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description of scenes of blood, murder, and devastation. to look upon, an example for them to imitate. But the
But what country on earth ever presented such a spec. potentates of the earth did not see, or if they saw, they
tacle as this fortunate commonwealth held out to view turned away their eyes from the sight; they did not hear,
for the space of near one hundred years, realizing all or if they heard, they shut their ears against the voice
that fable ever invented or poetry ever sang of an ima- which called out to them from the wilderness,
ginary golden age. Happy country, whose unparallel.

Discite justitiam moniti, et non temnere Divos.
ed innocence already communicates to thy history the
interest of romance! Should Pensylvanians hereafter The character of William Penn alone sheds a never
degenerate, they will not need like the Greeks, a fabu. fading lustre upon our bistory. No other state int is
lous Arcadia to relieve the mind from the prospect of union can boast of such an illustrious founder; none be.
their crimes and fullies, and to redeem their own vices gan their social career under auspices so honourable to
by the fancied virtues of their forefathers. Pennsylva. bumanity. Every trait of the life of that great man,
nia once realized what never existed before except in every fict and anecdote of those gollen tim s will be
fabled story. Not that her citizens were entirely free sought for by our descendants with avidity, and will
from the passions of human nature, for they were men furnish many an interesting subject for the fancy of the
and not angels; but it is certain that no country on earth novelist, and the enthusiasm of the poet. It is, there.
ever exhibited such a scene of happiness, innocence, fore, highly import.nt, that while recent tradition and
and peace, as was witnessed here during the first cen. numerous authentic but perishable documents, are still
tury of our social existence.

in our power, we should collect all those valuable ma. I well remember them, those patriarchal times, when terials, and embody their substance in an historical work simple, yet not inelegant manners prevailed every worthy of being handed down to posterity.. Although where among us; when rusticity was devoid of rough such a work will not be fruitful of great incidents, still ness, and polished life diffused its mild radiance around, it will exbibit human nature under nany a varied as. unassuming and unenvied; when society was free from pect; great faults will be found associa: ed to great vir. the constraint of etiquette and parade; when love was tues; the reader will, more than once, while he admires not crossed by avarice or pride, and friendships were the latter, be compelled, with regret, to acknowledge, unbroken by ambition and intrigue. This was the spec- as the former strike his view, that no efforts of the hu. tacle which Pennsylvania offered even in the midst of man mind can ever produce absolute perfection in this the storms of our revolution, and which she continued sublunary world, and that it is in vain for us to expect to exhibit until a sudden influx of riches broke in upon to be angels on this side of the eternal mansions; and, the land, and brought in its train luxury, more baneful upon the whole, it miy, with truth, he asserted that than war.* This torrent has been checked in its course; there will be found in the History of Pennsylvania, much we are gradually returning to those moderate habits, to instruct and much to delight. which we never should have abandoned. But we are The historian will take a cursory view of the var ous too far advanced in population and arts ever to see our vicissitudes that attended the first settlement of tbe an. ancient manners restored in their primitive purity; all cient colony of Virginia, during a quarter of a century, that we can do now is to preserve their memory in the from the time when it was taken possession of fis the historical page, as a subject of pride to our descendants, English crown by Sir Water Raleigh, in 1594, to the and of admiration !o succeeding generations throughout ye ir 1610, when Lord 1)elaware, arriving there from the world.

England, as captain general, found its population reYet amidst this simplicity, what grand and magnifi. cured, by a dreadful famine, to the inconsiderable cent scenes court the pencil of the historian! His it number of 60 souls. Yet three ye: rs afterwards the will be to delineate the majestic features of one of the colony had so far recovered from ibat calamity, that her greatest legislators that ever appeared among mankind next governor. Dale, sent an expedition to the north. Did I say one of the greatest? I hasten to correct my ward, under Argil, which destroyed the French seterror: William Penn stands the first among the law. tlements in remote Acadia, and compelled the Dutch, givers whose names and deeds are recorded in history. already established at Manhaitan island, to submit to Shall we compare with him Lycurgus, Solon. Romulus, (the sovereignty of England. those founders of military commonwealths, who organ. It was on his voyage to Virginia that Lord Delaware ized their citizens in dreadful array against the rest of discovered the great bay and river to which he gave his their species, taught them to consider their fellow men name, and which Hudson, sailing in the Dutch service, as barbarians, and themselves as alone worthy to rule had passed by in the preceding year. The Dutch call

