Imágenes de páginas

They return to Canaan


laden with rich presents

B. C. 1707.

B. C. 1707.

A. M. 2297. neck, and wept; and Benjamin | Joseph gave them wagons, accord- A. M. 2297. wept upon his neck.

ing to the commandment of Pha15 Moreover he kissed all his brethren, and raoh; and gave them provision for the way. wept upon them: and after that his brethren 22 To all of them he gave each man changes talked with him.

of raiment; but to Benjamin he gave three 16 And the fame thereof was heard in hundred pieces of silver, and five changes of Pharaoh's house, saying, Joseph's brethren raiment. are come: and it pleased Pharaoh well, and 23. And to his father he sent after this manhis servants.

ner; ten asses • laden with the good things * 17 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Say unto of Egypt, and ten she-asses laden with corn thy brethren, This do ye : lade your beasts, and bread and meat for his father by the way and go, get you unto the land of Canaan ;., 24 So he sent his brethren away, and they

18 'And take your father, and your house-, departed : and he said unto them, See that holds, and come unto me: and I will give you ye fall not out by the way. the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall 25 And they went up out of Egypt, and eat the fat of the land.

came into the land of Canaan unto Jacob their 19 Now thou art commanded, this do ye.; father, take you wagons out of the land of Egypt for 26 And told him, saying, Joseph is yet alive, your little ones, and for your wives, and bring and he is governor over all the land of Egypt. your father, and come.

* And u Jacob's heart fainted, for he believed 20 Also, P regard not your stuff; for the them not. good of all the land of Egypt is yours. 27. And they told him all the words of 21 And the children of Israel did so: and Joseph, which he had said unto them : and

- Heb. was good in the eyes of Pharaoh ; chap. xli. 37. 9 Heb. mouth; Num. iii. 16. - Chap. xliii. 34. Heb: •Chap. xxvii. 28; Num. xxiii. 12, 29. -P Heb. let not your eyes carrying Job xxix. 24; Psa. cxxvi. ; Luke xxiv. 11, 41.

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spare, &c.

u Heb. his,

falling on the neck signifies no more than kissing the prepared meat, some made-up dish, delicacies, confeca neck or shoulders, with the arms around.

tionaries, &c. As the word is used, 2 Chron. xvi. 14, Verse 20. Regard not your stuff] Literally, Let for aromatic preparations, it may be restrained in its not your eye spare your instruments or vessels

. De meaning to something of that kind bere. In Asiatic keleychem, a general term, in which may be included countries they have several curious methods of prehousehold furniture, agricultural utensils, or implements serving flesh by potting, by which it may be kept for of any description. They were not to delay nor en- any reasonable length of time sweet and wholesome. cumber themselves with articles which could be readily Some delicacy, similar to the savoury food which Isaac found in Egypt, and were not worth so long a carriage. loved, may be here intended; and this was sent to Ja

Verse 21. Joseph gave them wagons] ninay agaloth, cob in consideration of his age, and to testify the refrom Say agal, which, though not used as a verb in the spect of his son. Of other kinds of meat he could Hebrew Bible, evidently means to turn round, roll need none, as he had farge herds, and could kill a lamb, yound, be circular, &c.; and hence very properly ap- kid, sheep, or goat, whenever he pleased. plied to wheel carriages. It appears from this that Verse 24. See that ye fall not out by the way.) This such vehicles were very early in use, and that the road prudent caution was given by Joseph, to prevent his from Egypt to Canaan must have been very open and brethren from accusing each other for having sold him; much frequented, else such carriages could not have and to prevent them from envying Benjamin, for the passed by it.

superior favour shown him by his brother. It is strange, Verse 22. Changes of raiment] It is a common but-so it is, that children of the same parents are apt custom with all the Asiatic sovereigns to give both to envy each other, fall out, and contend; and theregarments and money to ambassadors and persons of fore the exhortation in this verse must be always seadistinction, whom they particularly wish to honour. sonable in a large family. But a rational, religious Hence they keep in their wardrobes several hundred education will, under God, prevent every thing of this changes of raiment, ready made up for presents of this sort, kind. That such were given by way of reward and Verse 26. Jacob's heart fainted] Probably the good honour, see. Judges xiv. 12, 19; Rev. vi. 11. At the news so overpowered him as to cast him into a swoon. close of a feast the Hindoos, among other presents to He believed them not—he thought it was too good news the guests, commonly give new garments. A Hindoo to be true ; and though it occasioned his swooning, yet garment is merely a piece of cloth, requiring no work on his-recovery he could not fully credit it. See a of the tailor.- Ward.

