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the fort and on the osplanade, mention of done considerable damage along the beach which would very much interest your surrounding Back Bay, and the sea, we readers at out-stations, particularly the are informed, has made great encroachmilitary portion of them. Very few know ment on the property situated in that neighthat the town-hall has risen above its foun- bourhood. The walls and railings of sedation ; that the Company are building an veral Bungalows are injured. The house elegant mess-room for the regiment sta formerly occupied by the late Mr. Miltioned in Fort George ; and that an ex burn has suffered materially, and a consi. tensive hospital is nearly completed inside derable part of the garden wall has been that fort, for the sick of the regiment which thrown down; the Mussulmans' burialmay be stationed there. Nor do they in ground is said to be half washed away, and general know that a substantial range of the general damage amongst the cocos-nut tiled pendals or barracks have been built trees, oarts, &c. is stated to be very extenfor the Sepoys of two battalions on the es sive. The monsoon, as yet, liowever, bas planade, on the ground formerly occupied not been by any means unusually boisteby tents, that disfigured it. That the fish rous, and the rain has fallen in such quanmarket has been removed from their im- tity as, we trust, will produce a plentiful mediate neighbourhood, as well as the crop of grain along the coast.-(Bom. butchers' shambles, which latter are now Cour. July 19. on a building erected on pillars in the sea. We learn that a robbery and murder, of Government are also, for the convenience the most aggravated nature, had been comof the Sepoys, repairing a large tank near mitted on Tuesday last, near Bear Hill, the Bazur gate, and surrounding it with in Salsette. The story is thus told. Two flagstones, for them to wash their clothes men had been employed by a shroff, in on.-(Bom. Cour. July 19.

Bombay, to carry a quantity of money and On reference to the proceedings in the jewels to Poonah; while on their journey Recorder's court, it will be observed, that they were attacked at the above-mentioned Government have sanctioned the erection place, about six o'clock in the evening, of a penitentiary at that place, capable robbed of the whole of the property, to the of containing 175 prisoners. The avowed extent of between four and 5,000 rupees, object of this building is the necessity of and their bodies cut in a shocking manner; dividing persons merely confined for trial one of them is stated to have been alive from those who are under sentence for when found, but the head of the other was crimes of which they have already been absolutely severed from the body. found guilty. Such a regulation is one of The murderers made their escape ; but the highest importance, and appears to us

we are happy to learn that, through the acto be intimately connected with the state of tivity of the police, several people have the people. We rejoice to see that all the been apprehended upon strong grounds of improvements and refinements of Europe suspicion; and we sincerely hope that the are being daily introduced into this country, perpetrators of so desperate an outrage will and we hope, ere long, to have to announce not escape the hands of justice.-(Bom. the erection of a sinilar building here.— Cour. Aug. 2. Aug. 7.

MONUMENT TO THE MEMORY OP STEPHEN CASUALTIES, &c.

BA BINGTON, ESQ. Early on the morning of the 1st instant

It will probably be in the recollection the body of an old man, a Parsee, was dis of most of our readers that it was our covered lying in a shed at Mazogon, rear painful duty to announce in our obituary Belvidere, where, we are given to under of the 8th June 1822, the melancholy destand, he kept a small shop for the sale of cease of a much-respected member of our toddy. He had obviously been murdered, society, Mr. Stephen Babington, of the a large heavy stone having been found on Civil Service; and we are sure it will be his breast, and his neck exhibiting marks satisfactory to all who were acquainted with of violent strangulation. It is supposed that lamented individual, to know that a that the object of the murderers was to subscription for the erection of a monuobtain possession of a small sum of money ment to his memory, in St. Thomas's which the poor man was known to have church, set on foot by a few of his most accumulated, and which the villains suc intimate friends at this place, has received ceeded in carrying off, leaving no clue to such cordial support from his fellow sertrace them. A reward of three hundred vants, and other friends at the presidency rupees has, however, we are happy to find, and subordinates, as to have enabled the been offered for the discovery of the per gentlemen who undertook the management petrators of this outrage, and we sincerely of the subscription to realize the sum of bope it will lead to their apprehension. thirteen thousand five hundred rupees; (Bom. Gaz. July 9.

and after reserving sufficient funds to meet The late springs, although not attended the expense of erecting the monument on by any very severe weather, appear to have arrival, to remit through the liberality of

Government, who have been pleased to plan of it: but could not devise any very grant them a favourable rate of exchange, possible plan for remedying this abuse. bills on the Hon. the Court of Directors I am happy, however, to say, that a remedy for £1,425, in favour of Mr. Benja- is now in the course of being applied, as min Babington, of Aldermanbury, the the Court has received a communication brother of the deceased, who has been re from Government, stating that the Hon. quested to employ a sculptor of the first the Governor in Council had given direceminence in the execution of the work.- tions for the erection of a penitentiary, (Bom. Cour. June 7.

capable of containing 175 persons.

