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I trouble thee too much, but thou art willing.

Luc. It is my duty, fir.

Bru. I should not urge thy duty past thy might; I know, young bloods look for a time of rest.

Luc. I have slept, my lord, already.

Bru. It is well done ; and thou shalt sleep again; I will not hold thee long: if I do live, I will be good to thee. [Musick, and a song. This is a sleepy tune:-O murd'rous Number! Lay'st thou thy leaden mace? upon my boy, That plays thee musick ?-Gentle knave, good

night; I will not do thee so much wrong to wake thee. If thou dost nod, thou break'st thy instrument; I'll take it from thee; and, good boy, good night. Let me see, let me fee; 8_ Is not the leaf turn'd


i-thy leaden mace -] A mace is the ancient term for a fceptre. So, in The Arraignment of Paris, 1584:

look upon my lately grace, “ Because the pomp that 'longs to Juno's mace,” &c. Again :

because he knew no more

Fair Venus' Ceston, than dame Juno's mace." Again, in Marius and Sylla, 1594:

proud Tarquinius • Rooted from Rome the sway of kingly mace.” Again, in Spenser's Faery Queen, B. I. c. x:

“ Who mightily upheld that royal mace." STEEVENS. Shakspeare probably remembered Spenser in his Faery Queen, B. I. cant. iv. st. 44 :

“ When as Morpheus had with leaden mase
« Arrefted all that courtly company."

Holt White. 8 Let me see, let me see ;] As these words are wholly unmetrical, we may suppose our author meant to avail himself of the common colloquial phrase. -Let's fee, let's see. STEVENS,

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Where I left reading? Here it is, I think.

[He sits down.

Enter the Ghost of CÆSAR.

How ill this taper burns !-Ha! who comes here?
I think, it is the weakness of mine eyes,
That shapes this monstrous apparition.
It comes upon me:-Art thou any thing?
Art thou some god, fome angel, or some devil,
That mak'st my blood cold, and my hair to stare?
Speak to me, what thou art.

Ghost. Thy evil spirit, Brutus.

Why com’st thou?
Ghost. To tell thee, thou shalt see me at Philippi.

BRU. Well;
Then I shall see thee again?'

8 Then I shall see thee again?] Shakspeare has on this occasion deserted his original. It does not appear from Plutarcb that the Ghost of Cæfar appeared to Brutus, but “ a wonderful ftraunge and monstruous shape of a body." This apparition could not be at once the shade of Cæfar, and the evil genius of Brutus.

“ Brutus boldly asked what he was, a god, or a man, and what cause brought him thither. The spirit answered him, I am thy euill spirit, Brutus; and thou fhalt see me by the citie of Philippes. Brutus beeing no otherwise affrayd, replyed againe vnto it: well, then I shall see thee agayne. The spirit presently vanished away; and Brutus called his men vnto him, who tolde him that they heard no noyse, nor fawe any thing at all."

See the story of Caffius Parmenfis in Valerius Maximus, Lib. I. c. vii. STEEVENS.

The words which Mr. Steevens has quoted, are from Plutarch's life of Brutus. Shakspeare had also certainly read Plutarch's account of this vision in the life of Cæfar: • Above all, the ghoff that appeared unto Brutus, showed plainly that the goddes were offended with the murther of Cæsar.' The vision was thus. Brutus being ready to pass over his army from the citie of Abydos to the other coast lying directly against it, flept every night (as his manner


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Ay, at Philippi.

[Ghost vanises. Bru. Why, I will see thee at Philippi then.Now I have taken heart, thou vanishest: Ill spirit, I would hold more talk with thee.Boy! Lucius !–Varro! Claudius! Sirs, awake! Claudius!

Luc. The strings, my lord, are false.

Bru. He thinks, he still is at his instrument.Lucius, awake.

Luc. My lord!
Bru. Didst thou dream, Lucius, that thou so

cry’dst out? Luc. My lord, I do not know that I did cry. Bru. Yes, that thou didst: Didst thou see any

thing? Luc. Nothing, my lord. Bru. Sleep again, Lucius.Sirrah, Claudius!

was,) in his tent; and being yet awake, thinking of his affaires -he thought he heard a noyse at his tent-dore, and looking towards the light of the lampe that waxed very dimme, he saw a horrible vision of a man, of a wonderfull greatnes and dreadful looke, which at the first made him marvelously afraid. But when he sawe that it did him no hurt, but stoode by his bedde-fide, and said nothing, at length he asked him what he was. The image aunswered him, I am thy ill angel, Brutus, and thou shalt see me by the citie of Philippes. Then Brutus replyed agayne, and said, Well

, I shall see thee then. Therewithall the spirit presently vanished from him.”

It is manifest from the words above printed in Italicks, that Shakspeare had this passage in his thoughts as well as the other.

MALONE, That lights grew dim, or burned blue, at the approach of spectres, was a belief which our author might have found examples of in almost every book of his age that treats of supernatural appearances, See King Richard III, Vol. X. p. 68o. n. 6. STEVENS,

Fellow thou! awake.

VAR. My lord.
CLAU. My lord.
Bru. Why did you fo cry out, firs, in your sleep?
VaR. Clau. Did we, my lord?

Ay; Saw you any thing?
VAR. No, my lord, I saw nothing.

Nor I, my lord. Bru. Go, and commend me to my brother Cas



Bid him set on his powers betimes before,
And we will follow.
VAR. CLAU. It shall be done, my lord.


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Enter OCTAVIUS, Antony, and their Army.
Oct. Now, Antony, our hopes are answered:
You said, the enemy would not come down,
But keep the hills and upper regions ;
It proves not so: their battles are at hand;
They mean to warn us’ at Philippi here,

warn us -] To warn is to fummon. So, in K, John:

“ Who is it that hath warn'd us to the walls ?" Shakspeare uses the word yet more intelligibly in King Richard III.

“ And sent to warn them to his royal presence.” Throughout the books of the Stationers Company, the word is

Answering before we do demand of them.

Ant. Tut, I am in their bosoms, and I know Wherefore they do it: they could be content To visit other places; and come down With fearful bravery, thinking, by this face, To fasten in our thoughts that they have courage ; But 'tis not fo.

Enter a Messenger.


Prepare you, generals : The enemy comes on in gallant show; Their bloody sign of battle is hung out, And something to be done immediately.

Ant. Octavius, lead your battle softly on, Upon the left hand of the even field.

Oct. Upon the right hand I, keep thou* the left. Ant. Why do you cross me in this exigent? Oct. I do not cross you; but I will do so.


Drum. Enter Brutus, Cassius, and their Army;

LUCILIUS, TITINIUS, Messala, and Others.
Bru. They stand, and would have parley.

always used in this sense. “ Receyved of Raufe Newbery for his fyne, that he came not to the hall when he was warned, according to the orders of this house." STEEVENS.

3 With fearful bravery,] That is, with a gallant show of courage, carrying with it terror and dismay. Fearful is used here, as in many other places, in an active fense---producing fear-intimidating.

MALONE. So, in Churchyard's Siege of Leeth, 1575:

They were a feare unto the enmyes eye." STEVENS.

- keep thou-] The tenour of the conversation evidently requires us to read your RITSON.


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