. over the earth? What benefit did mankind derive from ed it the South River, by which name it was known for their boasted institutions?. Interrogate the shades of more than half a century, to recover afterwards and those who fell in the mighty contests between Athens preserve for ever that of the gallant commander who and Lacedæmon, between Carthage and Rome, and be had saved the first English colony in America from imtween Rome and the rest of the universe. But see our pending (lestruction. Wm. Penn, with wea nless hands, sitting down peace- But the Dutch on the Manhattan did not long acably with his followers in the midst of savage nations knowledge the supremacy of the English crown. In whose only occupation was shedding the blood of their the year 1614, they erected Fort Amsterdam, where fellow men, disarming them by his justice, and teaching New York now stands, and put themselves in a posture them, for the first time, to view a stranger without dis- of defence against foreign assailants. Then commenc. trust. See them bury their tomahawks in his presence, ed in America the empire of the Dutch nation, Aushed so deep that man shall never be able to find them again. with the pride of her young independence, and of her See them under the shade of the thick groves of Coa victories over Spain, at that time considered the greatquannock extend their bright chain of friendship, and est power in Europe. She claimed all the country be. solemnly promise to preserve it as long as the sun and tween the two great rivers which Hudson had discover. moon shall endure. See him then with his companions ed, one of which still retains the name of North river, establishing his commonwealth on the sole basis of re. which he gave to it, and even extended her pretensions ligion, morality and universal love, and adopting as the to the south side of the river Connecticut. At the time fundamental maxim of his government, the rule handed the soil of New England was yet untrodden by Eurodown to us from heaven, “Glory to God or high, and pean feet; but a numerous and hardy population was on earth peace and good will to all men."

soon to press on the Dutch settlements from the east, Here was a spectacle for the potentates of the earth and in less than fifty years to put an end to their do

minion on this continent. This was to have been ex• Sævior armis.

pected by those who considered the different spirit in Luxuria incubuit .--LUCAN.

which the two nations colonized the country, where the

227

1853.)

A DISCOURSE DELIVERED BY PETER S. DU PONCEAU, LL. D.

Dutch sought only. trade, while the English sought New Gottenburg, the metropolis of the Swedish Amerifreedom an:l a home.

can empire, Here, says their historian Campanius, The Dutch and English colonies were now progres governor Printz built an elegant mansion-house for sing together, but with unequal steps. What was do- himself and his slependants, with a garden, a pleasure. ing towards the north is of Ittle interest to our history, house, and other appurtenances.* There a church it is enough for us to know that for several years the was built, and there the principal inhabitants had their former nation did not estend her setilenients to the houses and plantations. What is become of that seat of Delaware, where she had only a few trading establish. luxury and grandeur? Not a trace of its former glory ments on the eastern shore of the river, wien another is to be seen, it lies waste and desolate, tenanted only nation appeared and seated herself on the opposite by grazing cattle; and nar it, where perhaps, formerly side, then considered a part of the territory of Vir- stvod one of those handsome dwellings which the histoginia.