similar case, Loke xxiv. 41. Verse 23. Meat for his father by the way:) jun Verse 27. When he saw the wagons--the spirit of mazon, from si zan, to 'prepare, provide, &c. Hence Jacob—-revived] The wagons were additional eviJacob's joy upon hearing


that Joseph was yet alive. A. M. 2297. when he saw the wagons' which 28 And Israel said, It is enough; A. M. 2297

B. C. 1707. Joseph had sent to carry him, the Joseph my son is yet alive: I spirit of Jacob their father revived :

will and see him before I die.

B. C. 1707.

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dences of the truth of what he had heard from his desolate father, in whose affection he himself had long sons; and the consequence was, that he was restored lived, is the most difficult to be satisfactorily accounted to fresh vigour, he seemed as if he had gained new for. Unless the Spirit of prophecy had assured him life, 'nni vattechi, and he lived; revirit, says the Vul- that this experiment would terminate in the most fagate, he lived afresh. The Septuagint translate the vourable manner, his conduct in making it cannot well original word by ave[wtupnoe, which signifies the blow-be vindicated. To such prophetic intimation this coning and stirring up of almost extinguished embers that duct has been attributed by learned men, and we may had been buried under the ashes, which word St. Paul say that this consideration, if it does not untie the knot, uses, 2 Tim. i. 6, for stirring up the gift of God. The at least cuts it. Perhaps it is best to say that 'in all passage at once shows the debilitated state of the vene- these things Joseph acted as he was directed by a prorable patriarch, and the wonderful effect the news of vidence, under the influence of which he might have Joseph's preservation and glory had upon his mind. been led to do many things which he had not previously

Verse 28. It is enough; Joseph my son is yet alive] designed. The issue proves that the hand of God's It was not the state of dignity to which Joseph had wisdom and goodness directed, regulated, and governed arisen that particularly affected Jacob, it was the con-, every circumstance, and the result was glory to God in sideration that he was still alive. It was this that the highest, and on earth, peace and good will among men. caused him to exclaim 27 rab; much! multiplied ! 4. This chapter, which contains the unravelling of my son is yet alive! I will go and see him before I the plot, and wonderfully illustrates the mysteries of die.” None can realize this scene; the words, the these particular providences, is one of the most incircumstances, all refer to indescribable feelings. teresting in the whole account : the speech of Joseph

to his brethren, ver. 1-13, is inferior -only to that of 1. IN Joseph's conduct to his brethren there are Judah in the preceding chapter. He saw that his several things for which it is difficult to account. It brethren were confounded at his presence, that they is strange, knowing how much his father loved him, were struck with his present power, and that they keenly that he never took an opportunity, many of which must remembered and deeply deplored their own guilt. '. It have offered, to acquaint him that he was alive; and was necessary to comfort them, lest their hearts should that self-interest did not dictate the propriety of this have been overwhelmed with overmuch sorrow. How to him is at first view surprising, as his father would delicate and finely wrought is the apology he makes undoubtedly have paid his ransom, and restored him to for them! the whole heart of the affectionate brother liberty : but a little reflection will show that prudence is at once seen in it-art is confounded and swallowed dictated secrecy. · His brethren, jealous and envious up by nature—“ Be not grieved, nor angry. with yourin the extreme, would soon have found out other methods selves—it was not you that sent me hither, but God.of destroying his life, had they again got him into their What he says also concerning his father shows the power. Therefore for his personal safety, he chose warmest feelings of a benevolent and filial heart. ' Inrather to be a bond-slave in Egypt than to risk his life deed, the whole chapter is a master-piece of composis. by returning home. On this ground it is evident that tion; and it is the more impressive because it is evi-, he could not with any safety have discovered the place dently a simple relation of facts just as they occurred; of his residence.

