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3 to do upon the sabbath-day. But he said unto them, Have ye
not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they
the sabbath from doing thy pleasure on my they (the women which came with Jesus holy day, and call the sabbath a delight, the from Galilee) returned from the sepulchre), holy of the Lord, honourable, and shalt and prepared spices and ointment; and honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor rested the sabbath-day according to the finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine commandment. Lu. xxiii. 56. Immediately own words; then shalt thou delight thyself in (at the words, rise, take up thy bed and walk) the the Lord, &c. Is. lviii. 13, 14. “ They” man (who was impotent at the pool Bethesda) (“the Pharisees”) watched “him” (“ Jesus”) was made whole, and took up his bed, and whether he would heal him on the sabbath- walked, and on the same day was the sabbath. day, that they might accuse him. And he The Jews therefore said to him that was saith unto the man which had the withered cured, It is the sabbath-day; it is not lawsul hand, Stand forth. And he said unto them, Is for thee to carry thy bed. He answered them, it lawful to do good on the sabbath-days, or to He that made me whole, the same said unto do evil ? To save life or to kill ? But they held me, Take up thy bed and walk. And there. their peace. And when he had looked round fore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought about on them with anger, being grieved for to slay him, because he had done these things the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto on the sabbath-day. But Jesus answered the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I stretched it out, and his hand was restored work. John v. 9–11, 16, 17. I have done whole as the other. Mar. iii. 2-5. And it one work, and ye all marvel (said Jesus to the came to pass also on another sabbath (the Jews), Moses therefore gave unto you cirsame as the foregoing), that he entered into cumcision (not because it is of Moses, but of the synagogue, and taught, and there was a the fathers,) and ye on the sabbath-day eirman whose right hand was withered, and the cumcise a man. If a man on the sabbath-day Scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether receive circumcision, that the law of Moses he would heal on the sabbath-day, that they should not be broken, are ye angry at me might find an accusation against him. But because I have made a man every whit whole he knew their thoughts, and said to the man on the sabbath-day? Judge not according to which had the withered hand, Rise up, and the appearance, but judge righteous judgment
. stand forth in the midst. And he arose, and John vii. 21-24. And it was the sabbatbe stood forth. Then said Jesus unto them, 1 day when Jesus made the clay and opened will ask you one thing, Is it lawful on the his eyes (the man born blind, who was ordered sabbath-days to do good, or to do evil? to to wash in the pool of Siloam). Then again save life, or to destroy it ? And looking the Pharisees also asked him (the man born round about upon them all, he said unto blind) how he had received his sight! He the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he said unto them, He put clay upon mine eyes, did so; and his hand was restored whole as and I washed, and do see.
Therefore said the other. Lu. vi. 6-11. And he was
some of the Pharisees, This man is not of teaching in one of the synagogues on the God, because he keepeth not the sabbath-day. sabbath; and behold, there was
John ix. 14-16. which had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, 3 Have ye not read, &c.] See verse 5. and was bowed together, and could in no Have ye not read, That he which made then wise lift up herself. And when Jesus saw at the beginning made them male and female? her, he called her to him, and said unto her, Mat. xix. 4. Have ye never read, Out of the Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity. mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast per And he laid his hands on her, and imme- fected praise ? All things whatsoever ye shall diately she was made straight, and glorified ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive. God. And the ruler of the synagogue an- Verily I say unto you, that the publicans and swered with indignation, because that Jesus the harlots go into the kingdom of God be. had healed on the sabbath-day, and said unto fore you (the priests and elders). Mat. xxi. the people, There are six days in which men 16. 22. 31. Have ye not read this scripture, ought to work, in them therefore come and be The stone which the builders rejected is behealed, and not on the sabbath-day. The come the head of the corner? And as touchLord then answered him and said, Thou hy- ing the dead, that they rise, have ye not read pocrite, doth not each one of you on the in the book of Moses, how in the bush God sabbath loose his ox, or his ass from the stall, spake unto him, saying, I am the God of and lead him away to watering ? and ought Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God not this woman, being a daughter of Abra- of Jacob ? He is not the God of the dead, but ham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these the God of the living. Mar. xii. 10. 26, 27. eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on Have ye not read so much as this, what David the sabbath-day ? Lu. xiii. 10--16. And did when himself was an hungred, and they
that were with him; How he entered into the house of God, and 4 did eat the shew-bread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests? Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath-days the 5 priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless? But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the 6
which were with him, &c. Lu, vi. 3. What secrations, as I commanded, saying, Aaron shall I do to inherit eternal life (said a lawyer and his sons shall eat it. Le. vii. 31. to Jesus)? He said unto him, What is write 5 On the sabbath-days the priests in the ten in the law ? how readest thou ? &c. Lu. temple.] On the sabbath-day (thou shalt x. 25, 26.
