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Shall sink in my rebuke. Give me to know loser. What, man! there are ways to recover the How this foul roat began, who set it on;
general again : You are but now cast in his mood, 3 And he that is approv'd' in this offence,
a punishment more in policy than in malice; even Though he had iwinn'd with me, both at a birth, so as one would beat his offenceless dog, to affright Shall lose ine.-What! in a town of war, an imperious lion : sue to him again, and he's yours. Yet wild, the people's hearts brimful of fear,
Cas. will rather sue to be despised, than to deTo manage private and domestic quarrel, ceive so good a commander, with so slight, so In night, and on the court and guard of safety! drunken, and so indiscreet an officer. Drunk? and 'Tis inonstrous.--Iago, who began it?
speak parrot ?4 and squabble ? swagger? swear? Mon. If partially afsind, 2 or leagu'd in office, and discourse fustian with one's own shadow 1-0 Thou dost deliver more or less than truth, thou invisible spirit of wine, if thou hast no name Thou art no soldier.
to be known by, let us call thee--devil! lago.
Touch me not so near : Iago. What was he that you followed with your I had rather have this tongue cut from my mouth, sword? What had he done to you? Than it should do offence to Michael Cassio; Cas. I know not. Yet, ' persuade myself, to speak the truth
Iago. Is it possible? Shall nothing wrong him. — Thus it is, general. Cas. I remember a mass of things, but nothing Montano and myself being in speech,
distinctly; a quarrel, but nothing wherefore.-0, There comes a fellow, crying out for help; that men should put an enemy in their mouths, to And Cassio following him with determin'd sword, steal away their brains ! that we should, with joy, To execute upon him : Sir, this gentleman revel, pleasure, and applause, transform ourselves Steps in to Cassio, and entreats his pause ; into beasts! Myself the crying fellow did pursue,
lago. Why, but you are now well enough : How Lest, by his clamour (as it so fell out,)
came you thus recovered ? The town might fall in fright: he, swift foot, Cas. It hath pleased the devil, drunkenness, to Outran my purpose; and I return'd the rather give place to the devil, wrath : one unperfectness For that I heard the clink and fall of swords, shows me another, to make me frankly despise And Cassio high in oath; which, till to-night, myself I ne'er might say before: when I came back lago. Come, you are too severe a moraler: As (For this was brief,) I found them close together, the time, the place, and the condition of this counÀt blow, and thrust; even as again they were, try stands, I could heartily wish this had not beWhen you yourself did part them.
fallen ; but, since it is as it is, mend it for your More of this matter can I not report:
own good. But men are men; the best sometimes forget :- Cas. I will ask him for my place again ; be shall Though Cassio did some little wrong to him,- tell
I am a drunkard! Had I as many mouths As men in rage strike those that wish them best, - as Hydra, such an answer would stop them all. Yet, surely, Cassio, I believe, receiv'd,
To be now a sensible man, by and by a fool, and From him that fled, some strange indignity, presently a beast! O strange !-Every inordinate Which patience could not pass.
cup is unblessed, and the ingredient is a devil. Oth,
I know, Iago, Iago Come, come, good wine is a good familiar Thy honesty and love doth mince this matter, creature, if it be well used; exclaim no more Making it light to Cassio :-Cassio, I love thee; against it. And, good lieutenant, I think, you think But never more be officer of mine.
Cas. I have well approved it, sir.- I drunk ! Enter Desdemona, attended.
lago. You, or any man living, may be drunk at Look, if my gentle love be not rais'd
shall do. I'll make thee an example.
Our general's wife is now the general ;-I may say Des.
What's the matter, dear? | so in this respect, for that he hath devoted, and Oth. All's well now, sweeting; Come away given up himself to the contemplation, mark, and to bed.
denotement of her parts and graces :-confess Sir, for your hurts,
yourself freely to her; importune her; she'll help Myself will be your surgeon : Lead him off.
to put you in your place again : she is of so free, (To Montano, who is led off so kind, so apt, so blessed a disposition, that she Jago, look with care about the town;
holds it a vice in her goodness, not to do more than And silence those whom this vile brawl distracted.- she is requested: This broken joint, between you Come, Desdemona ; 'tis the soldier's life,
and her husband, entreat her to splinter; and, my To have their balmy slumbers wak'd with strife. fortunes against any lays worth naming, this crack
(Exeunt all but lago and Cassio. of your love shall grow stronger than it was before. lago. What, are you hurt, lieutenant ?
