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.constrained to admit “ all this is true, and much inore which thou hast left out.” And with such a malicious, subtle, mighty, and withal truthful witness against us, did not faith come in, we might indeed despair.

We once were “waiting for the verdict " with sorrowful suspense, till " the acquittal” was brought to our hearts : “ There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus."

Some perhaps have "waited for the verdict" to be pronounced upon another. They have been intimately acquainted with, and intensely interested in, the spiritual crisis in some relative or friend; even as the wife in the painting waited for certainty as to her husband's fate. How such longed that he might find mercy of the Lord ! How they rejoiced when he obtained it, even as that father and mother rejoiced over their acquitted son.

Perhaps some of my readers are now waiting for the verdict." Let me ask who is your counsel ? Are you pleading your cause yourself? If so, you will fail. But if you have given it into Christ's hands, who never yet refused a client, though he could pay no retaining fee, should you wait in sorrow for a season, you will in due time have your acquittal.

Alas! many wait listlessly for the Divine verdict. In the newspapers we sometimes read : “ The prisoner manifested the greatest indifference during the trial, and was scarcely moved when the sentence was pronounced against him.” Hardened wretch ! we exclaim, and feel sure that such a one was justly condemned. Are you indifferent as to what sentence is passed upon you in the high court of heaven? What character does such carelessness betray ? What will your sentence be? None have so great cause with agony to wait for the verdict, as those who are waiting with unconcern.

But turn now to THE SAINTS' ACQUITTAL. Matthew Henry says; "If ever Paul rode in a triumphal chariot on this side heaven, here it was ; with such a holy height and bravery of spirit, with such a fluency and copiousness of expression, doth he here comfort himself and all the people of God, upon the consideration of these privileges." And herein he follows the example of Christ, who said in prophecy, “ He is near that justifieth me; who will contend with me? let us stand together, who is mine adversary ? let him come near to me. Behold, the Lord God will help me; who is he that shall condemn me? lo, they all shall wax old as a garment; the moth shall eat them up.” (Isaiah 1. 8-9.).

There are many things that urge our conviction, witnesses both powerful and truthful. But Paul is convinced that, whatever may be laid to our charge, whoever may condemn, there are sufficient valid pleas to move in arrest of judgment, to insure that the verdict “ Not Guilty,” shall be pronounced. Six arguments are put forward by the Apostle, to shew that the saints will not be condemned.

God chose them. “Who shall lay anything to the charge of God's clect ? " When Joshua clothed with filthy garments was accused, this was the plea wherewith the Angel of the Covenant defended him : “ The Lord rebuke theo O Satan; even the Lord that hath chosen Jerusalem, rebuke thee." So, those whom the Lord chose with a full knowledge of all that could be said against them, he certainly will not condemn. In the previous verses, we have an unbroken chain, and no power can break it. Whom he foreknew he predestinated, called, justified, and glorified.

God justifies them. Men may justify themselves, or the wicked may justify them; and yet they may be under condemnation. But if God justify them, they must be exonerated. For God is himself the Plaintiff; if he be satisfied, none need complain. He is King; and there is no power to execute any sentence apart from his mandate. He is the Supreme Law-giver and Judge; if the highest court acquits, in no lower court can any appeal he lodged against the decision. And God's judgments are according to truth: if he justifies, they are justified indeed. He has justified them in his ancient purpose. He does justify them actually when they believe. He will publicly pronounce their acquittal at the great judgment day.

Christ died for them. Hence we see how the just God can justify them though ungodly. He can be just and the justifier of him that believeth in Jesus. The law, the devil, their consciences truly accuse them, and sternly condemn them ; but this answers all, Christ died. He hath paid their debt, endured their curse, carried away their sin.

Christ rose for them. “Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification." His rising proved the acceptance of bis person, the efficacy of his death; so that special emphasis is laid by the Apostle on the resurrection, "yea rather, that is risen again.”

