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him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence 24 he was taken. So he drove out the man; and he placed at the
east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
1 AND Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, 2 and said, I have gotten a man from the Lord. And she again bare
his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was 3 a tiller of the ground. And in process of time it came to pass, that
26. I am that bread of life ; this is that his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of bread which came down from heaven, not as fire. Heb. i. 7. your fathers did eat manna, and are dead; he A flaming sword, &c.] And the ass (of that eateth of this bread shall live for ever. Balaam) saw the angel of the Lord standing John vi. 48. 58.
in the way, and his sword drawn in his hand. 23 To till the ground.] See verse 19. and Numb. xxii. 23. And it came to pass when chap. ii. 5. Cain was a tiller of the ground. Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his When thou tillest the ground, it shall not eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a henceforth yield unto thee her strength. Gen. man over against him with his sword drawn, iv. 2. 12. And Noah began to be an husband in his hand. Josh. v. 13. And David lifted man, and he planted a vineyard. Gen. ix. 20. up his eyes and saw the angel of the Lord The profit of the earth is for all; the king him- stand between the earth and the heaven, having self is served by the field. Eccles. v. 9. a drawn sword in his hand, stretched out over
24 East of the garden, &c.] And the Lord Jerusalem. 1 Chron. xxi. 16. See Heb. i. 7. God planted a garden eastward in Eden, preceding commentary. Gen. ii. 8.
To keep the way, &c.] Jesus saith unto Cherubims.) And thou shalt make two che- "him” (“ Thomas") I am the way, and the rubims of gold (said God to Israel by Moses). truth, and the life; no man cometh unto the And the cherubims shall stretch forth their Father but by me. John xiv. 6. Now where wings on high, covering the mercy-seat with remission of these (sins and iniquities) is, there their wings, and their faces shall look one to is no more offering for sin. Let us draw near another. And there I will meet with thee, with a true heart, in full assurance of faith, and I will commune with thee, from the mercy having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conseat, from between the two cherubims, which science, and our bodies washed with pure are upon the ark of the testimony. Exod. xxv.
Heb. x. 18. 22. 18. 20. 22. So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the ark of the Chap. IV.-1 I have gotten, &c.] And covenant of the Lord of hosts, which dwelleth Adam knew his wife again, and she bare a son, between the cherubims. 1 Sam. iv, 4. Both and called his name Seth. Gen. iv. 25. See the cherubims were of one measure and one chap. iii. 15. And he (Lamech) called his name size. And he (Solomon) carved “thereon" Noah, saying, this same shall comfort us. Gen. (" on the doors") cherubims and palm trees, v. 29. We should love one another, not as Cain, and open flowers. 1 Kings vi. 25. 35. Give who was of that wicked one, and slew his ear, 0 shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest brother, and wherefore slew he him? BeJoseph like a flock, thou that dwellest between cause his own works were evil and his brother's the cherubims, shine forth. Ps. Ixxxi. 1. The righteous. John iii. 12. Lord reigneth, let the people tremble ; he sit 2 And Abel, &c.] And “he" (" Jacob") teth between the cherubims. Ps. xcix. 1. said unto “him” (" Laban") thou knowest Bless the Lord, O my soul, who maketh his how I have served thee, and how thy cattle angels spirits, his ministers a flaming fire. was with me, for it was little which thou hadst Ps. civ. 4. Then “I” (“ Ezekiel") looked, before I came, and it is now increased unto a and behold, in the firmament that was above multitude. And "he" (" Laban”) said, what the head of the cherubims, there appeared shall I give thee, and Jacob said, thou shalt over them, as it were, a sapphire stone, as the not give me any thing. If thou wilt do this appearance of the likeness of a throne. And thing for me (to give him those that might be he spake unto the man clothed with linen, spotted among the goats, or brown among the and said, Go in between the wheels, even under sheep) I will again feed and keep thy flock. the cherub, and fill thine hand with coals of Gen. xxx. 29, 30, 31. And Israel said unto fire from between the cherubims. Ezek. x. Joseph, do not thy brethren feed the flock in 1, 2. And of the angels, he saith, who maketh Shechem ? Gen. xxxvii. 13. And Joseph
Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the Lord. And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the 4 fat thereof. And the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offer. ing : But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And 5 Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. And the Lord 6
said, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say dark, behold a smoking furnace and a “burnunto him, the men are shepherds for “their” ing lamp” (or “a lamp of fire") that passed (“ Joseph's brethren") trade hath been to feed between those pieces (of the heifer, the she cattle; and they have brought their flocks and goat, the ram, and the turtle-dove offered by their herds. Gen. xlvi. 31, 32. And Pharaoh Abraham) in that same day the Lord made a said “unto his” (“ Joseph's”) brethren, what covenant with Abraham. Gen. xv. 17, 18. is your occupation ? And they said unto And there came a fire out from before the Pharaoh, thy servants are shepherds, both we Lord, and consumed upon the altar the burnt and also our fathers. Gen. xlvii. 3. Now offering, and the fat, which when all the people Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in saw, they shouted and fell on their faces. Lev. law, the priest of Midian. Erod. iii. 1. “He" ix. 24. And there came out a fire from the (“the Lord') chose David also servant, Lord and consumed the two hundred and fifty and took him from the sheep-folds: from men (appertaining unto Korah.) Numb. xvi. 35. following the ewes, great with young, he Then the angel of the Lord put forth the end brought him to feed Jacob his people, and of the staff that was in his hand, and touched lerael his inheritance. So he fed them ac the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and there cording to the integrity of his heart, and rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the guided them by the skilfulness of his hands. flesh and the unleavened cakes (as a sign to Ps. lxxviii. 70, 71, 72. And the Lord took Gideon.) Judg. vi. 21. And call“ ye" (" the “me" (" Amos”) as I followed the flock, and prophets of Baal”) on the name of your gods, the Lord said unto me, go prophesy unto my and I (Elijah) will call on the name of the Lord: people Israel. Amos vii. 15.
and the God that answereth by fire, let him À tiller of the ground.] See chapter iii. be God. 1 Kings xviii. 24. And when all 23.
the people saw it, they fell on their faces, and 4 Firstlings, &c.] Thou shalt set apart they said, the Lord he is the God, the Lord unto the Lord all that openeth the matrix, and he is the God. 1 Kings xviii. 39. And David every firstling that cometh of a beast which built “ there" (" in the threshing floor of thou hast, the males shall be the Lord's. Ornan”) an altar unto the Lord, and offered Exod. xiii. 12. All the best of the oil, and all burnt offerings and peace offerings, and called the best of the wine, and of the wheat, the first upon the Lord. And he answered him from fruits of them which they shall offer unto the heaven by fire. I Chron. xxi. 26. Now when Lord, them have I given thee, (Aaron) but the Solomon had made an end of praying, the fire firstling of a cow, or the firstling of a sheep, or came down from heaven and consumed the the firstling of a goat thou shalt not redeem, burnt offering and the sacrifices. And the they are holy; thou shalt sprinkle their blood glory of the Lord filled the house. 2 Chron. upon the altar, and shalt burn their fat for an vii. Í. The Lord remember all thy offerings offering made by fire for a sweet savour unto (said the congregation praying for David) and the Lord. Numb. xviii. 12. 17. Honour the accept thy burnt sacrifice Ps. xx. 3. By Lord with thy substance, and with the first faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent fruits of all thine increase. Prov. iii. 9. sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained Almost all things are by the law purged with witness that he was righteous, God testifying blood, and without shedding of blood is no re of his gifts. Heb. xi. 4. mission. Heb. ix. 22. (Ye were redeemed) 5 Unto Cain, &c.) And Moses was very with the precious blood of Christ as of a lamb wrath, and said unto the Lord, respect not without blemish and without spot ; who verily thou “their offering” (“that of Dathan and was fore-ordained before the foundation of the Abiram.") Numb. xvi. 15. See Heb. xi. 4. world, but was manifest in these last times Wroth, &c.] And Jacob beheld the counfor you. 1 Pet. i. 19, 20. And all that dwell tenance of Laban, and behold it was not toward upon the earth shall worship him (the beast), him as before. And (Jacob) said unto “them” whose names are not written in the book of (“his wives" Rachel and Leah), I see your life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of father's countenance, that it is not toward me the world. Rev. xiii. 8.
