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ished, at an expense of £5000, 65th year of his age, filled many and was inhabited with more than with fear, lest this institution 200 of the poor. Several times would languish and die. But the good man's faith was tried. God made it


that the work At such seasons he had recourse was his own, that the residue to God by prayer, and received a of the Spirit was with him. From gracious answer. The hospital accounts concerning the state of was finished, and the Professor's this institution, by the Rev. Mr. faith remained strong as ever. Zeigenhagen, pastor of the GerHe relied on God for its future. man church at St. James', in support, nor did he rely in vain. 1736, it then continued in a very

In 1706, the state of the hospi- flourishing state, and farther adtal was as follows : 988 children, ditions had been made to the divided into 10 schools, were here buildings. Its present state is instructed; 360 persons, beside not known to the writer. 8 poor widows, were lodged and

useful reflections fed, and 84 indigent students of are naturally suggested to the bethe university, received their daily nevolent mind by this narrative! food, at the expense of this excel- What arguments for a Providence lent institution.

does it afford ! What encourage. The death of this pious man, ment to prayer! What motives which happened in 1727, in the to works of charity ! O.

How many


ON THE NECESSITY OF MAINTAINING hand of man, they are indubitably JUST NOTIONS OF RELIGION. (Continued froro page 23 )

certain. Philosophical theories The last objection, worthy of have frequently been relinquished notice, to that firmness in religious for ever, when additional experiopinions, which we haye been en- ence and the increase of scientifick deavouring to inculcate, is, that knowledge have discovered the inthe daily increase of knowledge of- sufficiency of those principles, upten produces a change in our sen- on which they were founded. timents. This objection arises The doctrines of christianity, like from the supposition, evidently the sun in the firmament, may be false, that religious doctrines are obscured by the mists of ignorance, of the same nature with philosoph- or the clouds of error ; but we ical speculations. The latter, be- can never be persuaded, that by ing founded on facts, or supposed the removal of these their splenfacts, that take place in the natu- dour can, in any degree, be impairral or moral world, are confirmed ed. To consider the one thereor refuted by new discoveries, and fore, as admitting a doubtful inthe daily progression of knowl- terpretation, is of the same nature edge ; the former claim for their with that folly, which would pubbasis divine revelation ; and since, lish the other, as certain, incontrowhen completed, no new truth can vertible truths. The christian be added to this by the daring doctrines are to an unprejudiced

Vol. l. No. 2.


mind as perceptible in the scrip. sist in their opinions, while we pertures, as the divine wisdom and haps do not perceive any impropgoodness are visible in the materi- er motive, influencing their minds al world. They are presented to in the adoption of these ; are we us on so many occasions, and in bound to acknowledge that they such a variety of ways, that we have examinted them without prej. cannot cease to admire the good- udice, and that we have no right ness of God in thus using so many to condemn them, as undeniably means, to prevent his instructions false? If so, we may renounce the from eluding our notice, or being principles of reason and common 'fatally misunderstood. Some pas.. sense ; deny the certainty of any sages, rendered obscure by change thing in nature, and reject all reaof manners and customs, may soning on the evidence of chrishave been illustrated by the in- tianity,' as totally inconclusive. crease of knowledge ; but a new Some

may be ready to say that interpretation of a difficult pas- the truths of natural religion may sage cannot render uncertain and be proved by reason ; whereas reambiguous the great truths of the vealed doctrines depend on the ungospel, which depend not on this certain evidence, arising from alone, but are established on the vague interpretations of scripture. surest grounds, and confirmed by Here the light of nature is evidenttheir evident consistency with oth- ly preferred to that of revelation, er parts of scripture.

