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the advancement and glory of which should outweigh all other considerations, in the breasts of its avowed friends.
Our concern for the condition of such as have confessed the Savior: before men, while in works they deny him, will, if our own hearts are right, stimulate us to unceasing prayer in their behalf, and to embrace every opportunity presented us, in giving them such counsel and exhortation, as shall be authorized by the divine word, with a view to their emancipation from the influence of men of corrupt minds,". and of their enjoying that liberty, with which Christ will ever bless his devoted followers. With an bumble hope, my dear brother, that my weak labors may in some measure be instrumental in exciting ny brethren more to a practical evidence of their interest in the dear Savior, I crave your prayers with mine, that my dependance may be placed wholly on the aids of the divine Spirit, for the ultimate success of this undertaking. What may be sown in weakness, will the Lord in his good pleasure, and according to the riches of his grace, raise in power.
"Then are ye my friends, said our dear Lord, if ye do whatsoever. I cou mand you.” This language cannot be unistaken. Its meaning conveys an indescribable happiness to those, who have been enabled through grace, to say with the apostle, "God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world.” Nor can they walk in the comfort of the divine promises, who are unsolicitous concerning the state of others, who demonstrate an habitual attachment to the world and its fading pleasures. In the ardent pursuit of its possessions they are totally careless about their precious souls, and are "treasuring up unto themselves wrath against the day of wrath."
Let us inquire now what are the commands of our blessed Lord, an observance of which must be counted as evidence of that union of heart to him, which constitutes the character of a true disciple, and insures a title to the fruits of the tree that is in the midst of the paradise of God: or, in other words, to an immortal crown of glory in lieaven. "Love not the world, nor the things of the world," said the beloved disciple; subjoining, he that lovetli the world, the love of the Father is not in him.” We shall find no difficulty in ascertaining the characters bere described; they are daily before us. They present a determined hostility to the kingdom of Jesus. You see them grasping continually after the riches of the world, but will give themselves no time to associate with those who love the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob.” When solicited to attend conference meetings, where so often the divine Shepherd hath signally blessed his little flock with his presence, they form an excuse, that they have so many calls of this nature, they cannot attend all, but they are willing to help the good canse as far as they have opportunity. Ask them for some pecuniary assistance to a naked brother or sister, they will tell you, that they would with all their heart, but they have many poor reiations, who have stronger claims upon their charity. Ask them for a little aid in behalf of missionaries, bound on a long and perilous voyage to carry the Gospel to the heathen world, and they will tell you, that in making a collection of such articles as may administer
JAK. to the comfort of the servants of our divine Lord, you may rely on their attention, if they can possibly make it convenient. After all, my dear brother, we witness nothing but profession, mere profession. While some of them have amassed fortunes by unremitted industry and the most rigid economy, they are determined to keep them:
and so far as they can by words satisfy those around them, that the cause of religion has a predominant influence upon their hearts, so far are they willing to maintain the cause; but when required to sacrifice a small item of their gain, for the advancement of that kingdom to which they profess so strong an attachment, they will say to you as Felix to Paul, “Go thy way for this time; when I have a convenient season I will call for thee. I remain affectionately yours, J. T, C,
A Compendium of the system of Divine Truth; contained in a series of Essaysı in which the principal subjects contained in the Holy Scriptures are carefully arranged, briefly discussed, and improved. By Jacob Catlin, A. M. Pastor of a church in New Marlborough, Mass. Hartford: George Goodwin and Sons. 1818. · pp. 314.
Address to the American Society for colonizing free people of color of the United States. Read at a special meeting, in the city of Washington, Nov. 21, 1818. Washington: Davis and Force. 1818. pp. 56.
The Constitution of the Missachusetts Society for the Suppression of Intemperance, as revised and altered, together with their Annual Report for the year 1818, and a list of the officers and members of said Society. Boston: Sewell Phelps. 1818. pp. 30.
Third Report of the Directors of the American Society for educating pious yonth for the Gospel ministry. September 30, 1818. Andover: Flagg and Goulg. 1818. pp. 54.