as before. Gen. xxxi. 2. 5. Wrath killeth Fat thereof, &c.] It shall be a perpetual the foolish man. Job v. 2. Say ye to the statute for your generations throughout all righteous that it shall be well with him, for they your dwellings, that ye eat neither fat nor shall eat the fruit of their doings. Woe unto blood, all the fat is the Lord's. Lev. iii. 16, 17. the wicked, it shall be ill with him, for the reward
Had respect, &c.] And it came to pass of his hands shall be given him or done to him. that when the sun went down, and it was Isa. iii. 10, 11. Is it not lawful for me to do
said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance 7 fallen? If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted! and if
thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be
what I will with mine own? Is thine eve Iss. i. 10. 11. Your burnt-offerings are not evil, because I am good ( said the Lord of the acceptable, nor your sacrifices sweet unto me, rineyard to the dissatisfied labourer.) Matt. (saits the Lord to Judah). Jer. vi. 20. And xx. 15. And he was angry and would not go if ye offer the blind" for sacrifice" (or “ to in the elder brother in the parable of the pro- sacrifice") is it not evil? And if you offer dizal.) As soon as this thy son was come, the lame and sick, is it not evil? Ye brought which hath devoured thy living with harlots, that (41 & sacrifice) which was torn, and the thou hast killed for him the fatted calf. Luke lame, and the sick: thus ye brought an ofxv. 28. 30. But when the Jews saw the fering! Should I accept this of your hand? multitudes (ucho came together to hear the word Who is there even among you that would shut of God, from Paul and Barnabas) they were the doors for nought? Neither do ye kindle filled with envy. Acts xiii. 45.
fre on mine altar for nought. I have no 6 Why art thou wroth!) And David was pleasure in you, saith the Lord of hosts, neidispleased because the Lord had made a breach ther will I accept an offering at your hand. upon “ Uzza" (" who had put forth his hand Mal. i. 8. 13. 10. But in every nation, he to hold the ark of God.") I Chron. xiii. 11. that feareth him and worketh righteousness Wrath killeth the foolish man. Job v. 2. is accepted with him. Acts 1. 35. To them Come now, let us reason together, saith the who by patient continuance in well doing Lord (to the people of Judah). Isa. i. 18. seek for glory, and honour, and immortality, What iniquity hare your fathers found in me, (God will render) eternal life. Glory, honour, that they are gone far from me ? Jer. ii. 5. 0 and peace, to every man that worketh good, generation, see ye the word of the Lord. to the Jew first, and also to the “Gentile" Have I been a wilderness unto Israel, a land (or “the Greek"). Rom. ii. 7. 10. I beseech of darkness? Wherefore say my people we you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of are lords, we will come no more unto thee? God, that ve present your bodies a living Jer. ii. 31. But it displeased Jonah exceed. sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is ingly (who repined at the mercy of God) and your reasonable service. Rom. xii. I. For he was very angry. And (Jonah) wished in he that in these things serveth Christ is achimself to die, and said it is better for me to ceptable to God. Rom. xiv. 18. I have writdie than to live! And God said to Jonah, ten the more boldly unto you, as putting you dost thou well to be angry for the gourd ! in mind, that the “ offering up” (or “ sacriThou hast had pity on the gourd for the which ficing”) of the Gentiles might be acceptable, thou hast not laboured, and should not I spare being sanctified by the Holy Ghost. Rom. Nineveh, that great city ? Jonah iv. I. 8,9. 11. xv. 16. (He hath chosen us) to the praise of O my people, what have I done unto thee? the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made and wherein have I wearied thee? testify us accepted in the beloved. Ephes. i. 6. For against me. Mich. vi. 3. Son, thou art ever " that" (" to shew piety at home") is good, with me (said the father to the brother of the and acceptable before God. 1 Tim. v. 4. prodigal), and all that I have is thine. This Ye,” also, (“ Christians") as lively stones thy brother was dead, and is alive again, and are “built up," (or "an honour"') a spiritual was lost, and is found. Luke xv. 31, 32. house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual
7. If thou doest well, &c] See I have ac sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. cepted “thee" (" Lot'). Gen. xix. 21. And 1 Pet. ii. 5. Auranah (the Jebusite) said unto the king, Be accepted.] O that I was as I was in the Lord thy God accept “ thee!” (“ David”). the days of my youth, when the secret of God 2 Sam. xxiv. 23.