Christ is exalted for them. Who is even at the right hand of God." He is not only accepted, but is exalted to dignity and honour. Plainly, then, be is mighty to save.

Christ pleads for them. “ Who also maketh intercession for us." Our Advocate possesses all wisdom, bas our cause so at heart that he lived and died for his clients, and with untiring diligence he will watch our case. Therefore

“Our cause can never, never fail,

For Jesus pleads, and must prevail.” “He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.” In the picture, the greyheaded father heartily thanks the counsel. We, too, will thank our Advocate, now and evermore. Thus, if we are humble believers in Jesus, we may be confident, for God chose us, and he justifies us. Christ died for us, rose for us, triumphs for us, and pleads for us. Who, then, shall accuse us? Who can condemu ?

" Who shall the Lord's elect condemn?
'Tis God that justifies their souls ;
And mercy, like a mighty stream,
O'er all their sins divinely rolls.
Who shall adjudge the saints to hell ?
'Tis Christ that suffered in their stead;
And, the salvation to fulfil,
Behold him rising from the dead !
He lives! He lives! and sits above,
For ever interceding there :
Who shall divide us from his love?
Or what should tempt us to despair ?
Not all that men on earth can do,
Nor powers on high, nor powers below,
Shall cause his mercy to remove,
Or wean our hearts from Christ our love."

Spasmodic torkers.

THEY are like the steam-engine before Watt took it in hand.

Watt was not the inventor of that marvellous machine, but he might as well have been, for any good it did before his time. Not that it “would not go," it went often most unexpectedly, and in most eccentric ways. The fault was that it worked by fits and starts, and the reason was that while Newcomen, its inventor, had discovered how to make the piston rise in the cylinder, he did not know how to send it down again. It had to drop when the steam which sent it up had condensed; and in order to produce condensation more quickly, he managed to inject cold water into the cylinder, while the piston was up, which of course brought it down more quickly than it went up; but this process had another effect, viz., that of cooling the cylinder ; and, then, there bad to be a fresh heating of the cylinder before the piston would rise again. So the thing went on, the engine suddenly starting off, and then feeling the cold water, as suddenly stopping, or only going so long as the momentum of its first impulse lasted. Of course there was no work got out of a machine like that.

There are plenty of human engines after the Newcomen model. Fire their zeal by a rousing sermon, and they are off before you can say Jack Robinson ; but, suddenly, they stop: they have felt the cold water, and oh! what a “warming up” it takes to get them “off again.” It is astonishing to see how they subside, how they fail you when you are depending on them most.

Mr. Watt found out the remedy for the spasmodic engine, and it was this :He first attached a side pipe to the cylinder into which the steam might escape, and then be condensed, without cooling the cylinder. Then he brought to bear upon the piston a second pressure from above, thus working it by a double process, viz., power from below and power from above. In this way we got the real working engine, and all its splendid achievements followed.

My fitful friend ! it is not that you have no zeal; you have too much at times. You need a reserve pipe. You boil over, and put your own fire out. You start with too much energy at first, and then there's no time to get up steam again before you stop. Now, let me advise you. Put the rein on before you start, mature your plans, look a-head, see all the difficulties before you begin : expect the cold water too (for lots of engines work in the wet).' It is the unexpectedness of difficulty that brings you to a standstill ; but, if you foresee it, you will say, when it comes, “Ah! yes, I've been looking out for you, I'ın ready, you can't cool me, I've got my waterproof on.". So on you go steadily and perseveringly doing real work. Then may I add that while there must be the under pressure, the strength of body, the willingness, the common sense, and all that belonging to yourself, you must also have the power from above, the love of Christ constraining you, the energizing influence of the Holy Spirit, which not only enables you to work with grand results, but gives your work that which nothing else can give it, acceptance in the sight of the great Framer of us all.


