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40 Report of the Committee on the Copyright Acts. (Aag. 1, the copies of printed books in the Having prcsupied to advise certain authors or purchasers of such copies, regulations with the view of lightening and for other purposes therein men- as much as possible the pressure, whattioned; and to report, whether any and ever may be its amount, on all those conwhat alterations are requisite to be nected with the publication of books, made therein, together with their obser- your Committee would be wanting in vations thereon, to the House ;-have the discharge of their duty, were they pursuant to the Order of the House, not to recommend a strict enforcement proceeded to consider the said Acts; and of such obligations, as for useful purhave received various statements, and poses remains to be discharged: by examined several persons connected annexing suitable penalties to the negwith the printing, the publishing, or lect of performing them; and perhaps with the sale of Books; and after much in some cases by adding the forfeiture of attention bestowed on the subject, they Copyright. beg leave to observe,

The attention of Your Committee That although great changes have has naturally been directed to the late taken place in the literary systems of this decision in the Court of King's Bench, country, since the first of the laws refer- ascertaining the true interpretation of red to them was enacted, on which the the Statute of Queen Anne; and they others depend; yet they conceive that find, that, previously to that decision, the substance of those laws is proper an universal misapprehension existed as to be retained; and in particular that, to the real state of the law; and that continuing the delivery of all new works, works were undertaken, and contracts and in certain cases of subsequent edi- made on the faith of long established tions, to the libraries now entitled to usage. Your Committee are fully receive them, will tend to the advance- aware, that, in expounding the law, no ment of learning, and to the diffusion of attention can be paid by Courts of knowledge, without imposing any consi- Justice to the hardships that may inciderable burthen on the authors, printers, dentally be produced; but it will deserve or publishers of such works. But that the serious deliberation of Parliament, it will be expedient to modify some of whether all retrospective effect should the existing provisions, -as to the not be taken awav from a construction, quality of the paper, which may fairly be which might be thought to bear 'hardly reduced from the finest sort and largest on those who have acted on a different size, to that used in the greater part of understanding of the law. an edition ;-by substituting a delivery Lastly; Your Committee have taken on demand, after due and proper notice into their consideration the subject has been given of the publication, to a of Copyright; which extends at predistribution in the first instance :-And sent to fourteen years certain, and by affording an alternative with respect then to a second period of equal to subsequent editions in certain cases. duration, provided the author happens

Your Committee would however sug- to survive the first. They are inclined gest one, exception to these rules, in to think, that no adequate reason can

favour of the British Museum; this be given for this contingent reversión, Natioual establishment, augmenting and that a fixed term should be assigned every day in utility and importance, .beyond the existing period of fourteen ought, in the opinion of Your Com- years. mittee, to be furnished with every pub- June 17, 1818. lication that issues from the press, in its most splendid form.

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BARON J. J. GERNING. Priry-Counsellor and Enroy-Extraordinary from His Serene Highness the Landgrave

of Hesse-Homburg to the Court of Great Britain. Baron J. J. Gerning was born at natural history, and particularly in the Frankfort on the Maine in the year department of entomology: he died in 177%. " His father, who lived upon his 1802. His grandfather and uncle were 1. private fortune in that city, had by most first magistrates of the free Imperial

indefatigable labour, and at enormous City of Frankfort. Baron Gerning expense, formed a valuable collection in pursued his studies for the most part at

Memoir of Baron J. J. Gerning.

41 Jena, where he obtained the degree of forded him consolation. There he comDoctor. At Jena he resided in the posed his “Carmen Seculare on the house of the celebrated philologist 18th century;" and with the encouSchutz the editor of Æschylus, and who ragement of Herder and Göthe, he is well known throughout Germany for wrote his Travels through Austria and having been the first to set on foot the Italy, which were published, in three plan of the “Literatur-Zeitung." Helike- volumes, in the year 1803. In 1804 he wise lived on terms of the closest inti- purchased an estate in Homburg; and macy with the poet Von Knebel, the from that time became a faithful friend translator of Propertius, a most estima- and counsellor of the Landgrave, who ble man. He besides studied at the is much attached to him, and has apUniversity of Göttingen, where his pointed him Privy-Counsellor. There friend Heyne lived, and attended other he wrote his “ Heilquellen am Taunus," learned Institutions.

