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• presenting the victories of Lewis XIV:At this gate your • chaise and baggage will be stopt, in order to be searched by • officers appointed for that purpose, who have it in their

power to give you a great deal of trouble; but by making ' them a prefent of Half a crown, and ordering your fervants

to address them in a complaisant manner, which they feem to regard as highly as the money, you will pass to your hotel, or inn, with very little molestation. In cast; P. 15. I cannot omit one particular, which does great ho

nour to the Hotel Dieu; and that is, they admit all man (ner of patients, without paying any regard to their country, religion, or disease; and moreover, they require no security

case of death: whereas the practice of most of our hof• pitals in England, is widely different. The restrictions of o admission being such, as frequently deprive many of receive

ing the benefit first intended by the charitable founders. Add to this, those who are so unhappy as to labour under an incurable disease, are never difiharged; tho' with us, the reverse

is constantly practised.--- A Britis hospital, for the reception of Incurables, would be a lasting honow to the present age, ale ! ready distinguished by many charitable

foundations. P, 17. Our Author has the following account of the college of the English Benedictines ; particularly of a fqiall

room, hung with black cloth, on which are several efcat• cheons of the arms of England. In the middle of the • chamber, under a canopy, lies the body of the late unfortu ? • nate King James II. who here ended his days in obscurity (and by his bigotry, and the influence of his popish wife and • counsellors, lost his kingdoms; and will remain an everd: ? lasting testimony of the inconsistency of a popish head over . a protestant people. Near this Prince's coffin is that of his

daughter, who is said to have been born in France ; the • heart of the late Duke of Berwick, natural son of the afore"faid Monarch, who was shot at the siege of Philipsburgh *, • is here preserved in a leather case, to whicla is affixed a < frall lock. The person who thewed the room, desired & me to take it in my hands, as a great relic ! this perfon was & an old woman, who, with a little broken Englifh, haran? gued a long time on the merit of the deceased King, & in quitting his kingdoms (when he could keep them no

When the French King received the unhappy news of his death, he said, “ The loss of so brave a General is of niore con * fequence to me, than 50,000 of ny belt, men.", "


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! longer), for the sake of the true religion (as the called it) for

which he was, without doubt, a great faint. The zeal of

the old lady made me smile, at which the grew angry; but 6 on my presenting het with a gratuity for Thewing me these • sacred remains, as fhe often called them, we became good • friends again. I then asked her the reason, why they did • not inter his Majesty, and not fuffer' him to be exposed • there, as an unhappy monument of his folly; or otherwise ! to put up a new set of hangings, as those at present were grown

old and rufty, and made but a very mean appearance. She answered me with a frown, and in an angry • tone, that he was to lie in that manner till his corpse could

be conveyed to England, in order for its being interred with

his royal ancestors in Westminster-Abbey; and to have . religious i proceffion from the Tower of London to the faid

Abbey. I paid a visit to the convent of the Carthusians « This order was formerly one of the strictest in all the Ro6 milh church.--The Monks were permitted to speak to each 6 other one day only throughout the year: but by this re• ftriction, some funk into the deepest melancholy, and others ! hanged themselves. The Pope of those days, taking these

things into his consideration, indulged them with • berties; and, ever since, they have been permitted to con

verfe together on every Thursday, but at no other time, $ Every Monk has a small house, at about twenty yards difç tance from each other : these houses form a large square,

with a piazza entirely round it, where they generally walk: ? their apartments are kept very neat; their shirt is made of • coarse hair; their outward garment, which is made of fine « white fannel, has a decent appearance; and, notwithstand+ ing their total abstinence from flesh, they look hearty and « chearful. They are permitted, however, at any time to • converse with a stranger; I spent an hour with one of them, • whose conversation and behaviour were those of a gentle

man, which I did not expect to meet with in the severity

of a cloister.They lay their own cloth, dine alone in " their apartments, and receive their provisions by the help of { a machine, which turns round, and is fixed in the wall.

Monasteries and Abbeys, instead of promoting religion, abuse it, and are founded neither in reason nor Christianity. What

* For a fuller account of the Carthufians, see, R. Hospinianus, de Orig. Monachat, P-309-311,

& service

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« fervice can it be to mankind, to have so many persons of

both sexes, secluded for ever from the rest of their fellow• creatures, and maintained like so many idle drones, by the • mistaken piety and folly of others.'

P.78. From Avignon, I set out for Aix, the road to which lies through the most beautiful country I ever faw: you pass over several downs, covered with lavender, thyme, rosemary, and other sweet aromatic herbs: the vallies are filled

with groves of olive, and almond-trees, &c. intermixed with & vineyards. The air of Aix is esteemed the best in France, 6 which draws abundance of quality, especially foreigners, to

refide here. It is seldom without some English families. • The situation is another great inducement, having on one < fide a beautiful plain, abounding with vineyards, orange, o "live, fig, and almond-trees; and on the other side, at a fmall

distance, very high mountains. It is a parliament town,

genteelly built, and the streets are large, and well laid out. « The Cour, or public walk, is very beautiful, much resem « bling the Mall, in St. James's Park; there are four fine found

tains, at proper distances, continually playing, the trees on • each side form a bower, which agreeably shelters you from

