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to Ann Whiteford, eldest daughter of David Ken- Aug. 23. At Paris, Lady M. Arbuthnot Ogilvy, nedy, Esq. of Kirkmichael.
aged three years and five months, youngest daughSept.6. At Symington Lodge, Alex. Wardrop, ter of the Earl and Countess of Airly. Esq. of Madras, to Jessie, third daughter of the At Bilbo Park, parish of Logie Buchan, laté Robert Bum, Esq. architect, Edinburgh. James Perry, Esq. surgeon, in the 63ů year of his
- At Glasgow, Daniel Emile Patrice Hennessy, Age. Esq. eldest son of Patrice Hennessy, Esq. banker, - At Milburn, Miss Jean Welsh, in the 79th Brussels, to Catherine, only daughter of John year of her age. Knox, jun. Esq. Glasgow.
- At Blairlogie, Stirlingshire, Miss Emilia Hus7. Ai Cowie, Stirlingshire, Mr John Forrester, band Baird, daughter of the Very Rev. Di G. H. merchant, Glasgow, to Margaret, eldest daughter Baird, Principal of the University of Edinburgh. of James Macnab, Esq. distiller.
24. At Busby, Mrs Macfarlane, relict of the late 11. At St. Margaret's Church, Westminster, Malcolm Macfarlane, Esq. John Mitchell, Esq. M. P., to Eliza, eldest daugh- - At the house of his son in the Vale of Neath, ter of John Elliot, Esq. of Pimlico Lodge.
aged 72, the Right Hon, Valentine Lewis, Earl of 13. At Comely Bank, by the Very Rev. Princi. Dunraven. pal Baird, Mr Robert Kirkwood, engraver, to - At Duntrune, Mrs Stirling Graham. Bathia, youngest daughter of Robert Dunbar, At Edinburgh, Miss Elizabeth Dickson, Esq. Tax Office.
North St. Andrew's Street. 14. At Edinburgh, John Gibson, jun. Esq. W. S. At Edinburgh, Mr Robert Douglas, late of to Charlotte Ellen, eldest daughter of John Gor. the Advocate's Library, aged 87 years.
He was don, Esq. Salisbury Road.
admitted into the Advocate's Library in the year 15. At London, Lord Ellenborough, to Jane 1786, which situation he held for 38 years, much Elizabeth Digby, only daughter of Rear-Admiral to his own credit and to the satisfaction of the Digby anil Viscountess Andover.
members of that learned body, by whom he was - At Dalton, Dumfries-shire, John Hannay, much respected. Esq. W. S. to Miss Eliza S. Kennedy, only daugh- -- At Cadiz, Mrs Hamilton of Dalzell, Lanark. ter of the late J. Kennedy, Esq.
shire. - At Leith, Mr John Niven, merchant, to Mrs 25. In the parish of St. Mary, Castlegate, York, Mary Spalding, widow of Dr Alex. Spalding, Port Elizabeth Eglin, a poor widow, in the 102d year Maria, West Indies.
of her age.
Her mother lived to be 105 years 16. At Stafford Street, Edinburgh, Major-Gene- old, and her grandmother attained the still greater ral Hamilton, to Mary Augusta, youngest daugh.
age of 101. ter of the late Alexander Bower, Esq. of Kincal- - At Inverness, Catharine, eldest daughter of drum.
Colonel M.Pherson. - At Bolton Percy, in Yorkshire, by his Grace 26. In Argyle Square, Edinburgh, Janet, the the Archbishop of York, George Baillie, junior, wife of William Wallace, Professor of mathemaEsq. eldest son of George Baillie, Esq. of Jervis- ties in the University of Edinburgh. wone, to Georgina, youngest daughter of Mr - At Bankhearl, South Queensferry, Captain Archdeacon Markham.
William Gordon, second son of the late James 21. At St. Andrew's, Mr'John Buchan, writer, St. Gordon, Esq. of Rosieburn. Andrew's, to Ann, daughter of Mr Alex. Thom- 27. At Ayr, John Aitken, Esq. late bailie of the son, merchant there.
burgh of Ayr. - At Glasgow, Mr Ebenezer Bow, merchant, - In his 90th year, Mr Nathaniel Stevenson, Glasgow, to Miss Jane Brown, only daughter of merchant in Glasgow. the late Mr William Brown, merchant there.