This certainly is a measure of the greatest uti. BOMBAY SESSIONS.

lity ; for you must be perfectly aware, that July 14, 1823.— The Sessions of Oyer in many cases of the most heinous offence, and Terminer commenced this day. After imprisonment is the only punishment short the usual preliminary forms, the Recorder

of death which the Court can inflict. I addressed the Grand Jury nearly as follows:

allude, principally, to offences committed “ Though the calendar, I am sorry to say,

by the European soldiery. Their transis rather a heavy one, both as to the num

portation to New South Wales is no pu. ber and quality of offences; yet it will re

nishment; on the contrary, the expectation quire but few remarks from me, as it con

of such sentence has frequently operated sists almost entirely of burglaries and lar

as a motive to the commission of crimes. ceny cases, which must have constantly

It is notorious, that the hope of being sent come before you, gentlemen, when sitting by the judgment of the Court to a better on former Grand Juries, and with the law

climate than this, has actually, in many relating to which, therefore, you must be

cases, prompted European soldiers to comthoroughly acquainted. I have one or two

mit the most dreadful crimes; and in other cases, however, on which I shall presently

instances to confess crimes which they had trouble you with a few words. At present,

never perpetrated. This measure of erectI must request your attention to another ing a penitentiary, which can give the subject, which equally falls within the line

Court the means of consigning convicts to of your duties : I mean the gaol.

imprisonment, and to an imprisonment “ As many of the gentlemen who are

which, for the regulations to be adopted, now present were meinbers of the last Grand will operate as a punishment. Jury, they must be aware that many alte

“ Gentlemen, I will make a few observarations were recommended by them, all of

tions also with respect to the debtor side of them, in my opinion, most judicious. This

the gaol. Since my arrival here I have recommendation was immediately landed paid this subject considerable attention, in by me to the Government ; in answer to

the hopes of being able to effect a dimninuwhich, a communication has been made to

tion in the number of prisoners confined the Court, that the Hon. the Governor in

for debt, without any injury to the public. Council had ordered the improvements

On looking to the list of debtors, I could Euggested to be carried into immediate not but be struck with some degree of astoeffect.

nishment at the long period for which some “ I am happy also to inform you, that

of the debtors tried had been imprisoned. another object, which, though it formed no It appears that the first debtor on the list part of the recommendation of the last has been in gaol since the 4th of June, in Grand Jury, had yet excited its attention, the year 1814, a period of just nine years. as well as that of former Grand Jurics, as With respect to this injustice, if it be one, well as that of myself when I visited the the Court has no power to remedy it, but gaol, is now likely to be effected. You application must be made to the Legislature. are, I do not doubt, aware that at present

The only insolvent act which is extended there is no classification of the criminal to this settlement is wbat is commonly prisoners; those who are comunitted to

called the Lord's act, by which prisoners gaol merely, or separation for safe custody confined for debts may apply to be distill trial, and whom therefore the law charged; but on the creditors undertaking considers as innocent, are usually with

to make the debtor a certain weekly allowshose who have been found guilty by a

ance, such application is to be refused; verdict of a Jury, and are confined there and if the creditor pays such allowance, for punishment.

the debtor may be confined in gaol for life. “ Again, a party committed for a petty

I cannot but think that it would be desitheft, or any trivial offence, is associated rable to have an insolvent act, which should, with those who have been convicted of the in some degree, limit the period of im. most heinous crimes, even murder: this prisonment extended to this country. I was most improper; but, from the want of am fully aware of the objections which space in the old gaol, it was not easy to

exist to the insolvent laws as they are estafind a remedy. The foreman of the Jury blished in England, and that those oband myself paid this subject considerable jections would apply even more strongly to attention. We examined the gaol, and a

such laws in this country. I am quite Asiatic Journ.--No. 99.

Vol. XVII.

2 Q

BIRTHS.

