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No crackling blazes his rude hearth “ All haill benignant name, sweet adorn,
CHARITY! But all is dreary, chilling, and for. So prompt to pity, eager to supply; lorn.
Blestemanation of the heavenly mind, Son of Affiction, half consum'd with friend of the world, and parent of care,
mankind : Mean his abode, but meaner still his That pries in dungeons, anxious looks. fare,
around, Eighty long winters have profusely. And draps the lucid tear where woes shed
abound, A hoary lustre round his aged head; Nor tears aloneO! dear to man Yet still he talks how happy once he
and God, liv'd,
Let ev'ry, breast provide thee an And tells of comforts he has long sur abode; viv'd :
Let ev'ry pulse beat high with thee, Of comforts past he takes a fond re
and thrill, view,
Pervade each soul, and all intentions Heaves the deep sigh, and bids them fill; all adieu.
Let thy kind beams on humble pea.' So tender matrons seek a sad relief
sants shine, For perish'd children, and indulge Be thine to pity, to relieve be thine, their grief.
And thou, Religion | soul trans, His walls are naked now, yet once, farining flame, alas!
(Let earth thy pow'r, let heavin thy A sightly warming-pan of polish'd praise proclaim) brass
COLIN possess'd of thee could wish no Hung, how resplendent! by the more, chimney's side,
And without thee a CRæsus must be Its humble master's glory, and his paorpride.
Come then, Religion, and the toiling Then were his shelves opprest with
hind massy weight
Shall more than bread in thine em.. Of burnish'd pewter's ornamental braces find. plate:
Thy precious balm distill'd upon his The honest housewife wily rang'd the heart, TOW,
His wants subside, his sorrows all deAnd destin'd these for use, and those part: for show.
He sees his storm-beat cottage proud. Then the hung chine, prepar'd with ly rise nicest care,
More than a palace-half a paradise. Her table grac'd, and nut-brown ale was there.
So lie who erst repos'd his weary Then the fed hog lay basking in the head, sty,
A stone his pillow, the cold ground For Christmas' distant day a rich sup
his bed, ply.
When to his leaping heart thy joys. But now the cot yields no such dainty were giv'n, fare,
Exclaim'd with rapture- 'TIS THE Nor pewter, chine, nor nut-brown ale GATE OF HEAV'N!'"
are there : No blood of swine, for COLIN
slaughter'd, reeks, Nor well-cur'd bacon tempts with tires, we select the two following:
As a specimen of the Author's Sa. ruddy streaks ; No shining dishes rang'd in rural ON THE RELIGION OF AN EPICURL,
show Deck his bare shelves, to call him
“ Whose God is their BELLY." master now."
“ Here's my religion, Demas cry'd,
And to his breast his hand apply'd. This Poem closes with an apo. Oh! no, says Marcus, with a frown, strophe to Charity
It lies a little lower down."
On two very unequal lines of a Tal- gance and folly; and it is perhaps bou-Ctandler.
only the unfortunate ruined creditor, * Just like the candles on his shelves, who, feeling the dreadful conse His two dull lines the chandler quences, is duly sensible of the injusmixes:
tice, wickedness, and cruelty of this The first outmetes the longest twelves; criminal, though prevailing habit. The latter scarce exceeds his sixes.” But, custom, though it has a marvel
lous tendency to blind the eyes, cannot change the real nature of things;
cannot render that lawful which God XI. The Duty of not running in Debt. has forbidden.” P. 2-4. Considered in a Discourse preached
“ A celebrated moral writer has befere the University of Cambridge. well observed, that, according to mo. BGEORGE WHITMORE, B.D. deru manners, it is not the cruel cre. Rivingtons, St. Paul's Church-yard. ditor, but the merciless debtor we Is, ed.
should complain of, and daily expe.
rience verities the justness of the ob'HIS discourse is dedicated to the servation. There is scarce any one were lately under the Author's tui- has not suttered by the carelessness: tion at St. John's College, Cambridge. of others in pecuniary concerns. But It is published in deference to the re- that useful body of men, to whom quest of some of the Author's friends, trade is the business of life, being and the profits, if any, are to be most exposed to this particular misgiven to the Society for Maintaining chief, labour under the evil in its ut. the poor Orphans of the Clergy, and most magnitude. They are wound. to the Society of Philanthropic Re- ed not only in their fortunes but in forma,
their feelings. Repeated delay of
payment, notwithstanding repeated EXTRACT.
