Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

mult certainly conduce to the increasing of the tropical heat, to a degree much beyond that under the equator.

Thus far Mr. Sheldrake. And we are very much mistaken, if 'most of our Readers, when they have attentively surveyed this chanh

of thought, will not readily agree with what we have said of it-That it is fomewhat fingular. For when this writer, in favour of his opinion, that the heat under the tropic is equal, or superior, to that under the equator, urges the fo lasting vicinity of the sun, the tardinels of his motion, and the superior number of hours that, in one half of the year, he remains above that horizon; does he not, at the same time, seem to forget the vast distance to which the sun afterwards retires from the tropic; the length of time he keeps away, and the superior number of hours, that, in another half of the year, he remains below that horizon? If to this we fubjoin an oblervation or two of his own, 5 'That cold is ''increased by the obliquity of thie fun's rays, the swistness

of his motion, and the time of his absence below the hori. zon;' as also, that cold increases, notwithstanding the fun's approach, till his thinly dispersed says become closer

collected together, and his presence is longer with us ;' and apply these observations to the case of the tropics, will not his reasoning still appear fingular ? . And yet, altho' we, for our own parts, are persuaded, that the action of the sun is much stronger under the equator than at the tropics, because the sun never recedes farther from the equator than twenty-three degrees, thirty minutes, por continues his absence longer than fix months ; whereas he retires from each tropic to twice that distance, and remains absent for twice that time: there are, however, two confiderations, which not a little weigh with us in favour of Mr. Sheldrake's opinion ; fu far, at least, as to imagine the degree of heat to be nearly equal, at different times, all over the torrid zone. One of these considerations is founded upon an observation of our Author's, viz. * that « water-clouds will make the air cool. Now if this observas tion be just; and if, as seenis to be probable, and is agree able enough to the accounts we have of the feasons in that part of the world, the stronger action of the fun will collect the greatest quantity of this furt of clouds; it may, from this füpposed state of the atmosphere, happen, that notwithstanding the sun acts with greater force at the equator than at the tropics, the air may be rendered, when the sun is on the

equator, full aš cool as when he is on the tropic. The other conta fideration, which influences us to favour Mr. Sheldrake's opinión, is also what we owe to himself. For, full of this Review, Nov. 1756.

li

notion,

[ocr errors]

notion, that the degree of heat yearly at the tropics, equalled at least that which happens fenii-annually at the equator, he formed a scale for a thermometer, by which is shewn, how much the heat of summer, or the cold of winter, in any other place exceeds, or falls hort, of that degree of each, which he aligns to England. And this, he assures us, he had done with fo much exactness, that when he came to read Boyle's History of Cold; the account given by the Academy of Sciences, at Paris, of the cold of the northern circle; what Boerhaave reJates of the cold of Iceland, and Leyden; Ray's Collection of Travels; and Rollin's Antient History ; -none of which he had recourle to for fixing the points of heat and cold in his tables ; finding them fo nearly answer to what he had previously laid down for the heat and cold of those countries, it gave him, he owns, no small fatisfaciion: and as we cannot suspect this writer's integrity, what he thus advances, in corroboration of his opinion, seems to us one of the best proofs that can support any opinion; a proof from nature and fact,

A System of Divinity and Morality; in a Series of Discourses

or all the cliential parts of Natural and Revealed Religion :
Conciled from the works of the following eminent Divines of
the church of England, vir. Atterbury, Balguy, Barrow,
Bentler, B veridge, Blackhali, Bundy, Burnet, Ben. Cala-
my, Clagett, Clarke, Dorrington, Gibson, Goodmaa, Hick-
man, Hole, Hopkins, Hort, Jackson, Ibbat, Littleton, Lup-
ton, Mrsre, Moss, Pearson, Rogers, Sharp, Synge, Stanhope,
Stilling fleet, Tillot/on, IV ake, and Others. To which are add-
ed, Some Occafional Dilesurses. The whole revised and cor-
refied, lry Ferilinando Warner, LL. D. Rector of Queenhithe,
London. In four volumes. 8vo. 1 l. bound. Griffiths.
F this Collection, which first made its appearance in

1750, in five volumes, twelves, we gave some account in the fourth volume of our Review. Of the present edition, Jittle need be added to what Dr. Warner hath himself observed, in liis preface; an abstract of which is here fubjoined. i " It was thought proper,' says he, to give a general view < of the undertaking; that its usefulness may be known to ( those who are unacquainted with it, and who may otherse wise consider it only as a collection of good sermons, with it which, in this country, we aiready greatly abound.

TO

[ocr errors]

To the honour of our country, and of this present age, it must be owned, that we do abound with such productions: but then the fermons of our eminent, and most admired,

preachers, taking them all together, as they are to be met , with in their works, are many of them critical and contro

verfial, and so not very useful to families, and people unacquainted with learned subjects : yet these are the people, who seem moft to stand in need of a clear and judicious explanation of the principles of religion, and on whom the practice of it should be enforced with the most convincing arguments.

