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** In an extract from the preface with purer bands. He had acquired to instructive Selections, by the same nothing but what fairly arose out of writer in our last No. the word “most" his salary, and from allowances authowas intrted by mistake p.629, col. 1, rized by the court of directors. An Jine 8 from the bottom.
example of such abstinence in a place of great trust and high command,
was not defrauded of its due praise. CLIX. Public CHARACTERS of the records of the transactions of the
It was consigned to remembrance in 1802, 1803, 8vo, boards.
court of directors. And, a pension of TH HE characters contained in this 1,5001. sterling a year was bestowed
volume are Lord Auckland- to reward equally the important serDr. Jenner - The Goldsmids-- Dr. vices which this illustrious nobleman Vincent- Lord Macartney- Lord had rendered to the company, and Harrington - Archdeacon Paley - his great pecuniary moderation. A Admiral Roddam-Sir Richard Hill, pension of 5001. a year was, likewise, Bart.- Rev. Rowland Hill-Dr. John granted, to reward the services of his Law (Bp. of Elphin)- Dr. George friend and secretary, the late Sit Hill-Adiniral Sir Roger Curtis, Bart. George Staunton.” 'p.81–83, Dr. Thornton-Major General Ira Allen-Mr. Thomas Jones, of Cam. In reading the account of Admiral bridge-Dr. Trotter-Rev. Richard Roddam, we were highly gratified Polwhele - Mr. Harris, of Covent with the repeated instances of his Garden-Mr. Christopher Anstey- bravery and fortitude, and we are Mr. William Gittard-Professor Car- persuaded our readers will participate lyle — Mr. Henry Mackenzie-Dr. with us in perusing the following es: Busby -- Mrs. Billington-Mr. Wil- tracts. Jiam Hutton - Dr. William Thom. “Captain Roddam served in the son Sir William Ouseley – Sir Greyhound frigate in Holland, under Francis Burdett- Mr. James Watt- Commodore Mitchell: he was after Mr. John Palmer, late of the post wards ordered to join Admiral Watoffice-Lord Minio.
son at Louisburgh, and was by him The following circumstance in the stationed at New York three years, history of Lord Macartney ought to from whence he returned to England be generally known, as it reflects the in 1751, and on the 301h of January, highest honour upon his lordship's 1753, was commissioned for the Brise character.
tol guardship, of 50 guns, at Ply. “ In the space of four years he had mouth, where he served about a so fully evinced his services to be, in year, and in 1755 he was appointed the highest degree, useful, to the to the Greenwich, also a 50 gun ship, company's affairs, that, in February sailed to the West Indies, and was 1785, he was appointed to the high upon the Jamaica station till 1755, and almost imperial office of Gover. At this period, being on a cruize oft nor General of Bengal. This ap- Hispaniola, on the 16th of Marchi
, pointment, however, le chose to de- early in the morning, plying off Cape cline.
Cabroon, the Greenwich fell in with “ In January, 1786, he arrived in four French line of battle ships, two England. And the accounts of his frigates, and a storeship, which the services were so satisfactory to the officers and crew of the Greenwich East India Company, and to all who all fully supposed and asserted were had in this country, any interest in merchantmen convoyed by two friEast India affairs, or any controui gates; but Captain Roddam sav over them, that he was again re. Otherwise, and, though late, convincquested to return to administer the ed his ship's company of their anis. chief authority in India. He, how- take, as they proved to be the Tone ever, again declined to accept of this nant, of 84 guns, commanded by Adoffice. Of the additions to bis for- miral Bofromont; the Desauncene, tuve from the emoluments and ad- of 74, Captain Blonal; the Diadem, vantages of his official situation at 74, Captain Rosele ; l'Eveille, of 64, Madras, he gave an account upon Captain Merville; Inflexible, of 67, oath, by which it appeared, that even and the Sarage and Le Bronne fri. Cicero' returned not from Cilicia gates, with a twenty gua storeship
This squadron being to windward said "every thing being cut away sent one of the frigates to recon they could not get a boat out,' innoitre, which Captain Roddam per- stead of saying, Captain Roddam ceiving, and finding there could be would not,' he himself hailed, and no chance to escape, used every enquiring if any one on board the manoeuvre to draw her toward the l'Eveille spoke English, he was reGreenwich. This ship being painted plied to by a voice he knew, a Mr. in the manner of the French, be Giddy, a Danish officer, who had hoped to decoy the frigate, for which served in the preceding war with be had prepared men to board, with Captain Norris in the Prince Frean intention of sending her imme- derick. Captain Roddam then told diately to Admiral Townshend at Mr. Giddy he would not go on board Jamaica, with intelligence of the si- the French man of war in his own tuation and number of the enemy; boat, but must be