rian describes, is an impure lazaretto, the chosen aboile That nation was Sweden, then governed by the il- of pestilence and death. Such are the vicissitudes which lustrious daughter of Gustavus Adolphus, aided by the our young country has already experienced. counsels of chancellor Oxenstiern, one of the greatest A different scene will soon open to our view. The minis'ers that a sovereign was ever blessed with. Their Dutch expel their rivals from This continent, and Nova genius carried into execution the establishment planned Suecia again becomes a part of the New Netherlands. while Gustavus was yet on the throne, of a colony on At New Amstel, now New Castle, is established the the banks of the Delaware, which was doomed to last seat of delegated authority; and old Upland,t since no finger than the reign of the one and the life of the honoured by our first colonial legislature, is made he other.* A cession of the British title to that part of chief place of a judicial district. But this new order of the country was obtained from the unfortunate Charles; things was not to be of long duration. In 1664 the but the Dutch claim subsisted in its full force, and after English expel the Dutch from all their North American nineteen years' imquiet possession, the Sweves were territory, with as little ceremony as these had done compelled, in 1655, to submit to the superior force of their former neighbors. Three years afterwards, the that nation, which in less than ten years afterwards was treaty of Breda sanctioned the irregular conquest. to see her own power annihilated by the same means Now another race of men is about to appear upon which she had employed against her weaker neighbors. the stage. The names of both Dutch and Swedes are

The first settlement of the Swedes on the Delaware going to be merged into that of Englishmen, which, took place in the year 1638, at which period our histo. after the lapse of a century, is to be changed for anothmy properly begins. The descendants if those sons of er destined to still greater fame the north make part of our present population, and we On the eastern side of the Delaware, Burlington alrea. trace with pleasure among the names of many of those dy appears, but will soon be eclipsed by a rival city, who sligne at that time among the first ranks of society, which will be the pride and glory of the western world. and one of their public edifices still meets our view, and strikes our minds with that veneration which never fails But I perceive that my subject is carrying me far he. to be inspired by relics of former times. The historian yond the object and limits of this discourse. Our histo. will not pass over that period in silence. By the mu- lry is so full of interesting scenes that I am at a loss how nificence of Mr. Russell, our society is in possession of to choose the few traits that I am permitted to exhibit valuable authentic records from the chancery of Stock to you. holm, which throw considerable light on the colonial See you yon gallant ship, sailing with propitious views and policy of Christiana's government

gales up the river Delaware? Her decks are covered Here two Swedish governors, Printz and Risingh, with passengers, enjoying the mild temperature of our successfully exerci ed a supreme hut short lived author climate, and the serenity of our autumnal sky; They ity. History will delineate their characters, and trace view with astonishment the novel scenery which strikis the consequences of the timidity of the one, who suffer their sight; immense forests on each side, half despoiled ed the Dutch to erect a fort on the Swedish territory,t of their red and yellow leaves, with which the ground and the raslıness of the other, who unseasonably expel. is profusely strewed. No noise is heard around them, led then from it, and by this act of force lost the coun- save that of the deer rustling through the trees, as she try, for ever, to his sovereign. The historian will pay a flies from the Indian who pursues hier with his bow and deserved tribute of praise to the millness of the Swe- arrow. Now and then a strange yell strikes the ear dish government and people, and above all to their from a distance, which the echoes of the woods reverstrict instice towards the Indian nations, by means of berate, and forms a strong contrast to the awful stillwhich they firmly secured the love and affection of all ness of the scene. Observe the plainness of the dress the surrounding tribes. He will not fail to interest his of those venerable pilgrims, and see them lift their eyes reader by a lively description of the face of the with silent gratitude to heaven. They are a chosen country at that time, of the various settlements of the band of friends who have left the British shores to esta. Dutch and Swedes on both sides of our river, and point blish here in peace their philanthropic commonwealth; out the situation of the numerous forts which their mu- their ship is called the Welcome, Greenaway commands tual jealousy erected, and of which, at present, not a her and, William Penn is among them. vestige remains. On T'inicum i land ose the fortress of } Now they land at New Castle, amidst the acclama

tions of the diversified population which inhabit these Christiana abdicated the crown of Sweden, and Ox. sliores. The English, the Welch, the Dutch, the Ger. enstiern died, in 1654.

