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duty required in it, without fee or reward ; that the nomination of these Officers being left to the Lord-Lieutenant of each counry, it was such an accession to their power, as might enable them to make use of an undue influence in elections; that the preferences, unavoidable on these occasions, would excite heart-burn. ings, animosities, and feuds, and destroy what hofpitality and good-will was itill left amongit us ; that, as no body could be lupposed to partial to Alilitias, as to believe, that with but one Officer of experience in a whole regiment (namely the Colonel) the commonwealth would be safe in such keeping, without the assistance of some veteran, regular, and well-disciplined troops ; so it would unavoidably foilow from the mixture of both, that as often as these regulars and the militia did duty together, the fubaltern men of service among the first, would disdain to take orders from those of superior rank among the last ; or, if forced to submit, it would produce such disgusts and diffentions, as, in the end, might be of the most fatal consequence. And, laitly, having touched on the loss arising to the country, upon the head of labour, by taking 70,000 men once a year from their several occupations, and giving them thereby a habit of idleness, he pronounces, it would be one step towards converting us. from a trading to a military nation. Contending, nevertheless, for the expediency, and practibility of a Militia, and the regard due to the voice of the people, now crying aloud for it, he proceeds to subjoin the plan of one, as often mentioned in his hearing, by the noble Author of it: which, he tells us, is liable to none of the objections brought againit the other; and which, in a course of years, would accustom the whole nation to the use of firearms, and thereby answer all the purposes desired.--Por, preluppoling, that we are always to have an army on foot, the Militia here recommended, is so modelled as to ferve as a perpetual nursery of recruits for it: All between eighteen and forty, are to have leave to register themselves in their several parishes, as Militia. men, if they will, (for compulsion, in the first instance, is left out of the question) but then as they are to be supplied with arms from the Ordnance Stores, so their names are to be also entered at the War-Office: a regimental coat, hat, cockade, and 26s. per annum, at the rate of 6d. per Sunday, are presumed to be sufficient inducements to obtain a fufficient number of thefe half soldiers. A Sunday's exercise, after service, throughout the year, under thc direction of a Chelsea-Hofpital Out-pensioner, is understood to convey military practice enough, to make them fuch. The use and application of all, is contained in the following article.

That, on any occafion, when the government want an increale of the army, it shall be augmented in the manner folow

ing: The registered men shall be fummoned ; and if any vo• lunteer offer to lift, for any number of years, not less than • four, they thall be lifted regularly for such term, and fent up as



recruits for the army. And if no volunteers, or not a sufficient number, offer, then those who do not offer, shall draw lots in this manner : Suppose the whole number of registered men to be 100,000, and the government want to raise 20,000, every fifth man fhall be obliged to serve by lot. The men to whom the lots shall fall, shall again draw lots, one fifth shall be obliged to list for three years, another fifth for four years, another for five, and another for fix, and the remaining fifth for feven years. The men discharged at the end of their re. fpective terms, shall be replaced out of those who have not yet served, till the whole have thus taken their turn of service. The men who are thus lifted to replace the discharged men, shall be listed for five years certain ; so that after the first three years, one fifth part will every year be new men, and a con

étant rotation of five years service, will take place regularly,'

VI. A Letter to the Livery-Men of the City of London, on account of their late Choice of a Lord-Mayor. 4to. 4d, Robinson.

This is a warm, and not altogether unjust, invective, against a certain rafh, buly, wrong-headed faction in the city, who, rather than not gratify their malignity, have chosen to expose their folly, and impotence, by attempting what was not in their power to perform: and the Author has, at least, thewn, that he knows how to make the proper use of a victory.

VII. Motives which have obliged his Majesty the King of Pruffia, to prevent the Designs of the Court of Vienna. 4to. is. E. Owen,

This pamphlet is printed in both French and English. We need say nothing more of it, as it hath been retailed in every 1 News-paper.