- At Seggie, parish of Leuchars, at the advan27. At Lanark, l'hos. M. Motfat, Esq. solicitor, ced age of 99 years and four months, Jean Mavor, Edinburgh, to Miss Jessie Finlay Boyd, daughter widow of David Melville, late labourer, Kincaple. of the late Mr James Boyd, of Kingson's Knowe, 29. At Edinburgh, Elizabeth, eldest daughter Lanark.
of the late William Cumuning, Esq. of Riga.
- At Edinburgh, James Butter, Esq. W. S.
- At St John's Hill, Edinburgh, in the 220 DEATHS.
year of his age, James Sutherland Bruce, son of 1823. Sept. 1. At Madras, in the East Indies (on the late Mr William Bruce, banker in Edinburgh. his way home to Britain,) Thomas Fraser, Esq. - At Ann-Street, St. Bernard's, Edinburgh, Mrs of Gorthleck, in the civil service of the Hon. East Jean Spalding, ellest daughter of the late Alex. India Company at Nellore.
ander Spalding Gordon, Esq. of Holm and Shir1824. March 21. Off Cape Coast Castle, of fever, mers, and relict of James Fraser, Esq. of GorthMr Charles Hope Hunter, Midshipman, H.M.S. leck, W. S. Driver, second son of the late Rev. William Hun- 30. At Gowally, Perthshire, Agnes, second ter, minister of Middlebie, aged 20 years.
daughter, and, at Greenock, on the 30th, Michael April 23. At Cuba, Wm. Farquharson, youngest Boston, fourth son of the late Rev. Dr Alexander son of Charles Farquharson, Esq. of Watling's- Simpson, Pittenweem. Island, Bahamas.
At Dublin-Street, Edinburgh, Mr John Bell. May. At Buenos Ayres, Captain Peter Sheriff, - At Ayr, Mr George Hendrie, son of the late of the Antelope, second son of the late Mr Tho- Dr Hendrie, Kilmarnock. mas Sheriff, shipmaster, Dunbar.
- At Brighton, in the 75th year of her age, the June !!!. At Jamaica, after a few day's illness, Hon. Mrs Frances Wall, daughter of the late Lord Alexander Cuningham, Esq. son of the late Wil- Fortrose, and sister of the late Earl of Seaforth. liam Cuningham, of Cairncurran, Esq.
- At Craigleith Hill, Elizabeth Grahame, July 4. At Demerara, John Macintyre, Esq. late youngest daughter of Mr William Bonar. merchant in Liverpool.
-- At Lanark, Vere Wilson, relict of William 20. At New York, of remittent fever, Mr Ebe- Thomson, Esq. of Castle Vett. nezer Richardson, of Glasgow.
- At the house of the Earl of Airly, in Paris, Aug. 8. At Marseilles, whither he had gone for Mrs Clementina Graham, relict of the deceased the recovery of his health, the celebrated German Gavin Drummond, Esq. of Forth Street, Edinphilologer, Frederick Wolf, in his 68th year. burgh.
15. At Burnside, George Roger, Esq. of Burn- 31. At Edinburgh, Mrs Susan Christie, wife of side, in the 70th year of his age.
Thomas Christie, Esq. eldest son of the late James 18. At Lochbuy House, Mrs M.Laine, senior. Christie, Esq. of Durie, Fifeshire.
21. Near Rome, Mrs Erskine, relict of John Sept. 1. At Tarbes, south of France, Bryan, Erskine, Esq. eldest son of the late Mr Erskine of third son of Captain Hodgson, R. N. Cardrosa.
- At Tranent, Mrs Alexander Alan, in the 81st - At Burnstick, on the estate of Breoch, in the year of her age. neighbourhood of Castle Douglas, Henry Alex. - At Denburn, near Alyth, Mr David Donald, ander, aged 103 years. He recollected quite well surgeon. the troubles in this country in the year 1715, and At Wentworth House, the Countess Fitzfrequently recounted an anecdote of his mother william. having dug a hole in the yard, and carefully hid - The Rev. John Sim, A.B, of a gradual de her butter pig in it, lest it might fall into the cay of nature. He was in his 78th year, being hands of the Highlanders.
born in the year 1716.
