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interest in the great Missionary enter- cided a character, that the ranks of both prise ? On this ground we hail the ap- friends and foes were enlarged at every pearance of Mr. Hinton's Memoir of step he took ; and the feelings of attachWilliam Knibb as a valuable accession ment or opposition were correspondingly to this class of our religious literature. warm towards or against him. Now Whether Mr. Abbott, the fellow-labourer that the silence of the grave, and the and attached friend of Mr. Knibb, would softening shadow of death, have thrown have executed anything better, we are their influence around his character, his not prepared to say ; but of this we are infirmities recede from the eye; while his sure, that Mr. Hinton has admirably suc- virtues are brought forward, and appear ceeded in sketching the portrait of one of with increased lustre. By those who the most remarkable men connected with were personally acquainted with Mr. the Baptist Mission in the West Indies. Knibb, this volume will be read with But, while we admit this, we think that deep interest, while others will regard the high pre-eminence given to Mr. it as a boon to the church. On the Knibb by his biographer, above all other whole, we think highly of the spirit and labourers in that important field, may be manner of the execution; and, notwithjustly questioned by those who are bet- standing our difference of opinion on ter acquainted, than Mr. Hinton can some points, both with the subject and possibly be, with the duties and labours writer of this memoir, we cheerfully reof many other good men in Jamaica. commend it to the attention of all who feel Who, with any knowledge of Mission- interested in the spread of the glorious Gosary operations, can read the following pel throughout our sin-suffering world. sentence without some feeling of indig. The Use of the Body in relation to the nation at its manifest injustice ? _“No Mind. By George Moore, M.D. 8vo. Missionaries, but those of the Baptist pp. 431. Longman.-We have been edi. Missionary Society, ever took the part fied in the perusal of this instructive and of the slave.” Did Mr. Hinton know, entertaining volume; and recommend it when he penned this, that, for taking to our readers, as containing much that the part of the slaves, several Wesleyan ought to be known by all classes of the Missionaries had suffered severely? Rat. community, to preserve them from supercliff and his family, as our author him- stition on the one hand, and enthusiasm self records, had been exposed to a mure on the other, especially in reference to derous attack while in their beds in the those facts and observations to which dead of the night ; Williams, Campbell, publicity has been given respecting mesWhitehouse, Orton, Greenwood, Box, merism, temporary hallucination of the and Rawden, had been thrown into mind, dreaming, and the effects of disease jail, and barely escaped with their lives. upon the mental powers. But what, in The sufferings of the Baptist Brethren our estimation, enhances the value of the have been as nothing, compared with volume is, that it is so written, as to be these and others that might be named; comprehended by those who have not and, if the Baptist name has, of late been educated for the medical profession; years, been especially obnoxious, it is and also the high religious feeling with notorious that they gloried in it, and which it universally abounds. took no small pains that it should be so. Chemistry of the Four Seasons. By Many of their speeches and proceedings Thomas Griffiths. 8vo. pp. 495.-A usewere calculated to exasperate, rather than ful exposition of the chemistry of naenlighten and subdue, their opponents. ture in vegetation, and in the weather We hope Mr. Hinton will soften this and its effects, illustrated by experiments, assertion, in justice to many noble Mis- which are so simple as to be within the sionaries, who, though less noisy, were reach of all; and so satisfactory and conby no means less self-denying and zea- vincing, as to render others almost need. lous, in behalf of the oppressed African. less. The following important facts are We feel disposed to do justice to the stated, which we record in our columns : memory of Mr. Knibb, but not at the -It is calculated that the air contains the expense of the character of others, enormous sum of five trillions, two hunin no degree less deserving of the admi. dred and eighty-seven billions, three hunration of all right-hearted and right. dred and five millions of tons of carbonic minded Christian people. It is to be acid gas, of which one man exhales in expected that different views will be taken twenty-four hours fifteen hundred cubic of the spirit, opinions, and proceedings inches. This carbonic acid is mainly of the subject of this memoir, by those taken up by vegetables. Sudden conwho read it, as was the case during his densation and compression produces lifetime. His movements were of so de. heat; if the atmosphere were suddenly VOL. III.-FOURTH SERIES.