promises, produces the feverish anx.
iety of perpetual expectation, baulk. " TO incur large debts, when we ed by perpetual disappointment. In have not the means, perhaps not the the anguish of their souls they bitinclination, to discharge them, is now terly experience how truly hath so far from being thought shameful, the wise man said, . Hope deferred that it is rather considered as a lofty maketh the heart sick.' ennobling distinction, the prerogative “ But this is not all: whoever has of those superior characters who visited our unfortunate places of conaspire to lead mankind. The same finement, has found there many, lanmean and unworthy causes that ac- guishing in hopeless inactivity and teate the higher classes, a defect of want, whilst their guilty debtors are noral principle, the influence of ex- revelling in a round of pleasure, ample, the habit of indolence, the wholly regardless of the misery which katred of trouble, the suggestions of their profligate extravagance has raoity, and the inordinate love of broughi on the industrious and the pleasure, have propagated this vi. worthy. It has been many an honest cious practice through all orders of man's severe fate, to be reduced to society. Though the amount of the utter ruin, not by the hardness of the debts may be different, the ruinous times, not by his own fault, but solely consequences are very nearly in the by his inability to collect his arrears. same degree. He who voluntarily His own creditors grow impatient; spends more than he can afford is will grant him no farther respite; he dishonest in exact proportion to his is arrested, and rots in goal. His wife prodigality; whether his income rise dies, perhaps, of a broken heart; and to thousands, or depend on the daily his helpless children, whom he thought exertions of his bodily strength. This to have brought up in comfort and in species of profligacy is indeed so uni- virtue, to be useful members of their versal, that it ranks high amongst the country, deprived of parental support glaring vices of the age, which sap and protection, are abandoned to peequally the foundation of our moral nury and vice, and become the pest and political welfare. Still the of society, the very scorn and refuse thoughtless multitude persevere in of mankind. the same giddy course of extrava “ If these reflections are founded,
as I trust they are, in truth and jus- views of conquest or aggrandisement; tice, can we listen to them without that we armed only to support our emotion? Can indolence or vanity, ancient allies, to viudicate our indeinduce us to persevere in a vicious pendence, and to protect our invalupractice, so pregnant with mischief, able constitution from foes, both fo. so ruinous to ourselves and others." reign and domestic, no one who has
read Mr. Marsh's collection of authenticated facts, respecting the po
litics of Great Britain and France, XII. EIGHT LETTERS on the Peace; can entertain a doubt. If we failed
and on the Commerce and Manuface in the first object, our failure was not tures of Great Britain. By Sir Fre ascribable to want of zeal, exertion, DERICK MORTON EDEN, Bart.
or perseverance. We fought and ne8vo. stitched, 3s. 6d. Wright, gotiated for the powers of Europe Piccadilly. Pp. 32.
long after they had ceased to fight or
to negotiate for themselves. But if O these Letters an advertisement T.
we could not save others, we saved is prefixed, by which we learn, ourselves.” P.4, 5. that the contents “ were originally After stating our successful resistaddressed to the Editor of the Pore ance of France, our negotiations at cupine, and published in that news, Petersburg, our conquest in Egypt, paper, in the course of the last three the value of Ceylon and Trinidad, months, under the signature of Phi- and our acquisitions in the East, our • langlus. With the hope that in their Author proceeds: “Of the acquis present form, at the present crisis, sitions of France, I entertain very dirthey may prove acceptable to the ferent sentiments from those exs public, I have carefully revised the pressed by the Porcupine ; but neivarious documents they contain, and ther your limits, nor my leisure, will brought them down to the latest pe- allow me to compare her gains of poriod on which information could be pulation and territory with her losses, procured.”