the heat of the fun, Behind the trees are two rows of well

built houses; fo that, altogether, it is one of the pleasanteft • streets I ever met with. Of a summer's evening, it is full

of polite company.' · P. 84. The French, in general, are lively, and full of gaiety, in a greater degree than any nation, I believe, upon carth; owing, in a great measure, to the purity of the air, and charming temperature of their climate. They are lo

quacious, free, and open, at their first acquaintance, when • you see the whole of them, for they feldom improve after. wards. They are inconftant,' and full of levity. Their

nobleste are the politest in Europe, but their civility is at“tended with little sincerity. They are fond of outside thew 1s and grandeur, and delight in making a figure at the Capital

for a few months ; tho' they live but meanly the rest of the « year, at their country-seats. The women are very free in

their behaviour, and have an air of ease and gracefulness péculiar to themselves : are extremely talkative, and of an

insinuating difpofition. In some parts of France they may « be reckoned handsome, but, on the whole, are vaftly infé

rior, in point of beauty, to the English ladies. They are naturally coquettes, and given to intrigue. They deform

nature by art, and paint their faces moft extravagantly, and of want that bloom which is so conspicuous in our lovely


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countrywomen. The common people are the poorest, and at the same time the merriest, in the world. They seem very devout in their churches, except on festivals, when they

are too much taken up in admiring the music and trappings 6 of the church. They are in general complaisant, tho' too

often hot and fiery. In war, greedy of glory, and brave at the first onset; but, if once repulsed, they feldom rally. They go on like thunder, and come off like smoke. In

politics the French facrifice all to the glory of their Monarch; this is their darling pasfion, in the prosecution

of which, they regard neither oaths, nor the most folemn treaties; and being slaves themselves, would gladly reduce mankind to their own miserable condition. The neighbouring nations, but , especially the English, cannot be too much on their guard against the perfidy and ambitious designs of the

French P. 96. Their public executions at Sienna, are the strangest in the world : I shall therefore give the Reader an account of the ceremonies observed at the hanging of two Sbirries, or Baillies. As soon as a person is committed to prison, (if his crime deserves it) he never comes from thence, till he goes to be executed, and is not allowed a fair public trial, as in Enge land. Nay, when condemned, he does not know that he is 4 to die, nor the day when, till about nine o'clock the preced

ing night. I was an eye-witness of the following ceremony. A lupper being prepared for the criminals, the goaler in the evening goes into the cell, according to his usual custom, to give them water, &c, on his returning back, he leaves the door a little open, which is the fatal sign of their exit the next morning the prisoners perceiving the door not quite close shut, and uncertain whether it is the dread fignal, or whether left open through forgetfulness and neglect,

one of them trembling crept out of the dungeon in a state of suspence, if possible, more terrible than death itself, and comes into a lofty hall, or very large room in the prison,

with hopes of finding a door open, or some convenient ? place, whereby they might make their cscape: to that end,

he softly searches about, almost in the dark, there being no other light, than that of a small glimmering lamp, which afforded but just sufficient light to make this gloomy, melancholy scene appear more dismal and shocking; after searching some time, he finds all barricaded too fait; his hopes then fail him, and every moment he expects the dreadful ceremony is going to be performed, of which he foon had top certain proof; for presently a little square window opens,


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large enough for a man to put his head through, from & which he hears one call with a loud voice, Chi è la? that

is, Who is there the prisoner in his fright does not an fwer, but endeayours softly to return to his cell, but before he can accomplith it, he hears the, fame terrifying voice

again, to wbich he answers; the goaler then informs him, that it is the will of God, and the Great Duke, that they .. muft die the next morning, and that the company of death 6 were ready to assist them all night, in order to make their « peace with God, and prepare themselves for another world ;

this company of the dead are between thirty and forty in number, and all of them persons of quality their outward gar

ment is made like our tallow-chandlers frocks, but of black « linnen, and a hood of the same over their heads, two holes

being cut for their eyes, with a large black straw hat on, • three or four yards in circumference, which, altogether, • made them resemble so many devils ; they continue the whole & night with the prifoner, or prisoners, (according as it hap• pens) praying and exhorting them to repentance; this cha• ritable office of the noblemen pleased me greatly, but their * charity and humanity stops not here; for, at their own ex

pence, they bury all who are accidentally killed, if their • friends are unable, and all persons executed, and accom• pany them to the grave. In the morning, about ten o'clock, • the prifoners were brought out, and the black company * walked two and two before them; a priest attended each

prisoner, talking to them all the way, and a large crucifix

was carried before them; they walk in procession round the © priest at the altar repeats several prayers, the prisoners

kneeling all the while on the steps of the door when he 21. lead us not into temptation, they are ordered immediately to

rise up; for if they were permitted to stay till the priest had • pronounced that part which follows, deliver us from evil, * they could not, according to the law of the country, have

been hanged: the goaler is obliged to take particular care ( not to let them continue to hear the above words. From

this chapel they are conducted to another; and after having faid some more prayers, a man brings a piece of black cloth, 4 with a death's head, and bones, painted on it, and ties it over e the prisoners eyes; so that after this, they never see any more

in this world: they are then led through St. Mark's gate to the gallows, which is about half a mile distant from the


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