offer) two lambs of the first year, without What David did.] What is under thine spot, and two tenth-deals of four, for a meat hand (said David to Ahimelech the priest)? offering, mingled with oil and the drink-offerGive me five loaves of bread in mine hand, ing thereof. This is the burnt-offering and or what there is present. And the priest an- his drink-offering. Nu. xxviii. 9, 10. Moses swered David, and said, There is no common gave unto you circumcision, and ye on the bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed sabbath-day circumcise a man; if a man on bread. And David answered the priest, and the sabbath-day receive circumcision, that the said unto him, The bread is in a manner law of Moses should not be broken, are ye common. So the priest gave him hallowed angry at me (said Jesus) because I have made bread; for there was no bread there but the a man every whit whole on the sabbath-day? shew-bread, that was taken from before the John vii. 22, 23. Lord, to put hot bread in the day when it Profane the sabbath, &c.] Then I conwas taken away. 1 Sa. xxi. 3—6. Have ye tended with the nobles of Judah, and said never read what David did, when he had unto them, What evil thing is this that ye do, need, and was an hungred, he and they that and profane the sabbath-day? Ne. xiii. 17. were with him ? how he went into the house Speak unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the of God in the days of Abiathar the high Lord God, I will profane my sanctuary, the priest, and did eat the shew-bread, which is excellency of your strength, the desire of your not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave eyes, and that which your soul pitieth ; and also to them which were with him ? Mar. ii. your sons, and your daughters, whom ye have 25, 26.
left, shall fall by the sword. Ez. xxiv. 21. 4 The shew-bread.] Thou shalt set upon 6 That in this place is one, &c.] See verses the table the shew-bread before me alway. 41, 42. Ye fools, and blind (said Jesus to the Er. xxv. 30. Thou shalt take fine flour, and Pharisees), for whether is greater, the gold, bake twelve cakes thereof; two tenth-deals or the temple that sanctifieth the gold? And shall be in one cake. And thou shalt set whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothem in two rows, six on a row, upon the thing ; but whosoever sweareth by the gift pure table before the Lord. And thou shalt that is upon it, he is guilty. Ye fools, and pit pure frankincense upon each row, that it blind; for whether is greater, the gift, or the may be on the bread for a memorial, even an altar that sanctifieth the gift? Whoso thereoffering made by fire unto the Lord. Every fore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it and sabbath he shall set it in order before the by all things thereon ; and whoso shall swear Lord continually, being taken from the chil- by the temple, sweareth by it, and by him dren of Israel by an everlasting covenant. that dwelleth therein. Mat. xxiii. 17-21. And it shall be Aaron's and his sons'; and But will God in very deed dwell with men on they shall eat it in the holy place ; for it is the earth? Behold, heaven and the heaven most holy unto him of the offerings of the of heavens cannot contain thee; how much Lord, made by fire, by a perpetual statute. less this house which I (Solomon) have built ! Le. xxiv. 5-9.