for no attempt is made to heighten the effect by rhe- . 2. His carriage to his brethren, previously to his torical colouring or philosophical reflections ; it is all making himself known, appears inexcusably harsh, if simple, sheer nature, from beginning to end. It is a not vindictive ; but when the men are considered, it history that has no fellow, crowded with incidents as will appear sufficiently evident that no other means probable as they are true ; where every passion is called would have been adequate to awaken their torpid con- into action, where every one acts up to his own chasciences, and bring them to a due sense of their guilt. racter, and where nothing is outre in time, or extravaA desperate disease requires a desperate remedy. The gant in degree. Had not the history of Joseph formed event justified all that he did, and God appears to have a part of the sacred Scriptures, it would have been been the director of the whole.

published in all the living languages of man, and read 3. His conduct in requiring Benjamin to be as it throughout the universe ! But it contains the things were torn away from the bleeding heart of an aged, I of God; and to all such the carnal mind is enmity,

CHAPTER XLVI. Jacob begins his journey to Egypt, comes to Beer-sheba, and offers sacrifices to God, 1. God appears to him

in a vision, gives him gracious promises, and assures him of his protection, 2–4. He proceeds, with his family and their cattle, on his journey towards Egypt, 5-7. A genealogical enumeration of the seventy persons who went down to Egypt, 8, fc.'. The posterity of Jacob by Lear. Reuben and his sons, 9, Simeon and his sons, 10. Levi and his sons, 11. Judah, and his sons, 12. Issachar and his sons, 13.

Jacob and his family

go into Egypt. And Zebulun and his sons, 14. AU the posterity of Jacob by Leah, thirty, and three, 15.

The posterity of Jacob by ZILPAH. Gad and his sons, 16.'. Asher and his sons, 17., All the posterity of Jacob by Zilpah, sixteer, 18. : The posterity of Jacob by Rachel. Joseph and his sons, 19, 20, Benjamin and his sons, 21. All the posterity of Jacob by Rachel, fourteen, 22. The posterity of Jacob by Bilhah. Dan and his sons; 23. Naphtali and his sons, 24. All the posterity of Jacob by Billah, seven, 25. All the immediate descendants of Jacob by his four wives, threescore and six, 26; and all the descendants of the house of Jacob, seventy.souls, 27. Judah is sent before to inform Joseph of his father's coming, 28. Joseph goes to Goshen to meet Jacob, 29. Their affecting interview, 30. Joseph proposes to return to Pharaoh, and inform him of the arrival of his family, 31, and of their occupation, as keepers of cattle, 32, Instructs them what to say when called before Pharaoh, and questioned by him, that they might be per

mitted to dwell unmolested in the land of Goshen, 33, 34. A. M. 2298. AND Israel - took his journey and their little ones

, and their wives, A. M: 2209. B. C. 1706.

with all that he had, and came in the wagons, which Pharaoh had to · Beer-sheba, and offered sacrifices bunto sent to carry him. the God of his father Isaac.

6 And they took their cattle, and their goods, 2 And God spake unto Israel in the visions which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob. And and came into Egypt,' Jacob, and all his seed he said, Here am I.

with him : 3 And he said, I am God, the God of thy 7 His sons, and his sons' sons with him, father : fear not to go down into Egypt; for his daughters, and his sons' daughters, and all I will there e make of thee a great nation : his seed brought he with him into Egypt.

4 'I will go down with thee into Egypt, 8 And n these are the names of the children and I will also surely bring thee up again : of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and and · Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes. his sons : Reuben, Jacob's first-born.

5 And i Jacob rose up from Beer-sheba : and 9 And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi.

- Chap. xxi. 31,33 ; xxviii. 10. Chap. xxvi. 24, 25; xxviii. 5 Chap. xv. 16; 1. 13, 24, 25; Exod. iii. 8,- – Chap. 1. 1: 13 xxxi. 42. Chap: xv. l; Job xxxiii. 14, 15. — Chap: Aets vií. 16. _k Chap. xlv. 19, 21. Deut. xxvi. 5; Josh. Xviii. 13. -Chap. xii. 2; Deut. xxvi. 5. -Chap: xxviii. xxiv, 4; Psa. cv. 23.; Isa. lii. 4. - Exod. i. l; vi. 14. 15; xlvii. 21.