He frequently (the Salubrious Springs near Mount paid visits to Weimar, the residence of Taunus,) a splendid edition of which his friend Herder. At Weimar he also appeared in 1814. The study of the enjoyed the friendship of Göthe the curious history of this classic ground of great poet, of Wieland, and of Böttiger, Germany compensated him for the disthe first archaeologist of Germany; appointment of not being able to rehe also became acquainted with the main in Italy. He occasionally visited worthy Bertuch; to whom the litera- Heidelberg, where his friends Voss, the ture of Germany in its various depart- father and son, and A. Schreiber, rements is much indebted. Klopstock, sided. In the year 1805 he once again Herder, and Göthe, awoke the poetic visited Weimar and Jena. A judicious genius of Baron Gerning, and exercised selection from his “Erotic Poems of 4 powerful influence over him, as did Ovid" appeared in 1815. In the year likewise Sophia Von Laroche, who 1813, in conjunction with M. Von Stein, entertained for him the affection of a and the Prince of Hessc Homburg, then mother. The first poem produced by Governor of Fankfort, he powerfully Baron Gerning was addressed “to Göthe contributed to the restoration of liberty at Rome." Horace and Ovid were his in his native city, and made the first classical models. During the Imperial efficient exertions in the attainment of coronation at Frankfort in 1790, the that object. Queen of the Two Sicilies resided in his In 1795, he was placed by the Emfather's house ; a circumstance which peror Francis, in the rank of Imperial made a deep impression upon him; and Nobility: and in 1818, the Grand he celebrated Her Majesty in several of Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt created him his odes. She invited him to Naples ; a Baron, having previously, in 1808, but before proceeding thither he tra- appointed him his Privy-Counsellor. Ali velled to England, Holland, and France, these dignities he held, in conformity where in 1793 he was a witness to the with his own wish, cum privilegio non melancholy death of Louis XVI. In usâs. He passed the greater part of 1794 he quitted Weimar and proceeded the year 1811 at Frankfort, where, to Naples, and had scarcely resided there though he took care to pay no Court to three weeks when he was entrusted with the Prince Primate, he readily assisted an important mission. He visited Italy in establishing the Museum. From on three different occasions. In 1797 1813 to 1816, he contributed by imhe proceeded thither by the way of portant negociations to secure to the Vienna,* and in 1798 he was sent to reigning Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg Rastadt. Had it not been for the his “full sovereignty," the rights and breaking out of the French revolution, advantages of which he never enjoyed he would probably have remained at to so great an extent as at present. In Naples.t 'In Weimar the Muses. af- accomplishing this object, however,

Baron Gerning had constantly in view At Vienna, Baron Gerning had the the preservation of the friendly relations happiness to enjoy the intimate friendship of Denis, Retzer, and Von Hammer; and attention, and said, “ E pieno di spirito, è the noble Count Lamberg, that distinguished pieno di talenti.” He likewise observed,“ !! connoisseur and collector of objects of art

est fait pour negociateur.” During his and antiquity, shewed him the utmost residence at Naples he maintained intimate kindness.

relations with Sir William Hamilton and + At Naples, Acton shewed him great Tischbein. New NONTHLY MAG.No. 55.



Memoir of Buron J. J. Gerning

[Aug. 1, between the two branches of the House In London, as elsewhere, he had the of Hesse. The reigning Prince then good fortune to meet with patrons. He appointed him his Envoy to the Diet at laid at the feet of Her Majesty the Frankfort, where, independently of his Queen, and His Royal Higbness the ministerial relations with Hesse-Hom Prince Regent, the splendid edition of burg, he was, as a citizen of Frankfort, his poem on the Salubriozs Springs of twice chosen a member of the legislative the Taunus. The address which he body, and was also admitted to a scat in delivered on his first audience with the the Presidency. These situations he Prince Regent proceeded entirely from however resigned on accepting the ap- his heart, and was fraught with the pointment for his late mission to London. warmest effusions of love for Old While he held them, he delivered his England. Even before his departure sentiments on the claims of the Patricians from Homburg, he entertained no doubt of Frankfort to the office of Counsellor of the happy issue of this auspicious won the High Court of Appeal for the union. He also received marks of Free Cities on the Petitions of the favour from other members of the Royal Jews to obtain the rights of Citizen- Family : and whilst at the Princess ship—and on the Finances, with respect Elizabeth's Cottage, he had the pleasure to which his proposition for a mode- of visiting his old friend Dr. Herschel. rate income tax, applicable to all classes, On his way to England he was atwas adopted, and the burthensome tacked by a disorder in the lungs, to duty on capital, or the Simplum, was which his life had nearly fallen a sarepealed.

crifice; but he eagerly hastened to fulfil During the present year he has had the object of his honourable mission, the honour of being appointed by the and arrived in London in a state of Landgrave, Envoy Extraordinary and severe indisposition. Dr. Tierney, the Plenipotentiary to the Court of London, able physician of the Prince Regent, on account of the treaty of marriage was then his preserver, and in ten days between the Hereditary Prince and he concluded the negotiations for the Her Royal Highness the Princess Eliza- marriage. beth.