Cas. You advise me well. Cas. Ay, past all surgery.
Iago. I protest, in the sincerity of love, and lago. Marry, heaven forbid !
honest kindness. Cas. Reputation, reputation, reputation! O, I Cas. I think it freely; and, betimes in the mornhave lost my reputation! I have lost the immortaling, I will beseech the virtuous Desdemona to un. part, sir, of myself, and what remains is bestial.- dertake for me: I am desperate of my fortunes, if My reputation, Iago, my reputation.
they check me here. Iago. As I am an honest man, I thought you had Tago. You are in the right. Good night, lieureceived some bodily wound; there is more offence tenant; I must to the watch. in that, than in reputation. Reputation is an idle Cas. Good night, honest Iago. (Exit Cassio. and most false imposition; oft got without merit, lago. And what's he then, that says, I play the and lost without deserving : You have lost no repu
villain ? tation at all, unless you repute yourself such a | When this advice is free, I give, and honest, (1) Convicted by proof.
(3) Dismissed in his anger
(4) Talk idly. (2) Related by nearness of office.
(5) Bet or wager.
I love you.
Probal to thinking, and (indeed) the course
1 Mus. How, sir, how ? To win the Moor again? For, 'tis most easy Clo. Are these, I pray you, called wind instru. The inclining Desdemona to subdue
ments ? In any bonest suit; she's fram'd as fruitful
1 Mus. Ay, marry, are they, sir. As the free elements. And then for her
Clo. O, thereby hangs a tail.
Clo. Marry, sir, by many a wind instrument His soul is so enfetter'd to her love,
that I know. But, masters, here's money for you: That she may make, unmake, do what she list, and the general so likes your music, that he desires Even as her appetite shall play the god
you, of all loves, to make no more noise with it. With his weak function. How am I then a villain, 1 Mus. Well, sir, we will not. To counsel Cassio to this parallel2 course,
Clo. If you have any music that may not be Directly to his good? Divinity of hell !
heard, to't again : but, as they say, to bear music, When devils will their blackest sins put on, the general does not greatly care. They do suggests at first with heavenly shows,
1 Mus. We have none such, sir. As I do now: For while this honest fool
Clo. Then put up your pipes in your bag, for Plies Desdemona to repair his fortunes,
I'll away: Go; vanish into air; away. And she for him pleads strongly to the Moor,
(Exeunt Musicians. I'll pour this pestilence into bis ear,
Cas. Dost thou hear, my honest friend? That she repealg4 him for her body's lust;
Clo. No, I hear not your honest friend; I hear And, by how much she strives to do him good, you. She shall undo her credit with the Moor.
Cas. Pr’ýthee, keep up thy quillets. There's a So will I turn her virtue into pitch ;
poor piece of gold for thee: if the gentlewoman And out of her own goodness make the net, that attends the general's wife, be stirring, tell That shall enmesh them all.--How now, Roderigo? || her, there's one Cassio entreats her a little favour Enter Roderigo.
of speech: Wilt thou do this?
Clo. She is stirring, sir; if she will stir hither, I Rod. I do follow here in the chace, not like a|| shall seem to notify unto her.
(Exit. hound that hunts, but one that fills up the cry. My money is almost spent; I bave been to-night
Enter lago. exceedingly well cudgelled; and, I think, the issue Cas. Do, good my friend. In happy time, Iago. will be- I shall have so much experience for my Iago You have not been a-bed then? pains : and so, with no money at all, and a little Cas. Why, no; the day had broke more wit, return to Venice.
Before we parted. I have made bold, Iago, lago. How poor are they, that have not pa- To send in to your wife : My suit to her tience!