compressed by adequate might, the earth ed to the public; and gratitude, that at would “melt by fervent heat.” Twenty this comparatively distant period, an thousand pounds of phosphorus are said individual has been raised up by divine to be consumed in a year in lucifer Providence, every way qualified to call to matches. Of the protective power of the remembrance of the present generasnow it is said, that in Holland, during tion, and of generations yet to come, those the cold winter of 1776, the surface of former days when the early Methodists the earth was frozen to the depth of had to endure a great fight of afflictions in twenty-one inches on a spot of garden the maintenance of liberty of conscience, ground kept free from snow, but only to and the right to worship the Holy and True nine inches on an adjacent spot covered God in the way which they judged the with four inches of snow. As a volume Scriptures peremptorily required. With abounding with interesting scientific in- great propriety, therefore, has M. Guiton formation, it is invaluable, and would laid hold of the following emphatic pasfurnish an important vade mecum to the sage from the Book of Psalms as a motto juvenile library and in domestic tuition to his volume :-O Dieu, nous avons
The German Reformation of the Nine- ouï de nos oreilles, et nos pères nous teenth Century. By the German Cor. ont raconté les exploits que tu as faits en respondent of “ The Continental Echo.” leurs jours, aux jours d'autrefois. We 12mo. pp. 469. Snow.—The volume be- have lately visited the principal islands fore us contains a comprehensive and in that interesting group; and from the important discourse on the religion of Ger. inquiries which we were enabled to make many at the present time, and in particu- while there, we are bound to say that lar the recent secession from the Papal M. Guiton has discharged the duty Church. A full-length representation of which as a historian he had imposed upon the leading actors is given; namely,Ronge, himself, in a manner highly creditable to Cžerski, Theiner, Post, and others, of his industry and zeal : the volume is unimany of whom we confess we knew but versally recognised as a faithful and imparlittle. As a record of past events the tial record of a work of God, chequered book is useful, and will furnish the fu. in earlier times with much persecution ture historian of the eventful period to and suffering. Upwards of seventy years which it relates with abundant and faith. ago, Wesleyan Methodism was introful information. As far as we have been duced into the Channel Islands through able to discover, in partiality and truth the instrumentality of Messrs. Peter Le fulness characterize its pages.
Sueur and John Pentin, natives of JerWorks of the Puritan Divines. The sey, who, during their sojourn in NewRev. Thomas Adams, Minister at Wil- foundland, had been converted to God lington Bedfordshire. With Introduc- under the ministry of the Rev. L. Cough. tion by the Rev. W. H. Stowell, Inde lan, who had been sent thither as a Mispendent College, Rotherham, 12mo. pp. sionary by the Rev. Mr. Wesley. At Ixiii, 284. Thomas Nelson.—Little is this period Methodism had been known known of the author. He was one of the upwards of thirty years in the mother Preachers at Paul's Cross in 1612, and country, and when first introduced into his collected works were published by Jersey it met with no better treatment than himself in 1630. The Calvinistie Divines it had received in England. Ignorance, were patronized by James I. until the superstition, and irreligion, combined Synod of Dort. But the Court Clergy with the worst passions of which fallen were distinguished soon afterwards for nature is possessed, were arrayed in vio. their Arminianism ; and all the Preachers lent and determined hostility against the who adhered to the earlier theology of first “ Preachers of the new doctrines," the Reformers, and of the Monarch, were as they were then called by those who branded by the name of Doctrinal Puri. had yet to learn the first principles of tans, among whom Thomas Adams is to scriptural Christianity. Notwithstanding be classed. Few writers excelled him in the spirit of persecution which was ex. rich, though quaint, imagery, and in hibited, with the view of obstructing the strong, fervid piety.
work of God, and of silencing his Mi. Histoire du Méthodisme Wesleyen nisters, nothing daunted by the cruel dans les Iles de la Manche. Par Fran. treatment they received, not only from çois Guiton. 8vo. pp. vi, 312. John misguided mobs, but also from the authoMason.-We hail the appearance of this rities of the country, wbo had recourse to volume with mingled sensations of plea- the banishment of the Missionaries from sure and gratitude; of pleasure, that a the island, and the imprisonment of sevework which has long been considered a de- ral private members of the society, the sideratum in the religious history of the word of God grew and prevailed. Our Norman Isles, has at length been present industrious author then proceeds to notice
the introduction of Wesleyan Methodism by the military, civil, and ecclesiastical into Guernsey, and also into the islands authorities of the island. This abominaof Alderney and Sark, and enters into a ble wickedness was removed about the detail of the progress of the work of God year 1809, when that disgrace of the in these respective places. M. Guiton Channel Islands was abolished by the does not omit to notice, with suitable entire extinction of drilling and other reflections, the bitter opposition with portions of military duty on the Lord's which the Wesleyan Ministers had to day. It may also be stated, without any contend, while prosecuting their works of fear of contradiction, that this happy faith and labours of love; the number of change was effected chiefly by the inflexichapels also, erected at different periods, bility, perseverance, and good character and the establishment of Missionary of the Wesleyan society. We leave this Societies, Sabbath-schools, with other work with pleasurable sensations of its religious and charitable institutions, utility and interest. By English Methodall of which are noted in chronological ists it will be read with deep feeling ; and order. Very honourable mention is made to the Wesleyans resident in the Channel in this history of the firm and decided Islands it will be an invaluable record, part taken, at two different times, by the read again and again with increasing late Rev. Edward Gilbert, Rector of St. delight and profit. Cela sera enrégisAndrew's, against Sunday drilling, on tré pour la génération à venir, et les behalf of the members of the Church of descendans de ce peuple loueront l'EterEngland, although his efforts did not nel. prove successful, having been opposed