Memoirs of Henry Obookialı, a native of Owhyhee, and a member of the Foreign Mission School; who died at Cornwall, Cop. Feb. 17, 1818, äged 26 years, New Haven: 1818. pp. 109. To which are added, a Sermon at his funeral by the Rev. Lyman Beecher, a Sermon delivered at the Inauguration of the Rev. Mr. Daggett as Principal of the Foreign Mission School, by the Rev. Joseph Harvey, A. M.; and an Address at the opening of the School by Mr. Daggett.
A Century Sermon, delivered in Middleborough, Mass. Sept. 10, 1818, at the residence of Mr. John Alden, the day he completed his hundredth year. By Isaac Tompkins, A. M. Pastor of a church in Haverhill, Mass. Published at the request of the hearers. Haverhill: N. Burrill. 1818. pp. 16.
A Sermon, preached at the funeral of General Jedediah Huntington, of NewLondon, who died September 25, 1818; aged 75 years. By Abel Mc Ewen, Pastor of the Congregational Church in New London. Published at the request of the bereaved family. New-York: Daniel Fanshaw. 1818. pp.
16. The Printers' Guide; or, an introduction to the art of Printing: including an essay on punctuation, and remarks on orthography. By C. S. Van Winkle. New York: C. S. Van Winkle.' 1818. pp. 229.
Second annual report of the Boston Society, for the moral and religious instruction of the poor. Presented at their anniversary, October 22, 1818, Boston: Parmenter and Norton. 1818. pp. 22.
Essays on the Distinguishing Traits of Christian Character. By Gardiner Spring, A. M. Pastor of the Brick Presbyterian Church in the City of New York, Second Edition. Boston: S. T. Armstrong. 1819. pp. 288.
Family Lectures. By Mrs. N. Sproal. Boston: S. T. Armstrong. 1819. pp. 202.
The Anngal Meeting of the Foreign Mission Society of Boston and the Vicinity was held at the hall of the Massachusetts Bank, on the 1st inst. at 11 A. M., for the choice of officers, when the following gentlemen were chosen: His Honor WILLIAM PHILLIPS, Esq. President, Josiah SALISBURY,* Esq. Vice Presi. dent, the Rev. JOSHUA HUNTINGTON, Secretary, JEREMIAH Evarts, I measurer, and Mr. CHARLES CLEVELAND, Auditor.
The Society adjourned to Concert Hall, where they met at three o'clock, with a view to hear some statements, which a committee had been requested to prepare, and of which public notice had been given. Seats were provided for ladies, not fewer than two hundred of whom honored the Society with their presence. . When the President took the chair, a brief history of the Board of Foreign Missions was given by the Treasurer, comprising an account of the mission at Bombay—its origin, progress, and present state-its share in the work of missions, translations, and superintending schools;—of the mission in Ceylon, and its various labors;-of the missions to the Cherokees and Choctaws, and other contemplated efforts in behalf of the American Indians; of the Foreign Mission School, at Cornwall, Con. ard of the desired enlargement of all the operations of the Board. In the course of the afternoon, four gentlemen addressed the meeting at some length. We purpose to give the substance of these addresses.
In the evening, a serinon was delivered before the Society, by the Rev. Mr. Gile, nf Milton, from Zech. viii, 6. Thus saith the Lord of hosts, If it be marvellous in the eyes of the remnant of this preople in these days, should it also be marvellous in mine eyes? saith the Lord of hosts. The sermon was heard with solemn attention, and a copy was requested for the press. We hope our readers will have the opportunity of perusing it.