The necessity of this explanation has been much increased by the indefatigable labours of the enemies of our faith;

and of those who, tho' they are friends, yet, through igno\rance and enthusiasm, have disgraced and wounded it. The advocates of infidelity were formerly men of letters, of birth,

of leisure, and of superior rank; whose ill lives would suit • but ill with any religion at all. But the poison has been spread with such diligence and successo--that infidelity is now become the profeffion of the lowest of our people ; of little mechanics, filly women, and of people of all ranks, that are ignorant of letters and reasoning,

Belides those which point their weapons against all. revealed religion whatlover, there is a second sort of enemies aided, tho' undefignedly, by the first, against whom it behoves us to be on our guard, and who, among the common people, are as successful as the others. These are the emisfaries of the church of Rome, who labour incessantly to draw men over to the errors and absurdities of popery, not only with specious arguments, but where it is necessary, with money, and temptations more alluring than truth and reason.

(To these there must be added another set, who, tho' pro• fefied friends to Christianity, yet pervert and disgrace so 9 much the genuine doctrines of the gospel, under a pretence • of preaching Christ with more propriety, that they have

done infinite mischief to the religion which they zealousy mean to feive. It is a melancholy thing to observe so many well-disposed people among our modern methodists, abused

with words and phrases, which either signify nothing at all, (or which have a bad, or at least, a doubtful meaning.

? The religion of Christ, as it is in the gospel, is a short and plain institution, founded in reason, obvious to common Teníe, and which appeals to the consciences of mankind : but this is defaced and obscured by paradoxes, mytteries, 1 i 2

and

and fenseless ipropositions, which defeat the very end for which Christ was fent, or the gospel published. To preach Chrift with them, is not to preach Christian morals, how much soever Chrift did it himself; but it is to play off a set of phrases, without ideas, and without connection, in which the word Christ is always mentioned; and instead of perfuading to the virtues which he taught by his life and doc.

trine, to recommend an amorous and enthusiastic forti of ç devotion, in admiring his personal excellencies, his grace, and fulness.

• Amidst the delufions therefore which thus obtain, and are 4 propagated with so much zeal, it is a matter of real con

cern, that people of every rank should be furnished with a

proper remedy: to prove, against the first, that the divine 4. original of the revelation which they deride, is established.

upon incontestible external evidence, and its own intrinfic &

excellence and usefulness, and to teach them, against the last, “ what in religion is truly good, and what accidentally fo;

what they ought not to be satisfied without, and what they

may innocently not concern themselves with ; in a word, “ what will carry them to heaven safely, and what answers

no other purpose, than either to furnith matter of dispute for * wrong-headed writers, or to employ the idle hours of de

votees." « A collection of sermons from the ableft divines of the church of England, in the way of a system of doctrinal and practical divinity; it is easy to fee, would answer this purpose very effectually: and such a collection was often wished for, and recommended, by some of the greatest men we

have had; as an undertaking that would be extremely useful, ! not only to the younger and inferior clergy, but also to other

abwe ferious people, of all ranks and orders.

. Indeed, the importance of the subjects that are treated of in these discourses, which explain and recommend the great duties leading to the highest good of man, makes it a work of universal utility and extent. As the subjects are of the

first importance in theinselves, so the discourses which illusstrate them, are moft of them extracted froin the sermons of

those preachers, which, for the purity of their language, the “perfpicuity of their expression, the elegance of compofition, " the strength of reasoning, and the justness and dignity of their fentiment, no other country in the Christian world can equal.

30 We may therefore presume to think, that if this series of « discourses is attended to as it should be; it may

contribute to

pro

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

promote the knowlege and practice of Christianity in its purity; to item the torrent of infidelity, popery, and enthusiasm, which are deluging our country; and to reform the follies, and amend the wickedness of the age. In short, the whole collection, may be said to be a concise, and at the same time, a comprehensive system of natural and revealed religion, never before attempted in this method, and which

is very entertaining, as well as extremely useful for the family and the closet,

At the end of the fourth volume, are added, five occasional discourses, in lieu of two, on the beatitudes, by Norris, judi, ciously struck out of the present edition, viz. 1. A falt-fermon, preached at Kensington, by Archbishop Herring. 2. On the 30th of January, before the Lords, by Bishop Sherlock, 3. On the 29th of May, before the Lords, by Bithop Secker. 4. On the fire of London, at St. Paul's, by Dr. Warner.: 5. On the 5th of November, at St. Paul's, by Mr. King. ;;! vo

sow pues, mint

Account of Norden's Travels concluded.

[ocr errors]

E are now come to the second volume, which is writ

ten in a different manner from the first. It is drawn up from the journal kept by the Author, and perhaps differs Jittle from Mr. Norden's firft sketeh. We shall extract such parts as are new or entertaining; which is all our Readers are to expect from us. Omitting, therefore, the circumftances of the wind and weather, the little accidents to which all (travellers are liable, the name; of such places as the Author chas not thought fit to describe, the repetition of what has already been said of the pyramids of Sakarra, and what is called the false pyramid, (for which see the Review for September) we begin at page 131, where our Traveller arrives at Shech

Abade, formerly called Antinoé, the capital of Lower Thebes. O Here are several antiquities, constructed of stones, about

the size of those whereof the triumphal arches at Rome were i built; and not of such enormous lize as the old Egyp:ians used in their edifices,

Amongst other ruins are seen three grand portals, the first of which is adorned with columns of the Corinthian order,

futed the other two are less ornamented. These ruins of antient Antinoé, are at the bottom of certain mountains near the Nile. The walls of the houses were built of brick, and to this day appear as red, as if newly made. Ii 3

The

« AnteriorContinuar »