I.--GREAT BRITAIN. DOCUMENTS RELATIVE TO THE GOVERNMENT PLAN OF
EDUCATION, AND THE WESLEYAN METHODISTS. In consequence of the Prime Minister responsibility for which they were not at having given notice of his intention to all prepared. They therefore resolved move the Vote for Education, on Mon to hold another adjourned Meeting in day, April 19th, which was considerably Manchester, on Friday, April 9th, in the sooner than was at first expected, it was hope that they should then be able to agreed, in conformity with the urgent reach a final decision. representations of many friends, that the Before this Meeting separated, it came adjourned Meeting of the United Com to a resolution empowering the Parliamittees, originally fixed for the 8th of mentary Sub-Committees, with such April, should be held on the 31st of other members of the United Committees March. The Draught-Statement of ob- as could render their assistance, to comjections against the measure was prepared plete the Draught-Resolutions which had as directed, and submitted to the Com already been considered in part, and to mittees on their re-assembling. While lay them before the Committee of Counthey were engaged in considering and cil, together with a suitable Letter of deliberating upon this document, they explanation and inquiry. were most unexpectedly, and without A correspondence then commenced any solicitation on their part, put into between the Sub-Committees and the possession of most important information, Government; the result of which our which, on subsequent inquiry, appeared readers will learn from the subjoined to be authorized, if not official ; and the Documents. effect of which was to place the whole question before them in an entirely new Committee of Council on Education, position. Under these circumstances,
Council Office, Whitehall, the United Committees felt that to take
April 7th, 1847. immediate action, which would commit GENTLEMEN,_Your Letter, dated the entire Methodist Connexion on the April 6th, has been under the considera large and very important questions arising tion of the Lord President of the Coun. under the 6 Minutes of the Committee cil. His Lordship has informed you of Council,” would have been to incur a that he has communicated with Lord John Russell on the subject of your in- not, by their recent nor by any preceding quiries, and that I am directed to furnish Minutes, precluded themselves from preyou with the following explanations on senting to Parliament further Minutes, the several matters to which they relate, by which, upon a full consideration of resulting from recent deliberations of the the wants of the population, and the conCommittee of Council.
stitution of the school, they may be ena. 1. Schools not connected with the Na bled to grant such assistance. These tional and the British and Foreign further Minutes, when presented, will School Societies, have been admitted to make a separate provision for Roman the benefits derivable from the Parlia- Catholic Schools, and will in no degree mentary Grants, by means of the Minute unsettle the basis on which aid is now of the 3d December, 1839. It was their granted to other Schools. Full opportuLordships' intention, when they adopted nity will be given for the consideration the Minutes of August and December, and discussion of such Minutes, before 1846, to remove the stringency of the Parliament is called upon to carry them Preamble to the Minute of the 3d Decem- into execution ; and no one who agrees ber, 1839, which declares, that if the to accept aid under the present Minutes, School be not in connexion with either will be thereby in any degree pledged to of those Societies, the Committee of approve these future Minutes, or preCouncil will not entertain the case, unless cluded from offering to them such opposome special circumstances be exhibited sition as he may think expedient. to induce their Lordships to treat the 2. The Committee of Council are case as special. This part of the pre- appointed to superintend the distribution amble having been removed, the Schools, of Parliamentary Grants, for promoting recognised by the Education Committee Education in Great Britain. It is thereof the Wesleyan Connexion, would be fore obviously not within their Lordships' admitted to the benefits of the Public discretion to devote any part of these Grants on the conditions observed in Grants to ecclesiastical or other purely common, both by Schools connected with spiritual uses. In framing all their the National and with the British and Minutes, from those of 1839 to those of Foreign School Societies.
August and December, 1846, the ComBut no school would be admitted to mittee of Council have had in view this the enjoyment of these advantages, which distinction. Unless, therefore, in their did not fulfil the requirement contained recent Minutes, the office of Schoolmasin the Resolutions, with which the ter be regarded as a function apart from Minute of the 3d December, 1839, con that devolving on the Clergy and Micludes ; namely, that the daily reading nisters of religion, their Lordships canof a portion of the Scriptures shall form not fulfil their obligation to apply the part of the instruction in the School Parliamentary Grant solely to purposes
It has always been intended by the of Education. If they were to use it in Committee of Council, that these words aid of the Stipends of Teachers in the should be understood as requiring that responsible exercise of ecclesiastical or the entire Bible, in the authorized ver- other spiritual functions, this fund would, sion, should be required to be in use in insensibly, become a means as much for Schools aided by Public Grants so far as the support of Ministers of religion, as such a condition did not interfere with of Masters of Schools. They have acthe constitution of the Schools of the cordingly made no such provision in British and Foreign School Society, as their Minutes of August and December, founded under the patronage of His late 1846. Majesty George the Third, and subse- To these views of the character of the quently sanctioned by Parliament since office of a Teacher in an Elementary 1833, and which constitution includes School, and of their Lordships' discrethe use of the Holy Scriptures, or Ex- tion in the distribution of the Parliatracts therefrom.
