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They had the same condition of faith required to enable them to look to, and lay hold on Christ, held forth to them in types and figures.
Q. IS. Wherein doth the dispensation of the covenant of grace under the gospel, differ from the dispensation of it under the law?
A. The dispensation of the covenant of grace under the gospel, do h differ from the dispensation of it under the law: 1. In regard of the easiness ol the covenant under the gospel. Under the law it was burdensome; and ceremonial rites and services required, arc ealhd a yoke of bondage) Gal v. I; which yoke is now removed. 2 In regard of the clearness of the dispensation under the gospel. Under the law Christ was not yet come, but was held forth in types and figures, and dark shadows; and the promises, especially of eternal life, were more obscure: but now the shadows are fled; Christ the substance being come; and life and immortality are brought more clearly to light by the gospel, 2 Tim. i. 10. 3. In regard of the power and efficacy. There was a weakness in the 1 gal dispensation, and therefore a disannul* ling of it, Heb. vii. 18. ;Under the gospel there is a more powerful influence of the Spirit, vthkhis promised more plentifully, Acts ii. 17. 4. In regard of the extent of is.—The legal dispensation Whs confined to the nation of the Jews; whereas, the gospel dispensation doth extend to the Gentiles, and any nation Mark xw. 15, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every cftature.
Q. 21. Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?
A. The only Redeemer of God's elect, is the Lord Jesus Christ, who being she eternal Son of God, became man; and so was, and con inneih to be God and man in two distinct nautres, and one person forever.
Q. 1. What is he called thai is the Redeemer of God's elect?
A. The Redeemer of God's elect is called the Lord Jesus Christ.
Q. 2. Why is he called the Lord?
A. Because of his universal sovereignty and dominion. Acts x. 36, He is Lord of all.
Q. 3. Why is he called Jesus?
A. Bt;Cau.,ehe is the Saviour of his people. Matth. i. 21, Thou shalt call his name Jesus; tor he shall save his people from their sins.
Q. 4. Why is he called Christ I
A. Because he is anointed by the Father unto his office m'vh the Holy Ghost. v, hich was ^iveh to i im without measure. Acts x. 38, God anointed Jesus of Nazareth win the H ,ly Ghost, and with power. John iii. 34> God siiveth not the Spirit by measure unto him.
Q. 5. How doth the Lord Jesus Chiist redeem the elect ot God}
A The Lord Jesus Christ doth redeem the elect of God, I. By purchase, paying the price of his blood for them. 1 Pet. i. 18, 19, Ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver ...nd gold; but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. I Tim. ii. 6, Who gave himself a ransom. 2 By conquest, rescuing them through his almighty power, out of the snare of the devil. nh"b fore Kd ii em captive. Ej'h. iv. 3. He led captivity captive. Col. ii. 15, vnd having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them.
Q. 6. Whose Son is the Lord Jesus Christ?
A. The Lord Jesus Christ is the eternal S. n of God.
Q 7. I low doth the Lord Jesus Christ differ from other sons of God?
A. Angels are called the sons of God,but they are sons of God by creation Job. xxxviii. 7, All the sons ol God shouted for joy. 2. Saints are called sons of God, by adoption and regeneration. Gal. iv. 5, That we might receive the adoption of sons. 1 John iv. 7, Every one that loveth is born of God. 3. I he Lord Jesus Christ is the natural son of God by eternal generation. Heb. i. 5, Unto which of the angels suid he at any time, Thou art my son, this day have I begotten thee!
Q 8. What did Christ, the eternal sonof God, become, that he might redeem the elect?'
A. Christ, that he might redeem the elect, being the
eternal son of God, became man. 'John i. 14, And the word was made flesh, and dwelt among us (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father) full of grace and truth. Gal. iv, 4, When the fulness of time was come, God sent forth his son made of a woman, kc.