2 Chr. vi. 18. I will fill this house with But only for the priests.] See preced. com, glory, saith the Lord of hosts. The silver is Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the mine, and the gold is mine; the glory of this ram, and the bread that is in the basket by latter house (the second temple) shall be the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. greater than the former ; and in this place And they shall eat those things wherewith will I give peace, saith the Lord of hosts. the atonement was made, to consecrate and Hag. ii. 7, 8, 9. The Lord whom ye seek to sanctify them. But a stranger shall not shall suddenly come to his temple, even the eat thereof, because they are boly. Ex. xxix. messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight 32, 33. Moses said unto Aaron, and to his in. Behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of sons, Boil the flesh at the door of the taber- hosts. Mal. ii. l. What sign shewest thou nacle of the congregation; and there eat it unto us (said the Jews to Jesus), seeing that with the bread that is in the basket of con- thou doest these things ? Jesus answered,
-7 temple. But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have
mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guilt8 less. For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath-day. 9 And when he was departed thence, he went into their synagogue :
and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and They (the wicked) gather themselves together in three days I will raise it up. Then said against the soul of the righteous, and condemn the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple the innocent blood. Ps. xciv. 21. He (the in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three Lord) shall stand at the right hand of the days? But he spake of the temple of his poor, to save him from those that condemn body. John ii. 18—21. And (we who are his soul. Ps. cix. 31. He that justifieth the made nigh by the blood of Christ) are built wicked, and he that condemneth the just, upon the foundation of the apostles and pro- even they both are abomination to the Lord. phets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief Pr. xvii. 15. Ye have condemned and killed corner-stone. In whom all the building fitly the just, and he doth not resist you. Ja. 5. 6. framed together groweth unto an holy temple 8 The Son of man, &c.] See chap. ix. 6. in the Lord: in whom ye also are builded The Son of man is lord also of the sabbath. together for an habitation of God, through Mar. ii. 28. And there appeared unto thema the Spirit. Ep. ii. 20, 21, 22. For in him (in the mount of transfiguration) Elias, (Christ) dwelleth all the fulness of the God- with Moses; and they were talking with head bodily. Col. ii. 9. To whom coming Jesus. And Peter answered and said to Jeas unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of sus, Master, it is good for us to be here : and men, but chosen of God and precious, ye also, let us make three tabernacles, one for thee, as lively stones, are built up, a spiritual house, and one for Moses, and one for Elias ; for he an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacri- wist not what to say, for they were sore fices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. 1 afraid. And there was a cloud that orer Pe. ii. 4, 5.
shadowed them; and a voice came out of the 7 If ye had known what this meaneth, &c.] cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son; hear See chap. ix. 13. Ye do err (said Jesus), not him. Mar. ix. 4-7. The Son of man is knowing the Scriptures, nor the power of lord also of the sabbath. Lu, vị. 6, My God. Mat. xxii. 29. They that dwell at Father worketh hitherto, and I work (snid Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they Jesus). Therefore the Jews sought the more knew him not, nor yet the voices of the pro- to kill him, because he not only had broken phets, which are read every sabbath-day, they the sabbath, but said also that God was bis have fulfilled them in condemning him. Ac. Father, making himself equal with Goda xiii. 27.
Then answered Jesus, and said unto them, I will have mercy and not sacrifice.] See Verily, verily, I say unto you, the Son can chap. ix. 13. To what purpose is the mul- do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the titude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, Lord. I am full of the burnt-offerings of these also doeth the Son likewise. Por the rams, and fat of fed beasts, and I delight not Father loveth the Son, and sheweth him all in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of things that himself doeth: and he will shew he-goats. When ye come to appear before him greater works than these, that ye may me, who hath required this at your hand, to marvel. John v. 17–20. To them that are tread my courts ? Bring no more vain obla- without law I became (said Paul) as without tions; incense is an abomination unto me; law, (being not without law to God, but under the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of the law to Christ,) that I might gain them assemblies, I cannot away with ; it is iniquity, that are without law. I Co. ix. 21. Upor even the solemn meeting. Your new-moons the first day of the week let every one of you and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: lay by him in store, as God has prospered they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to him, that there be no gatherings when I come. bear them. And when ye spread forth your 1 Co. xvi. 2. I was in the spirit on the Lord's hands, I will hide mine eyes from you; yea, day, and heard behind me a great voice, as a when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: trumpet, saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the your hands are full of blood. Wash you, first and the last. Re. i. 10. make you clean; put away the evil of your 9 He went into their synagogue.) And he doings from before mine eyes ; cease to do entered again into the synagogue, and there evil ; learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve was a man there which had a withered band, the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for &c. Mar. iii. I, &c. And it came to pass the widow. Is. i. 11-17.
on another sabbath (the same as the foregoing), Condemned the guiltless.) Also against his that he entered into the synagogue and taught, (Job's) three friends was his (Elihu's) wrath and there was a man whose right hand was kindled, because they had found no answer, withered, &c. Lu. vi. 6, &c. and yet had condemned Job. Job xxxii. 3.
