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in bunches at the joints, near the ends of the branches; they are much like the flowers of the jessamine, but have the addition of some yellow apices, which are loose on the top of the blossom, and a style which shoots out near half an inch above it. T'he fruit appears about October, but hangs on the tree till next July before it is ripe : it is then gathered and prepared for the market, or for propagating other plants. When the fruit has attained its maturity, cloths are placed under the trees, and upon these the labourers shake it down. They afterwards spread the berries on mats, and expose them to the sun to dry, The husk is then broken off by large and heavy rollers of wood or iron. When the coffee has been thus cleared of its husk, it is again dried in the sun, and lastly winnowed with a large fan, for the purpose of clearing it from the pieces of husks with which it is intermingled.
Coffee is, perhaps, one of the greatest blessings, among those that are not really necessaries of life, which Providence has indulged to mankind. Considera ing its beneficial qualities in use, as well as its agreeable properties, it should be classed among the most elegant plants, in foliage, in blossom, and in fruit.
THE JUVENILE NATURALIST,
FOR NOVEMBER, 1822.
(From “ Time's Telescope for 1822.") « November is usually a very gloomy month, yet there are some intervals of clear and pleasant weather: the mornings are generally sharp, but the hoar-frost is soon dissipated by the sun giving a rich tinge to the autumnal colouring of the decaying foliage, and affording a fine open day. At other times, Noveanber
Chills, with dense fogs, the cheerless, tardy morn,
Pours the loud urn on the expiring year. “ The earth is now surcharged with moisture, and the state of the ground is well suited to new planting; the mild rains and even the winds consolidating the earth round the roots of the young plants, and favouring the action of their fibres, before an entire suspension takes place by severe frost.
“ The foggy mornings of November are favourable to the growth and appearance of mushrooms; and to range the reeking meadows in search of them, at an early hour in the morning, is the occupation of many of the village children. The fungi or mushroom tribe are very numerous, and of singular construction : tbeir various species abounding at this season offer to the naturalist a wide scope for observation; they attract the notice of every one ; even children admire them, and they afford to the philosopher a subject of interesting speculation.
*«• The naturalist, who lately contemplated the trees and shrubs in all their beauty of outline, foliage, blossoms, colours, and lights and shadows, must now contemplate them in their ramifications, sprays, buds, and barks, in which he will still find abundance of beauty and wonder.
“ Small birds begin to congregate, to pass the winter months. in associated bodies ; the stock-dove, one of the latest winter birds of passage, arrives from more northern regions, towards the end of this month.
“ Moles now make their nests, in which they lodge during the winter, and which are ready for depositing their young in the spring. These are distinguished by being of a larger size than the common mole-hill, and are lined with dried grass, leaves, &c.
" The farmer usually finishes his ploughing this month. Cattle and horses are taken into the farm-yard ; sheep are sent to the turnip-field; ant-hills are destroyed; and bees are put under shelter.
“ The gardener sows peas and beans in a warm situation for an early crop, if happily they may survive the frosts of winter.
“ Violent storms of wind are not uncommon in October and November, but the partial injury which they occasion is amply compensated by the benefits derived from them in purifying the atmosphere."
BRIEF ASTRONOMICAL NOTICES,
FOR NOVEMBER, 1822. “ The Moon rises, on the 1st, about six at night, under the Pleiades to the west of her, and is soon followed by Jupiter, also to the west of her ; she will form, with the Pleiades, Jupiter, and Aldebaran, a pleasing groupe. On the 13th is new Moon, at thirty-six minutes past six at night. On the 16th, the crescent of the Moon is sech at sun-set near the horizon in south-west-bysouth. On the 28th is full Moon, at forty-two minutes past seven at night; she rises, in the evening, more than half an hour before sun-set; and will be seen, when the stars appear, to the east of the Pleiades, having beneath her Jupiter to the west. On the 29th, she rises about a quarter of an hour after sun-set. Jupiter, the Pleiades, Aldebaran, with the Hyades, will be distinguished to the west of her.
“ MERCURY will be a morning star after the 5th, and before that time, from his nearness to the Sun, invisible.
“ Venus is a morning star, “ Mars is an evening star.
“ JUPITER rises about six at night on the Ist, and on the 20th about sun-set. He is first seen above and near to the highest star of the Hyades, affording a constant opportunity of comparing his splendour with that of Aldebaran.
“ SATURN is on the meridian at six minutes before midnight on the 1st, about eleven on the 13th, and ten on the 27th, “ HERSCHEL is an evening star."
INSCRIPTION ON AN OLD APPLE-TREE.
BY T. ROOD,
To leave the little scenes of Earth behind,
On eagle pinions, swifter than the wind.
To mark the Comets speeding to the Sun,
Where, lost to human sight, remote they run.
Amidst the heavens, in borrowed lustre bright;
Lowly her lot on earth,mbut He, who bore
To mourning wanderers given ;
'Tis found above in Heaven !
'Tis fair as breath of even;
And find repose in Heaven.
By sin and sorrow driven ;
And all is drear but Heaven !
The heart with anguish riven ;
And all screne in Heaven.
And joys supreme are given ;
Printed by T. Cordeux, 14, City-Road, Loudon.