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great rapidity, without saying a word. We then discharged a blun
derbuss towards them, well loaded MR. CUTTER'S JOURNAL.
with powder, at which they slack(Continued from page 476, vol. xiv.) ened their pace, and altered their
course, saying. “Do not fire at us; Protection from Robbers.
we only wish to caution you not to Dec. 22. Sabbath. Had worship anchor here,"--and soon they were in Burman as usual, conducted by out of sight. There was not the Ko Sanlone. Passed one village slightest reason for them to have and two towns, one of which, Pha- supposed we intended to anchor khan-ghna, contained about two where we then were, as there was hundred houses, where we gave no village near, and we were in the some tracts, and the disciples spent middle of the river, pursuing our some time in extorting. Was
course with all possible speed. obliged to anchor at night, by the side of a large sand-bank, it being a
Ruins of Pah-gan. long distance to any village. Not
Dec. 25. Arrived at Pah-gan withstanding the river is infested about noon, and went on shore to with robbers, particularly about this see the ruins of this ancient city, place, we were preserved in safety. which now contains but about one “We laid ourselves down and slept ; hundred houses. The pagodas are we awoke; for the Lord sustained almost innumerable, but inostiy drop
ping to decay. There are three or 23. Passed Za-la, a city con
four however, still kept in repair, one taining about three hundred louses,
of which is by far, the most splendid where we gave about fifty tracts structure of the kind I ever saw. It Some listened with good attention, took about half an hour to go through and I regretted I had not taken more
its numerous alleys and rooms, which tracts to supply the numerous ap- niches made for the purpose, both
are filled with images neatly set in plicants. Passed two small villages, and anchored at Touk-Ryan, a vil- large and small. At each of the lage of twenty houses, standing at
four entrances was a huge great some distance from the river, and image, standing erect, with the where no boats were anchored.' We bands in different positions, before distributed a few tracts among them
which some of the boatmen, who and the head-man sent us down followed on after us, bowed down a present of about fifty ears of green and mumbled over some petition. corn, and a pumpkin, and sent two On rising from their knees, they aried men as a guard for the night. appeared much ashamed and conAbout midnight, two small boats full fused, as they saw we were looking of men passed us at a distance, but on at a distance. The pagoda is
made of brick and hewed stone, and we were not molested. 24. Passed six villages, and
the brick work neatly plastered over, chored a little after 9 o'clock, at a
inside and out: it is built strong, and village of twenty houses, not far looks as though it might stand for from Pah-gan. About 8 o'clock, a centuries. One of the walls which small boat, full of men were seen by I measured was about eight feet
thick. the löght of the moon, making their way towards They shortly
Nero encouragements. hailed us, by asking who we were, The people were willing to listen, and what we were there for. Ko and appeared very anxious to get Sanlone asked who they were, and tracts. Distributed among them as they made no reply, but kept abont sixty. When bro. Kincaid moving towards us, he told them not was along here, the people were to corne near our boat; at which afraid to receive tracts. Anchored they began to make towards us with before dark at Nyoung-oo, a place of
three hundred houses. In one part hundred tracts, most of which, I of the town the people were afraid doubt not, will be read with attento take tracts, and at the other part tion and profit. Passed two more many appeared to be seriously con- large places, Goungh-gwai and Tasidering, and collected together, and loke, where we were well received, requested that the tracts which they and distributed upwards of one hunreceived from bro. Kincaid might dred tracts. be explained to them. They said 31. Since the above date we they had read them with care, but have passed a number of towns and did not fully understand their mean- villages, containing about fifteen ing. The disciples spent two or hundred houses, but as our tracts three hours with them, while the were nearly gone, we distributed but people paid the deepest attention. about one hundred, giving to those Trust the Lord has some chosen who apparently wanted them the ones here.
most. In that part of the town, where
Reflections. the people were afraid to take the books, I had most of the catechism This morning, sent off two of the read to a large number, who listened men to Ava with a note, to inforın with attention, and afterwards sev. bro. Kincaid that we were near the eral came up and asked for books. “ Golden city.” We hope to reach
Dec. 26. 'Passed one large town there to-morrow. How little did I some distance back from the river, expect, at the commencement of this and three small villages, and was year, that at the close of it I should obliged to anchor at an early hour be in the situation I now am! How at Pah-koke-koo, a large place of mysterious are the ways of Provififteen hundred houses, where we
dence! I who am
one of the gave away one hundred and ten youngest, the most feeble, and the tracts, and preached Jesus Christ inost unworthy of the missionary unto them. Several listened with band, am destined to one of the most deep attention, and one or two fol- important stations of the missionary lowed us down to the boat, and the field! The last day of this year finds disciples spent much time in en me near the capital of this great emdeavoring to instruct them in the pire-the close of another year may ways of truth and holiness. I pass-tind me in eternity! How solemn ed a number of brick-makers at work, the thought! May the Lord enable and asked them for what purpose mne, to fill up each day with usefulthey were making bricks. They ness, and whatever my hand findeth said, “To build a pagoda with." to do, to do it with all my might. And what use is to be made of the
Arrival at Ava. pagoda when it is finished? They hung down their heads, apparently Jan. 1, 1834. About 10 o'clock, much confused, and said "We then came in sight of the towering spire call it a god, and worship it.” Will of the Golden palace. On every side it possess life? “No." Why then were to be seen numerous splendid worship it--what advantage will you pagodas, of almost every size. Some derive from worshipping it? “It is were a beautiful white, and others Burman custom." I endeavored to gilded from top to bottom. explain to them the folly of such About twelve o'clock, bro. and worship, and to point them to the sister Kincaid made their appearance true and eternal God.