which is impiously absurd. It canLet us now inquire, what con- not be proved, that the doctrines sequences would follow, were it of natural religion have the evi. maintained, that no man has a dence of strict demonstration; nay, right to regard, as undeniably stronger objections may be brought true, a particular class of religious against them, than can be made to doctrines. If this opinion were se- any of the doctrines of the gospel. riously believed, and consistently The truth in both cases is evident, acted upon, it would prove the ru- if the mind be open to conviction; in of religion, and lead inevitably but, if the one most free from dif. to absolute skepticism. Experi- ficulties is to be chosen, the pure ence has shewn to what conclu- doctrines of revelation ought unsions some men have been conduct. doubtedly to be preferred. ed by a disposition to doubt of Beside, it may be observed, opinions, well established and uni- that few atheists are convinced by versally received ; and we have those arguments, which overturn reason to think that others, by false their systems. Are we therefore arguments, bave frequently pre- to conclude, that the arguments vailed on themselves to disbelieve for the existence of God, and for the truths, which opposed their fa. the truth of christianity, are not vourite passions. Some have de. sufficient to prove these to every nied the truths of christianity; reasonable man? No, surely. We others the most important doc- rather infer that the mind of the trines of natural religion ; nay, infidel is biassed by the strongest a few have even publickly profess- and most inveterate prejudice. ed their firm conviction of the A firm determination however in non-existence of God. Because favour of any particular religious infidels and atheists, therefore, per- opinion, whether of nature or rey. elation, is utterly inconsistent forth in the scriptures to every unwith that principle, which would prejudiced inquirer; and that, teach us to consider the attain- if we do not defend them with ment of certainty in these matters, firmness, infidelity and irreligion as beyond the power of man. may be the consequence. Here therefore those, who main- Since, then, the doctrines of our tain such assertions to be true, are holy religion are plain and obviforced to adopt one of two resolu- ous ; let us search the scriptures, tions. They must either, consid- that we “may know the only ering the uncertainty which at true God, and Jesus Christ, whom tends on every subject, wander he hath sent ; for this is life eterfrom doubt to doubt, till they ar- nal. While we believe not every rive at complete skepticism ; or spirit ; let us try all things, and they must be guilty of that, which hold fast that, which is good. they condemn in others, and de. The natural man indeed receiv. fend their opinions with dogmatick eth not the things of the Spirit of obstinacy

God, because they are spiritually It might now be shown, that, discerned ;” but let a man ask, if we cannot attain perfect cer- and it sha!! be given to him to un tainty about the nature of the fun- derstand the things, that belong damental truths of christianity, unto his peace. « Our heavenly the appointment of ministers and Father giveth the Spirit to them of a church for the preservation that ask him." Let us pray, that of these doctrines, is altogether we may feel the efficacy of these unnecessary. They are rather to truths upon our hearts, and in our be considered, as the means of lives. An unfruitful professor checking liberty of thought, and has no reason to rejoice*; if the preventing the increase of knowl. tree bear no fruit, it shall be cut edge. It might also be shown, down. Indeed it is the faith of that if a man adopt erroneous the christian, appearing in all sentiments ; or, if he profess to his actions, that is the proof to the believe the truths of the gospel, world of the sincerity of his profeswithout being firmly convinced sions ; it is this also, which makes of their reality ; hę cannot prac- him certain, that he is not a followtise the pure morality of the gos. er of cunningly devised fables ; pel. In the one case, his actions for, “if we do the will of the Fath will proceed from improper prin- er, we shall know of the doctrine, ciples; in ihe other, the princi- whether it be of God." ples will not be sufficiently rivetted We ought not to receive any in his mind, to produce that un- doctrine, merely because it is adopt. interrupted uniformity of conduct, ed by a certain church, or particwhich is required of those, who ular body of men ; but we ought obey the gospel of Christ. But “ to search the scriptures daily, these assertions must appear to ev- to see whether these things are ery one to stand in need of no il- so.” The matter is of the greatlastration.

est importance ; for the word of Thus have we endeavoured to God " is the savour of life unto shew that, from the nature of a life, or of death unto death” to all, Tevelation, the great doctrines of who read it. It is dangerous to the gospel must be clearly set rest satisfied with our opinions,

because others have done so ; we evil spirit, however it may assume
are accountable for our own ac- the form of an angel of light. It
tions alone. “Light is come into effectually prevents the exertions
the world, and he, that doeth of true charity, by flattering men
truth, cometh to the light.” The to their own destruction.
means of ascertaining, what is
right, are in our hands ; if we use SKETCHES FROM SCRIPTURE.
them not, our guilt is increased. “ We would see Jesus.
“ To whomsoever much is given,

John xii. 21. of them shall much be required ;"

I WOULD see Jefus in prosperity, if they fail in the end, they shall that her fascinating light may not “receive the greater condemna. lead me to a dreadful precipice ; tion.” That steadiness, which, in but that his good fpirit may whis. the cause of truth, would have per to my heart the noble inducebeen rewarded, only aggravates ments christians have to devise lib. guilt, when employed in defence eral things ; that I might ever be . of error.