MARRIAGES.

aware that the present insolvent act has China.-21. Glenelg, Weddell, for Mabeen the source of the greatest possible dras and Bengal.--23. Bridgewater, Mitfrauds; that many persons, in the expecta chell, for China.--27. Royal George, Eltion of being discharged after a very short lerby, for London. --30. Ernaad, Jones, imprisonment, by the operation of the in- for Calcutta. solvent act, from all personal responsibility for their debts, have, without any prospect BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND of being able to discharge them, contracted

DEATHS. debts to a large amount; and that others, who have had property sufficient to pay July 30. At Surat, the lady of the Rev. their debts, have fraudulently assigned Wm. Fyvie, of a son. that property to others, and have gone to rug.9. At Ahmednuggur, the lady of gaol for the mere purpose of obtaining a Capt. Laurie, of the Artillery, of a son. personal exemption from legal process. Of 12. At Belleville, the lady of Major all this I am fully aware; but those ob Tucker, Dep.- Adjutant-General of the jections go not to the principle of the in Army, of a son. solvent laws, but to the period of imprison 20. The lady of John Wedderburn, ment required before a debtor can apply Esq., Civil Service, of a daughter. to be discharged. Under the present in 21. At Tannah, Mrs. Horne, of a solvent act in England, a debtor may ap daughter. ply to be discharged after a few days, or a 24. At Sattarah, the lady of Capt. Hen. few weeks' imprisonment. Such a pro Adams, of a boy. vision would be more unfit for this country 26. The lady of Capt. Bart, of a than for England, inasmuch as there is daughter. here much less moral feeling, much less Sept. 1. The lady of Chas. Keys, Esq., reliance to be placed upon oaths, much Master Attendant of the Hou. Company's greater prevalence of fraud, and much Marine, of a daughter. more difficulty in the detection of it. Any insolvent act which should be extended to this country, would require a considerable

July 26. At Baroda, Lieut. Duncan period of imprisonment before the debtor Wm. Shaw, commanding the Resident's should be entitled to his discharge; but I Escort, to Miss Ann Thompson, niece to think some insolvent act, to prevent incar Col. Prother, C. B. ceration for life, would be desirable. I 27. At Broach, Mr. Joseph Borges, to make these observations for the purpose of Elena Texeira, widow of the late Carlos your consideration, with a view to some Texeira. future measure, and not for the purpose

of

Sept. 2. Lieut. Houghton, of the Hon. asking you for any present decision. I Company's Marine, to Miss S. Henshaw. will make but one more observation on this subject, and that is, that the only ground on which imprisonment for debt July 2. At Sattara, of a bilious fever, can be justified at all, is either as a means Lieut. John Gilbert Bird, of 1st bat. 2d of compelling payment where a party has regt., aged 20. property, or as a punishment for some Aug. 8. At Malligaum, in Candeish, fraud of the debtor."

Chas. Casey, infant son of Edw. C. Casey, His Lordship then made some remarks Serjt.-Major 1st bat. 4th N. I. on the writ of Capias, and adverting to 10. Of lock-jaw and malignant fever, the constitution of the Court of Requests, Luzia, the wife of J. C. Monteiro, an asobserved that it did not fall within the pro sistant to the Marshal of the Bombay gaol. vince of the Court to alter the existing re 11. Mrs. Begzada Stephanus, alias gulations, which were sanctioned by long Khanumjee, relict of the late Mr. Steusage; he was mainly anxious to see that phanus Minas, aged 98 years.

She was a those regulations were acted upon; not, as native of Ispahan, and was the first Armewe understood his Lordship to say, that he nian of her sex that originally settled at considered the regulations of that Court Surat. faultless, but he doubted whether any im 13. Master James Purefoy, son of Mr. provement could be effected, constituted as E. C. Anderson, aged seven years. that Court was.

At Grigon, Caroline, daughter of The Grand Jury then retired.-(Bom. A. D. Souza, Esq., aged one year. Cour. July 19.

14. Ragoonath Pillajee, a respectable

Hindoo of this place, and formerly a clerk SHIPPING.

in the Courier office. Departures.

15. Mrs. Mary R. M-Kenzie, aged 21 Aug. 5. Scaleby Castle, Newall, for

years. China.-6. Asia, Pope, for Madras and At Poona, Katherine Frederica, the Calcutta.—7. Eliza, Woodhead, for Cal. infant daughter of Capt. Frapkland, of cutta.—20. Charles Forbes, Bryden, for H. M. 20th Foot, aged nine months.

DEATHS.

neers.

