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tioch has followed the example. Upper Syria has deposed its Pacha, and threatened to withdraw itself from the Otto
man yoke. Discontent and epidemics afflict the principalities on the Danube. The Pacha of Acre is also said to have rebelled.
PALESTINE.-The French papers state, on the authority of letters from Constantinople of the 11th October, that a great earthquake has nearly destroyed Jerusalem that the ancient Temple of Solomon and the Mosque of Omar have been thrown into ruins, and the Holy Sepulchre cast down.
WEST INDIES.-CUBA.-An attempt has been made in this island, the only colony which Ferdinand now retains in the New World, to throw off the yoke of the mother-country, and to proclaim the independence of the island, which is large and populous enough to form a state of itself. The enterprize was openly declared for in the town of Matanzas, on the 23d of August, by the Lieutenant of the American Dragoons, Don Gaspard Rodriguez, and a part of the corps under his command. It is stated to have failed; but it is acknowledged that its author and his partisans, though they had retired from Matanzas, had not been reduced to submission. It is not certain, therefore, how far they may have succeeded in other places; and when we find, that, on learning this intelligence, the Spanish Ministers, notwithstanding the exhausted and distracted state of Spain, immediately ordered transports and 2000 men to be collected at Corunna, in order to reinforce the Governor of Cuba, there is no doubt that fears must have been entertained at Madrid for the safety of that great and valuable island.
PERU. The report of a victory obtained by General Bolivar over the Royalists in Peru has reached this country, by the New York papers of date the 8th ult. The following is an extract :"Captain Cole, of the brig Delaware, arrived at Philadelphia, from Santa Martha, which he left on the 12th of September, states, that the day he sailed, information was received there, by letters from Bogota, that an action had taken place in Peru, between the Colombian army under Bolivar, and the Royalists, in which the former were completely victorious. General Cordova, of the Colombian army, was killed." Neither
date nor place are mentioned; and one of the New York papers transfers the victory to the Royalists, by substituting the word "latter" for "former;" but this is supposed to be an error of the press. A report of a victory by Bolivar has also come by way of Carthagena, from Bogota, in which General Canterac is said to have fallen. It neither mentions place nor day. It is added, that the Royalists had evacuated Lima, and retreated to Callao. Further advices are anxiously expected.
In the meantime, the posture of affairs in Peru, at the date of the latest authentic accounts, was such as there is every probability would lead to the event which is now said to have taken place. The date of these accounts is the 30th of June, from Truxillo, and of the 14th of July, from Guayaquil ; and both concur in stating, that Bolivar, having left Cojatambo on the 17th of June, was in full march to attack Canterac at Jauga. Bolivar was to reach Jauga between the 8th and 10th of July, a circumstance which gives weight to this report of his success. With respect to the other Spanish Generals, the accounts are some. what discordant. The most probable of them represent Olaneta as still acknow. ledging, to a certain extent, the autho rity of the Viceroy La Serna, by paying him a certain monthly contribution towards the expenses of the war. Valdez is stated to be in ill health at Arequipa, and the jealousy between that General and Canterac is stated to have reduced the Viceroy to the necessity of consultting them both on a very important measure, lest either of them should secede from his duty.
BRAZIL. The only news of importance which has been received from Brazil, for a long while back, is the intelligence of the Emperor's troops having obtained -possession of Pernambuco, brought by the Agnes, arrived at Liverpool on the 2d inst. The Imperial troops, assisted by 400 or 500 sailors, a great proportion of the latter Englishmen, carried the town on the night of the 17th of September, meeting little or no resistance, there being not more than 100 men on the Recife, under arms, to oppose them. Carvalho, the late President, managed to escape, and went on board his Majesty's ship Tweed, where he was protected. The British merchants considered that this change would tend to restore public confidence and revive commerce, which had been completely suspended by the measures of the ruling faction. There has always been a repub lican party in Brazil, though manifestly small in number and deficient in respect.
ability. To this faction belonged Carvalho, the Governor of Pernambuco, who openly resisted the Imperial authority, and maintained possession of his post, though he had been removed from his command by the Emperor. Carvalho probably aspired to be the Dictator of a visionary Republic; but he was soon shut up, with his small force, within the walls of Pernambuco. Lord Cochrane for some time had blockaded the port. His Lordship had retired to Bahia before the attack on the town.