he" (" Ahaziah") was upon my tabernacle. Job xxix. 4. The went with Joram, the son of Ahab, to the war, sacrifice of the wicked is abomination; how against Hazael, king of Syria, in Ramoth much more when he bringeth it “ with a Gilead. And the Syrians wounded Joram. wicked mind,” (or “ in wickedness") Pros. 2 Kings viii. 28. And my servant Job shall xxi. 27. By faith Abel offered unto God a pray for you, for him will I accept. Job xlii. 8. more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which Il is not good to accept the person of the he obtained witness that he was righteous. wicked. Prov. xviii. 5. Though a sinner do Heb. xi. 4. evil an hundred times, and his days be pro Sin lieth at the door, &c.] And Cain talked longed, yet, surely, I know it shall be well with Abel his brother; and it came to pass with them that fear God, which fear before when they were in the fields, that Cain rose him: but it shall not be well with the wicked up against Abel his brother and slew him. neither shall he prolong his days, which are And Cain said unto the Lord, my punishment as a shadow, because he feareth not before is greater than I can bear. Gen. iv. 8. 13. God. Eccles. viii. 12, 13. See verse 5, for But sin, taking occasion by the command
bis desire, and thou shalt rule over him. And Cain talked with 8 Abel his brother : and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him. And the Lord said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he 9 said, I know not: Am I my brother's keeper? And he said, What 10 hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from
ment, wrought in me all manner of concu seek him; that seek thy face, “O Jacob" piscence; for without the law sin was dead: (“ (God of Jacob"). Ps. xxiv, 3, 4. 6. for I was alive without the law once, but Surely thou wilt slay the wicked, O God ; when the commandment came, sin revived, depart from me, therefore, ye bloody men. and I died. Rom. vii. 8, 9. Then, when Ps. cxxxix. 19. Behold, I send you prophets, lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin, and &c. that upon "you" (" Pharisees”) may come sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, James i. 15.