16. Colin F. S. M.Kenzie, infant son the Star-redoubt. Report speaks of seveof Mr. G. C. M.Kenzie.

ral of the houses having been washed 18. The infant son of Conductor John away; and several of the bridges in the Kilkenny, Ordnance Department. interior having come down the river

22. At Belvidere, S. H. Jones, Esq., of piecemeal. Some lives are said to have the Civil Service on this establishment, been lost, and property damaged to a conaged 21 years.

siderable amount. The rapidity of the 23. Eliza Sophia, wife of Capt. W. G. current was too strong to admit of a boat Graham, of the Country Merchant Ser- passing to the opposite shore, on which vice, aged 22 years.

the town and fort are situated ; and our Lately, at Asseergurh, the infant son of correspondent was therefore prevented the Capt. C. J. C. Davidson, Bengal Engi- possibility of ascertaining the extent of

damage that had been sustained on that side the river. Trees and dead cattle of

all descriptions have been washed down CEYLON.

from the interior, and we fear that we shall

receive accounts of this storm having been GOVERNMENT REGULATION.

very generally felt throughout the district. A.D. 1823.- REGULATION No. 11. By a letter dated a day later, we learn For extending the Period within which the

that a thunder storm, accompanied by Provisions of the Twenty-sixth Regula

several showers of rain, had been again tion of the year 1822 shall be complied that the river had, notwithstanding, fallen

felt on the morning of the 27th : but with in the District of Batticaloa, till lne

eighteen inches. At the mouth of the thirty-first day of December 1823.

Matura river the flood is stated to have 1. Whereas it is represented to Govern.

occasioned great damages. An attempt ment, that from local causes, the enclosing

was made, through the Modliar of the with walls the wells in the district of

Morwa Corle, to open another passage to Batticaloa, as required by the twenty, the river by the former canal, which leads sixth Regulation of the year one thousand

from the Moorish temple parallel with the eight hundred and twenty-two, could not

front of the fort to the sea ; this attempt be completed within the period by the said proved abortive, the sea having a higher Regulation directed:

swell there than at the mouth of the river. 2. It is therefore enacted by the Lieu- -[Ceylon Gaz., May 31. tenant Governor in Cour.cil, that the pe

We have learnt since our last, that the riod within which it shall be incumbent

country in the neighbourhood of Ratnaon the proprietors or occupiers of land in the district of Batticaloa, in which there inundations, which did so much mischief at

poora has suffered materially by the late may be any well or wells, to secure the

Matura : whence, hewever, we have resame in manner in and by the twenty.

ceived no further particulars, and hope sixth Regulation of the year one thousand

the loss of lives and property has not been eight hundred and twenty-two, required

great. At Ratnapoora, many buildings and enacted, shall be extended till the

situated much above the usual level of the thirty-first day of December next ensuing,

rise of the river (the Kaloo Gangha) were and no penalty shall have effect for any

for many hours several feet under water ; breach of the said Regulation in the district of Batticaloa, until after the said

amongst the number were the cutcherry

and hospital of the station. The water thirty-first day of December next. Given at Columbo, this third day of began to subside on Monday the 26th.

Six human lives are said to have been lost; July, one thousand eight hundred and

a mother and three young children were twenty-three.

carried away by the current, together with By order of the Council.

the hut in which they resided : of the (Signed) GEORGE LUSIGNAN, Secretary other deaths we have received no particu.

to Council.

lars. The loss in cattle and grain, and

the destruction of habitations, are stated MISCELLANEOUS.

to be of an unprecedented nature.-Ibid. THUNDER STORM AND INUNDATIONS. June 7. We have received accounts from Matura We learn from Galle, that the same of the most alarming effects having been cause which produced the inundations in occasioned by a thunder storm on the night the Saffragam and Matura provinces, opeof Saturday, the 24th May. By a letter · rated there, the Gendura river having beer dated the 26th insl., we learn that the swelled unprecedently, and done very conriver had swollen to an unusal height, and siderable damage. The poorer classes in that, between the hours of eight and nine the Galle and Matura districts have suf.. on the night of the 25th, the great bridge fered severely from the loss of property; had given way, and all the timbers bad and the Collectors have, on the part of been swept down the stream, with the Government, afforded such relief as was exception of three arches on the side of necessary.-Ibid. June 14.