He was a native of Kin22. At Dundee, suddenly, Mr William Walker, cardineshire. He had been the intimate friend of unter, aged 67 years,
Sir W. Jones, Day, Mickle, and many other cmia
pent literary mon of that period. In 1772 he Sept.7. At Wall Dury, in Essex, in the 45th year succeeded his friend Mickle as Corrector of the of her age, Amelia, wife of Joseph Grove, and Clarendon Press, Oxford, and entered St Alban's eldest daughter of the late Lieut.-General Goldie, Hall in a that University. In 1806 he published of Goldie Lea, near Dumfries. a complete edition of Mickie's works, and prefix. - At his seat, Sydenham, Kent, in the 67th ed to it an interesting memoir of the deceased year of his age, Andrew Laurie, Esq. of the Adel. Poet. During the latter years of his life he per. phi, one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace for formed no clerical duty, but lived retired, ainu the City and Liberty of Westninster, and County sing himself with literature till within a few days of Middlesex. of his death.
- At Musselburgh, Mr John Thom, late me. Sept. 2. At the age of 84, the Rev. Dr Robt. Mac chant in Edinburgh. culloch, of Dairsie, known to the public as author - At Southfield, by Auchtermuchty, Mr Wil. of a much-esteemed work, in two volumes, on liam Couper, late upholsterer in Edinburgh. the Prophecies of Isaiah. His name will be long At kincardine O'Neil, Patrick Henderson, held in affectionate remembrance by his parishion. Esq. advocate in Aberdeen. ers, with whom he was connected, in the relation 8. At Edinburgh, Mrs John Jeffrey, daughter of pastor for upwards of fifty years; and to whom of Dr James Hunter, St. Andrew's. he was endeared, not more by the soundness of 9. At Balerno, near Currie, Mr John Logan, his pulpit ministrations than by the practical paper manufacturer. illustration of them which his life exhibited. He - Lord Viscount Hampden. His Lordship was a clergyman of the old school, and exempli had enjoyed his title only a few days, and is suc fied in his clerical deportment not a little of the ceeded in the entailed estates by George, Earl of conscious dignity for which it was distirguished. Buckinghamshire. He received, it is said, his first religious impres - Ai Cally, Dumfries-shire, aged 100 years, sions when attending a sermon by the celebrated Mrs Grace Cantley, relict of the deceased Mr Mr Whitefield. His discourses were not only Richard Cantley, 'gardener there. She was scarcely highly popular among his own congregation, but, ever known to be confined by sickness till within until age enfeebled his faculties, attracted consi a short time previous to her death, and enjoyed derable numbers from the neighbouring parishes. a very contented disposition. They were forined on the model of the older di - At Aberdeen, in his 21st year, James Massie, vines, whose solemn energy and evangelical unc Esq. tion the admirers of orthodoxy triumphantly 10. At Portobello, Mrs Margaret Pringle, widow contrast with the unsubstantial graces of those of John Pringle, Esq. surgeon, R. N. beautiful moral essays, which, under the designa 11. At Craigend, John Morison, Esq. of Craig. tion of sermons, have issued from the school of end, aged 79. Blair. He devoted, while strength permitted, Mr William Andrew, writer. a portion of every day, during winter as well as - In the island of St. Croix, Dr James Hill, of summer, to exercise in the open air; which, with Dumfries, on the eve of his return to his native the strict regimen that in other respects he ob country. served, was probably the means of extending his - Af St. John's, Ayrshire, Margaret Isabella, life beyond the usual boundary. Of such traits youngest daughter of David Ramsay, Esq.W.S in his character as inay be deemed peculiar. two 12. At Coldstream, James Bartie, youngest son may be mentioned-first, that he formed a code of Captain A. D. M‘Laren, Berwickshire militia of laws for the regulation, even to the minutest - Åt his seat, near Southampton, after a long circumstance, of his domestic concerns; which the and severe illness, the Rev. Sir Charles Rich, Bart. dread of his rebuke (which it is said was no easy in his 730 year. thing to bear) disposed all concerned to yield the 13. At his house, Canongate, Edinburgh, Henry most implicit obedience to; and, secondly, that, Prager, Esq. twelve years previous to his decease, he had or - At the house of his nephew, near Aberdeen, dered the cotlin in which he was interred to be Dr John Bate, physician in Montrose. Dr Bate prepared, for the purpose of aiding, by a striking practised with great zcal, ability, and success, for sensible image, those solemn meditations on his the long period of fifty years, having settled in latter end which he was in the frequent practice Montrose in the year 1773. His conduct was of indulging.
