Imágenes de páginas

Carthage, and, in the East, at Tyre, Sidon, Byblos, Palmyra, Baalbec. Marseilles, in point of fact, was essentially a Phænician city, one of the principal colonies founded by that remarkable race of men whose best counterpart in modern times was to be found in the lagoons of Venice.

A disquisition, treating of the political state of Marseilles, its laws, government and institutions, forms one of the most interesting parts of M. Lenthéric's tenth chapter. Aristotle had written on that very subject a book, now unfortunately lost ; but Athenæus, Herodotus, Plutarch, Thucydides,Polybius, Suetonius,and Strabo

supply us with a mass of information which deserves to be attentively studied, and from which our author has collected the details he places before us. He concludes with some suggestive remarks on the introduction of Christianity amongst the popalation of Southern Gaul, and on the constitution of the early Church.

The notes, appendices of original documents, and twenty-two maps or plans which complete these two volumes, add very much to their usefulness, and help us to understand thoroughly the geographical and topographical descriptions so industriously put together by M. Lenthéric.

SELECT LITERARY NOTICES, The Churchmanship of John Wesley, miss a passage to which we at the time felt and the Relations of Wesleyan-Methodism bound to demur. to the Church of England. By James Though the work is 'not written pri. H. Rigg, D.D., Author of Modern marily for Wesleyans, but for non-WesAnglican Theology,' etc. Published for leyans, yet no intelligent Wesleyan can the Author at the Wesleyan Conference fail to derive from it both pleasure and Office.-This volume, as the author ex- profit; all the more pleasure and profit plains, ' is a new composite out of materials from the very fact that he is placed in a the greater part of which have already position to look at the matter, not from been published. The substance of about within, but from without or rather from one-half appeared in The Contemporary abuve. One's own house and garden gazed Review in September, 1876, as an article down upon from a neighbouring observaon The Churohmanship of John Wesley.... tory, are invested with a fresh interest, whilst Most of the remainder had appeared in a their outline and relative position are former publication on The Relations of more clearly and accurately realized. The John Wesley and Wesleyan-Methodism Methodist will find his ecclesiastical hometo the Church of England, which was stead look wonderfully well from the called forth by special circumstances eleven elevation to which our author conducts years ago, and of which two editions bave him, and the bounds of his habitation will been sold.' The combination of these two not contract, but expand beneath his gaze. very able, timely and mutually compli- Wesleyans themselves, as a rale, do not too mentary productions into one complete clearly . understand the opinions and chartractate was a happy idea ; and it is as acter of John Wesley, and the precise happily realized. The two works are so position and relations of Wesleyan-Methoskilfully amalgamated, so artistically fused dism among the ecclesiastical organizainto a homogeneous monograph that, with- tions and communities of England.' out close comparison, it is impossible to (Preface.) This little volume will prove determine to which date or to whether of of great service to Wesleyans and nonthe two essays any particular chapter or Wesleyans alike. The extent to which section belonged ; in fact, no one who had Dr. Rigg has succeeded in contemplating neither read the author's preface nor the his Mother Church merely as a student of two previous publications would suspect history, ' in particular, of ecclesiastical that the whole had not been produced, so history,' is remarkable. Hence result a to say, at the first intent. The suture is candour, a moderation and a judicial calmeffected so naturally that no trace, even of ness and impartiality too rare in denominathe process, is left. Of the later named tional apologetics. We have no fear that but earlier published treatise we need not Dr. Rigg will be disappointed in his speak particularly, having reviewed it at “hope that this small volume... will have some length on its first appearance. Its a permanent interest, and will conduce, merits are well-known to our readers. As not to division and controversy, but to the author intimates in his preface, it is settlement and peace so far as regards the superseded by the now completed work, in Church of England and Wesleyan-Methowhich it is embodied. We are glad to dism with their mutual relations,' (Pre