MEXICO.-Accounts have been re
HOUSE OF LORDS.-June 14, 15.On Monday the 14th the Duke of Atholl presented the Petition from Perthshire against the Scots Juries' Bill.-Lord Viscount Melville presented a petition from the Writers to the Signet against the Scots Judicature Bill. On the 15th the Bill was read a third time and passed.
20. The Earl Marshal's Qualification Bill, the Slave Trade Laws Consolidation Bill, and the Marine Insurance Bill, were severally read a third time and passed.
24. A rather lengthy discussion was occasioned by a notice of Lord Holland, regarding the incorrectness of the terms of a Protest taken by two Noble Lords against the Earl Marshal's Bill, which was lately passed, and by which, from the Oath of Supremacy being dispensed with, the Duke of Norfolk, who is a Catholic, is permitted to exercise the duties of the office in person. The result of the discussion was a motion by Lord Holland, which was agreed to, that the Noble Lords who had signed the Protest might confine their signatures to such reasons, or parts of reasons, as they might approve. HOUSE OF COMMONS.-June 14.A letter, signed by Sir George Tuthill and Doctor Monroe, pronouncing the insanity of Mr Gourlay, (who assaulted Mr Brougham in the lobby on Friday) was then read by the Speaker; and it was agreed that Mr Gourlay should be detained in safe keeping, to be delivered over to his friends.
ceived from this city to the 11th of September, which is very gratifying. Tranquillity was then completely restored, trade improving, and the demand for British goods was reviving. They had again begun to work the mines; and in every branch of business activity had begun to prevail. The election of a President was about to take place. There were two candidates for the office, General Paravo and General Vittoria, and it was supposed the choice would fall upon the latter.
Mr Peel brought down the bills for reversing the attainders of Lords Stafford, Marr, Strathallan, Nairne, and Kenmure.
Mr Abercromby and Sir J. Macintosh expressed their approbation of the measure, and professed a hope that the principle would be still further extended. Mr Bruce, who described himself as a collateral heir to the attainted Lord Burleigh, complained of the partiality manifested in
the selection of the objects of the Royal Lord Binning intimated that that apparent partiality would probably be remedied by extending the boon. Mr Peel explained, that the Crown, in the se lection that it had made, had been guided only by considerations of the certainty of the succession in the persons claiming the benefit of the restoration in blood, and the probable advantage to them from conferring the Royal favour upon them. The Bills were read a first and second time, and ordered to be committed.
Mr Maberly moved to bring up the Report of the Land Tax-Redemption Bill, which, on the motion of Mr Herries, was ordered to be read that day six months.
Mr Goulburn moved the second reading of the Irish Insurrection Act, which, after a discussion of some length, was carried by a majority of 112 to 23.
The third reading of the New Churches Bill was opposed by Messrs. Hume, Brougham, Denman, and Monck. The House divided both on the third reading and passing; the former was carried by 95 to 20; the latter by 85 to 15.
15. Sir James Macintosh presented, according to a notice which he had given, a Petition, signed by more than one hundred of the first mercantile houses in London, praying for the recognition of the South-American States. The Hon. and Learned Baronet introduced the Petition with a speech of extraordinary length, temper, and eloquence, in which he gave a perspicuous and striking view of all the States of the South-American Continent, of our relations with those States, and of the general principles of international law by which we ought to be governed in our conduct towards them. He approved of the general policy of the Goverment, and avowed his confidence that that policy would be maintained; and explained, that his present purpose was to obtain 41
from Ministers an express declaration before the rising of Parliament. Mr Canning expressed his gratification at the manner in which the Petition was introduced, but felt himself bound to abstain from any explicit declaration upon the subject of it. He explained, however, that England was now free to act as she might think proper; but intimated, that a hasty recognition by England might withhold, for a long time, from the late Spanish Colonies in America, the recognition of the Mother Country, which, to the South Americans, must be much more valuable. Mr T. Wilson, Mr Ellice, Mr Brougham, and Sir F. Burdett, spoke shortly, and the Petition was ordered to be printed.