mans, the Swedes, all crowd to liail the great man whom † Fort Casimir, which was built by the Dutch, in they had been expecting for one long year, and whose 1651, on the spot where New Castle now stands. By fame had already preceded him to these distant regions, this means they obtained the command of the naviga. | The historian will not omit to describe this pleasing tion of the Delaware, to counteract which, governor scene, and it will be more than once tł.e favorite subject Printz caused another fort to be erected bel' w, on the of the painter's pencil. He will choose the instant east side of the river, which was called Elfsburg, from when William Penn has just landed with his principal which, however, the Swedes were soon after driven followers, while the others are still on board the vessel, away by the mosquitoes.

or in boats, making for the shore. There you see him In 1654, governor Risingh took fort Casimir by sur-supported by his friend Pearson. From his manly port prise; but the next year the Dutch came in force and and the resolution which his countenance displays, you took possession of the whole Swedish territory.--E8.

* He gave it the name of Printzhoff-Camparius. See Reg. Vol. IV. p.376.

† At present Chester.

BLIXG

would take him to be a warrior, if the mild philanthropy Afterwards, indeed!-but I will not anticipate on the which beams from his eyes did not reveal his profession, painful duty of the historian. still more than the simplicity of his garb. He who stands This memorable landing took place on the 24th of before him in British regimentals, and whom he shakes | October, 1682, a day of proud and glad remembrance, affectionately by the hand, is his relation Markham, which we ought to celebrate on every returning anni. whom he had sent in the preceding year to explore the versary. While our brethren of Massachusetts commeland and prepare the way for the new settlers. Those morate every year, in the dreary time of winter, the on the right, a numerous band, are your honored ances. landing of their pious ancestors on the barren rock of tors, some of whom accompany him on the voyage, and Plymouth, which their gratitude has consecrated to per. others had arrived before, and are now assembled here petual veneration; shall we suffer the epoch of the ar. to greet him. There stands Pemberton, Moore, Yard rival of our great founder, and his venerable band of ley, Waln, Lloyd, Pusey, Chapman, Wood, Hollings followers, to pass away unnoticed? Let us begin this worth, Rhoades, Hall, Gibbons, Bonsall, Sellers; Clay very year to distinguish ourselves by a similar act of poole, whose ancestor, not many years before, ruled the patriotism, at a time when the season invites, and the destinies of the British empire;* West, one of whose bosom of our mother earth is covered with her choicest descendants will charm the world by his magic pencil, fruits. and for whose name and fame rival nations will, in after From this day the History of Pennsylvania becomes ages, contend; and many other worthies whom it would more particularly your own. if I had not already tres. be too long to enumerate. On the left is a number of passed too much upon your patience, I would with deSwedes, whom their national dress, light hair, and light pass in review before you, some more at least of northern countenances, sufficiently designate, there the interesting traits with which this history abounds, you see the brothers Swanson,t who own the ground and which an abler pen than mine, will, I hope, at no on which the city of Philadelphia is soon to stand; and distant day fully delineate. Above all, I should love to whose name one of our streets will perpetuate. With duell on the great character of our immortal founder, them are Stille, Bankson,# Kempe, Rambo, Peterson, and to point out, by numerous examples, that astonish. and several others, whose names still live in their de ing ascendency over the minds of the mass of mankind, scendants. Their leader is Lacy Cock, $ whose merit which enabled him to raise a flourishing and powerful entitles him to a seat in the first council of the new commonwealth by means of all others the most appa. commonwealth. Observe how he extends his hands; rently inadequate. promising, in the name of his countrymen, to love,serve, To acquire and secure the possession of an extensive and obey their reverend proprietor, and declaring that country, inhabited by numerous tribes of warlike sathis is the best day they ever saw. The Dutch are dis- vages, without arms, without forts, without the use or seminated through the town which was built by them, even the demonstration of physical force. was an expe. as you may easily perceive by the sharp pointed roofs riment which none but a superior mind would have of their houses.' They smoke their pipes in silence; conceived, which none but a master spirit could have and, after their manner, partake of the general joy. successfully executed. Yet this experiment succeeded

But see, close to that half ruined fort, this motley in a manner that has justly excited the astonishment of group of Indians, whose anxiety manifests itself on their the whole world. “Of all the colonies that ever existed,” countenances, and who view the new comers with looks says Ebeling. ''none was ever founded on :o philanthro. in which suspicion seems as yet to predominate. They pic a plan, none was so deeply impressed with the cha. are the Lenni Lenape, whose history and manners are racter of its founder, none practised in a greater degree already familiar to you.