face.). The book is entirely free from ofexegesis are incidentally laid down. Every polemical heat or harshness. We should Biblical student who 'aspires to a compethink the questions discussed are hence- tent knowledge of Hebrew should master forth set at rest. We are inclined to Evald's Hebrew Syntax. The translator question the exact accuracy of one opinion has acted wisely in confining himself to the expressed by our author : There are still, third part of Evald's Manual : AusführI believe, a few Wesleyan Ministers who liches Lehrbuch der hebräischen Sprache receive the doctrine of baptismal regenera- des alten Bundes (1870), inasmuch as tion.' There may be such, but we our- the purpose of the two earlier parts are selves have not met with them. We sufficientlymet by the well-knownGrammars certainly know some who hold, more of Kalisch, Gesenius, Green and Davidstrongly than definitely, a doctrine of bap- son. Bating a few conventionalisms, the tismal grace; but we doubt of the exist- translation is beautifully executed. ence of one Wesleyan Minister who holds, out and out, what is ordinarily meant by The Student's Commentary of the Holy 'the doctrine of baptismal regeneration.' Bible. Founded on the Speaker's Com

Faultless accuracy, frankness and fair- mentary. Abridged and Edited by ness in a writer form no effective guaran- J. M. Fuller, M.A., formerly Fellow of tee for the attractiveness of his work. St. John's College, Cambridge. Vol. I. This book, however, is emphatically read- London: John Murray. 1879.-The able. The style is so easy, so lucid, so term Student on the title-page is, as we quietly yet forcefully fluent, and the diction learn from the preface, widely inclusive, 80 apposite and natural, that the reader's the work being intended for circulation attention is never either strained or slack- among readers of all classes. It is to be ened. The current of the argumentative studied for its explanations rather than for narration is like the flow of "bonnie Doon,' practical remarks or spiritual application.' never drumlie': never turbid with ob- This is a good idea, but, in this volumescurity of thought, or discoloured by comprising the

Pentateuch—it is unequally asperity of temper.

carried out. The Introductions-first to

the Pentateuch, and then to the separate Syntax of the Hebrew of the Old Tes- books-are judicious and useful, and the tament. By Heinrich Erald. Trans- commenting on Leviticusis almost throughlated from the Eighth German Edition, out very helpful to the general reader ; but by James Kennedy, B.D. Edinburgh: that on the other books seems to us to fall T. and T. Clark. 1879.-Nowhere has below the requirements, of any but bethe splendid intellect of Evald done snch ginners in the study of the Scriptures. We sound service to the cause of sacred science think that the same space might have conand the elucidation of the Holy Scriptures tained explanatory matter more serviceable as in the important province of Hebrew to the ordinary Bible reader. Sometimes Grammar. His was, in fact, the very genius the comment is not in harmony with the of Grammar. In his hands Grammar is text; for instance, on Leviticus xiv. 49, we as charming' as 'Divine philosophy’; read : Cleanse the house. Strictly purge

not harsh and crabbed as dull fools sup- the house from sin. The same word is pose,' and as dull pedants never fail to used in v. 52 ; and in v. 53 it is said, "and make it. The subject receives from him a make an atonement for it.”... The leprosy thoroughly philosophical and scientific in houses, the leprosy in clothing, and the treatment. Heshows how the subtleties of terrible disease in the human body, were Hebrew Syntax grow out of the yet deeper representative forms of decay which taught subtleties of the laws of thought. The the lesson that all created things, in their brilliancy of his analytic faculty and the own nature, are passing away, and are only animation of his style throw a fascination maintained for their destined uses during over what would otherwise be the driest an appointed period, by the power of philological details. The very first para- Jehovah.' It is obvious to remark : if graph wakes up the student's intellect and leprosy symbolized decay and not moral makes him feel that he is sitting at the and spiritual corruption, and its lesson feet of a master. Not only the peculiarities, were the transitoriness and dependence on but the strength, and in some departments God of 'all created things, and not the the affluence of that ancient and imperfectly- evil of sin and the need of atonement,' developed tongue are strikingly brought how unaccountable and misleading is the out. The sections on the six tense forms omission of any such idea from the text, in Hebrew : 'two plain, two modified, two and the prominence given to cleansing, resimplified,' and the relatively progressive sin and atonement'! This is as great imperfect, perfect' tenses, and on the rela- an error in physiology and pathology as tively progressive volantative mood,' for ex- in exegesis and theology. The terrible ample, are really interesting. Valuable rules disease of leprosy 'in the human body is

not mere decay'; it is an animal poison the grave blunder of too many modern fermenting in the blood. And leprosy in critics of fancying that the conjectural houses is something more than decay' ; it date and occasion for the composition of a is a fungous growth on the walls.