Mr Wilberforce presented a Petition from the County of Carlow against Negro Slavery. He took the opportunity to animadvert upon the opposition to the moral improvement of their slaves offered by the West-India Planters. Mr Bernal replied with some asperity, imputing the late disturbances in the West Indies to the arts of Missionaries. Mr Canning deprecated the warmth exhibited by the two Members who had just spoken; but professed to agree with such as thought that the friends of the abolition of Negro Slavery were doing mischief by their intemperate precipitation. A long desultory and rather angry debate followed, and the petition was ordered to be printed.
18. Mr Hume presented a Petition from a person named Taylor, praying for permission to open a Chapel for the dissemination of his theological principles, which he had promulgated in Dublin with so little success in the way of making converts, that all classes in that city joined in manifesting their abhorrence of him and his doctrines, which last are borrowed from Paine and Carlile. Mr Hume took the opportunity to animadvert upon the severity of the sentences imposed upon the blasphemers convicted at the last London Sessions.
third time and passed, after a feeble opposition on the part of Messrs. Hobhouse, Denman, &c.
Mr Brougham presented a long Petition from the House of Keys, in the Isle of Man, complaining of the violation of their privileges, and of various acts of general oppression and injustice, which they alleged to have been committed by the Duke of Atholl. Mr Peel met the charge by a specific refutation both of the matters of law and of the facts. The only allegation of the Petition which he suffered to pass uncontradicted related to the removal of a Judge of that act he took the responsibility upon himself, and at the same time made out a case of very foul corrup tion against the disgraced Magistrate.
The Irish Insurrection Act was read a
Mr Peel gave an outline of the Jurors' qualification bill, which he proposed to bring forward next session. One of its most striking provisions is the taking from the Master of the Crown Office the selection of the special jury panel, which, in future, is to be formed by a promiscuous ballot, as election committees are struck in the House of Commons.
20. Sir J. Mackintosh took occasion, in presenting a petition from Manchester in favour of the recognition of the inde. pendence of the South-American States, to render a very handsome tribute to the he. roism of Lord Cochrane, who, he said, desired nothing so much as to be restored to the country and the service, of which he had been so bright an ornament. The Hon. and Learned Gentleman's sugges tion seemed to make a strong impression on the House.
On the motion of Mr Herries, the House went into a Committee on the Cus. tom Laws' Consolidation Bill. The object of this measure is explained by its name; and the good promised by the attempt to abridge and simplify the multifarious, complex, and incongruous provisions of the Custom Laws, was readily acknowledged by several Members.
Lord G. Cavendish moved the first reading of the Earl Marshal's Qualification Bill. Mr Peel declared that he would support the measure as standing upon its own merits, in the same way in which he had given his vote for the Bill extending to the English Catholics the privileges enjoyed by the Catholics in Ireland, but protested against being understood to give any pledge in favour of further concession by his vote on this occasion.
22. The petition of the merchants of London, praying for the recognition of the independence of those States of South America which, de facto, have established the same, was presented by Sir James Mackintosh. The subject, which has excited deep attention, was ably and temperately brought forward by the Hon. and Learned Member, and Mr Canning's reply was, in consequence, as candid. The only fact, as the responsible agent of the Government, the Right Honourable Secretary said he would then state was, that after the communications this country had already made to Spain, whatever steps Great Britain might now take respecting South America, she would act without any reference whatever to Spain, and be guided solely by her own Councils. Mr Canning added, that recently we had again refused the most urgent entreaties
to become a party in a Congress proposed to be held at Paris on the affairs of South America.
24-Petitions were presented from the Faculty of Advocates, the Society of Writers to the Signet, and the County of Edinburgh, against the Scots Judicature Bill; and Mr Peel, in afterwards moving the second reading of the Bill, declared that it was not his intention to push it through during the present Session of Parliament.