both moral and political. The acThe four first letters contain a dis- count would be a long one. In less cussion of the preliminaries of peace; distracted times, France herself may answer to objections; state of St. probably strike a fair balance, set Domingo; the balance of power, and down her losses with correctness, and the conquest of Egypt. The latter compute her gains without exaggerafour are upon “ the commerce of tion." Great Britain with the conquered “ It is no objection to peace,
that islands; the neutral powers; the Bri- by it much must be hazarded; for tish colonies, and the Belligerent more would be hazarded by a proPowers.”
longation of the contest. All great The paper, to the editor of which political measures, war and peace these letters were originally addressed, more especially, are experiments. has “ pointedly and decidedly con Our statesmen well know, that more demned the measures" emploved to than mere parchment is required to effect peace, and which the work before cement the amity of nations; that us is designed to vindicate, by answer time, the most powerful of agents, ing objections against the peace, and the chief improver of human institushewing its probable advantages. The tions, must co-operate with political first letter contains an extract from wisdom to render peace a blessing ; the Porcupine, which states the ter that self-interest will soften antient ritorial acquisitions of France as an animosities; and that commerce, the objection, when compared with her golden girdle of the globe *,' will former dominions, and the cessions bind us together when our fiercer pas. granted to us in the preliminaries : to sions would disunite us. which our Author replies, “in order " It is a narrow policy to suppose, fairly to appreciate our present situa- that our prosperity must be advanced tion, we should recollect what was by the ruin of France. A commerthe chief object that induced France cial nation will be benefitted by an to attack us, and how far she has ac increase of her best customers. The complished it. It was to revolutionize more industrious France becomes, the us. That the war, on our part, was purely defensive; that we had no
More sensible will she be of the bles- to the consideration of our present Wings of peace, and the more anxious circumstances, and from an investito preserve them. Nor will her ad- gation of the past attempt to anticitances in social arts, though they pate the future, we may possibly dismay add to her strength, diminish cover, that in times less prosperous, bar sectirity. It seems to have been Britain had no reason to despair, and wisely ordained by Providence, that that confidence becomes her now. the wealth of nations should not dis- We may find precedents to shew, pose them to aggressions, though it that an advantageous peace has creinay furnish them with defence. The ated dissatisfaction, but we shall find poorest and most uncivilized tribes none to prove that a peace, like the bare ever been the greatest con present, has been the forerunner of querors.
ruin. Ill-omened birds, vain foretel" You seem to apprehend, that lers of tempests, may perch on our what the republic cannot effect by masts, but the vessel of the state will force, she may accomplish by craft, hold on her course. We should be and that we must fall, like the Tro. vigilant; we ought not to be fearful.
Our navigators still plough the sea -Captique dolis, lacrymisque coacti, and grow rich by conimerce, amidst Quos neque Tydides, nec Larisseus all the dangers of climates, storms, 'Achilles,
rocks, and quicksands. Son anti domuere decem, non mille “ Many of the objections which carinæ.
have been, and are likely to be, urged "I entertain no such apprehen- against the preliminaries of peace, biors : I consider our undisputed so may be included in this short though vereignty in the East, and our union comprehensive proposition ;-that, with Ireland, (another beneficial con- tied the subversion of the balance of sequence of the war, which you have power in Europe *, on the preservapassed over) as some indemnity for tion of which our existence, as a na
the past, and security for the fu- tion, essentially depends.” P.21–23. 'ture. To these most valuable acquisitions, but above all, to the ac
The Author proceeds to state the tivity of British industry, and the principal alterations which have taken energy of British spirit, (which, under place within the last one hundred and the blessing of Providence) have coni- of Europe," and reinarks, "An am
fifty years in the territorial division ducted us through war with honour, bitious continental power may add a I look with confidence for resources that may preserve us in peace with contiguous province to her frontier: out humiliation," P.9-il.