from the blood of righteous Abel unto the 8 Talked with Abel, &c.] And when blood of Zacharias, son of Barachias. Matt. Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took xxiii. 35. That the blood of all the prophets him aside in the gate to speak with him may be required of this generation, from the " quietly" (or “ peaceably") and smote him blood of Abel, &c. Luke xi. 50, 51. We there under the fifth rib that he died. 2 Sam. should love one another, not as Cain, who iii. 27. Then said Absalom (to David), if not, was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. I pray thee let my brother Amnon go with Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer! us. Now Absalom had commanded his ser. 1 John iii. 12. 15. Woe unto "them,” (“false vants, saying, mark ye now, when Amnon's teachers”) for they have gone in the way of heart is merry with wine, and when I say Cain. Jude 11. unto you, smite Amnon, then kill him. 2 Sam. 9 Where is thy brother ?] See chap. iii. 9. xiii. 26. 28. And Joab said to Amasa, art 11. When he maketh inquisition for blood, thou in health, my brother? And Joab took he remembereth them; he forgetteth not the Amasa by the beard with the right hand to cry of the “humble” (or “afflicted"). Ps. kiss him; but Amasa took no heed to the ix. 12. sword that was in Joab's hand, so he smote I know not, &c.] And Isaac his father said him therewith in the fifth rib, and he died. unto him, who art thou? And he said, I am 2 Sam. xx. 9, 10. Sanballat and Geshem thy son, thy first-born, Esau ! Gen. xxvii. 32. sent unto me, saying, come, let us meet to And thou sayest,
“ how doth God know ?" gether in some one of the villages in the plain (or “what doth God know ?'') Can he judge of Ono; but they thought to do me mischief. through the dark cloud ? Thick clouds are Nehem. vi. 2. The words of his mouth (the a covering to him that he seeth not. Job xxii. mouth of the wicked) are iniquity and deceit : 13, 14. He that covereth his sins shall not be hath left off to be wise, and to do good. prosper.
Prov. xxviii. 13. “ He" (" the Ps. xxxvi. 3. The words of his mouth were Devil'') was a murderer from the beginning, smoother than butter, but war was in his and abode not in the truth, because there is heart. His words were softer than oil, yet no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, were they drawn swords. Ps. lv. 21. He
he speaketh of his own; for he is a liar, and that hateth, dissembleth with his lips, and the father of it. John viii. 44. Whiles it layeth up deceit within him. A lying tongue remained, was it not thine own ? and after hateth those that are afflicted by it, and a "it" (" the inheritance") was sold, was it not flattering mouth worketh ruin. Prov. xxvi. in thine own power? Why hast thou con24. 28. A man's enemies are the men of his ceived this thing in thine heart, (said Peter) own house. Micah vii. 6. But Jesus said thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God. unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of How is it that ye (Ananias and Sapphira) man with a kiss ? Luke xxii. 48.
have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of Cain rose up, &c.] And thy hand-maid the Lord ? Acts v. 4. 9. (said the widow of Tekoah to David) had two 10 What hast thou done, &c.] See chap. sons, and they two strove together in the field, jii. 13. And Joshua said unto Achan, tell and there was none to part them, but the one me now what thou hast done ; hide it not smote the other and slew him. 2 Sam. xiv. from me. Josh, vii. 19. These things hast 6. If iniquity be in thine hand, put it far thou (the wicked) done, and I kept silence. away; for then shalt thou lift up thy face Thou thoughtest that I was altogether such without spot. Job xi. 15. Who shall ascend an one as thyself; but I will reprove thee, and into the hill of the Lord, and who shall stand set them in order before thine eyes. Ps. I. 21. in his holy place ? He that hath clean hands Crieth unto me, &c.] Because the cry of and a pure heart; who hath not sworn de- Sodom and Gomorrah is great, I will go down ceitfully. This is the generation of them that now and see, whether they have done alto-' VOL. I.
11 the ground. And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath
opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand : 12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto
thee her strength ; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the
gether according to the cry of it. Gen. xviii. spare him; the Lord shall separate him unto 20, 21. I have surely seen the affliction of evil, according to all the curses of the covemy people Israel, which are in Egypt, and Deut. xxix. 9. 18. 19. 21. As many have heard their cry.