marked by the most benevolent disinterestedness - At Edinburgh, Mr Thomas Lees, preceutor he looked only to the welfare of his patient, and of the High Church of this city. He had been ill too little to his own interest. for some time, but was out the day he died. As - At Dalkeith, Mr Alexander Innes, watch. a bass and glee singer he was much admired. He maker, aged 67 years. was a native of Lancashire, and was a plain, in - At Glasgow, John Preston, Esq. offensive, honest man.
14. At Crooks of Kirkconnel, Mary Ann, daughAt Edinburgh, Mrs Hannah Blackwell, late ter of Robert Maxwell, Esq. of Breoch, aged 17. Housekeeper at Marchmont House, in the 91st 16. At the manse, Falkirk, after a long illness, year of her age. She dressed the late Lady March. Elizabeth, only daughter of the Rev. Dr Wilson, mont for the Coronation of his late Majesty, minister of Falkirk. George the Third, and was present at that august - At Auchtertool manse, Mrs Moffat, Kirkaldy. ceremony. She retained her mental faculties - At London, aged 79, Lieut.-General Andrew till the close of her long life.
Anderson, of the Hon. East India Company's sci. 3. At Northampton, aged 87, Dr William Kerr, vice, on their establishment of Bombas. physician there.
17. At Edinburgh, Mrs Ann Stevenson, relict of 5. At East Grange, Mr David Ker, son of the Mr Henry Watson, late merchant in Edinburgh. late James Ker, of East Grange, Esq.
- At Mount Melville, Maria Louisa, youngest 6. At Old Aberdeen, Isabella, daughter of the daughter of John Whyte Melville, Esq. aged 12 latc George Seton, Esq. of Mounie, and wife of months. Dr Skene Ogilvy, senior minister of Old Machar. - At Grandholm Cottage, in the 7th year of
- At Pendreich, near Lasswade, aged 27 years, his age, James Martin Lindsay, eldest son of Mrs Margaret Melrose, wife of Mr James Macleish, Lieut. Colonel Lindsay, 78th Highlanders. merchant, Eilinburgh, much and justly regretted; 18. At Daldowie, Miss Bogle of Daldowie, in also, at No. 12. Montague-Street, on the 12th cur
her 80th year. rent, Helen, their daughter, aged four months. 19. Mr Archibald Grahame, writer, Glasgow,
- At Edinburgh, Isabella, eldest daughter of 21. At London, the well known Major Carlthe late Rev. Andrew Chatto of Mainhouse. wright. He left his lodgings at Hampstead about
- At his seat, Linstead Lodge, in the county a fortnight ago, on account of the illness which of Kent, the Right Hon. John Roper, Lord Teyn terininated in his dissolution. The taper of life ham. His Loriship dying unmarried, is succeed might in him be said to have burned to the ed by his first cousin, llenry Roper Curzon, Esq. socket; his disease was old age. If he had tired eldest son of the late Hon. Francis Roper.
to the 21th, he would have completed his Sith At No. 16. Minto-Street, Newington, Edin. year. burgh, Mrs Jean Robertson, widow of the Rev. 22. At King-Street, Leith, Jane, daughter of James Robertson, late minister of Ratho.
the late Mr Henry Band, merchant there.
J. Ruthven & Son, Printers.
1. Did the Scottish Generals and Commissioners at Newark, by and with the authority of the Scottish Parliament, SELL Charles I. to the English Parliament, for the sum of Four Hundred Thousand Pounds Sterling ?
Mr Hume says, ( History of England, Chap. LVIII.) Yes.--I say No; and I think it will not be difficult to prove a negative. When Charles I. formed the resolution of leaving Oxford, and fiying to the Scottish camp at Newark, his affairs were reduced to the lowest ebb; his army had been totally routed at Naseby,--Bristol had surrendered, the West had been subdued by Fairfax,—and Montrose, after a series of brilliant but unprofitable victories, had been defeated by David Lesley at Philiphaugh: in a word, the Royalist cause seemed utterly ruined. It was in these circumstances that, listening to the advice of Montreville the French Ambassador, and recollecting that, in all the disputes about settling the terms of peace, the Scots had uniformly adhered to the milder side, and endeavoured to soften the rigour of the English Parliament, Charles made the unfortunate experiment, the issue of which has been supposed to entail an indelible stain upon our country.