CASUALTICS.

nam, Esq., harbour-master, to Mrs. HawJeremiah Lodge, a private in His Ma- kins, widow of Licut. Hawkins, R. N. jesty's 83d regiment, belonging to the garrison of Ratnapoora, was accidentally

BIRMAN EMPIRE. drowned in the Kalu Ganga, while bathing on the evening of the 18th instant; upon

New Viceroy at Rangoon.- The new the body being discovered on the morning Viceroy, or minister as die is more generally of the 20th, a coroner’s inquest was held, called, is said to be much disliked. An after which the corpse was interred.

instance of bis cruelty occurred within the We have also received an account of the last two months, which is without a parallel death of four persons who had taken refuge in the modern history of any country, how. in a hut in the neighbourhood of the rest ever despotic. Two men had been orerhouse, at Nacandelle, in Saffragam, re

heard to speak disrespectfuliy of the Go. ported to have been struck by lightning vernment, and information of their offence during a thunder storm at about 4 P. M. on

was instantly conveyed to the Minister. the 19th instant.—[Ceylon Gax. April 26.

The men were seized; and, after enduring We regret having to record a very

solitary confinement for a month, were at melancholy accident which occurred in

the expiration of that time brought out to

be shot. these roads yesterday. As a boat belong.

A bull's eye was painted on each

of their breasts, and they were then bound ing to the ship Speke was, in the afternoon,

to a stake, and fired at by twenty men; coming on shore with some of the passen.

who, either accidentally or designedly, gers, in charge of the first mate, on the bar,

missed them. After this agonizing orthe surf running very high, a sea struck her, and she upset instantly. The mate

deal, they were then remanded to the place

of their confinement; and again brought and seamen succeeded in saving them. selves, and exerted shemselves as much as

out on the following day, and fired at in possible to preserve them

the same manner : but with a different re

passengers, who were Mrs. Morgan, wife of Mr. Morgan, sult, for on this occasion they were killed, hospital assistant to the forces, and three

being pierced by many balis. children and an European servant woman:

Until the appointment of this last Vicebut only succeeded in respect to two of

roy, who succeeded to the office about the children, who, though much exhausted

two years ago, executions had become when brought on shore, were by the exer

much more rare than formerly ; but this tion of proper means restored to life.

The

man, it is said, seems determined to revive bodies of the third child and the servant

the frequency of these scenes of bloodshed. maid were brought on shore lifeless, and

Some ten years ago, or more, the punishthe efforts used to restore animation were

ment of crucifixion was common amongst fruitless; the body of Mrs. Morgan has not

these people; and its cruelty was, if posyet been found. The unfortunate hus

sible, increased by either placing the cross band was standing on the flag staff bastion

near to the banks of the river, to tempt the when the boat upset; and though not cer

alligator to spring at its prey, the cross tain his family were on board, had reason

being of very moderate height; or, in to believe it possible ; his grief on learning

other cases, the cross was taken down with the actual loss he has sustained may easily

the suffering wretch on it, and set afloat in

the river, that the miserable victiig of sanbe imagined.-(Ceylon Gaz. June 28.

We learn from Batticaloa, that the guinary laws might, while the vital spark boat Mohamadoe Meera Madeth, No. 68,

yet lingered, be devoured by the alligators. of that port, and which had sailed from

Another punishment, which an European thence to Trincomalee on the morning of residing there actually witnessed some fifthe 23d ultimo, with a cargo of paddy,

teen years ago, is the pouring unelted lead foundered at sea a few hours after leaving down the throat of the criminal; indeed the river. This unfortunate event is said

this diabolical punishment was sometimes to have been occasioned by the starting of

awarded for very trifling offences. These a plank in the boat's bottom; she filled revolting evidences of savage barbarity and sunk so rapidly, that the crew were

appear to have given way to laws less unable to launch the small canoe that was

abominably cruel; but the present Minison board ; fortunately however she floated,

ter seems to think no more of decapitating and was the means of saving all the lives his fellow creatures than he would think of that were on board, with the exception of cutting off the head of a fowl; and, intwo women and one man, who we regret

deed, the people themselves seem to regard to say perished; those who clung to the

these executions with equal indifference, canoe were picked up by a cutter that was

not even excepting the victims themselves. at anchor near the spot where the dhoney

Several of these bloody exhibitions occurfoundered.-(Ceylon Gaz, July 5.

red within these last three months; and the criminals, after being brought to the place of execution, sat down as is usual,

each with an executioner behind him, July 10. At Trincomalee, T. H. Twy- smoking cheroots, and conversing ap

MARRIAGE.

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