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me the damsel to wife. And the sons of Jacob answered Sche- 13 chem and Hamor his father deceitfully, and said; (because he had defiled Dinah their sister) And they said unto them, We cannot do 14 this thing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised; for that were a reproach unto us: But in this will we consent unto you: 15 If ye will be as we be, that every male of you be circumcised; Then will we give our daughters unto you, and we will take 16 your daughters to us, and we will dwell with you, and we will become one people. But if ye will not hearken unto us, to be 17 circumcised; then will we take our daughter, and we will be gone. And their words pleased Hamor, and Shechem Hamor's 18 son. And the young man deferred not to do the thing, because he 19 had delight in Jacob's daughter: and he was more honourable
and with a double heart do they speak. Ps. one of them. I Sa. xvii. 26. 36. Tell it not xi. 2. The wicked is snared by the trans- in Gath (said David speaking of Saul's death), gression of his lips ; but the just shall come publish it not in the streets of Askelon ; lest out of trouble. Pr. xii. 13. A man's belly the daughters of the Philistines rejoice ; lest shall be satisfied with the fruit of his mouth, the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph. and with the increase of his lips shall he be 2 Sa. i. 20. And it came to pass after forty filled. Pr. xviii. 20. A false witness shall years from the time that David was anointed perish. A wicked man hardeneth his face. king), that Absalom said unto the king, I pray Pr. xxi. 28, 29. He that hateth dissembleth thee, let me go and pay my vow which I have with his lips, and layeth up deceit within vowed unto the Lord, in Hebron. 2 Sa. xv. 7, him ; when he speaketh fair, believe him not. And "she" (" Jezebel") wrote in the letters. Whose hatred is covered by deceit, his wicked- saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on ness shall be shewed before the whole congre- high among the people. 1 Ki. xxi. 9. And gation. Pr. xxvi. 24. 26. Our transgressions "he" (" Herod") sent "them" (" the wise are with us in transgressing, and lying against men") to Beth-lehem, and said, Go and search the Lord ; conceiving and uttering from the diligently for the young child; and when ye heart words of falsehood. Is. lix. 12, 13. have found him, bring me word again, that I They all lie in wait for blood; they hunt may come and worship him also. And when every one his brother with a net. Mi. vii. 2. they were departed, behold the angel of the Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, rather give place unto wrath ; for it is written, Arise, and take the young “child” (“ Jesus”) Vengeance is mine: I will repay, saith the Lord. and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be Rs. xii. 19. See that none render evil for thou there until I bring thee word ; for Herod evil unto any man. 1 The. v. 15. Say ye will seek the young child, to destroy him. (said the elders), His disciples came by night, Mat. ii. 8. 13. See Mat. xxiii. And he and stole "him" ("the body of Jesus") (Abraham) received the sign of circumcision, away while we slept. Mat. xxviii. 13.
a seal of the righteousness of the faith which 14 Uncircumcised.] See chap. xvii. 11. and he had, yet being uncircumcised; that he com. Make thee sharp knives (said the Lord might be the father of all them that believe, to Joshua), and circumcise the children of though they be not circumcised. Ro. iv. 11. Israel at the hill of the foreskins. Now all 15 If ye will be as we be.] Brethren, I the people that came out (of Egypt) were beseech you, be as I am; for I am as ye are. circumcised ; but all the people that were born Ga. iv. 12. in the wilderness by the way as they came 19 Because he had delight.] And Jacob forth out of Egypt, them they had not cir- served seven years for Rachel, and they cumcised. And the Lord said unto Joshua, seemed unto him but a few days for the love This day have I rolled away the reproach of he had to her. Ge. xxix. 20. Love is strong Egypt from off you. Jos. v. 3. 5. 9. And as death. Ca. viii. 6. The Lord delighteth Jonathan said to the young man that bare his in “ thee" (his “ Church"), and thy land armour, Come, and let us go over unto the shall be married. Is. Ixii. 4. garrison : of these uncircumcised (Philistines) More honourable, &c.] Thou (said Pharaoh it may be that the Lord will work for us. to Joseph) shalt be over my house, and ac1 Sa. xiv. 6. Who is this uncircumcised Phi- cording unto thy word shall all my people be listine, that “he" (" Goliath ") should defy ruled ; only in the throne will I be greater the armies of the living God? Thy “ser than thou. Ge. xli. 40. And Balak sent vant" ("David") slew the lion and the bear, yet again princes (to Balaam), more and more and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as honourable than they (whom he had sent be
20 than all the house of his father. And Hamor and Shechem his
son came unto the gate of their city, and communed with the men 21 of their city, saying, These men are peaceable with us; therefore
let them dwell in the land, and trade therein; for the land, behold,
it is large enough for them ; let us take their daughters to us for 22 wives, and let us give them our daughters. Only herein will the
men consent unto us for to dwell with us, to be one people, if
every male among us be circumcised, as they are circumcised. 23 Shall not their cattle, and their substance, and every beast of