At their head is TAMANEND, | the principles of toleration, liberty, and peace, and the great and the good, who is said never to have had none rose and Aourished more rap'dly than Pennsylvania. his equal for virtue and goodness, and whose memory She was the youngest of the British colonies established is still held in veneration by the savage nations. Ilis before the eighteenth century, but it was not long before eye is steadily fised on William Penn! His great mind she surpassed most «f her elder sisters in population, has already discovered in him a congenial soul; alone agriculture, and general prosperity."'* This our author among bis tribe, he shows by his looks that noble confi- i justly ascribes to the genius of William Penn, who dis. dence which will not be deceived. He it is, who under daining vulgar means, dared 10 found his power and his that elm tree, which many of us have seen in its vigor, commonwealth on the nobler feelings of man. but which, alas! has not long since been destroyed by But I must leave it to the future historian to delineate the violence of the winter storm, will sign that famous the character of a legislator who never had a model, and treaty which the genius of the west has immortalised, who, though crowned with success, will probab y never and which a great writer of another nation q has, with have an imitator. He will describe the state of this more wit than truth, described as the only one which country, during the two years of that great man's resiwas never sworn to and never broken. Nor was it vio. dence here after his first arrival; he will tell us how a lated wbile William Penn lived, nor while the ascend- legislature was formed and assembled within six ency of his great mind was yet operating among us. weeks at most after his landing, whose first act was to

recognize as brethren all who believed in one God, the • The Claypoole family are lineally descended from upholder and ruler of the universe; how a code of laws the protector, Oliver Cromwell.

was enacted in three days, founded on the genuine t Their original name was Swenson.

principles of religion, justice, and morality;t he will * Originally Bengtsen.

show the territory which now forms the state of DelaLars or Laurence Cock. corrupted into Lacy Cock. ware, united to this province in legislation as well as in i The same whom we call St. T'ammany. For his government, the friendship of the Indians secured, large character, see Heckewelder's History of the Indian Na. territories obtained of them by fair and honorable purtions, chap. xi. In 1692, we find hiin by the name of chase, a noble city founded, and its walls rapidly rising King TAMINENT, a party to a deed of release of a tract as it were by enchantment, the country increasing in of land lying between Neshaminy and Poquessing, on population and wealth, and enjoying undisturbed peace, the river Delaware, and extending backwards to the prosperity, and happiness, until his absence showed how utmost bounds of the province This land he, with others, had previously sold to William Penn. In 1697, Geschichte von Pennsylvania, p. l. he, by the name of the great Sachem TAMINENT, with . This code was called :he Greut Law, and well de. his brother and sons, signed another deed for lands be- serves the name. The Iristorical Committee is in pos. tween Pemmopeck and Nesbaminy creeks. See Smith's session of a copy of it, extracted by our associate, Mr. Laws of Pennsylvania, vol. ii. pp. 111, 112.

R. Conyngham, from the archives of the state. It has Voltaire.

never yet been printed entire.

1833.]

A DISCOURSE DELIVERED BY PETER S. DU PONCEAU, LL. D.

