 25 or 30 yards, and again united with the the entrance, where we arrived at ten minutes after main passage, which now takes a northwest course, of eight in the evening. We were about 1500 feet per. a more moderate descent; here we were struck with pendicularly below the entrance. The temperature astonishment, and paused for a moment to take a view was agreeable. The air appeared to move downwards of the grandeur of nature. This apartment was about with the water. The rocks, for a considerable depth, 14 feet wide and 40 in height, side walls perpendicul.r, are of blue sand stone; next they appeared to be of with a roof formed of two tremendous rocks which limestone; and still lower they could scarcely be termappeared hewn out for that purpose, extending from ed rocks being of very fine sand clodded together in one end of this hall to the other, being near 150 feet. great masses, and could be broken with the bare hand. From this hall is a more contracted passage in the same
The arches of the avenues are formed by the rocks course which leads into a very large room, sufficiently meeting (thus) in the middle of the roofs, and ex. spacions to contain one thousand men, the roof about tending the whole length. 12 feet high, and floor very uneven being composed of Persons visiting this wonderful curiosity cannot be too large rocks. A narrow descending passage to the right careful of their lights, as it would certainly prove an of this room leads into another apartment which is utter impossibility to get out without the assistance of about six feet wide and 12 high, and some 20 or 30 feet light. We were informed in the neighborhood by an eye in length, with a small spring of water running through witness to the fact, that two young men, Crain and it: from this we had to return the same way we went in, Merrifield, had went in to a considerable depth, and to the large room, and again pursued much the same returning, lost their course and wandered about till their direction as before; we arrived at a place which has candles were all burnt out. When they were found, hitherto been called the “narrows,” but which we shall two days after, they were resigned to their fate, and designate as the "fats,” which are of an irregular width, one of them not able to speak. We saw the name of but so low that we were obliged to drag ourselves along "Crain” written on the rocks in a very remote part of on our bellies for about 150 feet when we came to a the cave, dated 1802. perpendicular descent of about 20 feet which we suc. As we were proceeding homewards, we discovered ceeded in climbing down without the use of our ropes, that one of our hats had been furiously attacked by an which we now left at the top of this precipice. After unknown enemy, and some half a dozen pieces taken passing some distance though a very uneven and irreg entirely off the rim. We were not able to recognize ular passage with a considerable descent we found our. him from the marks of his teeth. selves at the head of a large avenue, about 20 feet wide and 50 or 60 feet high, and near two hundred yards
REVOLUTIONARY ANECDOTE. long; the floor was sandy and all covered with white
From the Boston Transcript. spar, but quite thin; the wall on one side was complete. ly covered with the most brilliant white spar, which lution was related to me some years ago, by an old revo.
Mr. Editon, — The following anecdote of the Revo. hung in various forms, making a most elegant appear. lutionary character of undoubted veracity-and as I ance by candle lighi-through the centre ran a con- have never seen the same any where in print, it may siderable stream of excellent water which for the last serve at least to entertain a number of your readers, as
well as to illustrate the daring and hazardous spirit which him a passport to go into the city. The farmer was marked the American character in those days.
well acquainted in the town and knew almost where It is well known, that the almost unparallelled vigi- every body lived in those days. He went at a slow pace lance of Washington, caused him to place spies in every down Market street, to the corner of Sixth, where the part of the country where they could be of any service, Schuylkill Bank now stands; and where at that time even among the enemies' camps; and during the time resided an old Refugee. Dismounting from his well that the city of Philadelphia was garrisoned by the loaded horse he hitched him to a post and knocked British army, an old confidential Frenchman of this chao lustily at the door. Who should appear but the Refugee racter was placed somewhere in the lower part of the himself, who was delighted to see such an abundance city. The American army at the time, I think, lay at of good provand. Suspecting, however, some disguise Valley Forge. To this old Frenchman Washington about the matter, he proceeded to ask some questions very much desired to send a communication, and his of his residence and neighborhood, which being anjust and honest spirit persuaded him that the enterprize swered satisfactorily, procured for him an invitation into was so dangerous that his conscience could not force the house, with his whole stock in trade: the price him to impose it on any one; for he knew if the person being fixed to every thing, the panniers were soon empwas taken, he would be immediately hung by the Bri- tied of their contents, not leaving a single article behind. tish General, He therefore inquired of Colonel John. The worthy host, on paying the farmer his money, reson if he knew a man worthy of trust-of competent quested him not to leave it long before he came again, skill and knowledge, who would be willing to undertake and to be sure to come to his house first. “Yes, friend, a very difficult and dangerous enterprise, for a hand- I shall certainly do so, for thou hast been very kind to some reward; at the same time, explaining the nature me,” returned the old Quaker, and took his leave. of the undertaking to Col. J.-Col. Johnson replied Putting his borse up at one of the inns, without much that he knew a man, who, he thought, might answer delay, he leisurely walked down to the old Frenchman's, his purpose; for as to presence of mind and courage, who kept a kind of drinking house for the soldiers, and he was not surpassed by any man in the country-and wbich on his arrival the old farmer found filled with red he was no other than a serjeant in his (Col. J.'s) regi. coats, drinking and frolicking; after a few moments, the ment,