saying, "What am I, O Lord ; Nor let this be considered, as a

that thou should put it into my breach of Christian charity; the heart to do these things, when the earnestness, with which we would earth is thine and the fulnefs there. call upon men to consider their of? It is but thine own that I reways, is rather an example of it. turn unto thee." Were we foolish and inconsiderate, I would see Jesus in adversity, bewe might say peace, peace, when cause he is a friend born for such a there was no peace. The love, state ; because when all the fallawhich the gospel inculcates, cious props of happiness give way, teaches us to regard the man with his single name alone supports the affection, while it calls on us to building. I would see Jesus in adverhate the wickedness that appears fity, that I might order my cause in his ways ; 'to amend what is before him, for he has all power in wrong, as we have opportunity ; heaven and on earth, and can eaand to "contend earnestly for the fily arrange future events so as to faith, once delivered to the saints.” throw luftre on the darkest cirIndifference, with many, has u- cumstances. surped the place of charity ; but, I would

see Jesus in health, that I while it neither seeks the good, nor might turn at his gentlest reproof ; mourns over the danger of any ; that I might not be full and for. that unlimited, undistinguished get God, but be devoted, body as benevolence, which it professes to as well as foul, to his praise. . exercise, proves that it is not a I would see Jefus in fickness, be. gospel principle. To view with cause he healeth all my diseafout concern the manners of the dis- es; he alone difpenses the balm of solute and irreligious; to be care. Gilead, he alone is the physician less about those, who “ corrupt there. the word of God," and " hold the I would see efus in ordinances ; truth in unrighteousness;" and to for what are ordinances, destitute consider all the various sects, that of him ? As the body without the have appeared in the religious {pirit is dead, fo are ordinances world, as equally in the right ; is without Christ. He shews himthe characteristick feature of an self through the lattices, he ap

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pears in his beauty, he is as the us in opinion. These things are dew unto Ifrael, as the shadow of totally unbecoming a minister of a great rock in a weary land ; his the gospel, who is expressly enpeople fit under its shade with joined by his religion, “to put agreat delight : his fruit is pleasant way all bitterness, anger, malice, to their talte. They say continu- and evil speaking ; even when he ally in ordinances, “ Make halte, is reviled not to revile again; but o'my beloved, be thou like a to be gentle unto all men, in meekyoung hart on the mountains.” ness instructing those that oppose

I would see Jesus in social inter- themselves.Bp. Lon. Charge. course. For what are all the The only way to refute opposers charms of friendship? What the of divine truth, and check the prorefinements of talte ? What the gress. of schismaticks, is for the pleasures of conversation ? Are clergy to imitate and emulate what they not all unsatisfying, and de, is good in them, avoiding what is lulive, unless fanctified by the bad ; to edify their parishioners grace of our Redeemer ? with awakening but rational and

I would see Jesus in my own scriptural discourses ; to converse beart, as Lord of its affe&tions, of much with them, “ as watchmen its purposes, of its pleasures, as the for their fouls ; to be fober, grave, grand mover of its hopes and temperate, and shew themselves in fears, the Author of its existence all things patterns of good works." and happiness.

They Thould recommend them, I would see Jefus in death, as the felves to their adversaries by their Sun of Righteousness, whose beams mildness, their seriousness, their in the darkest moment can spread diligence ; yet beware, and coun. light and healing. I would liften fel others to beware, of being led, to his voice, saying, “To him that by esteem of their piety, into relovercometh will I give to eat of ishing their singularities, and pathe tree of life.” “ Fear not, I tronizing their schism. have the keys of hell, and of

Abp. Secker. death.” Arise, O thou wearied follower of thy crucified Lord, CORRESPONDENCE. and enter into thy reft.

To the Editors of the Panoplist. I would fee Fesus in glory, for I was much pleased to find, what is heaven itself without in your first number, that Philo him? But when we shall see him has undertaken to exhibit the evi. as he is, then shall we be like him, dence in favour of the Universal and be for ever happy in his pres. · Deluge. If this writer, or some ence. London Mag. other of your learned and ingen

ious correspondents, would under. DISPUTATION.

take to treat several other subjects In all cases where religious er. in the same way, such for examrours are to be confuted, temperate ple, as the doctrine of atonement, discussion, in the true spirit of chris- of future rewards and punishtian charity, is the mode we ought ments, of the Trinity, &c. great invariably to pursue ; without giv. fervice might be rendered to the ing way to any personal invective, cause of revealed religion. These any asperity, either of language scripture doctrines, I conceive, or of conduct, toward those who derive much support from faithful have the misfortune to differ from researches into ancient lore.

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