Exod. ii. 7. Surely as are of the works of the law are under the I have seen yesterday “the blood” (or “the
Gal. iji. 10. bloods") of Naboth, and the blood of his sons, Opened her mouth, &c.] O earth, cover saith the Lord, and I will requite thee (Ahab) not thou my blood. Job xvi. 18. If my land in this plot (or portion of ground). 2 Kings cry against me, let thistles grow instead of ix. 26. O earth, cover not thou my blood, wheat. Job xxxi. 38. 40. Behold the Lord and let my cry have no place. Job xvi. 18. cometh out of his place to punish the inhabiMen groan from out of the city, and the soul tants of the earth for their iniquities; the of the wounded crieth out. Job xxiv. 12. If earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall my land cry against me, or that the furrows no more cover her slain. Isa. xxvi. 21. And likewise thereof complain ; if I have eaten the the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed fruits (or strength) thereof, without money, up the blood which the dragon cast out of his or have caused the owners thereof to lose mouth. Rev. xii. 16. their life" (or “caused the soul of the owners 12 It shall not, &c.] See chap. iii. 17, 18. thereof to expire"): let thistles grow instead And your strength shall be spent in vain, for of wheat, &c. Job xxxi. 38, 39, 40. He your land” (“the land of the disobedient") (the Lord) forgetteth not the cry of the hum- shall not yield her increase, neither shall the ble. Ps. ix. 12. Precious shall their blood" trees of the land yield their fruits. Lev. xxvi. (" the blood of the poor”) be in his sight. Ps. 20. And my heaven that is over thy head Ixxii. 14. He (the Lord) looked for judg- shall be brass, and the earth that is under ment, but behold oppression ; for righteous- thee shall be iron; the Lord shall make the ness, but behold a cry. Isa. v. 7. And rain of thy land powder and dust: from “ by it” (“ by faith”) hé (Abel) being dead, heaven shall it come down upon thee, until “yet speaketh” (or “ is yet spoken of”). thou be destroyed. Deut. xxviii. 23, 24. Heb. xi. 4. Ye (Hebrews) are come to For the creature was made subject to vanity, Jesus, the Mediator of the New “ Covenant," not willingly, but by reason of him who
“ Testament") and to the blood of sprink- hath subjected the same in hope. Rom. ling, that speaketh better things than that viii. 20. of Abel. Heb. xii. 24. The cries of them A fugitive, &c.] See verse 14. And upon which have reaped are entered into the ears them that are left alive of you, I will send a of the Lord of Sabaoth (addressed to wicked faintness into their hearts in the lands of their rich men). James v. 4. And they (the souls enemies, and the sound of a “shaken" (or of them that were slain for the word of God) “ driven") leaf shall chase them, and "theys cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, (“ the disobedient") shall flee, as fleeing from O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge, a sword, and they shall fall when none purand avenge our blood on them that dwell on sueth. Lev. xxvi. 36. Among these nations the earth ? Rev. vi. 10.
shalt thou find no ease, neither shall the sole 11 Cursed from the earth, &c.] Behold of thy foot have rest, but the Lord shall give (said Cain to God) thou hast driven me out thee there a trembling heart and failing of this day from the face of the earth, &c. Gen. eyes, and sorrow of mind; and thy life shall iv. 14. See chap. iii. verse 14. Cursed be he hang in doubt before thee, and thou shalt fear that setteth light by his father or his mother. day and night, and shalt have none assurance Cursed be he that confirmeth not all the words of thy life. Deut. xxviii. 65, 66. Let his of this law to do them. Deut. xxvii. 16. 26. children be continually vagabonds, and beg; If thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the let them seek their bread also out of their deLord thy God, to observe to do all his com solate places. Ps. cix. 10. Behold I will mandments, and his statutes, all these curses make" thee" (" Pashur” for smiting Jeremiah) shall come upon thee. Deut. xxviii. 15. a terror to thyself and to all thy friends, and Keep the words of this covenant, lest there be they shall fall by the sword of their enemies, among you a man, &c. whose heart turneth and thine eyes shall behold it. Jer. XX. away this day from the Lord, and it come to My God will cast them (Ephraim for their pass when he heareth the words of this curse, idolatry) away, because they did not hearken that he bless himself in his heart, saying, I unto him, and they shall be wanderers among shall have peace, though I walk in the ima- the nations. Hos: ix. 17. gination of mine heart! The Lord will not