Imágenes de páginas

sensible objecis can excite strong we then urged to open our hearts emotions. What is it in an earth., to him, and give him the strongly friend, that engages esteem est, the tenderest affections of and love ? Is it his external which they are capable ! form? Is it his head, his The argument arises to its hands, or his feet? No surely. bighest pitch of evidence, when The features of his mind, the we consider that this glorious qualities of his heart, his integ- and exalted Being condescends, rity, benevolence, tenderness and to invite this tender tribute, and generosity-these are the objects to assure us that he accepts ita which attract and rivet our affec- He calls us to give him our heartsa tion. The man whom we know He permits us not only to reverto possess these and similar attri- ence him as a Father, but to love butes, in an eminent degree, we

him as a Friend. He indulgesi can strongly love, though we have pay more, he commands us, to never seen. We can love him trust in him at all times, to pour when absent ; and we can love out our very souls before him, him when dead. Thousands who to cast our burdens on his army never saw a WASHINGTON, have and to seek a refuge, amid the cherished him in their hearts, as storms of life, in his compassion the father of his country, and the and love. Those who thus afglory of mankind. Thousands fectionately confide in him, he who saw and loved him when honours with appellations of living, think of him with even the tenderest endearment. He an increased tenderness and ven- styles them his friends, his chil eration, now he is no more. dren, his jewels, his treasure, his

The objects then, which lay portion. Are they oppressed? hold on some of our strongest. He is their patron and avenger. affections, are imperceptible to Do they complain? He has an sense. The purity and rectitude ear for their cries a bottle for of a fellow-creature command their tears. Nor is there a saint pur veneration. His benignity on this earth so poor and despisand condescension conciliate our ed, but the Higụ AND LOFTY ļove. And has not He who is at ONE who inhạbits eternity,comes once the source, the sum and down to dwell in his heart, and the perfection of every thing cheer him with the consolations venerable and lovely, the highest of his love. possible claims upon us? Truc, Such are the astonishing forms we have neither heard his voice, in which the divine condescené nor seen his shape. But of his sion and goodness exhibit them. existence, we are as certain as of selves to man. What returns our own. His beauty over they demand, whạt emotions they spreads creation. His glory should excite, what animation shines conspicuous in every ob- and tenderness they should imject our eyes behold. Nor is part to all the exercises and duthere a day, or moment of life, ties of religion, let our minds, if in which his bounty does not they are not overwhelmed with meet us in ten thousand various the contemplation, conceive: but forms.

By what potent and surely, no language, of man or numberless considerations are angel, can adequately express.


It is equally surprising and of fact, and of experiment. Is it affecting, to observe that those' rational then to brand every who would banish sensibility thing in religion, of the experia from religion, are not unfre, mental kind, as fanciful and ene quently those who would be thusiastic ? Are not its teachers thought to possess the greatest' called upon to describe and disexquisiteness of feeling on every tinguish its peculiar features and other subject. The neglect or exercises with the greatest posunkindness of a friend, though in sible accuracy? And in a case of a solitary instance, they can such universal and everlasting scarce either support or forgive: moment, should not all be solici, while years of recollected sin, in tous to try their characters and which they have lived, against feelings by the standard of the God of heaven, excite little truth? compunction, They can melt. Doubtless, the cause of experia over a tale of fictitious wo; mental religion has suffered while their hearts are cold and much through the medium of its callous to the real and unpar- professed friends. Many who alleled sufferings of the Saviour. have been its loud advocates in They can overwhelm an acquain, words, have by their conduct, tance with congratulations on given it a deep wound. Many some trivial escape ; they can who have confidently boasted of

their inward' feelings and frames,

have yet exhibited too convincing Boast. quick rapture trembling in evidence that their hearts were If from the Spider's snare they save ą

false and hollow. These de Fly :

plorable instances prove nothing

against the reality of vital reliyet if a tender Christian speak gion'; but the reverse. The with some emotion of his hope world is full of impositions which of heaven, and of redemption are practised under the mask of from endless ruin, they pity, and honesty and patriotism. This perhaps ridicule him as a weak, does not imply that there is no enthusiastic being,

honesty or patriotism in existIn no age has the philosophy ence, but rather that there is, of the human mind received and that the most depraved and greater improvements, than in vile are sensible of it. For who the present.