Baptist Country Mission,


MONG the many useful institutions which find their centre at the Taber

rise and progress with the utmost pleasure. We have scores of young men of fiery zeal who need opportunities to speak for Jesus ; on the other hand, hundreds of dark villages need just such burning and shining lights; this Society endeavours to bring the two together. With very small funds as yet available the work has been contracted, but with larger means it could be at once extended; the expenses are simply those incurred in the hire of rooms and in travelling; all the labour is gratuitous. The Society has a station at Sutton Valence, in a hall now far too small. A barn at Tiptree, Essex, is used for a like purpose. The open air is our friends' principal field of labour, and they maintain preaching under the arch of heaven at Forest Hill, Tooting, Mary Cray, and other villages of Kent and Surrey. As there are 96 members of the Association pledged to active service, and as their esteenied leaders, Elders Bowker and White, are men of warm and earnest bearts, we expect great things from this squadron of the Tabernacle host. We pray that the Association may be enriched with all grace, and crowned with success. Friends who wish to encourage a really useful and increasingly hopeful agency, can send any sums to us, and we will see them rightly applied. We look on this Society and our Evangelists' Association as a sort of militia, efficiently supplementing the work of the College trained bands.-C. H. S.

Reviews. [MR. ORMsBy requests us to say that the work entitled Heart Poems is not written by himself, but by his daughter. We apologise for the mistake.] Our usual Penny Almanack is now ready, | Kidnapping in the South Seas : being and we hope it will be as much approved a narrative of three months' cruise of of as its predecessors have been. We H. M. S. Rosario." By Captain have also, with no small labour, written GEORGE PALMER, R.N., F.R.G.S. an Almanack for the walls, which is Edinburgh: Edmonston and Douglas. called John Ploughman's Sheet Alma, Every philanthropist should make himnack. Our friends tell us that it will self acquainted with the nefarious traffic have an unprecedented sale, and we in human flesh, which under various only hope it may, but not to the detri- disguises is being carried on beneath the ment of the older one. They are quite British flag. Captain Palmer has done distinct things, and very different in all respects, except that they are by the what he has seen and heard. Surely

good service to humanity by detailing same author, cost the same price—one penny, and can be had of the same pub- this abomination.

our government will not long wink at lishers, Messrs. Passmore and Alabaster. Circular Letter on Eternal Punishment, Christian Economy: an Occasional

by the Suffolk and Norfolk Associa- Review. Stevenson, Paternoster Row. tion of Particular Baptist Churches. In a wide world there is room for all

Rees & Co., Butter Market, Ipswich. sorts of opinions, and verily the opinions We congratulate the Suffolk churches are numerous enough to need a wide upon the issue of this excellent letter, world. According to this occasional or treatise. We perceive that a thou- reviewer, our churches have been too sand copies have been printed, but we aggressive, and preaching has been hope the type is standing, and that ten thought too much of. We once knew a thousand will be circulated.

person who thought bread to be very The Tabernacle and its Priests and indigestible, and another who always

Services described and considered in took salt instead of sugar in his tea: relation to Christ and the Church. By nobody was much the better or the Wu. Brown. Edinburgh: Wm.

worse for these eccentricities. Oliphant & Co.

The Temperance Alphabet for Bands of Works upon this subject are now very Hope. Tweedie: 337, Strand. numerous, and this will hold a worthy Tasteful, but ghastly. Pictures after place among them. The illustrations are tolerably numerous and costly, but the style of Cruikshank (a long way some of them are very ugly, the cherubim after), demons, angels, bottles, murders,

and all in a coloured border of deadly look like very fat boys with baskets on their backs, and one of the lavers much nightshade. The poetry may be judged resembles a primeval pump. Despite of by letter A :these blemishes, it is a good book. "A stands for Alcohol! What is this? you

enquire: A Memoir of Jane Walker, of Islip; 'Tis the demon of drink! the spirit of fire !

also, Letters anıl an Obituary. Ox- Alas! the poor drunkard has known to his ford: to be had of J. Pembrey, 3

cost, Clifton Villas, Cowley Road.