Is, that she will to virtuous Desdemona
I'll send her to you presently; craft;
And I'll devise a mean to draw the Moor And wit depends on dilatory time.
Out of the way, that your converse and business Does't not go well? Cassio hath beaten thee, May be more free.
[Exit. And thou, by that small hurt, hast cashier'd Cassio : Čas. I humbly thank you for't. I never knew Though other things grow fair against the sun, A Florentine more kind and honest. Yet fruits, that blossom first, will first be ripe : Content thyself a while. --By the mays, 'tis morning;
Enter Emilia. Pleasure, and action, make the hours seem short.
Emil. Good-morrow, good lieutenant: I am Retire thee ; go where thou art billeted
sorry Away, I say; thou shalt know more hereafter:
For your displeasure ;? but all will soon be well. Nay, get thee gone. (Exit Rod.) Two things are The general, and his wife, are talking of it; to be done,
And she speaks for you stoutly: The Moor replies, My wife must move for Cassio to her mistress ;
That he you hurt, is of great fame in Cyprus, I'll set her on ; Myself, the while, to draw the Moor apart,
And great affinity; and that, in wholesome wisdom,
He might not but refuse you : but, he protests, he And bring him jumpó when he may Cassio find
loves you ;
To bring you in again.
Yet, I beseech
you, If you think fit, or that it may be done, ACT III. ·
Give me advantage of some brief discourse
With Desdemona alone. SCENE 1. Before the castle. Enter Cassio,
Pray you, come in ; and some Musicians.
I will bestow you where you shall have time
I am much bound to you.
(Exeunt. Enter Clown.
SCENE II-A room in the castle. Enter Clo. Why, masters, have your instruments been
Ochello, lago, and Gentlemen. at Naples, that they speak i'the nose thus?
Oth. These letters give, lago, to the pilot ; (1) Liberal, bountiful.
(6) Nice distinctions. (3) Tempt. (4) Recalls.
(7) The displeasure you have incurred from (5) Just at the time.
Othello, VOL, II,
And, by him, do my duties to the state :
I have no judgment in an honest face :
Went he hence now? lago.
Well, my good lord, I'll do't. Des. Ay, sooth; so humbled, Oth. This fortification, gentlemen,--shall we That he hath left part of his grief with me; see't?
I suffer with him. Good love, call him back. Gent. We'll wait upon your lordship. (Exeunt. Oth. Not now, sweet Desdemona; some other
time. SCENE III.--Before the castle. Enter Desde
Des. But shall't be shortly? mona, Cassio, and Emilia.
The sooner, sweet, for you. Des. Be thou assur'd, good Cassio, I will do Des. Shall't be to-night at supper? All my abilities in thy behalf.
No, not to-night. Emil. Good madam, do; I know it grieves my Des. To-morrow dinner then? husband,
I shall not dine at home; As if the case were bis.
I meet the captains at the citadet. Des. O, that's an honest fellow.--Do not doubt, Des. Why then, to-morrow night'; on Tuesday Cassio,
morn, But I will have my lord and you again
Or Tuesday noon, or night; or Wednesday morn; As friendly as you were.
I pray thee, name the time; but let it not Cas.
Bounteous madam, Exceed three days: in faith, he's penitent;' Whatever shall become of Michael Cassio,
trespass, in our common reason He's never any thing but your true servant. (Save that they say, the wars must make examples
Des. O, sir, I thank you : You do love my lord: Out of their best,3) is not almost a fault You have known him long; and be you well assur'd, To incur a private check: When shall he come? He shali in strangeness stand no further off Tell me, Othello. I wonder in my soul, Than in a politic distance.
could ask me, that I should deny, Cas.