229

much all these things were due to the immediate operational answer, says his biographer Clarkson, and we tion of his powerful mind.

may adl, the strongest proof that can be given of the For during the fifteen years which followed his de powerful ascendency of this great man over minds of an parture, until his next return in 1699, history will have inferior stamp. to picture for different scenes. The territories separat. It will be the duty of the historian to trace the origin, ed from the province, a schism in the church, and fac-:nd mark the rise and consequences of those unhappy tions in the state carried to such a degree of violence as reuds which so long agitated Pennsylvania, and embit. to afford a pretext to the British ministry to take into tered the whole life of our illustrious founder. He will their hands the government of the country, and ignomi- find much.o be ascribed to the weakness or wickedness niously annex it to that of a neighboring colony. The of the different lieutenant gi vernors. who ruled the historian will tell how William Penn rose superior to all province while William Penn lived, and for some time these difficulties

, recovered his former authority, and after his death. With a faithful and impartial pencil, by his presence here, silenced all factions, re-united the he will delineate the characters of those who successive. lower counties, and restored the land to its former una ly filled that important station. He will describe nimity and peace. It was then that after four different Evans, a raslı, intemperate, and licentious young man, constitutions had been successively tried and found in. ignorant of the people he was called upon to govern, efficient, he gave to Pennsylvania that charter, which and entirely unfit for the trust committed to him; Gook. continued in force until the revolution, and which the in, an open hearted, honest old soldier, better calculated people received with expressions of gratitude too soon ; for the field than for the cabinet; and Keuh, a despe. afterwards forgotten. Unfortunately, this charter con- rate intriguer, who courted the favour of the people by tained the seeds of that division between the province the sacrifice of his duty to his patrons, and whom that and territories, which after his departure broke out people justly rewarded, in the end, with their contempt again, never to be healed.

and neglect. With the same correct and steady hand, he It will ever be a source of regret that William Penn will pourtray the other prominent characters, who figur. did not, as he had contemplated, fix his permanent resi ed in these scenes. In David LLOYD, he will show a dence in his province, and that, after the lapse of a short man of strong, natural, and acquired talents, bred in a year, he again embarked for England, whence it had revolutionary school, skilled in the dangerous art of been decreed by Providence that he never should re- dividing and leading popular assemblies, tenacious of turn. There is too much reason to believe that in this his ends, too little scrupulous about the means, and in he yielded to the influence of his wife, and of his daugh, dulging his personal resentments against the proprietor, ter Lætitia, who do not appear to have been pleased at the expense of the happiness and welfare of his coun. with a residence in the country.* Yet Hannah Penn try; while in his antagonist, Jam:s LOGax, he will have was a woman of great merit, and her name will shine to describe a character of a far different stamp; a man conspicuously, and with honor, in our history. But of profound 1+arning, skilled in the useful as well as in when we consider her rank, education, and fortune, the elegant sciences; one possessed of a strong and corand the situation of Pennsylvania at that time, we need rect judgment, faithful to h s trust, and of unshaken innot wonder that she preferred the society of her friends tegrity, but whose stern Roman virtue could not stoop in her native land to a life of hardship and self-clenial to defeat by similar means, the intrigues of his adversain a newly settled colony. And it is easy to concrive ries; therefore the world misjidged him; but his great how William Penn's return may have been po-tponed patron knew him well, and apprecated his worth, and amidst efforts to conquer her reluctance, until other he preserved his confidence and that of his family to the circumstances intervened which prevented it altogel:ust day of his life. History will do him justice, and ther.

destroy the unfounded prejudice which a too celebrat. A single trait will be sufficient to show what evils ed book * bas exciteil against him. would have been averted from Pennsylvania, if William With such opposite characters, we need not wonder Penn bad remained here to the end of his days. Nine that David Lloyd obtained, more than once. unmerited years after his departure, when his country was again success over his adversary. In porular governments, rent by intestine divisions, and a factious legislature, as well as in others, the arts of ihe politician too often taking an unmanly advantaye of the niisfortunes which triumph over integrity and virtue. Y-t, though David had of late fallen heavy upon him, were striving by ere- Lloyd's political conduct was marked by unjustifiable ry means to wrest power from his hands, a letter from intrigue, there appears no reason to suppose that his him to that assembly, in which he tenderly expostulated mind was naturally hase or corrupt. He was hurried with them for their ungrateful conduct, produced an by the violence of his passions, and by reseniments for entire and a sudden change in the minds of the deluded some supposed injustice, which he thought had been people, and at the next election his enemies were hurled done to him by the proprietor, into a system of opposi. from the seats which they had disgraced. A truly na- tion to his government. Thus he was imperceptinly