VIII. A full and particular Answer to all the Calumnies, Misrepresentations, and Fallshoods, contained in a Pamphlet called, A Fourth Letter to the People of England. 8vo. IS: Harris: tak

As it was the custom of the famous Daniel de Foe, to write Answers to his own pamphlets, in order to raise, or keep up, their fale; fo the wortby Author of the Letters to the People &c. has thought fit to imitate the practice of his great predecessor, and has begun with publishing his Anfwer to his own Fourth Let. ter. If this attempt fucceeds, we may, in time, be entertained with mock Replies to the other three; and, perhaps, into the bargain, with Acknowlegements, and a Retractation, of all the Calumnies, and Scurrility contained in his Marriage-Ac. Lydia, and Defence of Popery: i. e. fi&titious Letters of a Jefuit, una der the name of Angeloni.

Tho' the ftile of our modern De Foe, on the present occafion, is ironical, he seems, however, in one place, to have been, tho Rev. Oct, 1756.

but for a moment, seriously touched with Remorse, and an inclination to pull off his mark in good earneft. Speaking of the presumption of low, ignorant, would-be-politicians,' he thus, honestly, for once, stands forth, self-detected, and self-condemned. • We frequently,' says he, (p. 2 y fee a *Trades

man fally from behind his counter, and excelet for think he does, Plato and Aristotle, in legislative knowlege, and with as much judgment as Lord Bolingbroke' has exhibited in his Idea of a patriot King, criticise, and canvass the whole kystem of the Ada -n, confident as if the whole Clue of the Cabinet had been delivered into his hands, and the defination of fleets and armies had been 'entrufted to the knowlege and direction of his brain only.

in 10, SIL S-bb-e, himself, was breda Tradesman.- 2101 IX. The School-Boy in Politics. 8vo. 6d. Hooper. sı

This initiatory diícourse is founded on the old plan, of a Political Catechism ; and as it refers chiefly, if not wholly, to the present fystem of public affairs, may not improperly be called, The Lesson for the Day. The hand that holds the fefcue, like that in the frontispiece of Mr. Dodsley's OEconomy of Human Life, is, nevertheless in the clouds; and, confequently, it is not easy to ascertain the body it belongs to. The questions put in it, as, What is Prussia about? What' alliance do you recommend to Britain? What do you judge on the report of 40,000 Pruflians to be taken into British pay ? &c. are manifestiy intended to be such as will bespeak the most Atriking answers : and which, tho' malevolent enough to those in power, are not overfavourable to those in opposition; mock patriotism being as feverely handled in them, as feeble and corrupt administration.

X. A Ray of Truth darting through the thick Clouds of Falfhood : or, the Lion, the Foxes, the Monkey, and the Game-Cock. "A Fable. Folio, 6 d. Pamphlet-shops. The Lion, is Britain ; the Foxes, our

My; the Monkey, France; the Game-cock, Ad-E-g. The Monkey invades the Lion's territories ; the Foxes, being corrupted by a present of delicious fowls, send out the Game-cock to oppose him: but, in order to favour the enemy, they file off the claws, and clip the wings of the courageous Chanticlear, and thereby render him inferior to the Monkey. The latter prevailing, in consequence of this treachery, the Foxes lay all the blame on the unhappy Cock, and resolve to facrisice him, in order to cover, and expiate, their own baseness. This despicable pamphlet is one of the many pieces daily issuing from the press, in behalf of Mr. B. none of which, however, touch the main point;--his not fighting with all the force he was sent out with. There is something very abfurd in a complaint of weakness, when, at the same time, the complainant has double the strength he chufes to exert.

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XI. A Letter to a Member of Parliament in the Country, from bis Friend in London; "relative to the case of Admiral Byng; with some original papers and letters, which passed during the expedition. 8vo. 6d. Cooke.