Baron Gerning is moreover a zealous His Odes, Elegies, and other poems, amateur of the pictorial art, and has will shortly be published, as well as a formed, at Frankfort, a valuable colselection from the Odes of Horace. lection of antique gems, Greek and Among his Epigrams and short poems, Roman coins, paintings, and engravings.' is a Nania, or Dirge, on the Death of He likewise possesses the most extensive *Nelson. According to the opinion of and complete collection of insects in German critics, he has eminently dis- Europe, which was bequeathed to him tinguished himself in lyric, didactic, by his father; though for this departand epigramınatic poetry. His last pocti- ment of natural history he entertained cal Odes were, Wayram, (which contains no particular taste, until his travels a poetic anticipation of future victories,) enabled him to contribute to it. and the Schonbund-schlacht, Battle of As a man, Baron Gerning unites in Belle-Alliance, or Waterloo. On the 31st himself all the simplicity and frankness of Oct. 1817, he published a Secular Ode of the scholar, with the polished manners on the festival of the Reformation in and address of the courtier. As a poet Germany." He has besides written an and as a man of letters, he ranks among antiquarian, historical, topographical, the first of the German literati: his and statistical work on the neighbour- poetry is nervous, pathetic, and finished; hood of the Rhine, and likewise a his prose is elegant and pointed. His history of the fortified places on the talents are various: he is an excellent Rhine, which are now publishing at classic, a profound antiquary, no mean Wiesbaden.

linguist, a first rate entomologist, and

withal, a sound lawyer, in which latter The Baron is indeed a most zealous capacity he has particularly distinguished admirer of Luther, and is truly impressed himself

' in his various negociations. In with the great benefits conferred on man- private life he is an honest, worthy man, kind by that dauntless reformer.

and an amiable companion,

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[ 43 ]




pitable table might generally be seen men IN the account of this eccentric cha- who by the application of their abilities,did racter, Vol. IX. p. 12, is an error in re- honour to the age and country in which spect to the annuity purchased by him, they lived. Among the most endeared which was not one of four hundred friends of Mr. Braithwaite was the late pounds, but two hundred and thirteen Isaac Reed, who, in extent of reading, pounds only, and of that he did not live may be said to have equalled Magliabeto receive any payment. His collection chi, and yet of so taciturn a temper, as if of drawings, &c. sold for 1,5271. 38. 6d.; curiosity had never once animated his soul. from which sum some deductions were Reed, Braithwaite, and the no less eccenafterwards made.

tric John Sewell, of Cornhill, were the It is observable, that the biographer of proprietors of the European Magazine, Carter has not deigned to notice the ludi- till the death of the publisher, and the crous ballads entitleil “ Woodstock's infirunities of the editor, broke up the Ghost," and “Addison'sGhost," supposed partnership, and occasioned a transfer to have been written by the late Dean of the concern. From Staple's Inn to Vincent, under the signature of “An old Harpur-street was short distance Westminster," and communicated by for Isaac Reed, who spent much of his him to the worthy Editor of the Gentle- time there, as he likewise did at Mr. man's Magazine. In these rhymes, the Braithwaite's country house, being conarchitectural antiquary and his friend sidered indeed almost a member of the the painter, certainly cut a very whimsi- family, in whose vault at Ampthill his recal figure.

mains, by his own desire, were deposited. DANIEL BRAITHWAITE, P. A. $. F. R. S. When the last variorum edition of (Vol. IX. p. 75.)

Shakspeare passed through the press, our A further account should be given of indefatigable commentator caused one, this gentleman, as a tribute of respect to and only one, copy to be printed on a one who deserved a niche in the history very large paper, which, at his death, he of English literature. He was descended left to his old associate. Much more of an ancient and respectable family in might be said of Mr. Braithwaite's virWestmoreland, where he received a li- tues and connexions, by one who esberal education, and coming early to teemed him for the sterling virtue of his London, obtained a situation in the post character, the urbanity of his disposition, office. By assiduous attention to his du- his unassuming modesty, and inflexible ties, he rose to the place of comptroller in loyalty.

2. the foreign department; and his only son James, who died a short time since, It is to be hoped, that an extended meVas appointed postmaster at New York, moir of the late Mr. Rose will be given not long before the termination of the to the world by some of those who were American war. After many years of most intimately acquainted with his reservice in an important station, Mr. markable history and excellent characBraithwaite retired upon a pension, with ter. The account (vol. IX. p. 76) is another to his son; since which, he di- pretty accurate for such a sketch, but vided his time between London and some particulars should be added of a man Ampthill, in Bedfordshire, where he against whose good name the malignant possessed a small estate.

spirit of party still continues to spit its Though not ambitious of shining as a venom, even when the tomb has closed man of letters, he was well qualified, by upon his mortal remains. It is not quite his genius and attainments to have distin- correct, however, to say of Mr. Rose, guished himself eminently in the sphere that he “afforded a striking instance of of general science. He belonged to the what may be accomplished by industry two principal societies of the kingdom for and integrity, by which he raised himself the cultivation of learning, and his com- from obscurity to opulence and the pany was sought by persons of the first- highest offices of the state."-I know rate talents. Romney, the painter, that political malevolence has often found a patron in Daniel Braithwaite, to sported upon the supposed lowness of wbom Hayley, their common acquaint- this statesman's origin, and without much ance, has in consequence dedicated his regard to truth or consistency, has dememoir of the artist. The late Richard scribed him as sprung from the dregs of Cumberland also experienced the kind- the people. This, from a set of levelling ness of this excellent man, at whose hos- reformers, and the despisers of heredits


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Right Hon. George Rose.