Num. xxvi. 5; 1 Chron. v. J.



eyes. It is not likely that Jacob would have Verse 1, And came to Beer-sheba] This place ap- at all attempted' to go down to Egypt, had he not repears to be mentioned, not only because it was the way 1 ceived these assurances from God; and it is very likely from Hebron, where Jacob resided, to Egypt, whither that he offered his sacrifice merely to obtain this inhe was going, but because it was a consecrated place, formation. It was now a time of famine in Egypt, a place where God had appeared to Abraham, chap. and God had forbidden his father Isaac to go down to xxi. 33, and to Isaac, chap. xxvi. 23, and where Jacob Egypt when there was a famine there, chap. xxvi. is encouraged to expect a manifestation of the same 1-3 ;. besides, he may have had some general intimagoodness : he chooses therefore to begin his journey tion of the prophecy delivered to his grandfather Abrawith a visit to God's house; and as he was going into ham, that his seed should be afflicted in Egypt, chap. a strange land, he feels it right to renew his covenant xv. 13, 14; and he also knew that Canaan, not Egypt, with God by sacrifice. - There is an old proverb which was to be the inheritance of his family, chap. xii., &c. applies strongly to this case : Prayers and provender On all these accounts it was necessary to have the most never hinder any man's journey." He who would travel explicit directions from God, before he should take such safely must take God with him.

a journey Verse 3. Fear not to go down into Egypt] It ap-r Verse 7. All his seed brought he wilh him into pears that there had been some doubts in the patriarch’s Egyp!.]'When Jacob went down into Egypt he was mind relative to the propriety of this journey; he found, in the one hundred and thirtieth year of his age, two from the confession of his own sons, how little they hundred and fifteen years after the promise was made were to be trusted." But every doubt is dispelled by to Abraham, chap. xii. 1-4, in the year of the world this Divine manifestation. 1. He may go down con- 2298, and before Christ 1706. fidently, no evil' shall befall him. 2. Even in Egypt Verse 8. These are the names of the children of the covenant shall be fulfilled, God will make of him Israel] It may be necessary to observe here, First, there a great nation. 3. God himself will acompany that several of these names are expressed differently him on his journey, be with him in the strange land, elsewhere, Jemuel for Nemuel, Jachin for Jarib, Gerand even bring back his bones to rest with those of his shon for Gershom, &c.; compare Num: xxvi. 12; 1 fathers. . 4. He shall see Joseph, and this same be- Chron. iv. 24. But it is no uncommon case for the loved son shall be with him in his last hours, and do same person to have different names, or the same the last kind office for him. Joseph shall put his hand | name to be differently pronounced; see cháp. xxv. 15.

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B. C. 1706.

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Enumeration of the seventy

GENESIS. persons who went into Egypt. 10 And the sons of Simeon; his daughters were thirty and A. M. 2298.

p Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, three. and a Jachin, and · Zohar, and Shaul the son of 16 And the sons of Gad ; ? Zipbion, and a Canaanitish woman.

Haggi, Shuni, and a Ezbon, Eri; and Arodi, 11 And the sons of Levi; + Gershon, Ko- and Areli. hath, and Merari.

.17 And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and 12 And the sons of u Judah ; Er, and Onan, Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zarah : but sister : and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and

Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. Malchiel.
And w the sons of Pharez were Hezron and 18. These are the sons of Zilpah, e whom

Laban gave to Leah, his daughter; and these 13 » And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and she bare unto Jacob, even sixteen souls. Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron.

19 The sons of Rachel ? Jacob's wife; 14 And the sons of Zebulun ; Sered, and Joseph and Benjamin. Elon, and Jahleel.

20 % And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt 15 These be the sons of Leah, which she were born Manasseh and Ephraim, which : bare unto Jacobin Padan-aram, with his Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah 5 priest daughter Dinah : all the souls of his sons and of On bare unto him.

• Exod. vi. 15; I Chron: iv, 24.--- -p Or, Nemuel. -9 Or, x i Chron. vii. 1. Or, Puah, and Jashub. -- Num. xxvi. Jarib. - Or, Zerak; 1 Chron. iv. 24. i Chron. vi. I, 16. 15, &c., Zephon. — Or, Özni.- Or, Arod.- _c1 Chron. vij "Or, Gershom. - Chron. i. 3; iv, 21. - Chap. xxxviii. 30. — Chap. xxx. 10. Le Chap. xxix. 24. Chap. xliv. 27. 3, 7, 10.-" Chap. xxxviii. 29; 1 Chron. 11. 5. .