led into an abuse of his popular talents, which, no doubt, *William Penn went to England towards the end of when his feelings became more calın, he afterwards re. 1701, to prevent the passage of a bill which had been gretted. brought into Parliament, for the purpose of depriving We find him at a late period, assisting James Logan, him of the government of his province, and vesting it in in ascertaining the proprietor's t ile to the lower counthe king. When he arrived at London, he found that ies, and those two great men, acting harmoniously tothe danger was over, and there appears to have been gether, for the public good. "It is soothing,” says he nothing

at that time to have prevented his coming back eloquent annotator to Logan's correspondence, to whom immediately. It was his intention, when he departed we are indebted for this interesting fact; “it is soothing from Pennsylvania, to have left his wife and daughter to observe, in the characters of men who, like these, here as a pledige for his speedy return, but they could hitherto have been swayed by prejudice or passions, not be prevailed upon to remain, at which lie appears that when the evening of life advances, th: storms to have been much grieverl, and in the pains which he which have agitated them subside, and the soul, like took to quiet the minds of the inhabitants on this occa- the sun of the natural world, emerging from the clouds sion, it is easy to perceive forbodings in his mind which which have obscured it, illuminates the horizon with its the event bui 100 certainly realized. This is one among parting beam, and the day closes in serenity and peace.” the many curious historical facts which are contained in In this short quotation, gentlemen you have already the valuable correspondence of the Honorable James recognized the elegant and feeling language of our re. Logan with William Penn, collected and enriched with interesting notes, by a lady whom I shall presently have • The Historical Review, ascribed, perhaps unjustly, occasion more particularly to mention.

to Dr. Franklin.

sons.

upon his tomb.

vered friend Mrs. DEBORAH Logan, in whom the histo- On motion of Mr. Haymond, it was Resolved, That a rian that Pennsylvania calls for would soon be found if committee of one member from each county be appoint. she could but be persuaded to trust her exquisite talent. ed to examine and ascertain who are entitled to sea's in But, alas! her mind, that mind formed to instruct and tliis Convention, and Messrs. Chr stie, Lore, Ruty, delight the world, is now only tuned to sorrow. Histo. Burden, Sangston, Barns, Kincheloe, and Cox, were ry as lost its charms, while her soul is concentered in appointe... the thought of the irreparable loss which she and the On motion, it was Resolved, That this Convention countri have suffered, and which our Society so justly have a recess for one hour. laments.

Anil art thou gone, Logan? friend of man! friend of Afternoon Session, 2 o'clock, P. M-The Convention peace! fr end of science! Thou whose persuasive ac. met. Mr. Plummer, from the committee appointed to cents could still the angry p ssions of the rulers of men, select and recommend officers to preside in the Conven. and dispose their mions to listen to the voice of reason tion, reported that they recommend the following per. and ju-tice! 2 hou whose life was devoted to the cause of humanity, and to the promotion of harmony and con- President-Joseph Johnson, Esq. of Harrison county, cord bel ween nations! What though party spirit has Virginia in vain endeavored to obscure thy virties, they will live Vice President-James W. Nicholson, of Fayette in the faithful page of history, and thy name will be county. handed down with honor to posterity. *

Secretaries-Wm. Eichbaum, cf Allegheny county, We, gentlemen, particularly the members of your Pa.; Thomes P. Ray, Esq. of Monongalia county, Va. Jlistorical Committee, can never forget the powerful Upon motion, the report was unanimously co.curred aid which, in the pursuit of our literary objects, we in. The President, in a pertinent and eloquent address, have received from our lumerted associat: Other sci. expressed his grateful acknowledgments for the honor entific institutions also have just cause to regret his loss. conferred upon him. I could not, on this occasion pass bim over in silence, nor dispense with scattering a few humble flowerets The committee appointed to ascertain the names of

persons entitled to seats in this Convention reported the I had designed to have extended this discourse a little following list of persons appointed as delegates. furtlier, and to have spoken to you of the errors of the

VIRGINIA— Monongalia county. descendants of William Penn, and of the violence of their opponents, whose over heated zeal did not even

Matthew Gov,

Wm. Lazier,
John Evans, jr.