Mr Hobhouse presented a petition from the debtors confined in Horsemonger Lane prison, praying a repeal of the Gaol Act, 4 Geo. IV., and complaining of a number of hardships imposed by the late regulations of the Surrey Magistrates. Among other grievances they alleged, that by restricting the time in which they could have the assistance of friends or servants to one hour a day (and that the most inconvenient, namely, from eleven to twelve), they were frequently deprived of food for twenty-four hours; that by closing their cells at six o'clock, they were
deprived in summer of the only opportu nity of enjoying the fresh air unincommoded by the sun's heat; and that, by the same regulation, they were deprived of the consolation of visits from their friends, most of whom were persons occupied in business during the whole time that the prisoners would be permitted to receive them. Mr Hobhouse, in illustration of the harsh temper of the prison rules, adverted to the case of Mr O'Callaghan, an actor at one of the minor theatres, who had been convicted of an assault upon a clergyman, and sentenced to one month's imprisonment, though recommended to mercy by the jury, which imprisonment, by the operation of the rules in question, was turned into solitary confinement, and a bread and water diet.
The debates on this Petition, and on another from Mr O'Callaghan to the same purpose, occupied the House for nearly the whole of its sitting. Lord Eastnor, who had sentenced Mr O'Callaghan, disclaim. ed any knowledge of the severe discipline of the Surrey goal.
with the aggravation of carrying a stick in his hand; Scott of assault and rioting as libelled; and Whyte of rioting as li belled. Lord Justice Clerk.-" Gentlemen, I cannot admit of the aggravation expressed in your verdict-that of the prisoner, Marshall, carrying a stick in his hand. You might as well have stated that he carried a hat on his head-neither of which is libelled in the indictment." The Jury agreed to cancel the aggrava tion. Lord Justice Clerk.-" Gentlemen, you are in the meantime discharged from farther services." Lord Pitmilly, in proposing that Marshall should be banished for fourteen years, Scott for seven years, and Whyte imprisoned for one year, with a caution of £.30 to keep the peace for five years and the Lord Justice Clerk, in passing that sentence, warned the panels how much some of them were indebted to the strange and unlooked-for verdict of the Jury, for the leniency of the punishment now awarded. The verdict, fortunately for the prisoners, but unintelligibly for the Court, cleared them of the charge of murder, while it found them guilty of all the assaults as libelled, of which charges that which ended in John Allan's murder formed one. To that incomprehensible distinction they owed their escape from a very different sentence. The trials were continued on
Autumn Circuits.-Perth.-The Court of Justiciary was opened here by the Lord Justice Clerk and Lord Pitmilly, on Thursday the 16th instant.-Andrew Hay, late grocer in Dunfermline, charged with perjury, falsehood, fraud, and wilful imposition, and James Cameron, late merchant and banker in Dunkeld, charged with forgery, were outlawed for not appearing. Thos. Marshall, George Scott, and James Whyte, charged with murder and desperate assault, mobbing and rioting, which took place on the evening of Stobsmuir Fair, in the neighbourhood of Dundee, on the 13th July last, when John Allan, mason, was cruelly murdered, and the persons of many others severely injured. The prisoners severally pleaded Not Guilty. It appeared the deceased, along with other thirteen, were passing Stobsmuir toll-bar when the panels and a number more attacked them, and knocked several of them down and otherwise abused them. The deceased was struck by two men and fell into a ditch, exclaiming," Lord, I am gone-don't strike me any more." The cause of his death was a blow he had received on the temple. The Jury, after having retired about twenty minutes, returned a viva voce verdict, finding the panels Not Guilty of the murder libelled;-Marshall
Guilty of assault and rioting as libelled, Friday and Saturday, and sentence given
in nine cases. Of the prisoners tried on Friday, John Stewart, accused of the murder of his wife, who had died three days after being most cruelly beat by him, was found Guilty of culpable homicide, and sentenced to be publicly whipped through the streets of Perth on the 15th October next, and thereafter to be transported for life; and William Mailer, also accused of murder, was found Guilty by the Jury of culpable homicide; but being, in consideration of the peculiar circumstances of the case, recommended to the leniency of the Court, he was sentenced to only four months' imprisonment. of the prisoners tried on Saturday, James Milne, accused of southrief, housebreaking, and theft, aggravated by his being habit and repute a thief, was sentenced to be executed at Forfar on Saturday the 30th October, but the sentence has been since respited.