Now, the question to be disposed of is this: King Charles, having thrown himself into the hands of the Scots, who had formed an alliance with the English Parliament, and marched an army of twenty thousand men to their support, and who, consequently, were as much the King's enemies as the Parliament,—what course ought they (the Scots) to have pursued, when the Parliament insisted on the surrender of the King's person into their own hands? In answering this question, we may safely put altogether out of view the fine writing of Hume and others about “ romantic generosity," and the glory the Scots would have acquired by maintaining and defending the King's person against his enemies, their allies. A great cause was at stake : Charles had attempted to subvert the religious and civil liberties of Scotland : that nation had taken up arms in defence of both, and had marched to the assistance of the English, who were engaged in the same struggle : fortune bad favoured the popular side: and the King, reduced to extremities, had thrown himself on the mercy of those he judged the least implacable of his enemies. But, because his Majesty thought proper to adopt this step, is it for an instant to be supposed that the Scots should have abandoned all the advantages which had been purchased at the sacrifice of so much blood and treasure,-deserted the men they were bound by the faith of treaties to support,-made common cause with their inveterate enemies, the Cavaliers,—and turned their arms against those with whom they had embarked in a common struggle for all that is most dear and valuable to society? Who in his senses can dream, that men, who had taken up arins in defence of their religion and liberty, would so stultify themselves as far as consistency is
concerned, and perjure themselves as far as the faith of treaties is concerned, and betray their country, and the cause with the defence of which they were entrusted, because an appeal was made to their “generosity” by an unfortunate Prince, when he had no longer the means of carrying on the war he had begun, in support of unlimited prerogative? Yet, had the Scots persisted in maintaining the custody of the King's person, they would have been involved in all this inconsistency and guilt, as well as in a contest the most absurd, unnatural, and pernicious ; they would have been traitors to their country, and to the principles they had sworn to defend ; for which they would have had, in return, the enviable compensation of being pronounced by Tory historians a nation capable of " fits of romantic generosity,” and being branded for ever as drivelling and wavering idiots, who embarked in a great cause to-day, and betrayed it, in a “fit of romantic generosity,” to-morrow.
But further : the Scots were not principals in the war ; they were merely the allies of the English Parliament; and though, viewing the matter generally, Charles was as much the King of Scotland as of England, yet, having put himself in the hands of the Scottish army, upon English ground, he was undoubtedly comprehended within the jurisdiction of that kingdom, and could not be disposed of by any foreign nation. Nay, the Scots themselves were at this moment comprehended within the same jurisdiction, and consequently could not, in that situation, assume the rights which it might have been competent to them to exercise, had the transaction taken place within their own frontier. But waiving this objection altogether, and admitting that, in point of right, both parties were on a footing of the most perfect equality, --in other words, that there were two parties, having each a coordinate vote in regard to the disposal of the King's person ; it is evident that two equal and antagonist claims could only be adjusted by negociation, which presumes that one of them must give way to the other; and that, as far as the general question is concerned, it was immaterial, in point of justice or right, whether the Scots retained the disposal of the King's person, or entrusted it into the hands of his English subjects, who, on many grounds, had a preferable title to their allies.