psalm, inferred by a nineteenth century We confess ourselves also to be none the student from the contents of the psalm, wiser for the following "explanation of are more authentic and trustworthy than the miracle of the articulate remonstrance the ancient inscriptions which form an of Balaam's ass against Balaam's worse integral portion of the Canon. We cannot than assenine obstinacy : God may have but wonder that the sound rule with re. brought it about that sounds uttered by the gard to various readings in the MSS. of creature after its kind became to the pro- Holy Writ sbould not have occurred to phet's intelligence (sic!) as though it ad- our often too clever destructive critics : dressed him in rational speech.' What is the reading which seems, at first sight, the gained by this utterly unsupported hypothe- least likely is the least likely to hare been sis of an hallucination' brought about' by the result of meddlesome emendation or •God’? According to the expositor, the tampering with the text.

Two things perception of the presence of the angel of these self-confident conjecturers have made the Lord was no optical delusion, bnt, on very plain : first, that the superscriptions the contrary, an optical illumination ; and of the psalms which they assume to put his hearing of the voice of the angel was right were not, what their substituted an objective and not a subjective miracle. superscriptions of course are, mere literary Why should the articulation of the ass, guess-work ; secondly, that this conjectural any more than the visibility and audibility criticism is most precarious, inasmuch as of the angel (both admittedly the result of the witness of the emending critics does Divine intervention), be regarded as a mere not agree together. Mr. Brentnall himself cerebral or mental abnormity? What is shows that the acutest of them are utterly the utility-moral or scientific of this at variance : Murphy, Delitzsch, Perowne, conjectural transference of the sphere of to whom he might have added Ewald and the miracle from the mouth of the ass to many another, attributing the same psalm the brain of the prophet ? The Apostolic to authors and to times very widely apart. version of the historical event seems to us His new theory about the meaning of the as much more morally impressive as it is word Selah does not help matters namely, more Divinely authenticated : 'The Cumb that the thirty-nine Selah Psalms are all ass, speaking with man's voice, forbade composite poems, made up of short spgs the madness of the prophet. According or fragments of songs, and that as entire to our expositor, Balaam's fancying that psalms, they were generally applied to the commonplace kicking and braying of occasions different from those for which the ass after its kind' was only a symptom the several component parts were originally of the prophet's madness. In all exegetical written.' In our judgment his attempt comity, the apparition of the angel and the to prove this utterly breaks down. What articulations of the ass must be placed in psalms, for example, have more complete, the same category : both must be objective, organic and vital unity thronghout than or both subjective. We are afraid, too, the first two Selah Psalms, the Third and that the ass of the disobedient prophet Fourth Psalms ? The supposition that the must, on this hermeneutical principle, owe Fourth Psalm is made up of three distinct its imaginary life to some similar cerebra- parts, composed on three separate occasions, tion on the partof the lying prophet. What seems to us most uncritical. You might is there, again, more incredible in the brief as well start the hypothesis that Gray's opening of the mouth of one abused ass Elegy or Milton's Sonnet on his Blindness than in the shutting the months of many was a patchwork of this kind. Besides, hunger-maddened lions through a long the historic value of the psalm is sadly night in the den at Babylon ?

impaired if it were not a spontaneous

composition, but a series of quotations Songs of the Hebrew Poets in English or recollections strung together for the Verse. By the Rev.John Brentnall, Vicar occasion, Many of our author's supof Willen. Songs illustrating the Life positions as to Davidic Psalms, which do of David. London: Sampson Low and not traverse the superscriptions, are both Co. 1879.-The author thus explains the probable, and illustrative of, and in turn intention of his work : 'It bas occurred to illustrated by the sacred narrative. We me that an attempt to arrange these and cannot congratulate him on his rhymed other Songs contained in the Old Testa- versions. The rule, • None but a poet ment in something like historical order should translate a poet,' applies to the may not be an unacceptable work. The Psalms as much as to any other producconception is good, the execution pot so tions. In the process of rendering the good. He has, in the first place, imitated Hebrew songs into English rhymed metre,


the vital spirit evaporates and the resid- Arthur. London : John Kempster and uum is dead prose. Here are specimens, Co., St. Bride's Avenue, Fleet Street, taken almost at random :