sent for, which, if but the French frigate soon discovere not complied with, he would hoist the ing the Greenwich to be a two- British colours immediately and dedecked ship, made great exertion to fend his ship as long as she could shelter herself amidst the French swim. The French lieutenant then squadron. The Diadem first began went on board the Greenwich, and fring at nine o'clock, and from that found the men all at their quarters, hour till nine at night the Greenwich with lighted matches in their hands, was incessantly attacked by one or and the greatest order prevailing other of the fleet. Captain Roddam throughout the ship (of which under again prepared to board the l'Eveille, like circumstances there had never a 64, being the best sailing ship; but been a precedent), and which seeming several of the enemy renewing the to alarm and surprise the French action at the same time, the Green- lieutenant, Captain Roddam told wich became so much injured in her him,· He had there seen a garrison rigging, that she was quite unma • capitulate to a very superior force, nageable, which compelled Captain and ready to renew the fight if the Roddam to relinquish his hopes of French had not done as he required.' boarding. He then called his ship’s Captain Roddam was then taken on company together, and told them he board the l'Eveille, Captain Mer. had done all in his power to preserve ville, who instead of sending for his his majesty's ship, but if any of them own bedding, gave him that night could point out ile French admiral's one of the ship's company's cradles, ship the Tonnant, he thought the with a dirty rug, which seemed to Greenwich could yet divert her an have been employed in the lust office hour or two. The officers (of whom for many a poor mariner in the the present Admiral Sir James Wal- French ship; and Captain Roddain's lace, then a lieutenant, was one) and anxious mind not having allowed the whole ship's company answered, him to think of dressing when he • They must obey their captain ; struck (which was at that time ank * but they bad been unceasingly shot invariable custom of the French), he
at for twelve hours, and supported was of course next morning extreme• an action they believed longer than ly black and dirty, with torn shoes 'any ship had ever
and tattered habiliments, damaged •tained.'
by splinters during the long action ; “ At half after nine at night, it be- and although he had 50 feelingly ing the opinion of all the officers that urged and solicited kind treatment Captain 'Roddam had done' every for his officers and men, vet had he thing that could be done for his ma the painful reflection to know, that jesty's service, and that engaging any all except the lieutenants were put further could only tend to sacriticing among the foremast men; his purthe men; the sixty-four gun ship ser's clothes were taken off his back, being then within hail, and the others and his steward was kept waiting on close a-stern of her, Captain Roddam the poop without victuals ten hours; ordered the colours to be struck : every place was broken open and the French ship, l'Eveille, presentiy ransacked, though the French lieuhailed Captain Roddam to hoist out tenant (who had the key of the bureau, a boat and go on board the sixty &c.) had given his word of honour to the four, which he repeatedly refused to contrary; and the whole crew of the do; and finding his interpreter had Greenwich were without tood. Capt.
Roddam insisted upon being carried was once more their leader, he knew to the French admiral, that he might what he could do. His reply referred complain of ill treatment, and was at them to their own knowledge of the last summoned to his presence in the great force then at the Cape; but the uncomfortable habiliments mention- men still persisting, he added, · He ed, and in such a condition, as would certainly had no right to command, have caused a British victor to have being like them a prisoner, and had blushed at in a prisoner of the mean given his parole and word of honour est rank. Monsieur Bofromont and to the governor, therefore if they did his countrymen were sparing of every not return to their prison he had nothing but civil speeches, which could thing more to do with them.' Upon neither clothe nor feed Britain's this they immediately obeyed, and brave tars. Captain Roddam told during the remainder of their stay the admiral that Captain Merville were much better treated. About and his officers had acted in so cruel two months after they were all em. and improper a way in every respect, barked with their captain and officers that they ought to be broke. He for Jamaica, except one lieutenant, was asked wliat had induced him to who died at the Cape, and one who hold so unequal a contest, and to re- remained there, having been wound. fuse to hoist his boat out ? he an. ed : some deserters from other men swered, that having very lately heard of war were also put on board the that an English man of war had been cartel with them; and these deserters taken by a French