The Rev. Mr. Huntington is appointed to preach at the next annual meeting, and the Rev. Mr. Dwight to supply his place in case of failure. The usual votes of thanks were passed, and a considerable number of persons expressed a wish to join the Society
At the close of the statements made by the Treasurer, he continued his observations nearly as follows. Mr. President,
There is an objection to attempting the immediate promulgation of the Gos pel among the heathen, which probably weighs more than any thing else having the form and semblance of an argument, with a considerable number of well meaning persons; and even with some, who apparently have the cause of religion at heart. It is this: While we have a multitude of objects at our doors, importunately calling for Christian beneficence, why should we seek objects at a distance All our large towns, in the older parts of the United States, contain a considerable population unsupplied with the means of grace; as you advance into the country, too many neighborhoods may be feund, which are appropriately called "waste places;" and from our new settlements an earnest cry for ministers and missionaries is heard. From the White Hills and the Green Mountains of the porth,-from the vast range of the Alleganies,—from the shores of the great lakes, and the banks of the Ohio, the Mississippi, and the Missouri, the voice of anxious and suffering myriads demands of our churches that the Gospel be sent to them. Why should we attempt to cultivate the banks of the Ganges, and the
* The respected father of Mr. Salisbury had been Vice Presiilent of the Society, from i's formation till his death, which took place in the course of the past year, at the age of 78 . VOL. XV.
Indus, while our own rivers roll through a moral desert? Why should we water the hills of Palestine, and leave our own Zion parched and thirsty?
T This is the strong language of the objector; but there is a confidence in truth and in a good cause, which fears not the stardiest assertions, or the most fervid declamation of an adversary. The duty, the immediate and urgent duty, of proclaiming the Gospeto all the heathen, of sounding the trumpet of salvation from every hill and mountain on the habitable globe, and causing its delightful reverberations to wind into even the obscurest vallies, which are trodden by the feet of sinful men, is proved by such incontestible evidence, and is a truth so consonant to the feelings of every pious heart, that it will not be questioned by any well informed Christian, who has paid proper attention to the subject.
That the souls of all men are equally valuable will not be denied; at least, we have no authority to say they are not. Silly indeed it were, and little accordant with the humility of the Gospel, to suppose that we, because we are favored with greater privileges, are inherently of higher value in the creation, than other children of Adam, who, groping in thick darkness, spend their lives in a toilsome round of debasing superstitions;-or in pilgrimages to Mecca;or in climbing AB the mountains of Thibet to render idolatrous homage to a mortal of the same sinful race, or in the worship of demons, and the immolation of human sacrifices. The geins of the Redeemer's crown will not shine with less splendor, if collected in Asia or Africa, than if taken from the fairest parts of Christendom. The joy that bursts from the holy throng, who surround the throne of God, on the announcement that another sinner has repented, is not limited by any considerations of country, or climate, or complexion. Nor will the redeemed Ethiopian, or Tartar, or New Zealander, enter with less rapture into the song of Moses and the Lamb, than the descendant of Christian parents, who has been a child of God from his early youth, and reached heaven through the portals of an earthly sanctuary
The truth is, that every immortal soul is of incalculable value; and the evangelizing of such an empire as China is as much more desirable than that of smaller Ripe communities, as the swarming population of such an empire is more numerou• than theirs. The whole world needs the Gospel; the whole world is to enjoy the Gospel, ere the purposes of the divine mercy be accomplished. This grand consummation is to be effectuated by human means and instruments; and among these instruments it is our part to be employed.
Taking it for granted, then, that every Christian, so far as he discharges his duty, will aim to extend the Gospel to every brother of the species, the only site question to be solved is, how can he do this most effectually? or rather, how can he do most toward an object so infinitely desirable! Shall he circumscribe his exertions by the narrow limits of his family, the street which he inhabits, his town, or county, or state, or country; or shall he obey the apostolic injunction to do good to all men, as he has opportunity-a rule of Christian benevolence, equally remote from the sordid selfishness, which neither knows nor cares for the necessities of others, and that pompous philosophy, which prates much about universal philanthropy, and does nothing? In a word, shall he, in imitation of the good Samaritan, prove himself a neighbor to every human being, who comes within the reach of his kind offices, and needs his coinpassionate assistance?
It is not supposed, or pretended, that an ordinary Christian can offer the Gospel to numerous and remote people, by his own personal ministration. But what be cannot do in person, another may do, if sent forth by his liberality; and what he cannot do alone, may be easily performed by many acting in concert. In this way it is as practicable to send the Gospel to India, as to send a ship thither for the purposes of trade.