in a little boat. In a few minutes, 28. Passed Myen-kyan, a town of we had the pleasure of welcoming two hundred houses, where were them on board, and they the pleasure many who listened attentively to of realizing, that in a few hours they the truths of the gospel, and begged should have fellow-laborers (at least that they might hear more of these in name,) in the interesting field, words. Distributed among them one where he had so prayerfully, boldly
and successfully made an attack | the time is not far distant, when upon the empire of darkness, and has heralds of the cross, will be stationed had the happiness of seeing some of at these destitute places, and the the trophies of divine grace, publicly bread of life broken to the perishing espousing the cause of the blessed thousands. Redeemer. We fell upon our knees,
Very truly yours, and unitedly offered up our grateful
0. T. CUTTER. acknowledgements to our Divine To Rev. Dr. Bolles. Protector and Preserver, for his kind watch-care over us, since we had
MR. KINCAID TO DR. BOLLES. been separated, and for the abundant manifestations of His goodness to
Ava, Feb. 15, 1834. wards us.
Rev. and very dear Sir, About sunset we landed, and en- From journals and letters which tered through the gates into the I have forwarded to you, during the “Golden city.” Her walls are made eight months now past, the Board of brick, immensely thick, and the will learn the state of things in Ava, houses of wood. The streets are as well as I am able to describe them. not paved, and hundreds of Burman It has been an object with me, to carts constantly passing and repass- avoid unnecessary publicity in the ing, keep a cloud of dust in circula- discharge of my duties; while, on tion, from morning till evening. the other hand, I have not disguised This, together with the smoke, which the object of my residence in Ava; rises in every direction, (as most of but have, whenever questioned by the Burmans cook in the street,) must the ministers of Government, frankly render walking or living, on one of told them that I was sent here by the public streets of Ava, almost in- good people in America, to teach tolerable ; especially in the hot sea- the knowledge of the living God; son, when the thermometer rises to and that no worldly object whatever, 108 and 110 in the shade. Arrived influenced us in this work. Save at our house about dark. It is sit- some prohibitions from an indirect uated on one of the most public source, I have been permitted to streets, and not a great distance from prosecute my labors, both in the the palace.
distribution of tracts, and preaching We felt thankful, that we were the Gospel. thus brought on our way in safety,
I think the time is not distant, and humbly trust God, in his infinite when the question will be finally mercy will long permit us to stay settled, “Shall we be permitted to here.
make vigorous efforts in the heart
of Burmah?” We must expect ocReview of the Journey.
casional abuses, and perhaps some Since we left Rangoon, we have open hostility. The history of the passed 1 15 cities, towns, and villages churc!., in all past ages, warrants us containing 25,900 houses, which lie to expect this. I do hope our dear scattered along the banks of the river, Christian friends in Ainerica will and have distributed among the in- not despair of accomplishing all that habitants 7,185 tracts, which I doubt for Burmah, which their hearts denot will hereafter be the means of sire. Let us have time to make a bringing forth much fruit, to the fair trial, and I trust it will tell upon praise and glory of Divine grace. this people through all coming time. The Gospel has also been preached. The door is now open, and I trust it and the people exhorted, whenever is never to be closed, till the last opportunity presented. There are vestige of idolatry is swept from the many places, which I should judge, land. would be good missionary stations, In a preceding letter, I informed and where, I doubt not, a missionary you of the safe arrival of bro. and would be cordially received. I trust sister Cutter. They have both been down with the fever and bowel com- in good glass stopper bottles, or plaint, but they are now enjoying they will soon be spoiled in this clitolerable health, and are getting mate. I hope they will be sent on along well in the language. Bro. with as little delay as possible, that Cutter has just got the press in op- I may not be under the necessity of eration, and it is known by the whole sending again to Bengal; as mediGovernment. A few days ago, the cines there, are three and four hunGovernment made objections to our dred per cent. higher than in Amerwork altogether, preaching, printing, ica. and giving of tracts; but, after a This city is visited by the angel while, being either afraid or ashamed of death. The small pox broke out of driving us out of the country, about one month ago, and has bethey relinquished all demands except come an epidemic. We are informone; that was, that we should give ed by officers of Government, that no more of the “Investigator” to the five thousand seven hundred children people. I consider, therefore, that are dead, besides all the other classwe occupy higher ground than we es. It is heart-rending to hear the did before. The Government has lamentations of the people. The gates indirectly given us liberty to preach, of the city are not shut at all, and print, and give all our books except the fires that consume the dead, burn the Investigator.
day and night. The native physiI am sorry to say, that I have been cians appear to be unskilled in every under the necessity of sending to branch of their profession, except it Bengal for medicines. The little I be the act of plundering the people. brought with me from America, has They pay no attention to the course long since been expended; and, at or symptoms of disease ; but admindifferent times, I have procured, with ister several poisonous vegetable my own money, about sixty rupees nostrums, in rapid succession, calling worth of medicines; but the expense upon the people to make offerings to of living in Ava, puts it out of my the Nats. power to purchase more.