E.C.—This is a marvel of cheap produc

tion. The book is well bound, has eight * No power to save my sword may claim, I trust not in my bow,

capital engravings, and is printed on Nay, Thou hast saved us, Thou to shame

good paper with clear type. To English

readers the narrative seems exaggerated, Hast put the foe.'

but this is explained by the American Thou madest men o'erride us ; character of the book. The descriptions We fire and water passed,

remind us forcibly of scenes depicted by But to a wealthy country

Mr. Taylor in his Seven Years' Street Thou broughtest us at last.' Preaching in San Francisco. The license

of The Sickle and Sheaf would have been The version of Psalm lxii. 9-12, begins suspended by English magistrates long bewell :

fore the tenth night arrived. The author Surely men of low degree

contrives to sustain the interest of his story Lighter are than vanity.'

to the end, and points out incidentally

various remedies for the drinking evil.' But this breaking up of the Psalms is barbarons work. The best version is, perhaps,

Knowing and Doing. Eight Stories that of David's lament for Abner :

founded on Bible Precepts. By Mrs. *As dies a fool, didst thon, 0 Abner, die? H, H, B. Paull. London: Hodder and Unshackled were thy hands ;

Stoughton.—The plots of these stories are Free were thy feet from bands ; somewhat lacking in freshness, and the As one by malice slain, so thou dost lie.' characters occasionally slightly

drawn. But the tales are well told and calDr. Clermont. A Methodist Tale. By culated to interest young people, especially A. E, Bleby. London: F. E. Longley. girls; and to enforce the precepts they

- The object of this story is to contrast illustrate. the peace and comfort of a home ruled by religion with the disorder and unhappiness A Missionary Father's Tales. Second of a house given over to unbelief. The Series. By the Rev. Henry Bleby. Lonauthoress possesses skill in the art of don : Wesleyan Mission-House. We renarration, and no little power of pathos. commend this book to intelligent young She enforces, with evident earnestness, the people, and to older readers as well. It lesson that true domestic peace can be ob- contains lessons for the more thoughtful. tained only by seeking first the kingdom The writer possesses a quick eye, a retenof God and His righteousness, but that tive memory, and a facile descriptive with the peace of God in the heart the power, which neither allows nor needs mere severest trials can be surmounted and the imagination to trick out the truth. He barden of daily difficulty borne. Mrs. does himself scant justice in calling these Bleby might, perhaps, have given a tales ; they are historiettes, as instructive Methodist tale & more direct Methodist as they are interesting. interest ; but this, her first attempt as a writer of stories, gives promise of yet The White Cross and Dove of Pearls. more successful efforts.

By Sarson. London : Hodder and

Stoughton.-We are glad to see a new and Methodist Temperance Magazine. Vol. very cheap, though tastefully got up ediXI. 1878. London : Elliot Stock, Pater- tion of one of the purest and healthiest, as noster Ron. - Maintains the general well as one of the most fascinatingły intecharacter of former years. Several of resting stories we have ever read. Our the articles are of unusual interest. We authoress has a wonderful power of dehave eloquence from the pen of the Rev. picting human nature in a variety of Charles Garrett; science culled from Drs. forms ; and the descriptions of North York. Gull and Richardson ; statistics from Mr. shire scenery and customs, with the bits of Hoyle ; plain common sense from John Northern dialect judiciously introduced, Ploughman; and tales by a variety of but not overdone, greatly add to the charm authors. It is a wonder how the editors of the book. It will well repay the money can produce fresh matter, year after year, spent in the purchase of it, and the time on the same subject. The engravings are spent in its perusal. more varied than usual and form an attractive feature in the volume, but they would Brownlow North, B.A., Oxon : Recshow to more advantage on thicker paper. ords and Recollections. By the Rev.

Kenneth Moody Stuart, M.A. London: Ten Nights in a Bar-Room. By T. S. Hodder and Stoughton. 1878.–For an extended notice of this most interesting and edifying book we must refer our readers to this Magazine for February last.