Volumes have ever thought of counterfeiting a been written for the purpose of nonentity? Let us then beware illustrating the nature and ori. of enthusiasm, and of hypocrisy. gin of our ideas and emotions, and But let us likewise beware, lest, of tracing our various pleasures by an undistinguishing clamour and pains to their distinct sources. against these abuses of religion, In this departinent of philoso, we be imperceptibly led to give phy, as well as the other, much up its characteristic features, its has been gained by endeavouring foundation, and its very essence to reduce every thing to the test


their eye,

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Here they are taught true wis, THE DEGALOGUE.

dom, and introduced again into No, 2.

the right path. Let every tempo Second Commandment.

tation to sin be avoided. Nei. “ Thou shalt not make unto ther the statuary nor painter thee any graven image, or any had encouragement among the likeness of any thing that is in Israelites. The prohibition exheaven above, or that is in the tends only to such representaearth beneath, or that is in the tions, when the object of worwater under the earth.

ship, but lest men's minds “Thou shalt not bow down thy, should be withdrawn from the self to them or serve them : for true God, neither figures, nor I the Lord thy God am a jealous pictures of any kind were perGod, visiting the iniquity of the mitted in the commonwealth. fathers upon the children, unto The Roman governors, before the third and fourth generation Pilate, conformed so far to the of them that hate me :

opinion of the nation, as to re" And shewing mercy unto move from the ensign used at thousands of them that love me, Jerusalem, the image which it and keep my commandments." usually displayed of the empe.

This commandment corrects ror, A neglect of this afterthe erronepus ideas, which man- wards gave great offence to the kind had entertained of Deity. Jews, and excited them to very His nature is incorporeal. Repre- dangerous tumults. In the comsenting it therefore, by any form mand we find a beautiful gradain heaven, on earth, or under the tion. Blame was attached to earth, leads us from the truth. those, who made images or picSuch representations are strictly tures ; they were more blama forbidden, as well as worship: ble, whọ bowed before them in ping him through mediums, adoration ; but they were in the which he hath not appointed, highest degree blamable, who whether through the medium of served these by sacrifices, and images, of departed men, or of offerings of any kind. angels, All which mediums The truths contained in this are found in experience to per: commandment were not altovert the judgment, and to issue gether unknown to the Gen. in giving to the creature, the tiles. The knowledge of them worship which ought to be given might haye been derived either to the Creator alone. In this from tradition or from the incommandment the doctrine, tescourse, which they had with which our Lord taught the wor the Jews. In many of the heaman of Samaria, is evidently im- then temples no image was perplied. That God is a Spirit, and mitted. The Persians in this that he must be worshipped in conformed to the injunctions of spirit and in truth, Mankind their Zoroaster, whose story is early lost this doctrine. They so similar to that of Moses, as became vain in their imagina- to make it probable, that the narțions, and their foolish hearts ration had its origin in our sacred tere darkened. “ Professing to books. Numa allowed no state pe wise they became fools." ue, picture, nor image to debase

the worship of the Romans, be- to correct the fault of the par; lieving it to be highly derogatory ent, the child would not suffer. to the Divine honour to repre- Far bị this from God. Chilsent him by such mean things. dren, who tread in the steps

The transgressors of this law of the father (and this the are spoken of as 'those who commandment supposes) are “ hate" God. Idolatry would justly exposed to the same dissubvert the throne of God, and tress, and no glossing can hence establish in its place the domin- impeach any attribute of Deity; ion of iniquity. It excites his but even allow, as must some, jealousy and indignation. Wher times have been the case, that ever anger or fury are attribu- the child did suffer and, die in ted to God, either in the law or consequence of the parent's in the prophets, idolaters are the idolatries; the difficulty here is objects. The order against the not greater than in any other Israelites, who should fall into case when infants do suffer and idolatry, discovers God's fixed die. aversion to this crime ; and de- A viciouş parent is sometimes termination to punish it. (Deut. affected with diseases which are xiij. 12—17.)