The question then recurs: In which way will the Gospel be most rapidly promulgated among men; by confining our exertions to a small circle, till all within its limits are effectually and abundantly supplied with Christian instruction, or by entering into every accessible field, which is white to the harvest? Let the question be decided by the plain dictates of common sense, by the practice of Christ and his apostles, and by the express command of the ascending Savior.
The decision of common sense on this subject may be easily learned, by observing the manner in which active and intelligent men always conduct, in reference to any plan of secular advantage, of humane exertion, or of public improvement. When any such pian has been thoroughly approved by experience, do they wait
before they attempt its general introduction, till it shall have overcome all prejudices, and fought its way through all opposition, in a particular city or country? No such thing. They introduce it into every place, where its admission is practicable.
We all remember the recent discovery of a mild and safe preventive of one of the most loathsome and virulent diseases, to which the human body is liable. Did Jenner and his friends wish to confine the benefits of this discovery to their own metropolis, till all the individuals of that immense population should be persuaded of its efficacy? Or did he, and others like him, at great personal labor and expense, and encountering violent prejudices, convey the salutary antidote to all the most populous regions of the earth? So that thousands of lives were saved at Vienna, at Ispahan, at Calcutta, and in our own country, though multitudes at London may to this hour discredit the discovery, and greater multitudes may aeglect to avail themselves of its protection.
And tbus it is, with regard to all great improvements in education, in agriculcure, in arts and manufactures, and in civil government. They all have their. pposers, and are obliged to contend with prejudices, and with the tenacity of established custom. The way of introducing them is, to push thein forward in many places at the same time. If obstinacy shall exclude them from one region, they may be gladly received in another; and the probability is, that wherever they are perseveringly urged, they will sooner or later make some progress. . Let us look at the practice of infidels, in reference to the propagation of their pernicious doctrines. The greatest of the Latin poets has told us, that we maj lawfully derive instruction even from an enemy. When Voltaire and his associates had formed the design of undermining and destroying Christianity, they never thought of employing all their mischievous labors in one country, till their principles had become triumphant there. Not they; but with incredible activity aod zeal they plied every artifice, at the same time, in every country, and with all classes of people. They gained the ears of princes; they Aattered the pride of philosophers, they pandered to the vices of the vulgar; they conde. scended to teach atheism and profligacy in every different manner to suit the lastes, the habits, and the prejudices of different men. And thus it was, that they made such frightful inroads upon morals, virtue, and happiness, and that, unless the Spirit of the Lord had raised up a standard against them, they would have triumphed in the destruction of all that is lovely and desirable upon earth. Their jatentions we abhor; the means which they employed we detest; but the generality of their operations, and the wide extent of their plans, evince a thorough acquaintance with the human character, and a knowledge of the best way of making a cause prevail universally, in the shortest period of time. The children of this world are wiser in their generation than the children of light-Christians have been far too tardy, in profiting by the example of infidels.
Indeed, so plain does it appear, that the planting of Christianity at every accessible point of the heathen world, is the only proper way of accomplishing the object desired, that it might safely be left to the conscience of any reflecting Christian. Let us not take the attitude of objectors, then, but suppose ourselves invested with the responsibility of choosing plans, and of determining what are the most effectual measures, for universally diffusing a knowledge of God's unspeakable gift. Nor is this a vain supposition. At the last day it will be found, that this mighty responsibility did actually rest upon us, whether we were aware of it or not. Suppose, then, that each one of us were required, with a view to all the solemnities of the judgment-day, to choose some plan for evangelizing the world. What would it be, but the very plan of sending the word of God, and missionaries to explain it, into every ignorant and heatnen community, where access could be obtained. Should we not with one voice exclaim, let no part of the human family be excluded from the messages of love. Should we not say, although the sending of missionaries deprives us of the personal services of the valuable men whom we send, the very excitement, produced by sending them, raises up ten times as many ministers, equally valuable, to supply their places? Should we not feel, that the speediest and most effectual way of supplying our own growing country with faithful ministers, is to rouse our slumbering churches to the duty of providing, so far as means and instruments are concerned, for the spiritual exigencies of a perishing world? When awake and alive to the magnitude of this object, such a liost of young men, of various