Seldom a Four persons in our house are now day passes, but I am called upon to covered with the small pox; but I administer to the sick. Often, mem- have kept away the native physician, bers of Government, and some of and they are all doing well. In one the princes, have called on me for house near us, three persons died in medical aid. I would gladly be free one day. In some houses, all are from all such cares, but, situated as dead, four or five having died in a I am, it is not possible. While the house. curative remedy lies before me, I Will you kindly remember me to cannot withhold it from my suffering the members of the Board, and to fellow-men. Besides that, the arm other Christian friends in and around of beneficence extended to the suf- Boston. We beg an interest in fering sick, opens the door more your ferve
prayers, and ask widely for the diffusion of that Gos- your continued advice. pel which brings life and immortali- Yours affectionately, in the Gosty to light. I should have written pel of Christ, much sooner, but, having seen adver
E. KINCAID. tised, that a quantity of medicine was on its way to Burmah, I hoped to receive a supply; not, however, hearing any thing more about it, I MISS CUMMINGS TO DR. BOLLES. have ordered a smallsupply from Bengal; what I suppose will last ten or
The following letter gives a lively piceleven months, I wish for a full chest ture of a first year's residence among the of medicines, put up by some respect. Karens, and of the cheerful patience inable physician, or well approved spired by Christian principles in the heart pothecary. They must be put up of a devoted missionary.
Chummerah, Jan. 1, 1834. nature. I soon began to feel, in Rev. and dear Sir,
some degree, their effects, but was
not satisfied that there was sufficient One year has expired since my cause to justify a removal. While arrival in Burmah, some account of I was deliberating, and inquiring myself is justly due to those persons, what I ought to do, mny Burman teachunder whose patronage I have been er was suddenly taken with the jun. been brought hither. No regular gle fever, which shortly increased journal has been kept of what I have to such a degree, as to render him done, or of what I have seen. The unable to help himself. I now saw, former may all be summed up in a that, should I be seized in like mansingle paragraph ; and the latter is, ner, we shouid be in an evil case, for the most part, similar to that there being no one to look to us but which is constantly written for your Karens, who know as little about perusal, in the journals and letters nursing, as they do about the fine of the missionaries. As to what I arts of polished society. All doubt have heard, I am yet too great a respecting the path of duty being novice in the language, to attempt removed, on the morning of Septemrecording a single debate.
ber 230, I superintended the loading Shortly after my arrival, I procured of the mission-boat, the rain descenda Burman teacher, and commenced ing in torrents; and, assigning to the studying; and, after mature delibera- sick man the best place, started, with tion and consultation, thought it ex- ten or eleven other persons on board, pedient to retire to this station, and about eight o'clock. The current here spend the dry season. The being unusually rapid, and the tide plan having met the approbation of being in our favor, as we drew tothe brethren, I left Maulmein on the wards Maulmein, we arrived in that 7th of February, and arrived at city ihe same day, at even. There Chummerah the third day after. I remained till the 230 ult., when I June 20, was taken ill; and, on the once more ascended the Salwen, 230, set out for Maulmein, to which for this place, which I reached on place I arrived the day following. the 27th ult. My time has been emThis course had been previously en- ployed in studying the language, joined upon me, in case of sickness. extending a little medical and other Found my health so well restored aid to the sick, and looking after the by the change of air and diet, that I school, and other little concerns atconcluded to return, and attempt tending the station. These matters spending the remainder of the rainy are trifling, as it respects the labor season in the Karen jungle. AC- I have bestowed about them. But cordingly, I again entered the boat the natives do inch better with one with the natives, who, in all my trav- of the mission family with them, els, are my only companions ; and, even though that one be a female, after having been out three stormy and unacquainted with their lannights, reached my lodging place in guage, than they do when left to the wilderness, July 2d. My health chemselves, which must have been continued tolerably good, till Sep- the case here, had I not resided tember, when the rains began to among them. abate, and the sun to shine upou the The story of self has been short. earth, now fully saturated with water. I have encountered no great hardThe rays of the sun, in many re- ships, have achieved no wonders, spects, so cheering and beneficial in and have been promoted to no worldtheir influence, bring sickness and ly honors. Crossce, self-denials, death to many of the poor wretches sufferings, trials, -none have I to inhabiting these wilds. The exhala- mention, worthy of the name. The tions they occasion from the putre-evils I anticipated, have not yet been fied substances which cover the realized; and a year, happier than whole region, are pestilential in their has been the past, have I never seco.