their's, be ours? only let us consent unto them, and they will dwell 24 with us. And unto Hamor and unto Shechem his son hearkened
all that went out of the gate of his city; and every male was cir. 25 cumcised, all that went out of the gate of his city. And it came
to pass on the third day, when they were sore, that two of the
fore). Nu. xxii. 15. As the Lord liveth them with stones till they die. De. xvii. 5. (saith Solomon), which hath established me, Whoso keepeth his mouth and his tongue, and set me on the throne of David my father, keepeth his soul from troubles. Pr. xxi. 23. and who hath made me an house, as he pro- They (who turn judgment to wormwood) hate mised, “ Adonijah” (his elder brother") shall him that rebuketh in the gate. Hate the evil be put to death this day. 1 Ki. ii. 24. Now (O Israel), and love the good, and establish Naaman, captain of the host of the king of judgment in the gate ; for I know your maniSyria, was a great man with his master and fold transgressions, and your mighty sins : honourable. 2 Ki. v. l. And Jabez was They afflict the just; they take a bribe; and more honourable than his brethren. 1 Ch. iv. they turn aside the poor in the gate from their 9. The Lord of hosts doth take away from right. Am. v. 10. 15. 12. These are the Jerusalem the mighty man and the man of things that ye shall do: Speak ye every man war; the captain of fifty, and the honourable the truth to his neighbour; execute the judgman. And the people shall be oppressed, ment of truth and peace in your gates. Zee. every one by another, and every one by his viii. 16. neighbour. The child shall behave himself 22 See verses 15. 17. proudly against the ancient, and the base 24 Went out of the gate.] Ephron the Hittite against the honourable. Is. iii. 1, 2, 3. 5. answered Abraham in the audience of all that Therefore, my people are gone into captivity, went in at the gate of his city. And the field because they have no knowledge, and their and the cave (of Machpelah) which was there honourable men are famished. Is. v. 13. in, &c. &c. were made sure unto Abraham for Who hath taken this counsel against Tyre, the a possession, before all that went in at the crowning city, whose merchants are princes, gate of his city. Ge. xxiii. 10. 17, 18. whose traffickers are the honourable of the Every male was circumcised.] See chap. earth? The Lord of hosts hath purposed it, to xvii. 23. and com. Hear the word of the stain the pride of all glory, and to bring into Lord, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the contempt all the honourable of the earth. Is. law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah. xxiii. 8, 9. But the Jews stirred up the Wash you, make you clean; put away the devout and honourable women, and the chief evil of your doings from before inine eyes ; men of the city, and raised persecution against cease to do evil. Is. i. 10. 16. Give not Paul and Barnabas. Ac. xiii. 50. Therefore that which is holy to the dogs, neither cast ye (because they searched the Scriptures daily) your pearls before swine, lest they trample many of "them" ("the Bereans") believed; them under their feet, and turn again and also of honourable women which were Greeks, rend you. Mat. vii. 6. He is not a Jew and of men, not a few. Ac. xvii. 12.
which is one outwardly: neither is that are 20 The gate of their city.) Thy (Abraham's) cumcision which is outward in the flesh. But seed shall possess the gate of his enemies. Ge. he is a Jew which is one inwardly; and airxxii. 17. And Ephron the Hittite answered cumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit Abraham (who asked to purchase the field and and not in the letter; whose praise is not of cave of Mach pelah), in the audience of the men, but of God. Ro. ii. 28, 29. Circunchildren of Heth, even of all that went in at cision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothe gate of his city. Ge. xxiii. 10. Then thing, but the keeping of the commandments shalt thou bring forth that man, or that wo- of God. I Co. vii. 19. man, which have committed “that wicked 25 Sore.] The children of Israel walked thing" (“ serving other gods"), unto thy gates, forty years in the wilderness, till all the people even that man or that woman, and shalt stone that were men of war, which came out od
sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brethren, took each man his sword, and came upon the city boldly, and slew all the males. And they slew Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the 26 sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem's house, and went out. The sons of Jacob came upon the slain, and spoiled the city, be- 27 cause they had defiled their sister. They took their sheep, and 28 their oxen, and their asses, and that which was in the city, and that which was in the field, And all their wealth, and all their 29 little ones, and their wives took they captive, and spoiled even all that was in the house. And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, 30 Ye have troubled me to make me to stink among the in
Egypt, were consumed. And it came to pass, were in the king's provinces gathered themwhen they had done circumcising all the peo- selves together, and stood for their lives, and ple who had been born in the wilderness, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their had not been circumcised), that they abode in foes seventy and five thousand; but they laid their places in the camp till they were whole. not their hands on the prey. Es. ix. 10. 16. Jos. V. 6. 8.