hereditary. A generation who The man who observes this hold in abhorrence the crime of commandment, loves God. He the ancestor, still groan under rejoices that God reigns, and the doleful consequence. This submits cheerfully to all the or- is a fact of which all may inform ders of his throne ; he is tender themselves. It takes place, un of his honour, and gives himder the government of God, and ard him alone, his heart and his proceeds from laws by bim es, adoration.

tablished. God will suffer no rival ; the Another fact is universally offender introduceth such a rival known. Since Adam disobeyed at his peril. A man may live to God, infirmity and pain, sickness see the third, and sometimes the and death, have threatened every fourth generation. His crime infant descending from him, and shall occasion him calamity as been fatal to vast numbers of long as he liveth. We are vul: them. This, according to the nerable in our children. He is present course of things, is in. sunk below the brute creation évitable. Has not God regulatwho has not for such the tender.ed things in this way? If he be est affections. The imitative pleased thus to shew his disappower is strong in children. probation of iniquity, what can They do as their parents do ; if we object ? Shall we arraign parents be ungodly, so probably wisdom, which is infinite ? Shall will be children. How in- we say of a plan known to us in tolerable the thought, that you part only, that it is defective? have, by your example, misled Can any thing be more presumpthe child, and brought not only tuous ? Is it not true wisdom de your own grey hairs with sor- voutly to acquiesce; fully assur: row to the grave, but also entail-ed, that however things appear ed a sad inheritance upon chil- to us, the Judge of all the earth dren's children. Were the child hath done right?

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God visits the iniquity of the whose nostrils was the breath of fathers upon the children unto life on the dry land died.” Here the third and fourth generation, observe that the waters prevailed but shews mercy unto thousands exceedingly on the earth, that all of them that love him, and keep the hills, all the high hills, that his commandments : his judg. were under the whole heaven ments have a limit, his mercies were covered. The mountains are unlimited. Judgment is his were covered ; fifteen cubits strange work; in mercy he de- deep were they covered. A lights. Acts of mercy are much suitable depth that no animal, more agreeable to him than acts nor giant might escape death on of punity. It would have given the top of the mountains, that him pleasure to bless thousands the vast ship, the ark, might float of generations, but to the pun- safely over them.* All creaishment of three or four he pro- tures on the land died. The ceeded with reluctance.

flocks and herds are soon overPHILOLOGOS. whelmed ; the warlike horse is

arrested in his flight. The soaring lark and towering eagle,

their strength exhausted, unable PROOFS OF A UNIVERSAL DEL- to move a wing, fall, and sink in

the dark abyss. Silent are the

λο. 6. (Concluded from p. 255.)

groves of Lebanon ; not a bird

flutters on the top of the Andes ; Dejsts have dwelt with impi- Atlas no longer trembles with ous satisfaction on some of the the lion's roar. Villages and more remarkable parts of revela- cities are swept away. In vain tion. The descent of all nations the inhabitants fled to the highfrom one pair, and the universal est hills, or the ark of Noah. deluge have been themes of their The door is shut. In vain they indecorous animadversions. A cry to God. Their hour of hope few pretended or nominal Chris- is past. Like the rich man in tians, not bold enough to deny, hell, they find their prayers renor humble enough to believe jected. The waters sweep them the word of God, have some- all away. Not a breath moves times joined with deists respect the air; silent death spreads ing these subjects. To these we

his boundless empire ; the world beg leave to address the follow- is an universal tomb. ing proofs from the sacred scrip

Chap. viii. 14. “ And the ark tures, which establish the uni- rested upon one of the mounversal deluge, beyond the shadow tains of Ararat.”

tains of Ararat." Unless the of a doubt.

waters had covered the mounGen. vii. 19, 20, 22. “And tain, as mentioned in the 7th the waters prevailed exceeding- chapter, the ark could not have ly upon the earth, and all the

floated on its summit. The ark high hills, that were under the

must have grounded on the whole heaven, were covered. Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail, and the moun- • Menochius and Bonfrerius. See sains were covered, and all in Pool's Synopsis on the passage.

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