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together, and being given up to the shallow satisfaction of the eyes and ears only, seems to arise rather from the degeneracy of our understanding, than an improvement of our diversions. That the understanding has no part in the pleasure is evident, from what these letters very positively assert, to wit, that a great part of the performance was done in Italian: and a great critick* fell into fits in the gallery, at seeing, not only time and place, but languages and nations, confused in the most incorrigible manner. His spleen is so extremely moved on this occasion, that he is going to publish another treatise against operas, which, he thinks, have already inclined us to thoughts of peace, and if tolerated, must infallibly dispirit us from carrying on the war. He has communicated his scheme to the whole room, and declared in what manner things of this kind were first introduced. He has upon this occasion considered the nature of sounds in general, and made a very elaborate digression upon the London Cries, wherein he has shown, from reason and philosophy, why oysters are cried, card-matches sung, and turneps and all other vegetables neither ried, sung, nor said, but sold, with an accent and toe neither natural to man nor beast. This piece sems to be taken from the model of that excellent discourse of Mrs. Manly† the school-mistress, concerng samplers. Advices from the upper end of Piccdilly say, that May Fair is utterly abolished; and w hear Mr. Penkethman has removed his ingeniou company of strollers to Greenwich. But other leters from Deptford say, the company is only making hither, and not yet settled; but that several heathen ods and goddesses, which are to descend

* John Lannis.

+ See, in r. King's works, vol. II. 8vo. edit. 1776, "An Essay on the nvention of Samplers, by Mrs. Arabella Manly, School-mistres at Hackney."

in machines, landed at the King's Head Stairs last Saturday. Venus and Cupid went on foot from thence to Greenwich; Mars got drunk in the town, and broke his landlord's head, for which he sat in the stocks the whole evening; but Mr. Penketh man giving security that he should do nothing this ensuing summer, he was set at liberty. The most melancholy part of all was, that Diana was taken in the act of fornication with a boatman, and committed by justice Wrathful; which has, it seems, put a stop to the diversions of the theatre of Blackheath. But there goes down another Diana and a Patient Grissel next tide from Billingsgate.

It is credibly reported that Mr. D---y* has agreed with Mr. Penkethman to have his play acted before that audience as soon as it has had its first sixteen days' run in Drury Lane.

St. James's Coffee-house, April 18.

They write from Saxony of the thirteenth instant, N. S. that the grand general of the Crown of Poland was so far from entering into a treaty with king Stanislaus, that he had written circular letters, wherein he exhorted the Palatines to join against him; declaring that this was the most favourable conjuncture for asserting their liberty.

Letters from the Hague of the twenty-thir instant, N. S. say, they have advices from Venna, which import, that his Electoral Highness o‘Hanover had signified to the Imperial Court, hat he did not intend to put himself at the hear of the troops of the Empire, except more effectal measures were taken for acting vigorously aainst the enemy the ensuing campaign. Upon his representation the Emperor has given order to several regiments to march towards the Rhir, and dispatched expresses to the respective pinces of the empire, to desire an augmentation of their forces.

Tom D'Urfey.

These letters add, that an express arrived at the Hague on the twentieth instant, with advice, that the enemy having made a detachment from Tournay, of fifteen hundred horse, each trooper carrying a foot soldier behind him, in order to surprize the garrison of Alost; the allies, upon notice of their march, sent out a strong body of troops from Ghent, which engaged the enemy at Asche, and took two hundred of them prisoners, obliging the rest to retire without making any farther attempt. On the twenty-second, in the morning, a fleet of merchant ships coming from Scotland were attacked by six French privateers at the entrance of the Meuse. We have yet no certain advice of the event: but letters from Rotterdam say, that a Dutch man of war, of forty guns, which was convoy to the said fleet, was taken, as were also eighteen of the merchants. The Swiss troops in the service of the States have completed the augmentation of their respective companies. Those of Wirtemberg and Prussia are expected on the frontiers within a few days; and the auxiliaries from Saxony, as also a battalion of Holstein, and another of Wolfenbuttle, are advancing thither with an expedition. On the twenty-first instant the Deputies of the States had a conference near Woerden with the President Rouille, but the matter which was therein debated is not made public. His grace the Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene continue at the Hague.

From my own Apartment, April 18.

I have already been very studious for intelligence, and have just now, by my astrological flying post, received a packet from Felicia,* an island in America, with an account that gives me great satisfaction, and lets me understand, that the island was never in greater prosperity, or the administration in so good hands, since the death of their late

* In this allegorical paper, by Felicia is meant Britain.

glorious King. These letters import, that the chief Minister has entered into a firm league with the ablest and best men of the nation, to carry on the cause of liberty, to the encouragement of religion, virtue, and honour. Those persons at the helm are so useful, and in themselves of such weight, that their strict alliance must needs tend to the universal prosperity of the people. Camillo,* it seems, presides over the deliberations of state; and is so highly valued by all men, for his singular probity, courage, affability, and love of mankind, that his being placed in that station has dissipated the fears of that people, who of all the world are the most jealous of their liberty and happiness, and the least provident for their security. The next member of their society is Horatio, † who makes all the public dispatches. This Minister is master of all the languages in use to great perfection. He is held in the highest veneration imaginable for a severe honesty, and love of his country: he lives in a Court unsullied with any of its artifices; the refuge of the oppressed, and terror of oppressors. Martio, has joined himself to this council; a man of most undaunted resolution, and great knowledge in maritime affairs; famous for destroying the navy of the Franks, § and singularly happy in one particular, that he never preferred a man who has not proved remarkably serviceable to his country. Philander|| is mentioned with particular distinction; a nobleman who has the most refined taste of the true pleasures and elegance of life, joined to an indefatigable industry in business; a man eloquent in assemblies, agreeable in conversation, and dexterous in all manner of * John Lord Somers, President of the Council. + Sidney Earl of Godolphin, Lord High Treasurer. Edward Russel, Earl of Oxford.

At La Hogue, in 1692.

William Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire, Lord Steward

of the Household.

public negocitions. These letters add, that Verono,* who is also of this council, has lately set sail to his government of Patricia, with design to confirm the affections of the people in the interests of his Queen. This minister is master of great abilities, and is as industrious and restless for the preservation of the liberties of the people, as the greatest enemy can be to subvert them. The influence of these personages, who are men of such distinguished parts and virtues, makes the people enjoy the utmost tranquillity in the midst of a war, and gives them undoubted hopes of a secure peace from their vigilance and integrity.


Upon the humble petition of running stationers, &c. this Paper may be had of them, for the future, at the price of one penny.†

N° 5. TUESDAY, APRIL 21, 1709.

Quicquid agunt homines

nostri est farrago libelli.

Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86

Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream,
Our motley paper seizes for its theme.

White's Chocolate-house, April, 20.

"Who names that lost thing love, without a tear,
Since so debauch'd by ill-bred customs here?
To an exact perfection they have brought
The action love, the passion is forgot.


THIS was long ago a witty author's lamentation, but the evil still continues; and, if a man of any delicacy were to attend the discourses of the young

* Thomas, Earl of Wharton, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. + The preceding papers had been given gratis.

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