This curse to the living, this knell of the lost." An edifying memoir of a humble and This may impress and probably gracious cottager, whose faith and ex. frighten some youthful minds: the aim perience rendered her a remarkable is laudable. The snakes are on every instance of divine grace. The late Mr. page, and seem to be fond of coiling J. C. Philpot, and brethren of his com- round bottles with the corks in; we munion, knew and esteemed her. To think they are more likely to be there many the record will be encouraging. when the corks are out.

to come.

Augustine's City of God. Translated prohibition. In the following five books, I

by Rev. Marcus Dons, M.A. Vo- address myself to those who admit that such lumes I. and II. Edinburgh : T. & calamities have at all times attended, and will

at all times attend, the human race, and that T. Clark, 38, George Street.

they constantly reeur in forms more or less Right welcome to scholars will be the disastrous, varying only in the scenes, occaissue of this world-famous work of one sions, and persons on whom they light; but,

while admitting this, maintain that the worof nature's princes and the church's ship of the gods is advantageous for the life saints. Augustine is evermore a mas

In these ten books, then, I refute ter, and has probably influenced the these two opinions, which are as groundless Christian church more than any other as they are antagonistic to the Christian

religion. uninspired man; Calvin, indeed, is

" But that no one might have occasion to Augustine redivivus, and though far

say, that, though I had refuted the tenets of clearer in the gospel, was but one of other men, 1 bad omitted to establish my own, those scholars who, while surpassing I devote to this object the second part of this their master, owe to him the skill by work, which comprises twelve books, alwhich they do so. The City of God, either to advance my own opinions in the first though over-estimated by some and de- ten books, or to demolish the arguments of preciated by others, has, by its long- my opponents in the last twelve. Of these continued popularity, raised itself be twelve books, the first four contain an acyond criticism. Much of it is of neces

count of the origin of these two cities—the sity obsolete, except as history; but City of God, and the city of the world. The

second four treat of their history or progress; there is a residuum of thought which the third and last four, of their deserved remains living and quickening, and will destinies. And so, though all these twentydo so to the end of time. All agree two books refer to both cities, yet I have that it is the life-work, the masterpiece named them after the better city, and called of a great mind, produced during his them The City of God.” maturest years, and touching upon the weightiest subjects. We hope there is gustine's works at a subscription price

The Messrs. Clark are issuing Auenough of Christian scholarship in the

of four volumes for a guinea, paid country to remunerate the Messrs. in advance; but to non-subscribers Clark for a somewhat venturesome en

each volume will be charged 10s. 6d. terprize. They have already earned the gratitude of all theologians by innumerable excellent publications, and this will Reflections for the Times; or, a Lay increase the debt greatly. It will be

Sermon in Verse. Glasgow: T. the best way of informing our readers

Murray. as to the contents of the volumes, if Neat binding, large type, little matter, we give Augustine's own account of the tolerably correct rhyme, no poetry, and work.

The cluster “Rome having been stormed and sacked judged by this one grape :by the Goths under Alaric their king, the worshippers of false gods, or pagans, as we * Alas the church, the world's true salt, commonly call them, made an attempt to Has lost the living savour; attribute this calamity to the Christ an reli

Its "evil eye' can see no fault gion, and began to blaspheme the true God

In its most foul behaviour. with more than their wonted bitterness and

It welcomes with a smiling face acerbity. It was this which kindled my zeal

The genuine believer, for the house of God, and prompted me to Yet is as ready to embrace undertake the defence of the City of God

The manifest deceiver." against the charges and misrepresentations of its assailants. This work was in my We are happy that the church here hands for several years, owing to the interruptions occasioned by many other affairs which condemned is not one with which we had a prior claim to my attention, and which claim membership. I could not defer. However, this great undertaking was at last completed in twenty- Spiritual Life not a Ceremonial Rite. two books. Of these, the first five refute those who fancy that the polytheistic worship is

London : J. Gadsby, Bouverie Street. necessary in order to secure worldly prosperity, and that all these overwhelming calam- A PLAIN and godly expansion of the ities have befallen us in consequence of its title it bears,



may be

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