line of battle ship dreading the issue of their trials when and a frigate, and that the captain they should arrive at Jamaica, they had been compelled to carry his induced some of the crew who bad sword in his own boat to the frigate; belonged to the Greenwich to consent but that such a disgrace could not to put them on shore at Port Morant have happened to him, for his sword (which is too frequently done in car. so required should only have been de tels), as the sailors think the landing livered through the body of the per- there prevents their being sent to men son demanding it in a manner so de- of war, and consequently gives them grading and insulting. Himself and liberty; but Captain Roddam overhis brave ship's company were taken hearing a lieutenant recommending to Hispaniola, where the governor them to be cautious, went upon deck, gave him leave to see his people every expressed his determination not to day, which after some time was re sutfer them to go to any other port, fused by the sentinels on duty. His and ordered them to be put on board men enquired with much anxious so- men of war; to which they submitlicitude if their captain was mur ted in quietness. Upon his arrival at dered, as they well knew Le would Jamaica, Captain Roddam was tried not desert them while he lived; but by a court-martial, in Port Royal receiving no satisfactory answer, they harbour. When the court presented seized the guard, armed themselves the sentence to Admiral Coates, com. and sallied forth, demanding their mander in chief, he immediatelycomcaptain, which obliged the governor plimented Captain Roddam, by girto send for Captain Roddam and ing him the minutes of the court, entreat him to quell his men. The with a request that he would print captain answered, That being a them, as reflecting great credit on the
prisoner ou parole he had no right to service, and the British flag; it was • command, and his unfortunate ship- accordingly printed at Kingston, in • mates had been so ill treated by the Jamaica." p. 130-142.
Intendant (then present), that had his • situation been otherwise than it was From the life of the Rev. Mr. Pol. • be would certainly have headed whele, we present to our readers the . them.' The governor again desired following extract, containing an achim to appease his men : to which he count of Mr. Polwhele's attack upoa answered, lle believed he could Dr. Ilawker, Vicar of Charles, Ply. • still exercise his influence, pro- mouth. vided he was promised proper treat
“ Mr. Polwhele has also figured a ment for them, and permission to little in theological controversy, a. himself to visit them every day.' gainst the Rev. Dr. Hawker, a beneOn his joining his brave crew they liced clergyman of Plymouth. The gave three cheers, saying, Nomu he doctor, it seeins, gave ofåeace to our
churches during an excursion into pilers, when obtained, will perhaps the west of Cornwall, in 1779, where be thought to be of authority little his talents as an orator brought him inferior. If this be allowed, still the many hearers. This circumstance, method in itself will not be less prein addition to his high Calvinistical posterous, whilst the manner in which sentiments, procured him the ho- it has been frequently practised is nour of a warm expostulatory letter open to more objections: for the refrom the Vicar of Manaccan, who ference has been most often made, charged him both with want of or not to the compilers collectively thodoxy and regularity. It does not taken, but partially to individuals; appear, however, that the Doctor to a Cranmer, to a Jewel, to a Ridley, preached in fields, barns, or meeting to a Hooper, or to a Nowell: and houses; and as to his doctrinal senti. again, not so much to the actual lanments, it would require some con guage of their writings, as to such of siderable skill to prove them at va their known tenets as have best coinriance with the articles and ho- cided with the sentiments of those milies of the church. If he exhibited who make the reference. zeal in his tour into Cornwall, and “ Now, although the study of these took the advantage of his popularity divines, or of others their contempoto preach in season and out of sea- raries, will no doubt be attended with
son,' we are humbly of opinion that many advantages, as it regards the he is more worthy of commendation general topics under consideration, than of censure: he encroached not and more particularly in the expliupon any man's field of action, and cation and correct meaning of the it has not been proved that he in terms of theology then in use; yet truded into Mr. Polwhele's Parish. that neither general references to
“ Dr. Hawker replied in a tempe- their religious tenets, nor indeed to rate and truly Christian manner: the their actual language, will afford the Cornish vicar rejoined in a more se kind of assistance thus expected from vere tone than before ; and we are them, will I trust be made evident in sorry to add, that the dispute at the course of these remarks. For the length became personal.