And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And 10 they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath-days? that they might accuse him. And he said unto them, What man 11 shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift
· 10 Which had his hand withered.] It came That they might accuse him.] The vile to pass, when king Jeroboam heard the say- person will speak villany, and his heart will ing of the man of God, which he had cried work iniquity, to practise hypocrisy, and to against the altar in Beth-el (saying, The utter error against the Lord, to make empty altar shall be rent, &c.), that he put forth his the soul of the hungry, and he will cause the hand from the altar, saying, Lay hold on him. drink of the thirsty to fail. Is. xxxii. 6. And his hand which he put forth against him None calleth for justice, nor any pleadeth for dried up, so that he could not pull it in again truth : they trust in vanity, and speak lies ; to him. The altar also was rent, and the they conceive mischief, and bring forth ini. ashes poured out from the altar, according to quity. In transgressing and lying against the the sign which the man of God had given by Lord, and departing away from our God; the word of the Lord. And the king an- speaking oppression and revolt; conceiving swered and said unto the man of God, En- and uttering from the heart words of falsetreat now the face of the Lord thy God, and hood. Is. lix. 4. 13. The Scribes and Phapray for me, that my hand may be restored risees watched him whether he would heal on me again. And the man of God besought the the sabbath-day, that they might find an accuLord, and the king's hand was restored him sation against him. Lu. vi. 7. The Scribes again, and became as it was before. 1 Ki. and Pharisees began to urge him vehemently, xiii. 4, 5, 6. Woe to the idol shepherd that and to provoke “him” (“ Jesus") to speak leaveth the flock. The sword shall be upon of many things, laying wait for him, and his arm, and upon his right eye: his arm seeking to catch something out of his mouth shall be clean dried up, and his right eye that they might accuse him. Lu. xi. 54. shall be utterly darkened. Zec. xi. 17. In And they began to accuse him, saying, We these ( five porches of the pool of Bethesda) lay found this fellow perverting the nation, and a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, forbidding to give tribute to Cæsar, saying halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the that he himself is Christ, a king. Ye have water. John v. 3.
brought this man to me (said Pilate) as one Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath-days ?) that perverteth the people; and behold, I, The Pharisees came unto him, tempting him, having examined him before you, have found and saying unto him, Is it lawful for a man to no fault in this man touching those things put away his wife for every cause ? Mat. whereof ye accuse him. Lu. xxiii. 2. 14. xix. 3. Tell us therefore (said the Jews to This they said to him (respecting the stoning Jesus), what thinkest thou? Is it lawful to of the woman taken in adultery), tempting give tribute to Cæsar, or not? But Jesus him, that they might have to accuse him. perceived their wickedness, and said, Why John viii. 6. terpt ye me, ye hypocrites ? Mat. xxii. 17, 11 What man shall there be among you, &c.] 18. There are six days (said the ruler of the Thou hypocrite (said Jesus to the ruler of the synagogue to the people) in which men ought synagogue), doth not each one of you on the to work; in them therefore come and be sabbath loose his ox or his ass from the stall,
healed, and not on the sabbath-day. Lue and lead him away to watering ? and ought hiy xiii
. 14. And Jesus spake unto the lawyers not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, il and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen
the sabbath-day? And they held their peace: years, be loosed from this bond on the saband he took "him” (“ the man which had the bath-day? And when he had said these dropsy'') and healed him, and let him go, things, all his adversaries were ashamed, and and answered them, saying, Which of you all the people rejoiced for all the glorious sball have an ox or an ass fallen into a pit, things that were done by him. Lu. xii. 15, and will not straightway pull him out on the 16, 17. Which of you shall have an ass, or sabbath-day? And they could not answer an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straighthim again to these things. Lu, xiv. 3—6. way pull him out on the sabbath-day? Lu. Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Cæsar, xiv. 5. See chap. xviii. 12. or no? Lu. xx. 22. The Jews said unto And if it fall into a pit, &c.] If thou meet "him" ("the impotent man") that was cured, thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou It is not lawful for thee to carry thy bed. shalt surely bring it back to him again. If John v. 10. This man is not of God (said thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying some of the Pharisees), because he keepeth not under his burden, and wouldest forbear to the sabbath-day. John ix. 16.
help him, thou shalt surely help him. Ex. VOL. II.
