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MR. ANDREW MARVEL, son of the rev. Mr. Andrew Marvel, was born at Kingston on Hull, in Yorkshire, in the year 1620 early age of thirteen, he was admitted member of Trinity College, Cambridge, Dec. 14. 1633. Here he became acquainted with some Jesuits, who observing his promising talents, conceived the design of making him a proselyte. They succeeded so far as to seduce him to London, where, after some months, he was found in a bookseller's shop by his father, who prevailed upon him to return to college. He now pursued his studies with indefatigable diligence; and in 1688, proceeded bachelor of arts, and the same year was admitted scholar of the house.
The next twenty years he spent chiefly in travelling, in what quality is unknown, though
during a part of the time he was secretary to the embassy at Constantinople. His first appearance in England as a public character was in 1657, in quality of assistant to Milton, when Latin secretary to the protector. The year before the restoration, he was returned member for Hull, his native place, and sat in the parliament held at Westminster, April 25, 1660. After the restoration, he was again chosen for the parliament which began May 8, 1661, He continued in the house to his death, and conducted himself with such uniform integrity, and with such satisfaction to his constituents, that they generously allowed him a handsome pension for life. He seldom spoke in the house, though his influence without doors over the members of both houses, was considerable. He was particularly intimate with prince Rupert, who paid great deference to his opinion. He was a zealous and constant patriot. The king, having been often delighted in his company, was desirous of conbut ferring on him some marks of his favour; all such overtures he declined with a magnanimous firmness; alledging, "that he must be either ungrateful to the king in voting against him, or false to his country in giving
into the measures of the court." Among his intimate friends, he numbered the duke of Devonshire; and particularly Milton, with whom his friendship was early formed, and terminated only by death. He has the honour of being the first, together with Dr. Barrow, of exciting the attention of the undiscerning public to the unrivalled merit of the "Paradise Lost." He died in August 1678, in the 58th year of his age, as it was thought, by poison. He was never married; his manners reserved among strangers, were delightful and instructive among friends. His constitution, naturally strong, was fortified by habitual temperance; and he enjoyed uninterrupted health to the last.
His works consist of
2. The Rehearsal Transprosed, first and second part,
3. Mr. Smirk, or the Divine in Mode; being certain Annotations on the Animadversions on the "Naked Truth;" together with a short historical essay concerning General Councils, Creeds, and Impositions in Matters of Religion; published in 1676, under the name of Andreas Rivetus junior.
4. An Account of the Growth of Popery, and Arbitrary Government in England; more particularly from the long Prorogation of November, 1675, ending the 15th of February 1676, till the last meeting of Parliament, the 16th of July 1677.
In the Rehearsal Transprosed Marvel ridicules Dr. Parker, (afterwards archbishop,) under the name of Bayes. A name by which Dryden had been formerly satyrised in the comedy of "The Rehearsal."
This gentleman, (Dr. Parker) as I have heard, after he had read Don Quixot, and the Bible, besides such school-books as were necessary for his age, was sent early to the university, and there studied hard, and in a short time became a competent rhetorician, and no ill disputant. He had learnt how to erect a thesis, and to defend it pro or con with a serviceable distinction; while the truth, as his camarade Mr. Bayes hath it on another occasion,
Before a full pot of ale you can swallow,
Was here with a whoop, and gone with a hollow,
And so, thinking himself now ripe and qualified for the greatest undertakings, and highest fortune,
he therefore exchanged the narrowness of the university for the town: but coming out of the confinement of the square-cap and quadrangle, into the open air, the world began to turn round with him; which he imagined, though it were his own giddiness, to be nothing less than the quadrature of the circle. This accident concurring so happily to increase the good opinion he naturally. had of himself, he thenceforward applied to gain a like reputation with others, He followed the town life, haunted the best companies; and to polish himself from any pedantic roughness, he read and saw the plays, with much care, and more proficiency than most of the auditory. But all this while, he forgot not the main chance, but hearing of a vacancy with a nobleman, he clap, ped in, and easily obtained to be his chaplain. From that day you may take the date of his preferments and his ruin. For having soon wrought himself dexterously into his patron's favour, by short graces and sermons, and a mimical way of drolling upon the puritans, which he knew would take both at chapel and table; he gained a great authority likewise among all the domestics. They all listened to him as an oracle; and they allowed him by common consent to have not only all the divinity, but more wit too than all the rest of the family put toge ther. This thing alone elevated him exceedingly in his own conceit, and raised his hypochondria into