T. S. Raymond. spare lis veneraled memory; I would have traced the

Robt McGee, rapid rise of this country, of this ciry in particular, and

Joseph F Harrison, its various public in-titutions, many of which, and vur

*George McNeely, *Leonard Lamb, Sociery among others, were established before the pe.

John Rogers,

Thomas P. Ray. riod of the American Revolution; but afier touching on

Lewis county. a mournful theme like that which we have just left,

Philip Cox, jr.

Hezekiah I), Sharp, neither your minds nor mine are disposed to wander

Wm. Newlin,

Peyton B. Byrne. again in the fields of Histo:y. I quit them, nevertheless, with regret, deeply impressed as I am with the import

Harrison county, ance of our domestic annals, and the interest which

Joseph Johnson, Wm. A. Sandy, their narration would possess, if drawn by the pen of

W m. Johnson,

Wilson Shinn, an able writer. If by ihe few traits that I have ventured

Daniel Kirchelo, Benj. Reeder, to sketch with an unskilful hand, I have succeeded in

Beverly Roy,

Geo.J. Davison, exciting a more general clesire to become particularly

Augustin J. Smith. acquainted with our colonial history; if, above all, it were not too presumptuous in me to expect that this

PENNSYLVANIA -Allegheny county. weak attempt will stimulate some person of adequate Andrew N. McDowell, *Henry M. Watts, talents to undertake the honorable tisk of giving it to *John M. Snowden, •Charles Avery, the world, ihen I might indulge the hope that you would *W. W. Fetterman, Robert Christy, not think that I have trespassed so long on your time John D. Davis,

Wm. Eichbaum, and attention in yain.

Neville B. Craig, *Robert Burke,
Jolin Walden,

John Arthurs,
From the Pittsburg Gazette.

* Humphrey Fullerton, *John Walker,
MONONGAHELA RIVER.

* Samuel Frew,

• Thomas Warren, GREENSBORG Convention.- On Tuesday, Septem. *Adam Hays, ber, 25th, 1833, Delegates from the counties of Mo.

Washington county. nongalia, Harrison, and Lewis in Virginia; and from

Robert Findley, Robert Love, Allegheny, Washington, Greene, Fayette, and Westmvieland, in Pennsy vania, assembled at the Lutheran,

David Shebondy, "John Jackman, and Presbyterian Church, in Greensboro, Greent coun.

Wm. K. Vankirk, Saml Hill, ty, to deliberate upon the subject of the improvement

*Caleb A. Alexander, Shesbaziel Bentley. of the Monongahela.

Westmoreland county. The Convention was organized by calling Joseph John Powers,

Robert Cunningham, Johnson, Esq. of Harrison county, Virginia, to the Joseph Budd,

Joseph Finley, Chair, and appointing Thomas Sloane, of Fayette coun- Menassa Rives,

John F. Beazel, ty, Pennsylvania, Secretary.

Alexander Plummer, William Campbell, On motion of Mr. Haymond, of Monongalia, it was Solomon Spears,

Isaac Shipler. Resolved, That a committee, consisting of one member

Fayette county. from each county, represented in this Convention, be appointed to select and recommend officers to act in Andrew Stewart, James L. Bowman, this Convention, and Messrs. Haymond, Davis, Findly, Cephas Gregg,

Thomas Sloane, from Washington, Plummer, Prider, Davison, John. George Rider,

Joseph Heaton, ston, and Newlin, were appointed.

James Sangston,

Michael Crow,
Wm. Morris,

Ephraim Walters, *Dr. George Logan died on the 9th of April last, at James W. Nicholson, James Simonson, his family seat at Stenton, near Germantown.

Zephaniah Carter.

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