So much bad, been writ, said, and believed, against this unforfortunate gentleman, that it., was high time for his friends to set is forth what palliatives they had to set forth, in case they enter

tained any hope of success from them; and that this expurga. story letter could come from no other quarter, is palpable; not is only because none but his friends would chuse to expose them

felves, by taking part in his quarrel, but because the materials it is founded upon, are fuch as none but those in the secret of his case, could have communicated to the public; unless we can sup: pose, what is impossible, that the admiralty, would play booty

with itself. These materials are, certain passages in the Admiral's account of the action, not inserted in the Gazette ; his let

ter of intelligence, of May 4, from Gibraltar-bay; the order of » the admiralty-board for superseding him ; the Admiral's answer ; rii and lists of the English and French squadrons at the time of the

engagement, calculated to shew the superior force of the latter, and expose those lists inserted in the Gazette. at The Letter - writer affects the character of a convert ; and as if, like St. Pauli some new light from Heaven had transformed him from a perfecutor to an advocate, he fays, “No one

was more clamorous in their exclamations against the cowardice of the Admiral; no one exalted more in the flames of his effigy?' But this is a mask he affumes, to give his plea an air of impartiality, and bespeak the more credit to his arguments. The bias of a man more than ordinarily interested for his client, appears in every paragraph he delivers ; and it follows, that proper allowance ought to be made for his prejudices accordingly: under which caution, we fhalt venture to fubjoin the Admiral's 'letter to the board, on bis being superseded, with the writer's com

upon it, as a specimen of the whole thing, which is at once so both a smart and a flight performance.s no ai

s« Gibraltar-bay, July 4, 1756. CP: O* SIR, ...?'yf!!!

By Sir Edward Hawke I have received their Lordship's orders, and your letter of the 8th of June, which I have im* mediately complied with, and have only to express my fur

prize at being so ignominiously dismissed from my employ

ment, in the light of the fleet I had commanded, in sight of “ the garrison, and in sight of Spain, at such a time, in such a

manner, and after such conduct, as I hope shall shortly appear

to the whole world. It is not now for me to expoftulate; I a flatter myself, that Mr. Weft and I shall make evident the in

jury done to our characters, which I know of nothing in the power of any Being whatever that can attone for; so high an Ee 2



* mento

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opinion I have of that, which was ever unsullied before, and " which I hope to make appear has been most injuriously and. ** wrongfully attacked now, on the grounds of a falfe gasconade " of an open enemy to our King and country, and which would '« have evidently appeared, had the poffible time been allowed " for my own exprefs's arrival, in which there was nothing false, " nothing vaunting, nothing shameful, nor any thing which '" could have prevented our receiving his Majesty's royal appro" bation, for having, with a much inferior force, fought, met, “ attacked, and beat the enemy: of this it is needless for me 1" to say more at present, than that I am sorry to find Mr. West, " with the captains, lieutenants, and officers of the ships we had

our flags on board of, are to be sufferers for what I alone, as *** Commander in chief, am answerable : but it is so much of a

piece with the whole unheard-of treatment I have met with, " that neither they, the fiect, or myself, can be more astonished " at that particular than at the whole.

“ I am, SIR,

Your very humble Servant, To the Hon. J-Cd, Esq;

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J. B.


The Comment. You, Sir, who are fo discerning a judge of human nature, • will find no difficulty to discover, whether this is an unaffected, • unstudied remonstrance, or a disguised artifice in the author :

the time, the occasion, and the circumstances under which, it was wrote, must manifest them to be the expostulations of a

man, rather conscious of injury than guilt; the dictates of a • heart jealous of honour, not of a head Audious of security ; * and tho' it does not amount to a pofitive exculpation of guilt, * must afford every unprejudiced person a presumptive evidence of

innocence ;---yet by a peculiar fatality attending the Admiral, • this very letter was to draw on him an accumulation of ven

geance; its smartness (to use the phrase of his adversaries) was

deemed a kind of trealon against their dignity; and a modeft • vindication of his own conduct, was construed into an infolent

impeachment of theirs ; nor, indeed, do they feem to be much out in this construction ; since such is the alternative, that what tends to exculpate the one, will be no' very favourable aiticle towards the justification of the other'; and to this CRITICAL ALTERNATIVE, I fear, 'it is, we may impute the whole unheard of treatment Mr. Byng complains to have met with. XII. An Appeal to the People: containing the genuine and entire letters of Admiral Byng to the Secr. of the Ad-amy: observations on those parts of it, which were omitted by the writers of the Gazette: and what might be the reasons for such omissions. Part the first. : 8vo. 1S. Morgan

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