Won at Last ; or, Memoirs of Captain George and Mrs. Hannah Smith, of Bridlington Quay and York. By their Eldest Son, the Rev. Thornley Smith. London : Published for the Author at the Wesleyan Conference Office. We

are glad to see a new edition of a biography of more than ordinary interest. The thrilling adventures of the Captain's early years, and the unfeigned faith' of himself and his wife through a long and troubled course, are well worthy of record, and are worthily recorded. The book will be specially useful to young people,

OBITUARIES. MRS. LODGE, of Stow-on-the-Wold, sudden and sharp complaint, which soon widow of Mr. Charles Lodge, was the proved fatal. The closing scene is thus daughter of Mr. Alcock, of Hanley. When described by her daughter: • My mother but a girl she was led to hear the fell very calmly asleep in Jesus on Sunday Word of God amongst the Methodists, morning last. The presence of God was and the result was a deep conviction of with us all. The influence of that night sin, and of her need of salvation. Her was very holy.... Mother felt no care, and alarm and anxiety became very great, and apparently no pain, and was calmly engaged though she had to endure some opposition, in pray er almost to the last moment." not to say persecution, yet she persevered

HENRY BADGER. until she obtained the knowledge of salvation by the remission of sins. To her it MRS. AKERMAN, of Natal, died in seemed as if a voice said, “Be of good London on December 13th, 1876, aged cheer, thy sins are forgiven thee.' She fifty-seven years. She was the daughter was then about seventeen years of age. of Mr. Christopher Stantial, of Corsham, From that time until her departure, at a very eminent Christian, connected with seventy-four years of age, she was enabled the Independent Church there, in which to hold on her even course. No wonder, he was for years an office-bearer. His therefore, that the chamber where she died daughter Jane, early the subject of reliwas ' quite in the verge of heaven.'

gious impressions, was soundly converted In the late Mr. Lodge she met with a to God under the ministry of a Baptist partner like-minded with herself. She was Pastor in Corsham, and became a member a helpmeet for him ; and their one child, of a Baptist Church. In the year 1850 she who was early in life led to the Saviour, was married to Mr. J. W. Akerman, the is now following in the steps of her parents. youngest son of the late Rev. James Mr. and Mrs. Lodge were remarkable for Akerman, Wesleyan Minister. Of their the regularity and punctuality with which four children only one survives. Soon they attended the means of grace. To the after marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Akerman support of the cause of God they contri- emigrated to Natal; and from that time buted liberally, and from the time of Mr. Mrs. Akerman connected herself with the Lodge's death till that of Mrs. Lodge, Wesleyan Church, of which she continued a she continued, according to his wish, to member during the remaining twenty-seven pay regularly his quarterage and his sub- years of her life. In 1876, the Earl of Carscription to the Foreign Mission Funds. narvon having convened a South African

When they retired from business, they Conference, to be held in London, the sought a dwelling as near to the sanctuary Legislative Council of Natal elected Mr. as possible, and were providentially suc- Akerman M.L.C. as a delegate to proceed cessful. And good use did they make of to England on its behalf. He brought the privilege thus afforded. It was not his wife and daughter with him, His my pleasure to know Mr. Lodge ; but Mrs. official engagements having terminated, the Lodge it was my privilege to meet, and I family was making preparations for an found her patiently and hopefully waiting early return to Natal, when a most mysterito be called to the presence of the Lord. ous visitation terminated in her death. She

As the winter of 1875 drew on, her lived her religion from day to day, without health began to fail, and she became the ostentation, yet decidedly and persistently. subject of some natural depression, but Many a one in Pietermaritzberg, Natal, still her heart and hope were fixed. “I seem,' will cherish the recollection of Mrs. Akershe said, 'not to be so joyous as I used to man as the Sabbath-school teacher, the be, but I have no doubt all will be right.' visitor of the sick, the distributer of alms,

A few weeks before her death she re- the friend of the helpless; and will share solved to move to Chipping-Norton, to be in the grief of her relatives. How ansearchwith her only child. On the 23rd of able are the ways of God! March, however, she was attacked with a



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