Ay, but, lady, Or stand so mammering on. What? Michael That policy may either last so long,
Cassio, Or feed upon such nice and waterish diet, That came a wooing with you; and many a time, Or breed itself so out of circumstance,
When I have spoke of you dispraisingly, That, I being absent, and my place supplied, Hath ta'en your part; to have so much to do My general will forget my love and service. To bring him in! Trust me, I could do much,
Des. Do not doubt that; before Emilia here, Oth. Prythee, no more: let him come when be I give thee warrant of thy place : assure thee, If I do vow a friendship, I'll perform it
I will deny thee nothing. To the last article: my lord shall never rest;
Why, this is not a boon ; I'll watch him tame,' and talk him out of patience ;l Tis as I should entreat you wear your gloves, His bed shall seen a school, his board a shrift; Or feed on nourishing dishes, or keep you warm ; I'll intermingle every thing he does
Or súe to you to do peculiar profit
To your own person : Nay, when I have a suit, For thy solicitor shall rather die,
Wherein I mean to touch your love indeed, Than give thy cause away.
It shall be full of poises and difficulty,
And fearful to be granted. Enter Othello, and Iago, at a distance.
I will deny thee nothing i Emil.
Madam, here comes Whereoni, I do beseech thee, grant me this, My lord.
To leave me but a little to myself. Cas. Madam, I'll take my leave.
Des. Shall I deny you ? no: Farewell, my lord. Des.
Oth. Farewell, my Desdemona: I will come to And hear me speak.
thee straight Cas. Madam, not now ; I am very ill at ease, Des. Emilia, come :-Be it as your fancies teach Unfit for mine own purposes.
Well, well, Whate'er you be, I am obedient. (Exit, with Emil. Do your discretion.
(Exit Cassio. Oth. Excellent wretch! Perdition catch my soul, lago. Ha! I like not that.
But I do love thee! and when I love thee not, Oih. What dost thou say?
Chaos is come again. lago. Nothing, my lord: or if-I know not what. Iago. My noble lord,Oth. Was not that Cassio, parted from wife? Oth.
What dost thou lago? Iago. Cassio, my lord? No, sure, I cannot think it, Iago. Did Michael Cassio, when you woo'd my That he would steal away soʻguilty-like,
lady, Seeing you coming.
Know of your love?
Oth. He did, from first to last : Why dost thou’ Des. How now, my lord ?
ask? I have been talking with a suitor here,
lago. But for a satisfaction of my thought; A man that languishes in your displeasure.
No further harm. Oth. Who is't you mean?
Why of thy thought, lago? Des. Why, your lieutenant, Cassio. Good my Iago. I did not think he had been acquainted lord,
with her. If I have any grace, or power to move you,
Oth. O, yes; and went between us very oft. His present reconciliation take;
Iago. Indeed? For, if he be not one that truly loves you,
Oth. Indeed! ay, indeed :-Discern'st thou aught That errs in ignorance, and not in cunning, 2
in that? (1) Hawks are tamed by keeping them from (2) Knowledge.
(3) Best men. sleep.
(4) Hesitating. (5) Weight
Is he not honest ?
!s the immediate jewel of their souls: Iago. Honest, my lord ?
Who steals my purse, steals trasb ; 'tis something, Oth.
nothing; Iago. My lord, for aught I know.
'Twas mine, 'tis his, and has been slave to thousands; Oth. What dost thou think?
But he, that filches from me my good name, lago.
Think, my lord ? Robs me of that, which not enriches him, Oth.
Tbink, my lord ! |And makes me poor indeed. By heaven, he echoes me,
Oth. By heaven, I'll know thy thought. As if there were some monster in his thought lago. You cannot, if my
heart were in
your hand; Too hideous to be shown.— Thou dost mean some-Nor shall not, whilst 'tis in my custody. thing :
Oth. Ha! I heard thee say but now,- Thou lik’dst not that, Iago. O, beware, my lord, of jealousy; When Cassio left my wife ; What didst not like? It is the green-ey'd monster, which doth mock And, when I told thee-he was of my counsel The meat it feeds on: That cuckold lives in bliss, In my whole course of wooing, thou cry'dst, Indeed? Who, certain of his fate, loves not his wronger ; And didst contract and purse thy brow together, But, O, what damned minutes tells he o'er, As if thou then hadst shut up in thy brain Who dotes, yet doubts ; suspects, yet strongly Some horrible conceit: If thou dost love me,
loves ! Show me thy thought.
