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CH A P. XXXVI.
of king Hezekiah, that Sennacherib king of Alyria came up against all the defenced cities of Judah, and took them.] He was the Son of Salmanafar, and Succeeded him in his Kingdom, as we Read in the Book of Tobit, 1. 15. .
Ver. 2. And the king of Asyria fent Rabshakeb from Lachip to Jerusalem, unto king Hezekiah with a great army : and be stood by the conduit of the 'upper pool, in the highmay of the fullers field.] Some of the Jews think that Sen. nacherib, having receiv'd the Tribute from Hezekiah, went to his own Land : But because Hezekiah did not continue to send it every Year, after some time he return'd to Judea again, and Besieg'd. Jerufalem : But there is not a word of this in the History, therefore it is more probable that having receiv?d the Mony he demanded, he made his Expedition into Egypt; 'of which Herodotus and others, and some think this Prophet also speaks, chap, 10. 26. 28. But as he was the first King of Allyria that Invaded Egypt; so he went no farther then to the entrance of it, 'Pelufium, which he could not take, and so at his return broke his Faith with Hezekiah, and notwithstanding his Present wherewith he pretended to be satisfy'd, laid Siege to Jerusalem. He took up his head Quarters, as we now speak, by the Conduit or Canal into which Water was deriv'd from the upper Fish-pond or Pool: Which was in the High-way to the Field where the Fullers, after they had wash'd their Cloaths in that Pool, were wont to spread them.
Ver. 3. Then came forth unto him Eliakim Hilkiahs fon, which was over the house, and Shebna the fcribe, and foah
Afaph's fon the Recorder.] Though the King would not vouchsafe to go himself yet he fent his major Domo, as they now speak, and his Secretary or Principal Doctor of the Law, and the Master of the Requests: For it is very uncertain what Officer Shebnah was, for he is faid to be over the House, Chap. 22. 15. and the LXX sometimes make him Treasurer; sometimes Scribe ; and Mr. Selden
language, for we understand it: and speak not to us in the Chapter Jews language, in the ears of the people that are on the wall.] XXXVI. I suppose Eliakim perceiv'd the People to be frighted with big words, and therefore intreated him in the Name of the other Commissioners sent to treat with him to speak no longer in the Jews Language, but in his own: For he was not sent to treat with the People, but with them who understood the Syrian Tongue very well.
Ver. 12. But Rabshakeh said, Hath my master sent me to thy master, and to thee, to speak these words? hath be not fent me to the men that fit upon the wall, that they may eat their own dung, and drink their own piss with you] To make them know that he will reduce them to the greatest Ex: tremity, if they do not submit to him: For it is an Hyperbolical Speech, importing such Streights as were never known.
Ver. 13. Then Rabshakeh stood, and cryed with a loud voice in the Jews language, and said, Hear ye the words of the great king, the king of Asyria.] He seems to have rais'd both Himself and his Voice higher, that he might be better heard by all.
Ver. 14. Thus faith the king, Let'not Hezekiah deceive you, for he shall not be able to deliver you.] He repeats with the greatest Assurance the Power of his King, and the Weakness of Hezekiah; representing from thence how they were deluded with empty Promises, if he perfwaded : them he should be able to preserve them.
Ver. 15. Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the Lord,, Saying, The Lord will surely deliver w, this city shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of Asyria.] This was . the highest Presumption to perswade them not to place :: their Hope in God: As if his Master was stronger. than he.
Ver. 16. Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus faith the king of Asyria, Make an agreement with me by a present, and come out to me: and eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig-tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern.] Having represented to them the Miseries. unto which a Siege would reduce thein, he invites them . to a Surrender upon advantageous Conditions.