[Aug. 1,
ry honours, is too bad, even were the quate to their sacrifices and responsibili-
fact as they represent it-but the case ty. Mr. Rose for near forty years dis-
is far otherwise, for, though Mr. Rose charged the duties of several important
could not boast of great ancestors, he was offices, but in none of them was the an
certainly descended from a very respect. idle servant, and it may be truly affirm.
able stock. His father was a clergyman ed, that the nation derived more benefit
of an ancient family in the county of from his industry than he did from the
Nairn, whose brother, Dr. Rose, the salaries which he enjoyed. To his skilt
first editor of the Monthly Review, con- and diligence all parties have borne ample
ducted for many years a seminary of no testimony; and though continually an
small celebrity at Chiswick. Mr. George object for the shafts of his political ad-
Rose was brought up under his uncle versaries, none of them, with all their
from the age of five to eighteen, during zeal and perspicacity, could fasten upon
which space he made a good progress in him even the suspicion of delinquency.
general learning, and particularly, ma- This was no ordinary praise for one who
thematics, to which last accomplishment had to pass the scrutinizing ordeal of
he was ultimately much indebted for his an opposition eager to magnify the
success in life. His first situation was slightest deficiencies into enormous ofz
that of captain's clerk in a ship of war on fences.
the Jamaica station, at the close of the The libcrality of Mr. Rose was not all
war in 1763. In this capacity, he con- occasional fight of generosity, thrown
ducted himself so well as to be made a out to gain admiration, but a steady
purser in the navy, from which employ- principle, acting courteously
ment he was taken by Lord Sandwich, with whom he had any business to trans-
when that nobleman was at the head of act, and never turning aside from the
the Admiralty, and introduced by himn to numerous applicants that sought his fa-
Lord North, who gave him a post in the vour. Though the inferior officers in
Treasury. His talents soon made them- the several departments over which he
selves so conspicuous, that he was deem: presided were taught diligence by his
ed a fit person to superintend the im- example, they felt confidence in his kind-
pression of the Journals of the Lords, ness. He was no rigorous task-naster,
printed in 1777. From this time his seeking to gain reputation by the hard
preferments came on rapidly; but it was labour of his dependants ; nor did he
Dir. Pitt who had the merit of appreci- treat with haughtiness and reserve those
ating the full value of Mr. Rose, as a who were at his absolute disposal. In
man every way qualified for public busi- private life, his deportment was uni-

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Into the history of his parlia- fornily marked by placidity, unaffected mentary life, it would be needless and generosity, and settled friendship. His tedious to enter ; but of his integrity and charities were extensive, but far from liberality it may be proper to say some- being ostentatious; and the great object thing, because no man so situated ever which he had in view, when exercising suffered more unjustly from the tongues any act of benevolence, was to render it of evil-speakers, and the pens of licen- permanently useful. As one proof of his tious scribblers. It was the glorious for- attention to the public good, rather than tune of Mr. Pitt's administration, that his private emolument, the following he sought out men adapted for the teve. circunstance may be mentioned : When ral offices of the state ; and in Mr. Rose the vicarage of Christ Church, of which he happily found a mind congenial with he was patron, became vacant some years his own-one who was not disposed to ago, Mr. Rose, regardless of the applicaeat the bread of the nation, without tak- tions which were made to him by some ing the pains to earn it. There are idle of his friends in behalf of their relatives talkers in abundance, who declaim with or acquaintance, wrote to the Bishop of wonderful Auency upon public extrava- Lincoln, desiring him to recommend gance, and the enormousincomer of men some clergyman of small income but apin power. But the business of great proved principles and conduct, eminently states cannot be conducted without la- qualified for such a charge. His Lord bour; and they who are ill paid for their ship, with the same laudable view, passservices, will not be wanting in plau- ed over those who sought his interest, sible excuses for negligence or pecula- and, without solicitation, introduced the tion. The truth however is, that they present worthy incumbent of that parish who bear the heaviest burdens, and to Mr. Rose, who immediately gave him drudge the most in public employments, the appointment. are far from receiving more than is ade In short, it may be said of Mr. Rose,


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