Oth. O misery! Iago. My lord, you know I love you.
lago. Poor, and content, is rich, and rich enough; Oth.
I think thou dost : ||But riches, fineless,3 is as poor as winter, And,-for I know thou art full of love and honesty, || To him that ever fears he shall be
poor And weigb'st thy words before thou giv'st them Good heaven, the souls of all my tribe defend breath, —
From jealousy! Therefore these stops of thine fright me the more:
Why? why is this ? For such things, in a false disloyal knave, Think'st thou, I'd make a life of jealousy, Are tricks of custom; but, in a man that's just, To follow still the changes of the moon They are close denotements, working from the With fresh suspicions? No : to be once in doubt, heart,
Is--once to be resolv'd: Exchange me for a goat, That passion cannot rule.
When I shall turn the business of
For Michael Cassio, To such exsufficate and blown surmises, I dare be sworn, I think that he is honest. Matching, thy inference. 'Tis not to make me Oth. I think so too.
jealous, Iago. Men should be what they seem;| To say—my wife is fair, feeds well, loves company, Or, those that be not, 'would they might seem none! Is free of speech, sings, plays, and dances well;
Oth. Certain, inen should be what they seem. Where virtue is, these are more virtuous :
Why then, Nor from mine own weak merits will I draw
The smallest fear, or doubt of ber revolt; Oth. Nay, yet there's more in this:
For she had eyes, and chose me : No, lago; I pray thee, speak to me as to thy thinkings, L'I see, before I doubt; when I doubt, proye; As thou dost ruminate; and give thy worst of And, on the proof, there is no more but this, thoughts
Away at once with love, or jealousy. The worst of words.
Iago. I am glad of this, for now I shall have reason lago.
Good my lord, pardon me ; | To show the love and duty that I bear you Though I am bound to every act of duty, With franker spirit: therefore, as I am bound, I am not bound to that all slaves are free to. Receive it from me: I speak not yet of proof. Utter my thoughts? Why, say, they are vile and Look to your wife ; observe her well with Cassio ; false,
Wear your eye-thus, not jealous, nor secure:
I know our country disposition well;
They dare not show their husbands; their best Oth. Thou dost conspire against thy friend, lago,
conscience If thou but think'st him wrong'd, and mak’st his ear || Isnot to leave undone, but keep unknown. A stranger to thy thoughts.
Oth. Dost thou say so? lago.
I do beseech you,
lago. She did deceive her father, marrying you; Though I, perchance, am vicious in my guess, And, when she seem'd to shake, and fear your looks, As, I confess, it is my nature's plague
She lov'd them most. To spy into abuses; and, oft, my jealousy
And so she did. Shapes faults that are not, -I entreat you then, lago.
Why, go to, then ; From one that so imperfectly conjects,2
She that, so young, could give out such a seeming, 5 You'd take no notice; nor build yourself a trouble To seelo her father's eyes up, close as oak,Out of his scattering and unsure observance :- He thought, 'twas witchcraft:--But I am much to It were not for your quiet, nor your good,
For too much loving you.
I am bound to thee for ever. Iago. Good name, in man, and woman, dear my Iago. I see, this hath a little dash'd your spirits lord,
Oih. Not a jot, not a jot. (1) Courts of inquiry.
(5) Appearance (2) Conjectures. (3) Endless, unbounded. (6) An expression from falconry: to seel a hawk (4) • Which makes fair gifts fairer.' is to sew up his eyelids.
I fear it has., Than keep a corner in the thing I love, I hope, you will consider, what is spoke
For other's uses. Yet, 'tis the plague of great ones; Comes from my love ;-But, I do see you are Prerogativ'd are they less than the base ; mov'd
'Tis destiny únshunnable, like death; I am to pray you, not to strain my speech Even then this forked plague is fated to us, To grosser issues, nor to larger reach,
When we do quicken.& Desdemona comes : Than to suspicion.
Enter Desdemona and Emilia.