way being opened to the bar, he asked “if the landlord “Well," said Washington, "send him to me early in was in?" He was answered “no” but he would be in the morning.” By the peep of day the man was there directly; upon which the old man called for a pot of ale, -Washington was immediately informed that a ser- and set himself down at a small table, near to a door jeant of the army wished to speak to him. The Gen- which opened a passage to the back part of the house. eral was already up, pacing his room, and ordered the He had not been long seated, before a singular looking man to be shown in, who entered just as he was taking old gentleman came in, and passed through the crowd his seat. Washington desired him also to be seated without speaking to any one, directly to the inside of upon which without delay, the General said to him, the bar-after asking a few questions, the bar keeper "Well, my brave fellow, I have sent for you for the pur told him that there sat an old farmer that wished to pose of asking you to undertake a very difficult and speak with him. Without seeming to notice the remarks, hazardous enterprise--and deem it so much so that I he turned to some other business which seemed to be of cannot impose it upon you; you must undertake it of much more importance. But a proper time having your own consent, for if you do not succeed, your lite elapsed he took a suitable occasion to walk out at the will be the forfeit; but if you do, your fortune will be door by which the old farmer had placed himself, and made.”—“May it please your honor," said the serjeant, as he passed out, he beckoned to the farmer to follow "what is in the power of man to do, I will dare attempt, him; which in the space of a moment or two was comfor your honor's sake, and the American cause.” Wash: plied with. The Frenchman quickened his step, up a ington then informed him of his wish, the risk he bad back winding stairs, followed by the farmer, into a to encounter, and proceeded to suggest to him the kind small room; which hardly looked as if it belonged to of disguise he would have to use. The serjeant seem- the house. Both having entered, the Frenchman shut ed to be glad it was no worse, begged leave to choose the door, turned the key and put it in his pocket. He his own mode of dress, to which Washington immedi- next went to a little chest, or box, which he unlocked, ately consented.
and taking out a pair of horseman's pistols, he laid them The serjeant was again to appear the next morning, on a table, and covered them with his pocket-handkerbefore daylight; which he did not fail to do, disguised chief—all this time not saying a single word. But now as an old Quaker farmer, with his long cue cut off. he requested the farmer to take a seat, and sat himself His broad brimmed hat, and long waisted coat, were down very coolly by the table on which lay the pistols. dusted over with flour, to suit a pair of old, once fair Then raising his small black eyes, which peered out from topped boots, and a pair of old rusty breeches. He led under a pair of dark heavy eyebrows, he observed to by his hand a tolerably sleek horse, over whose back the farmer, “I understand you have some business with hung a pair of panniers or kind of wallet, the sides of me.” The farmer answered he did not know that he which were well stowed with butter, eggs, chickens, had. “You say you have no business with me!" rejoinand cheese. When Washington beheld him, he could ed the Frenchman. The other replied “no, I dont know not help putting on one of his usually grave smiles, at that I have.” At this the Frenchman seemed much disthe same time handing him a letter addressed to the old concerted, and repeated the question the third time, Frenchman, which he took good care to conceal some which was answered as before. A dumb silence now where about the trappings of his horse. Thus accoutred, fell over both parties-at last the Frenchman, a little he set out for the British lines, and appeared there just more hurried in his manner, rose from his table, went as the day was dawning. The guard halloed, "who to a closet in a corner of the room, and opened a small goes” and called for the countersigr--the poor old far- drawer, which was privately fixed for the purpose, and mer knew no countersign, but that of counterfeiting the took out a bundle of letters which were subscribed by alarm of a man who was in expectation of being shot General Washington. Holding the back of one before every moment. But he cried out in rather an under the eyes of the farmer he asked him if he knew the tone, not to shoot him, he was an old farmer, stealing handwriting; "Yes, that I do, and now I know you are into the city with a little marketing in order to procure the very man that I wished to see. " 'Tis well for you," some few necessaries for his family, who were all lying answered the Frenchman, for if I had been mistaken, very sick-and as for those senseless Americans, they clapping his hands on the pistols, “these should have have neither money nor any thing else.” The plan took put an end to your existence.” The serjeant now being admirably; the sentinel passed him through the line to sure of his man, pulled out the letter, addressed in å the officers' quarters, who after a few inquiries, gave peculiar way to the spy, in the handwriting of Wash