12 it out? How much then is a man better than a sheep? Where13 fore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath-days. Then saith he "! to the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it forth; 14 and it was restored whole, like as the other. Then the Pharisees
went out, and held a council against him, how they might destroy 15 him. But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence: 16 and great multitudes followed him, and he healed them all; And 17 charged them that they should not make him known: That it
might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet,
xxiii. 4, 5. Thou shalt not see thy brother's continued all night in prayer to God. Lm. vi. ass or his ox fall down by the way, and hide 12. thyself from them, thou shalt surely help him And great multitudes followed him.] Sce to lift them up again. De. xxii. 4.
chap. iv. 24, 25. A great multitude, when 12 A man better than a sheep.] See chap. they had heard what great things he did, vi. 26. How much more are ye better than came unto him (Jesus), and he spake to his the fowls ? Lu. xii. 24.
disciples, that a small ship should wail on It is lawful to do well on the sabbath-days.] him, because of the multitude, lest they should Is it lawful (said Jesus) to do good on the throng him; for he had healed many, inso. sabbath-days, or to do evil ? to save life, or much that they pressed upon him for to touch to destroy? But they (the Jews) held their him; as many as had plagues, and unclean peace. Mar. iii. 4. I will ask you one thing spirits, when they saw him, fell down before (said Jesus), Is it lawful on the sabbath-days him, and cried, saying, Thou art the Son of to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to God. And he straitly charged them that destroy it? Lu. vi. 9.
they should not make him known. Mar. iii. 13 And it was restored whole, &c.] And 8–12. And whithersoever he entered into he laid his hands on her (the woman that was villages, or cities, or countries, they laid the bowed together), and immediately she was sick in the streets, and besought him that made straight, and glorified God. Lu. xiii. they might touch if it were but the border of 13. And he (Peter) took“ him” (“the lame his garment; and as many as touched him man," who sat at the gate of the temple) by were made whole. Mar. vi. 56. And they the right hand, and litted him up, and imme- that were vexed with unclean spirits (came to diately his feet and ancle bones received Jesus), and they were healed. And the whole strength. And he, leaping up, stood, and multitude sought to touch him ; for there went walked, and entered with them into the tem- virtue out of him, and healed them all. Lu ple, walking, and leaping, and praising God. vi. 18, 19. I must work the works of him Ac. iii, 7, 8.
who sent me (said Jesus) while it is day; the 14 Went out.) When the morning was night cometh when no man can work. John come, all the chief priests and elders of the ix. 4. Let us not be weary in well-doing; people took counsel against Jesus to put him for in due season we shall reap, if we faint to death. Mat. xxvii. 1. The Pharisees went not. Ga. vi. 9. For even hereunto (suffering forth, and straightway took counsel with the for Christ's sake) were ye called, because Herodians against him, how they might de- Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an er. stroy him. Mar. iii. 6. And they (the Scribes ample that ye should follow his steps. 1 Pa and Pharisees) were filled with madness, and ii. 21. communed one with another, what they might 16 Charged them.] See chap. viii, 4; ix, do to Jesus. Lu. vi. 11. Therefore the Jews 30. sought the more to kill him, because he had 17 That it might be fulfilled which was not only broken the sabbath, but said also spoken.] See chap. i. 22; viii. 17. Bring that God was his father, making himself forth your strong reasons, saith the King of equal with God. John v. 18. Therefore they Jacob; let them bring them forth, and shew sought again to take him, but he escaped out us what shall happen ; let them shew the of their hand. John X. 39. Then from that former things, what they be, that we may, day forth (when Caiaphas prophesied of Jesus) consider them, and know the latter end of they took counsel together for to put him to them; or declare us things for to come. Shew death. Now both the chief priests and the the things that are to come hereafter, that we Pharisees had given a commandment, that if may know that ye are gods; yea, do good, or any man knew where he were, he should shew do evil, that we may be dismayed, and behold it, that they might take him. John xi. 53. 57. it altogether. Is. xli. 22, 23. Behold, the 15 He withdrew himself, &c.] See chap. X.
former things are come to pass, and new things 23. And it came to pass in those days, that do I declare: before they spring forth I tell be went out into a mountain to pray, and you of them. Is. xlij. 9.
I am the Lord that