Should you do so, my lord, If she be false, O, then heaven mocks itself-
How now, my dear Othello? friend :
Your dinner, and the generous islanders My lord, I see you are mov'd.
By you invited, do attend your presence. Oth.
No, not much mov'd :- Oth. I am to blame. I do not think but Desdemona's honest.
Des. Why is your speech so faint? are you not lago. Long live she so ! and long live you to
well? think so!
Oth. I have a pain upon my forehead here. Oth. And yet, how nature erring from itself, Des. Faith, that's with watching ; 'twill away lago. Ay, there's the point :- As,-to be bold
again : with you,
Let me but bind it hard, within this hour Not to affect many proposed matches,
It will be well. Of her own clime, complexion, and degree;
Your napkin? is too little; Whereto, we see, in all things nature tends :
(He puts the handkerchief from him, and Foh! one may smell, in such, a will most rank,
it drops. Foul disproportion, thoughts unnatural. - Let it alone. Come, I'll go in with
you. But pardon me; I do not, in position,
Des. I am very sorry that you are not well. Distinctly speak of her: though I may fear,
[Ėxeunt Oth. and Des. Her will, recoiling to her better judgment,
Emil. I am glad I have found this napkin; May fall to match you with her country forms, This was her first remembrance from the Moor: And (happily) repent.
My wayward husband hath a hundred times Oth.
Farewell, farewell : Woo'd me to steal it: but she so loves the token If more thou dost perceive, let me know more; (For he conjur'd her, she should ever keep it,) Set on thy wife to observe : Leave me, Iago. That she reserves it evermore about her,
lago My lord, I take my leave. Going. To kiss, and talk to. I'll have the work ta'en out,
What he'll do with it, heaven knows, not I;
Enter lago. honour To scan this thing no further; leave it to time : Iago. How now! what do you here alone ? And though it be fit that Cassio have his place Emil. Do not you chide ; I have a thing for you. (For, sure, he fills it up with great ability,)
Iago. A thing for me?—it is a common thing, Yet, if you please to hold him
off a while,
Emil. Ha !
Emil. O, is that all? What will you give me now
What handkerchief? Let me be thought too busy in my fears
Emil. What bandkerchief? (As worthy cause I have, to fear—I am,)
Why, that the Moor first gave to Desdemona; And hold her free, I do beseech your honour. That which so often you did bid me steal. Oth. Fear not my government.
Iago. Hast stolen it from her ? Iago. I once more take my leave. (Exit. Emil
. No, faith ; she let it drop by negligence; oth. This fellow's of exceeding honesty, And, to the advantage, I, being here, took't up. And knows all qualities, with a learned spirit, Look, here it is. Of human dealings: If I do prove her haggard,3 Iago. A good wench : give it me. Though that her jesses4 were my dear heart-strings, Emil. What will you do with it, that you have I'd whistle her off, and let her down the wind,
been so earnest Το prey
at fortune. Haply, for I am black; To have me filch it? And have not those soft parts of conversation lago.
Why, what's that to you? That chamberergs have ;-Or, for I am declin'd
(Snatching it. Into the vale of years ;--yet that's not much ;- Emil. If it be not for some purpose of import, She's gone ; I am abus'd; and my relief Give it me again : Poor lady! 'she'll run mad, Must be to loath her. O curse of marriage, When she shall lack it. That we can call these delicate creatures ours, Iago. Be not you known of't ;8 I have use for it. And not their appetites ! I had rather be a toad, Go, leave me.
(Exit Emilia. And live upon the vapour of a dungeon, I will in Cassio's lodging lase this napkin,
And let him find it: Trifles, light as air, (1) Conclusions.
Are, to the jealous, confirmations strong (2) Press hard his re-admission to his pay and office.
(5) Men of intrigue. (3) A species of hawk: also a term of reproach (6) When we begin to live. applied to a wanton.
(7) In the north of England this term for a band. (4) Straps of leather by which a hawk is hela || kerchief is still used. op the fist.
(8) Seem as if you knew nothing of the matter,