present I will observe only, what is “ Mr. Polwhele has since publish- well known, that the Articles were ed a pamphlet, which we cannot but not compiled and completed from the disapprove as a very unseasonable personal opinions of one or two indiperformance, entitled, Anecdotes viduals, but were offered for the ap. of Methodism,' selected from the probation of convocation, from the aglong-forgotten work of Dr. Laving- gregate judgment and repeated corton, Bishop of Exeter. No good is rections of many of the most learned likely to be done by such publica- divines of the time; and again, that tions, which seem more calculated the opinions of these divines indivi. to make sceptics and libertines than dually, taken in their full latitude, serious Christians." P. 265, 266. are obviously inconsistent one with
the other; and therefore, compared and brought together in the inter
pretation of an Article, would afford CLX. REMARKS on the Design and
no uniform or consistent sense." Formation of the Articles of the p. 5, 6. Church of England, intended to illus
The method here proposed is thus trate their true Meaning: A Sermon expressed. preached before the University of
is A literal and grammatical conOxford, at St. Mary's, on Sunday, struction is enjoined us in this case, February 14, 1802. By WILLIAM that we niay not deviate from the Lord Bishop of BANGOR.
ordinary modes of interpretation :
and a comparison of the terms used, FTER referring to some of the and the propositions laid down, with posed for expounding the Articles, temporary compositions upon the his Lordship proceeds.
same subjects, of course bids fair to “ But if reference to the sense of throw the clearest light upon exthe imposers be neither just in itself, pressions, or passages, which may Vol. I.
of Scripture, and even the exact let“ Such a procedure, carried on ter, with a strict and cautious regard with caution, and an impartiality not to afford occasion for discussions, unembarrassed with antecedent opi- which might weaken, or endanger nions and prejudices, will, it may be the unanimity so much to be desupposed, lead to the true sense in sired. the contemplation of those who com “Such evidently appears to have posed these Articles ; and this doubt. been the origin, and such the actual less will be that of the imposers, and complexion of the Confession comthe only sense, in which they are prised in the Articles of our Church; now to be understood and subscrib- the true scope and design of which ed.” P.8, 9.
will not, I conceive, be correctly apThe Bishopintroduces bis own sen- prehended in any other view thaa timents by a consideration of the dif- ihat of one drawn up and adjusted ferent opinions maintained by those with an intention to comprehend the who were employed in the formation assent of all, rather than to exclude of the Articles, and argues thus: that of any who concurred in the
“ It was natural to suppose, that a necessity of a reformation ; to comtemperate discussion of these topics prehend, not geuerally by a purposed would have a tendency, from mutual ambiguity of language and an equiexplanations and reciprocal forbear- vocal use of terms, but upou the ance, to induce an approximation of plain and only justifiable condition, opinions, which would not admit of a expressed in the royal injunctions of closer union. And whilst the ex a later reign, that the meaning of treme positions only of each were each Article be taken only in the found to be irreconcileable with those "literal and grammatical sense'." of the other, it became the dictate of p. 13—15. piety and prudence in each to ac This is illustrated by examples, the quiesce in terms, which, if they did first of which is on the third Article, not fulfil the wishes of all, afforded from which the Bishop proceeds to the yet no positive ground of objection definition of justification, the remarks to any.
on which are here subjoined. “ Thus the concession required “In the Articles published in the from individuals was not that which reign of Queen Elizabeth, the defigives up to others an opinion against nition of justification, and the cause conviction, a concession of tenets, of and the means of procuring this bethe truth of which they were assured: nefit, are precisely stated; the nature the concession was simply in appre- of it is explained to be the being acciating the value and importance of counted righteous before God; the those tenets: more obviously, a for- sole cause of it, the merits of our bearance shewn in not insisting upon Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; the those propositions as fundamental means whereby we obtain it, faith; points of doctrine, which did not ap- and we are then referred for more pear to themselves necessarily such, full instruction to the Humily. and which to others inight not appear “ Now it is evident here, that al to be in themselves just; a forbear- though it was thought safe to enlarge ance productive of the most desirable upon the Article of Edward the ends, mutual edification in procuring Sixth, by a more explicit account of a general consent upon the more im- the subject, and to reject good works portant topics, and inutual peace in as a meritorious cause, yet it was still avoiding to excite unnecessary diver a matter of caution, that the real insities of opinion upon others less 'es- terest, and influence which good sential to true religion.
works have in our justification, “ To express the doctrines thus should be passed over in silence. agreed upon in terms pointing to the They, good' works, in the Homily Scriptural authorities on which they (on Salvation) referred to, are indeed rested, would certainly be to meet the said to be necessary; but by a preapprobation of all parties, to whom it dent and judicious forbearance the aitorded at once a statement and a question is still left open for the deproof.
cision of each party, whether, in the “ In some cases, moreover, it might opinion of the Calvinist, they are