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who live on its borders, there is not a boat or a raft, either large or small, throughout its whole extent. Some three years since, a boat did exist here; but this being broken up from decay, has never been replaced; so that the new fish which are now and then taken, are caught by lines from the shore, nets never being used.

66 The conduct of the southern Arabs on the shores of the Yemen, forms a striking contrast in this particular to that of their brethren in the north. Along all the shores of Arabia Felix are small rafts, called Catamarans, composed of only four or five rude logs of wood lashed together, on which fishermen go out for several miles against a strong wind and boisterous 'sea, and remain often a whole day and night half immersed in water to procure supplies of fish for the market.

- When the sun had set, we retired into an inner room, which the whole of the family inhabited, including the Abuna and his wife, the elder son Yusuf, his wife MARTIIA, and the infant child IBRAHIM, with two grown boys, younger sons of the old man. The whole of the space appropriated to this number was about ten feet long, by six broad; and in the same enclosure, on a lower level, was a stall for two cows, and a little place apart for three pigs. Besides this, were to be seen above little bala conies, like large breeding cages for birds, which appeared to be store-rooms or lockers for provisions. The whole compass of the outer walls, which enclosed all these departments, was not a square of more than twelve feet at the utmost. The roof was flat, and composed of branches of wood laid across rude beams, and covered by mortar which formed the terrace

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above. The only ornament seen within, was the Cross daubed in red upon the walls, and repeated at every interval of space not otherwise occupied ; and even over the stall of the oxen, and the trough of the hogs, this emblem was conspicuously pourtrayed.

“ The hour of supper arrived, and a bowl of boiled wheat and dûrra, with oil, was produced for the family. I was turning up my sleeves to wash my hands in preparation for the meal, when the old man asked me, whether we had no provisions in our sack. I replied, that we had only taken sufficient for the day, and had finished it at Sook-el-Khan, being assured by the friars of Nazareth that we should find every thing we could desire here. He then said, “ You must purchase supper for yourselves. I replied, that we would not willingly intrude on his stock, and had therefore sought to purchase fish' at first; but that since none could be procured, we should content ourselves with whatever might be found. Four eggs were then produced from a cupboard in the house ; but before they were broken, eight paras were demanded of me for them. I desired that their number might be doubled, and the remaining eight paras were also asked for, before they were produced. Six paras were then claimed for oil to fry them in, though this was poured out of the same jar from which the lamp was filled, and they seemed to think they had laid us under great obligations to their hospitality in merely furnishing us with bread and shelter. All this was so contrary to the behaviour of Arabs in general, and so directly opposite to that of the Mohammedans, and of the Bedouins in particular, that we were forcibly struck with it. He made a hearty supper, however; and the old Abuna himself, after finishing his portion

of the family, bowl, came without ceremony to begia a new meal at our mess, of which he took at least an equal share. · 66 A number of visits were paid in the evening by

heads of christian families, and the topic of conversation was the heretical peculiarities of the English, and their lamentable ignorance of the true religion. Some insisted that none of them believed in the existence of a God; others thought it was still worse, that they did not bow to the Pope; many seemed to know that they did not hold the Virgin Mary in esteen, and that the crucifix was not worn by them; and all believed that there were neither churches, priests, fasts, festivals, nor pablic prayers, throughout the country, but that every one followed the devices of his own heart without restraint.

“ It would have been as easy to have moved a mountain, as to have changed opinions like these.”



“I now determined to ascend the Great Pyramid, and we walked together to the entrance, which is on the north side, where, leaving Mr. Salt and BELZONJ, I started with a few Arabs, to undertake the difficult task. It was by the north-east angle tliat I climbed up, for the stones which form the steps are from three to four feet high; but after mounting a considerable way, I was completely fatigued, and added to this, a violent north wind blew the sand from the desert continually'over me. If I looked down, I was affected with sickness, and I had no companion to stimulate · me by emulation : but my perseverance, which was

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Te Dynamids of Memhuis oi Djiza, as seen from a díslance of thrive Miles.

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