mentary Grant, they will consider it their Their Lordships have not superseded duty to adhere. the operation of their Minute of the 3d 3. The Committee of Council on EduDecember, 1839, by their Minutes of cation having, in a preceding part of this August and December, 1846. The Letter, signified their readiness to admit whole series of Minutes are connected, Schools recognised by the Education and are to be deemed mutually explana Committee of the Wesleyan Connexion tory.
to a participation in the Parliamentary Their Lordships have hitherto made Grant, on the conditions common to other no provision for the extension of aid to Schools, their Lordships are disposed to Roman Catholic Schools ; but they have provide for the Inspection of Wesleyan
Schools in a manner similar to that by gestion of the Education Committee of which they have provided for the inspec- the Wesleyan Connexion, that they feel tion of British Schools.
it to be of great importance to the reliIn appointing Inspectors of British gious character of their Schools that Schools, my Lords have not consented to their Lordships should concede to the admit, as a valid objection to the appoint Managers of the Schools the right to ment of an Inspector, that he did not select in the first instance the Scholars, belong to some particular religious com who, if approved by the Inspectors, munion. Their Lordships have desired may be recommended to their Lordships to select for such appointments gentlemen as Pupil Teachers or Stipendiary Moniwho would impartially perform the duties tors. Their Lordships perceive that this of their office, while they acted in har. suggestion is founded on a misconception mony with the religious communion with of the intention and practical tendency which the Schools inspected by them of the Minutes. My Lords intend that were connected. But they have not for the Managers and the Inspector shall act this purpose considered it. desirable, or concurrently. They consider the Manascarcely practicable, that each Inspector gers as the proper arbiters of everything should belong to the religious communion which relates to the moral and religious with which the Schools inspected by him character of the Apprentice; and that were associated. It is obvious that such the Inspector, while he receives their arrangements.would involve the Inspec certificate on this subject, is to examine tion of Schools in much practical embar- and report on the intellectual qualificarassment, and that it could not be con. tions of the Candidate. They have ducted on this plan without an unneces therefore conferred on the Inspector sary addition to the numbers of the power to examine the whole School, in Inspectors, nor without a large increase order to make the comparative intellecof the pecuniary charge of such inspec- tual qualifications of all the Scholars tion to the Government.
apparent. While, therefore, it will be With this general explanation their the duty of the Inspector to point out Lordships desire to assure you that they those who are intellectually best qualified, are anxious to appoint, as Inspectors of it will be the duty of the Managers to Wesleyan Schools, such persons only as make known their comparative moral and may obtain the confidence and support religious qualifications. It is obvious, of the Education Committee of the Wes therefore, that the Inspector and the leyan Conference; and that they will not Managers must practically concur in the recommend any person to Her Majesty recommendation of the Candidate for the for such appointment, without previously office of Pupil Teacher or Stipendiary consulting the Wesleyan Education Com Monitor. mittee.
7. Their Lordships, having during They intend, for the reasons previously the last fortnight frequently conferred stated, that the persons so appointed on the several matters contained in this shall also, under similar provisions as to Letter, and having authorized these their appointment, be employed in the declarations, will be ready to incorporate inspection of other Schools.
them in an explanatory Minute. 4. The Inspectors so appointed will 8. The Committee of Council have be guided and limited by the same in- further deliberated on the subjects adstructions as those which have been verted to in the sixth Resolution of the issued to the Inspectors of British United Committees of Privileges and Schools.
Education, on the 31st of March and Ist 5. The Committee of Council have of April, 1847. not conferred on their Inspectors any It cannot fail to be known to the authority beyond that of a power to United Committees, that the regulations examine and report to their Lordships, of Church-of-England Schools, in conand have reserved to themselves the de. nexion with the National Society, which cision of all matters relating to the ad- render instruction in the Catechism of ministration of the Public Grants under the Church of England a condition of their Minutes. My Lords will there- admission to the advantages of other infore listen with attention to the appeal of struction given in such schools, were not the School Managers against the recom imposed upon that Society by the Commendation of any Inspector. They have mittee of Council on Education. The always recognised the justice and pro maintenance of this condition has on priety of such an opportunity for appeal. more than one occasion been the subject
6. The Committee of Council have of discussion in the Committee of the given careful consideration to the sug- National Society, and it is material to