The love of money is the root of all evil, Simeon and Levi.] See chap. xxix. 33, 34. which, while some coveted after, they have sad com. And they (Israel) warred against erred from the faith, and pierced themselves the Midianites, as the Lord commanded through with many sorrows. 1 Ti. vi. 10. Moses, and they slew all the males. And They had defiled their sister.] See verse 2. Moses said unto them, Kill every male among 31. Who made thee a prince and judge over the little ones. Nu. xxxi. 7. 17. They sleep us? Intendest thou to kill me as "thou" not, except they have done mischief; and (“Moses") killedst the Egyptian ? And Moses their sleep is taken away unless they cause feared, and said, Surely this thing is known. some to fall. Pr. iv. 16. if he (a thief) be Ex. ii. 14. But the children of Israel comfound, he shall restore seven-fold. “He" mitted a trespass in the accursed thing: for ("a man in the day of vengeance”) will not Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, regard any ransom; neither will he rest con- the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took tent, though thou givest many gifts. Pr. vi. of the accursed thing; and the anger of the 31. 35.
Lord was kindled against the children of All the males, &c.] See chap. xlix. 6. and Israel. When I saw (said Achan) among the com. O my soul, come not thou into “ their spoils a goodly Babylonish garment, and two secret" (" that of Simeon and Levi," said Ja- hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of cob): unto their assembly, mine honour, be gold, of fifty shekels weight, then I coveted not thou united; for in their anger they slew them; and behold, they are hid in the earth, a man, and in their self-will they digged down in the midst of my tent, and the silver under a wall. Ge. xlix. 6. But Hezekiah rendered it. Jos. vii. 1. 21. See verse 13. and com. not again (unto the Lord) for the benefit done 28 They took their sheep.] Kill every male unto him, for his heart was lifted up; there among the little ones, and kill every woman fore there was wrath upon him, and upon that hath known man. And of the children Judah and Jerusalem. 2 Ch. xxxii. 25. of Israel's half, thou shalt take of the beeves,
26 Edge of the sword. I will make mine of the asses, and of the flocks of all manner of arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall beasts, and give them unto the Lord. Nu. devour flesh; and that with the blood of the xxxi. 17. 30. (Beware lest) thou say in thine slain, and of the captives, from the beginning heart, My power and the might of mine hand of revenges upon the enemy. De. xxxii. 42. hath gotten me this wealth : but thou shalt Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall remember the Lord thy God, for it is he that the sword devour for ever? Knowest thou not giveth thee power to get wealth, that he may that it will be bitterness in the latter end ? establish his covenant which he sware unto How long shall it be, then, ere thou bid the thy fathers, as it is this day. De. viii. 17, 18. people return from following their brethren? The Sabæans fell upon " them" (" the oxen and 2 Sa. ii. 26. Then shall the Assyrian fall the asses of Job"), and took them away; yea, with the sword, not of a mighty man; and they have slain the servants with the edge of the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour the sword. The fire of God has fallen from him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his heaven, and hath burnt up the sheep, and the young men shall be discomfited. Is. xxxi. 8. servants, and consumed them. Job i. 15, 16.
27 Spoiled the city.] The ten sons of Ha- The triumphing of the wicked is short, and man, the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment. the Jews, slew they; but on the spoil laid Job xx. 5. they not their hand. But the other Jews that 30 Ye have troubled me.) Simeon and Levi
habitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites : and I being few in number, they shall gather themselves together
against me, and slay me; and I shall be destroyed, I and my house. 31 And they said, Should he deal with our sister as with an harlot?