This brings me to what constitutes the peculiar feature of the case. Hume says, that the only expedient which the Scots could embrace,“ if they scrupled wholly to abandon the King, was immediately to return fully and cordially to their allegiance, and, uniting themselves to the Koyalists in both kingdoms, endeavour, BY FORCE OF ARMS, to reduce the English Parliament to more moderate terms ;” but he admits that this would have been a mea
“full of extreme hazard,” and would have overturned “ what, with so much expense of blood and treasure, they had, during the course of so many years, been so carefully erecting :" in other words, it would have been tantamount to an abandonment of the Presbyterian religion, which they were bound by the Solemn League and Covenant to maintain, and to which the whole nation was ardently attached,-it would have been a most glaring act of perfidy towards those allies whom they had taken up arms to support: it would have been a sacrifice of public liberty, which the fortune of war bad enabled them to wrest from a despotic king and a slavish court,-in brief, it would have been equivalent to a combination with their old and inveterate enemies, against their old and tried friends, for the restoration of that unlimited prerogative of which the Royalists were so much enamoured, and which the friends of liberty had suffered and bled so freely to restrict within due limits. It seems, therefore, even by Hume's showing, that the surrender of the King was inevitable, and that the Scottish Commissioners and the Scottish Parliament would have been either madmen, idiots, or traitors, or rather a happy combination of all the three, had they hesitated about the course which was so clearly pointed out for their adoption. But now comes the gravamen of the charge.* All these reflections, we are assured, occurred to the Scottish Commissioners, who, nevertheless, “ resolved to prolong the dispute, and to keep the King as a pledge for those arrears which they claimed from England, and which they were not likely, in the present disposition of that nation, to obtain BY ANY OTHER EXPEDIENT." In the whole compass of English History, I defy any man to produce an assertion more gratuitous, malevolent, and unfounded, than that contained in the words here printed in italics and capitals, namely, that in the present disposition of the English nation, the Scots were not likely to obtain the arrears due to them BY ANY OTHER expedient” than detaining and huckstering about the surrender of the King's person ! As the whole opprobrium of the transaction hinges upon this insidious clause, it will be necessary to give it a little of our attention.
In the first place, when the Scots invaded England in 1640, the condition upon which they lent their aid to the English malcontents was, that their army should be paid and supported by their allies; and when a precarious peace was patched up by the Treaty of Rippon, in which neither party was probably sincere, not only was this condition fulfilled, but £.300,000 were voted by the English Parliament as a “ fit proportion for the friendly assistance afforded, and the losses sustained by our brethren of Scotland," (Journals of the Commons, Feb. 3, 1641.) At this time the Scots had not the King in their hands, and could not, therefore, make use of the “ scana dalous expedient" of detaining his person, in order to secure
their wages. If, therefore, the English Parliament in 1641 not only paid the arrears due to the Scots, but voted them a gratuity of £.300,000 for their “ friendly assistance," over and above their just claim,-upon what ground can it be asserted that they would have acted differently in 1646, even had the King never quitted Oxford, and had the Scots been in the same situation as in 1641 ? Mr Hume has offered no proof of his allegation, that, “ in the present disposition of the English nation,” the Scots were not likely to obtain the arrears due to them, by any other expedient than detaining the King as a pledge ; but as the whole controversy turns upon this point, it surely required to be supported by some authority. It is doubtless at all times easier to assert than to prove, and few things I know of are more an. noying than to be called upon for authorities when there are none to produce. In this predicament stands Hume's false and malicious averment, which supposes, that, had not the King imprudently put himself in the hands of the Scottish leaders, the English would have sent their army back to Scotland without paying them sixpence of what they had expressly stipulated for. Why he should presume, or how he could know, that the English intended to be guilty of a proceeding so dishonest in itself, and which inust have converted their Scottish allies, by whose means they had gained some of their proudest triumphs, into dangerous and implacable enemies, I must leave to the ingenuity of his readers to determine. But,
In the second place, it is not too much to presume, that a force of 20,000 men, with arms in their hands, had an argument for the fulfilment of the conditions stipulated in regard to their pay and arrears, infinitely more conclusive than the possession of all the crowned heads in Christendom. It is, therefore, perfectly monstrous to suppose that so powerful an army would have been refused payment of what was justly due to them, if they had not fallen in with an opportunity of committing an act of treachery, by selling the person of their Sovereign ; or that the English Parliament would have dared to be guilty of conduct equally inconsistent with the principles of sound policy and common honesty. "The men who at this time governed England were unquestionably dark and gloomy enthusiasts; but there was method in their madness; the most absurd deliration in theory was strangely blended with consummate prudence in council, and vigour in action : and no man, acquainted with the history of the times, and the characters of the men who figured in them, -I mean on the Parliament side, vill ever be induced to credit an allegation so extraordinary, as that they intended to cheat their allies out of their arrears of pay, and that they were only induced to fulfil their engagements by an anxiety to get the King's person into their hands. Yet this is substantially Hume's assertion, the incredible absurdity of which will appear in a still more striking light, if the reader will only give himself the trouble of imagining what consequences