an insular one can only enlarge the On the subject of the balance of tached provinces. But whilst our
bounds of empire by acquiring depower, we find the following observations : " Thus, from unfolding the neighbours have extended their limits,
Britain has increased her power (the page of history, we may confidently power, 1 mean, of defence, for all determine, that laws tempered by other is precarious and illusory) by freedom, and favourable to industry; improvements in internal organizawill render a people prosperous and tion, which have doubled her populahappy; that distracted and corrupt tion by colonization, by agriculture, administrations must produce misery at home and weakness abroad; that by manufactures, and by commerce, military governments, after some
the parent of naval power. time, fall into impotence and languar,
" Britain has shewn, that her sta: exually end in anarchy or despotisin. tion in the scale of Europe depends These, and similar truths, we recog;
not on a fanciful'equilibrium which a nize as axioms of state, and (though
congress of nations can adjust, but on sometimes disappointed) we make resources which can be created, and them the rules of oor public con
energies which can be exerted, by duct: they are either buoys to point
herself. Diplomatic interference, ne. out our danger, or beacons to direct * It was Fontenelle, I believe, who said us to safety.
that the follies of cabinets constituted the "If we apply political experience true balance of Europe,
gotiation, and treaty, may sometimes British manufactures gives more empreserve a feeble state from imme- ployment to British industry, and diate dissolution ; but when did they contributes more to our internal im. inspire a tiinid people with manly provements than the vent of foreign sentiinent and vigours or make those manufacture or of colonial produce. powerful who had no confidence in The circuitous trade carried on with theinselves? Of all nations in Eu- the East and West Indies, for the rope, Britain has the least occasion to supply of other nations in Europe, is dread the interpretation, or to court much too slow in its returns, to set so the mediation of neutral states. Her much labour in motion, and to afford insular situation renders her inacces, employment and subsistence to so sible to all, except the maritime great a part of the nation, as a direct powers. Her unfitness for continental trade with our neighbours; a trade conquest secures her from jealousy. which, whilst it enables them to beShe can only affect Europe by her nefit by vicinage, and to procure alliances and subsidies, &c.' P. 33, what they want at the cheapest rate, 34.
enables us to purchase the linens of On the subject of commerce we Holland with the woollens of York. find various average stalements of shire, and the wines of France with the weight and value of the com the hardwares of Birmingham. modities imported and exported; the result of which is, that notwith “The flourishing state of our com, standing in former wars trade has merce, which during a long and are been diminished, during the last, it duous struggle, has been extended by has experienced a yearly increase; British industry, and protected by and the Author declares himself con British valour, affords a memorable vinced, that peace will by no means example of what may be effected by prove unfavourable to our cominerce. the sense, the spirit, and the petseThe Author argues thus: 'I have en. verance of the people. deavoured to shew, that, though the
Quid virtus et quid sapientia possit, greatest part of the colonial trade acquired by us during the war must
Utile proposuit nobis exemplar. revert to other countries, and our “ May the lesson not be thrown commerce with the neutral powers of away! May Britain, during peace, the north must be reduced within gratefully recollect that, whilst á much narrower bounds than it is at great part of Europe, deticient either present, we may reasonably expect in wisdom or in courage, has sacrithat the export of our manufactures to ficed its independence with the vain the United States will increase, that hope of preserving its property, a vi. our settlements in America, the West gorous resistance has enabled her to Indies, and Asia, will be improving maintain her independence, and, by markets, and that returning amity and the sacrifice of a part, to render the tranquillity will supply us with new remainder of her wealth more valucustomers in those belligerent states able and more improveable! May she in Europe with whom our intercourse gratefully recollect, that the revoluhas been suspended or embarrassed tionary system, which she has opduring the contest. It is, however, posed, has not forced her to surrender material to recollect, that neither the her commerce to preserve her contonnage nor the values of imports and stitution, and that the cessation of exports furnish a fair comparison of hostilities does not call on her to surthe relative importance of the dif- render her constitution to preserve ferent branches of our foreign trade. her commerce. They both inay, they The exportation of a piece of British both will, flourish together; and broad cloth is more beneficial to us when, at some future period, the than the re-exportation of a quantity of feverish ambition of mankind shall Bengal muslin, or of West India cof. compel her to unsheath the sword, fee, of equal value. The exportation her constitution and her commerce of a piece of broad cloth to a neigh will again supply her both with mobouring country is inore beneficial to tires, and with ineans, to prosecute us than the exportation of the saine the contest until it can again be tercommodity to a distant country. The minated with safety and honour." P. seasons are obvious. The vent of 129-132.