8 Chap. xli. 50.- Or, prince.

Secondly, that it is probable that some names in this list found in either the Hebrew or the Samaritan at present; are brought in by prolepsis or anticipation, as the per- and some suppose that it was taken either from sons were born (probably) during the seventeen years Num. xxvi. 29, 35, or 1 Chron. vii. 14-20, but in which Jacob sojgurned in Egypt, see ver. 12. Thirdly, none of these places does the addition appear as it that the families of some are entered more at large than stands in the Septuagint, though some of the names others' because of their peculiar respectability, as in the are found interspersed. Various means have been procase-of Judah, Joseph, and Benjamin ; but see the posed to find the serenty persons in the text, and to Lables under verse 20.

reconcile the Hebrew with the Septuagint and the New Verse 12. The sons of Pharez were Hezron and Testament. Hamul.] It is not likely that Pharez was more than A table given by Scheuchzer, extracted from the Meten years of age when he came into Egypt, and if so moires de Trevoux, gives the following general view; he could not have had children ; therefore it is necessary to consider Hezron and Hamul as being born du

The twelve sons of Jacob with their children and

grandchildren. ring the seventeen years that Jacob sojąurned in Egypt,

5 see on ver. 8: and it appears necessary, for several Reuben and his four sons

Simeon and his sir sons

tiny reasons, to take these seventeen years' into the account, as it is very probable that what is called the going down Levi and his three sons into Egypt includes the seventeen years which Jacob Judah and his seven sons and grandsons 8

Issachar and his four sons :

5 spent there.

Zebulun and his three sons . Verse 20. Unto Joseph-were born Manasseh and


Total sons. of Jacob and LEAH . Ephraim) There is a remarkable addition here in the


Septuagint, which must be noticed : Eyevovro de viol Gad and his seven sons .:.
Μανασση, ους ετεκεν αυτω ή παλλακη η Συρα, τον Μαχιρ:

Asher and his seven sons and grandsons. 8
Total sons of Jacob and ZILPAH .

16 Μαχιρ δε εγεννησε τον Γαλααδ.. Υιοι δε Εφραιμ αδελφου

3 Μανασση, Σουταλααμ και Τααμ. . Υιοι δε Σουταλααμ, Joseph and his two sons.

11 Εδεμ: These were the sons of Manasseh whom his Benjamin and his ten sons Syrian concubine bore unto him: Machir; and Má-.

Total sons of Jacob and RACHEL

14 Dan and his son

2 chir begat Galaad. The sons of Ephraim, Manas

5 seh's brother

, were Sutalaam and Taam ;' and the Naphtali and his four sens sons of Sutalaam, Edem.

These add five per

Total sons of Jacob and BilHAH sons to the list, and make out the number given by Stephen, Acts vii. 14, which it seems he had taken Total sons of Jacob and his four wives

70 from the text of the Septuagint, unless we could sup

“ To harmonize this with the Septuagint and St. pose that the text of Stephen had been allered to make Stephen, Acts vii. 14, to the number sixty-six (all the it correspond to the Septuagint, of which there is souls that came out of Jacob's loins, ver. 26) add nine not the slightest evidence from ancient MSS. or of the patriarchs' wives, Judah’s wife being already versions. The addition in the Septuagint is not i dead in Canaan, (chap. xxxviii. 12,) Benjamin being

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A. M. 2298.
B. C. 1706.

B. C. 1706.

Enumeration of the seventy.

CHAP. XLVI. persons who went into Egypt. 21 · And the sons of Benjamin 26 • All the souls that came with 4. M: 2298.

were Bela, and Becher, and Ash- Jacob into Egypt, which came out bel, Gera, and Naaman, “Ehi, and Rosh, of his loins, besides Jacob's sons' wives, all Muppim, and m Huppim, and Ard.

the souls were threescore and six ; 22 These are the sons of Rachel, which 27 And the sons of Joseph, which were were born to Jacob : all the souls were fourteen. born him in Egypt, were two souls : u all the 23 And the sons of Dan; • Hushim. souls of the house of Jacob, which came into 24 P And the sons of Naphtali; Jahzeel, and Egypt, were threescore and ten. Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem.