cused of assaulting and beating Mr Gil. lespie, in the execution of his duty at the Greenburn-market. A number of witnesses having been examined, the Council for the Crown and for the panels having declined addressing the Jury, the Lord Justice Clerk, in a very energetic speech of nearly an hour and a half, summed up the evidence, and the Jury returned soon after, with a written verdict, finding, by a plurality of voices, the libel Not Proven. Upon which his Lordship, before dismissing the panels, could not help expressing in warm terms his surprise and disappointment at the verdict.
Aberdeen. The Court met on Tuesday the 21st. Alexander Cowie, mariner in Aberdeen, charged in the indictment with theft, aggravated by housebreaking, was found Guilty of the theft, but not of the aggravation of housebreaking, and sentence of transportation for seven years was then pronounced. John Downie and Alexander Milne, for housebreaking and theft, Downie being habit and repute a thief, were placed at the bar. The panel Milne admitted the charges, but Downie having pleaded Not Guilty, eight witnesses were examined, who established the extent of the theft. The Jury unanimously found both panels Guilty. Downie was then sentenced to transportation for life, and Milne for fourteen years. George Scott Middleton, weaver, Stonehaven, housebreaking and theft, pleaded Guilty, and was sentenced to transportation for seven years. On Wednesday, Peter Davidson, jun. and John Cumming, alias John Wood, were brought to the bar, accused of theft, aggravated by their being habit and repute common thieves. The Jury returned a viva voce verdict, unanimously finding the panels Guilty of the crimes libelled, but finding the aggravation of habit and repute, as to Davidson, Not Proven. Davidson was sentenced to seven years' and Cumming to fourteen years' transportation beyond seas. On Thursday, Charles Pitcairn or Pitkern, indicted for stealing a watch at St. James's Fair, near Laurencekirk, pleaded Guilty. Sentenced to seven years' transportation. The next trial was a case of assault on Malcolm Gillespie, excise officer, which occupied the Court nearly all Thursday. The parties were Thomas Leslie, Alex. ander Lindsay, and Robert Hadden, ac
Inverness. On the 28th, Lord Pitmilly opened the Circuit Court at Inverness.-Alexander M‘Millan, charged with theft, was outlawed for not appearing. Katharine Mackenzie was found Guilty, by her own confession, of concealment of pregnancy. The Hon. A. L. Melville spoke in mitigation of punishment. She was an orphan, and had already suffered an imprisonment of six months in the jail of Tain. He himself had seen that jail, and had examined the apartment in which the panel was confined, and he begged to inform the Court that it was totally unfit for the accommodation of any human being. The floor is of clay-there is no bed to lie upon-no fire-place-nothing but the bare stone wall. There is a sort of window, or rather aperture, in the wall, framed with iron staunchions, without a pane of glass to protect the unfortunate prisoners from the inclemency of the weather. This could not but have been injurious to the health of the panel. Lord Pitmilly having inquired of the Sheriff of Ross, in Court, as to this statement, was sorry to find that it was not at all exaggerated. After what they had heard, he could not order the panel to be sent back to the jail of Tain. She was sentenced to six months' imprisonment in the jail of Inverness, the county of Ross to indeinnify that county for the expense. Some cases of assault and petty theft were visited with imprisonment, and the Court broke up, having been only occupied six hours in whole.
Inverary. The Circuit Court of Justiciary was opened here on the 18th inst. by the Hon. Lord Succoth. Donald MGilvray, accused of forging tickets for five shillings each, in imitation of those issued by John Sinclair in Tobermory; Angus Cameron, accused of sheep-stealing; Alex. M'Intyre, in the parish of Kilmartin, accused of horse-stealing; and Neil Campbell, accused of uttering forged notes, having all failed to appear, had sentences