1 And God said unto Jacob, Arise, go up to Beth-el, and dwell
there: and make there an altar unto God, that appeared unto thee 2 when thou fleddest from the face of Esau thy brother. Then
are brethren; instruments of cruelty are in lous works that he hath done, his wonders, their habitations. Cursed be their anger and the judgments of his mouth. I Chr. xvi. (said Jacob), for it was fierce; and their 12. When they were but a few men in numwrath, for it was cruel. Ge. xlix. 5. 7. And ber, yea, very few, and strangers in it: when Joshua said (to Achan), Why hast thou trou- they went from one nation to another, he bled us? The Lord shall trouble thee this suffered no man to do them wrong, &c. Ps. day. And all Israel stoned him with stones, cv. 12. and burned “them” (" all that he had") with A nd I shall be destroyed.] See chap. xii. fire, after they had stoned them with stones. 2. 12; xxviii. 13, 14. and com. And Samuel Jos. vii. 25. And “he” (“ Elijah") answered said, How can I go? If Saul hear it, be (Ahab), I have not troubled İsrael, but thou will kill me. 1 Sa. xvi. 2. (Abraham) who and thy father's house, in that ye have for against hope believed in hope, that he might saken the commandments of the Lord, and become the father of many nations, according thou hast followed Baalim. 1 Ki. xviii. 18. to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed And the sons of Carmi; Achar, the troubler be. He staggered not at the promise of God of Israel, who transgressed in the thing ac- through unbelief, but was strong in faith, cursed. 1 Ch. ii. 7. The merciful man doeth giving glory to God. Ro. iv. 18. 20. good to his own soul; but he that is cruel 31 Should he deal, &c.] See verse 13. and troubleth his own flesh. He that troubleth com. Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce, his own house shall inherit the wind. Pr. and “their” (“Simeon and Levi's") wrath, for xi. 17. 29. He that is greedy of gain troubleth it was cruel. Ge. xlix. 7. Jealousy is the his own house. Pr. xv. 27.
rage of a man; therefore he will not spare in To stink, &c.] And they (the officers of the the day of vengeance. Pr. vi. 34. children of Israel) said unto "them” (“ Moses and Aaron"), The Lord look upon you and Chap. XXXV.- God said unto Jacob.] judge ; because you have made our savour to See chap. xxii. 14. God is our refuge, and be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in strength, a very present help in trouble. Ps. the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in xlvi. 1. He (the godly man) shall call upea their hand to slay us. Ex. v. 21. And all me (saith the Lord), and I will answer him; Israel beard say, that Saul had smitten a I will be with him in trouble; I will deliver garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel also him, and honour him. Ps. xci. 15. was had in abomination with the Philistines. Beth-el.] And he (Jacob) built " there* 1 Sa. xiii. 4. And Achish believed David, (“at Luz") an altar, and called the place saying, He hath made his people Israel utterly El-beth-el: because there God appeared unto to abhor him in that he saved neither man nor him. Ge. xxxv. 7. See chap. xii. 8; xiii. 3, woman alive of the Kenites): therefore he shall 4; xxviii. 10. 22; xxxi. 3. 13. and com. He be my servant for ever. 1 Sa. xxvii. 12. shall choose our inheritance, the excellency of And when the children of Ammon saw that Jacob, whom he loved. Ps. xlvii. 4. When they had made themselves odious to David, thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay Hanun and the children of Ammon sent a it: pay that which thou hast vowed. Better thousand talents of silver, to hire them cha- is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that riots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia, &c. thou shouldest vow and not pay. Suffer not I Chr. xix. 6.
thy mouth to cause thy flesh to sin. Ec, Being few in number.] And the Lord shall 4, 5, 6. He (the Lord) found him (Jacob) in scatter you among the nations, and ye shall Beth-el; and there he spake with us. Ho si be left few in number among the heathen, 4. Behold upon the mountains the feet of whither the Lord shall lead you. De. iv. 27. him who bringeth good tidings, that pabThe Lord did not set his love upon you, nor lisheth peace. O Judah, keep thy solemn choose you, because ye were more in number feasts, perform thy vows. Na i. 15. than any people (for ye were the fewest of all When thou fleddest.) I flee (said Hagar te people). De. vii. 7. Remember his marvel- the angel that found her by a fountain of water)
Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and be clean,
from the face of my mistress Sarai. Ge. xvi. 8. ye forsake the Lord, and serve strange gods, and com. The days of mourning for my father then he will turn and do you hurt, and conare at hand (said Esau), then will I slay my sume you, after that he hath done you good. brother Jacob. And “she” (“ Rebekah") Now therefore, put away (said he) the strange sent and called Jacob, and said unto him, gods which are among you, and incline your Arise, flee thou to Laban my brother, to heart unto the Lord God of Israel. Jos. xxiv. Haran, until thy brother's anger turn away 20. 23. And they (Israel, being oppressed by from thee, and he forget that which thou hast the Ammonites) put away the strange gods done to him. Ge. xxvii. 41, 42, 43. 45. from among them, and served the Lord. Ju. When Pharaoh heard “this thing" (" that X. 16. And she (Naomi) said (unto Ruth), Moses slew the Egyptian"), he sought to slay Behold, thy “sister-in-law” (“Orpah") is Moses; but Moses fled from the face of Pha gone back unto her people, and unto her raoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian. Ex. gods. Ru. i. 15. And Samuel spake unto all ii. 15.