28 And he sent Judah before him unto Jo* 25 4 These are the sons of Bilhah; - which seph, "to direct his face unto Goshen,

and Laban gave unto Rachel his daughter, and they came w into the land of Goshen. she bare these unto Jacob: all the souls were 29 And Joseph made ready his chariot, and

went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen,


il Chron. viii 6; viii. 1.- Lk Num. xxvi. 38; Ahiraṁ. ham; Num. xxvi. 42.- -P1 Chron. vii. 13. —- Chap. xxx.5, 7. 1 Numbers xxvi. 39; Shupham; 1 Chron, vii. 12 ; Shuppim. Ch. xxix: 29.-• Exod. 1. 5.- Heb. thigh; chap. xxiv. 11.

Hupham, Num. xxvi. 39. — 1 Chron. vii. 12.-- Lo Or, Shu- Deut. x. 22 ; see Acts vii. 14. Ch. xxxi. 21.- #Ch. xlvii. 1.





supposed to be as yet unmarried, and the wife of Jo- turah. Thus does the New Testament'furnish an admiseph being already in Egypt, and therefore out of the rable comment on the Old.”—Analysis, vol., ii. p. 159. case : the number will amount to seventy-five, which is It is necessary to observe that this statement, which that found in the Acts." Universal History. appears on the whole the most consistent, supposes that

Dr. Hales' method is more simple, and I think more Judah was married when about fourteen years of age, satisfactory : “Moses states that all the souls that came his son Er at the same age, Pharez at the same, Asher with Jacob into Egypt, which issued from his loins, (ex- and his fourth son Beriah under twenty, Benjamin cept his sons' wives,) were sixty-six souls, Gen. xlvi. about fifteen, and Joseph's sons and grandsons about 26; and this number is thus collected :

twenty. But this is not improbable, as the children

of Israel must all have married at a very early age, to Jacob's children, eleven sons and one daughter 12

have produced in about two hundred and fifteen years Reuben's sons

no less than six hundred thousand persons

above lwenty Simeon's sons


yoars old, besides women and children. Levi's sons


Verse 28. He sent Judah before him unto Joseph] Judah's three sons and two grandsons


Judah was certainly a man of sense, and also an eloIssachar's sons :


quent man; and of him Joseph must have had a very Zebulun's sons


favourable opinion from the speech he delivered before Gad's sons

him, chap. xliv. 18, &c. ; he was therefore chosen as Asher's four sons, one daughter, and two grandsons

the most proper person to go before and announce JaDan's son


cob's arrival to his son Joseph. Naphtali's sons


To direct his face unto Goshen] The land of GoBenjamin's sons


shen is the same, according to the Septuagint, as the

land -of Rameses, and Goshen itself the same as 66

Heroopolis, 'Howwv Tokis Heroon-polis, the city of “ If to these sirty-six children, and grandchildren, heroes, a name by which it went in the days of the and great grandchildren, we add Jacob himself, Joseph Septuagint, and which it still retained in the time of and his two sons, the amount is seventy, the whole Josephus, for he makes use of the same term in speakamount of Jacob's family which settled in Egypt. ing of this place. See on ver. 34.

“ In this statement the wives of Jacob's sons, who Verse 29. And Joseph made ready his chariot] formed part of the household, are omitted ; but they vidio mercabto. In chap. xli. 43, we have the first amounted to nine, for of the twelve wives of the twelve mention of a chariot, and if the translation be correct, sons of Jacob, Judah's wife was dead, chap. xxxviii. it is a proof that the arts were not in a rudè state in 12, and Simeon's also, as we may colleot, from his Egypt even at this early time.

When we find wagons youngest son Shaul by a Canaanitess, ver. 10, and used to transport goods from place to place, we need Joseph's wife was already in Egypt. These nine not wonder that these suggested the idea of forming wives, therefore, added to the sixty-six, give seventy- chariots for carrying 'persons, and especially those of five souls, the whole amount of Jacob's household that high rank and authority. Necessity produces arts, went down with him to Egypt; critically correspond- and arts and science produce not only an increase of ing with the statement in the New Testament, that the conveniences but also of the refinements and luxu• Joseph sent for his father Jacob and all his kindred,ries of life. It has been supposed that a chariot is amounting to seventy-five souls.' The expression all not intended here ; for as the word no mercabah, his kindred, including the wives, which were Joseph's which we and most of the ancient versions translate kindred, not only by affinity, but also by consanguinity, chariot, comes from 337 rachab, he rode, saddling his being probably of the families of Esau, Ishmael, or Ke-horse may be all that is intended. But it is more

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