the house of Israel, saying, If ye do return 2 Unto his household.] For I know " him" unto the Lord with all your hearts, then put (" Abraham"), that he will command his away the strange gods and Ashtaroth from children and his houshold after him, and among you, &c.; he (the Lord) will deliver they shall keep the way of the Lord, to do you out of the hand of the Philistines. 1 Sa. justice and judgment, that the Lord may vii. 3. And what one nation in the earth is bring upon Abraham that which he hath like thy people, even like Israel, whom God spoken of him. Ge. xviii. 19. As for me went to redeem for a people to himself, and (zaid Joshua) and my house, we will serve to make him a name, and to do for you great the Lord. Jos. xxiv. 15. I will walk within things, and terrible, for thy land, before thy my house with a perfect heart. He that people, which thou redeemedst to thee from worketh deceit shall not dwell within my Egypt, from the nations and their gods? house: he that telleth lies shall not tarry in 2 Sa. vii. 23. Howbeit every nation made my sight. Ps. ci. 2. 7.
gods of their own, and put them in the houses Strange gods. Rachel had stolen the of the high places, which the Samaritans had images that were her father's. Now Rachel made. 2 Ki. xvii. 29. For all the gods of had taken the images, and put them in the the people are idols. i Chr. xvi. 26. How camels' furniture, and sat upon them. Ge. shall I pardon thee for this? Thy children xxxi. 19. 34. Thou shalt have no other gods have forsaken me, and sworn by them that are before me. Thou shalt not make unto thee no gods. Je. v. 7. So shall a man make any graven image, or any likeness of any thing gods unto himself, and they are no gods. Je. that is in heaven above, or that is in the xvi. 20. They drank wine, and praised the earth beneath, or that is in the water under gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, the earth. Ex. XX. 3, 4. Make no mention of wood, and of stone. Da. v. 4. This Paul of the name of other gods, neither let it be (said Demetrius, the silversmith) hath perheard out of thy mouth. Er. xxiii. 13. Thou suaded and turned away much people, saying, shalt have none other gods before me. De. v. 7. That they be no gods which are made with Ye shall not go after other gods, of the gods of hands. Ac. xix. 26. Neither be ye idolaters, the people which are round about you. De. vi. as were some of them (the Israelites in the 14. The graven images of their gods shall wilderness). 1 Co. x. 7. What concord hath ye burn with fire : thou shalt not desire the Christ with Belial ? And what agreement silver or gold that is on them, nor take it unto hath the temple of God with idols ? Wherethee, lest thou be snared therein, for it is an fore come out from among them, and be ye abomination to the Lord thy God. De. vii. separate, saith the Lord; and touch not the 25. I set before you this day, a blessing and unclean thing, and I will receive you. 2 Co. a curse; a curse if ye will not obey the com- vi. 15, 16, 17. Howbeit then, when ye knew mandments of the Lord your God, but turn not God, ye did service unto them, which by aside to go after other gods which ye have not nature are no gods. Ga. iv. 8. known. De. xi. 28. They (Israel) provoked Be clean, &c.] See chap. xxxiv. 2. 24, 25. him to jealousy with strange gods, with abo- And the Lord said unto Moses, Go unto minations provoked they him to anger. De. the people, and sanctify them to-day and Xxxii. 16. Neither make mention of “their" to-morrow, and let them wash their clothes. (" the nations'") gods, nor cause to swear by And Moses went down from the mount unto them, nor bow yourselves unto them. Jos. the people, and sanctified the people, and Xxiii. 7. Your fathers dwelt on the other they washed their clothes. Ex. xix. 10. 14. side of the flood in old time, even Terah, the And whosoever toucheth “his" bed (" who father of Abraham and the father of Nachor: hath the issue") shall wash his clothes, and and they served other gods. Jos. xxiv. 2. If bathe himself in water, and be unclean until