Q. 9. Hi w was it necessary in order to the redemption of the elect, that Christ should become man?
A. It was necessary in order to the redemption of the elect, that Christ should become man, 1. That he might be capable of suffering death for them; which, as God, he was incapable of; without which suffering oi death there could have been no remission or salvation. Heb. ix. 22, Without shedding of blood there is no remission. 9- That he might be their high priest to reconcile them unto God. Heb. ii. 16, 17, For verily he took not on him the nature of angels, but the seed of Abraham; wherefore in all things it behooved him to be made iike unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make teconeiliation for the sins of the people.
Q. 10. Was it necessary that the redeemer of the elect should be God as well as man'
A. Yes; because if he had not been God as well as man, 1. He could not have borne up under, nor have got loose from the weight of wrath which was laid upon him for the sins of men. 2 His sufferings would have been but of finite'cxtent, and so could not have made satisfaction to God's infinite justice, which was offended by sin.
Q. I1. H ,w is Christ God and man?
A. Christ is God and man, by an hypostatical or personal union, both his natures, divine and human, remain-, ing distinct, without composition or confusion, in one and the same person.
Q. 12. Will this union of the divine and human nature in Christ never be dissolved?
A. N,; for he was, and continue to be God and man in two distinct natures, and one pera in f 'tvver. Heb vii. 24, Because he continueth fore* er, he hath an unchangeable priesthood. ,-i
Q. 13. May the properties of the divine nature he as*.
cribt d to the human nature, or the properties of the human nature he ascribed tu the divine nature of Christ?
A. Though it be improper to ascribe the properties of the cue nature to the other nature; yet by virtue of this near union of both natures in one person, there is a communication of the properties of each nature to the person of this:.
Q, 22. How did Christ, being the Son, of God, become man?
A. Christ being the son of God, became man, hy taking to himself a true body and a reasonable soul, being cono ived by the power of the Holy Ghost in the womb of the Virgin Mary, and born of hv r, yet without sin.
Q. 1. Was it a voluntary act in Christ, the son of God, to become man?
A. Yes; because he took on him the human nature, that he might be thereby fitted to be our redeemer. 1 'cb. X 6.7. Iii burnt offerings- and sacrifices for sin, thou hast no pleasure. Then said 1, lo, I conic. iLb. ii. 16, He took on him the seed of Abraham.
Q. 2. Was Christ, the son of God, a real man, like unto other men?
A. t'hiist, the son of God, was a real man. taking to himself the two essential parts of man. 1. -He hud a real body of flesh, and blood and bones; not a fantastical body, which is a b .dv only in a| pearance. Luke xyiv 39, Behold my banns and my feet, handle me, and see. iorav spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me her e. 2. He had a real rational soul, and hisdnine nature did not supply the place of the soul. Isaiah liii. 10. Thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin. Matth. xxvi. 38, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death.
Q. 3. Was the birth of Christ like unto the birth of other men?
A. No ; for Christ was born of a virgin, namely, the Virion Mary. Isaiah vii. 14, Behold, a virgin small conceive and bear a son. Matth. i. 24. 25, And Joseph took unto him Mary his wife; and knew her not till she had brought forth her first-born Son, and he called his name Jesus. t
Q. 4. How could Christ be born of a virgin?
A. It was a miraculous conception by the power of the Holy Guosi, in the w tomb of the Virgin Mary. Luke i. 34,35, And Mary said to the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man ? And u.e angel said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee; iheiefoie ahm, that holy titing whicn shall be born of thee, shall be called the ^on of God.
Q 5. Was Christ born in sin, like unto other men?
A No; for However Christ took upon Kim the nature of man, and many in:man infirmities, yet he was perl ctlyf.ee from sinful infirmities. Heb, iv. 15, Wt lave not kl hig i priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our iifi nii ies, but was in all points tempted iike as we are, yet without sin.
Q. 23. What offices doth Christ execute as our Redeemer?
A. Christ, as our Redeemer, executcth the office of a prophet, of a pr rest, and of a king, both in his estate of humiliation and exaltail n.
Q. 1. What is it to execute an office?
A To execute an office, is to do or perform what belongeth to the office.
Q 2. How many offices doth Christ execute as our Redeemer?
A. There are three offices Christ doth execute as our Redeemer. 1. The office of a prophet. Acts iii. 22, Mus s truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you, of your brethren, like unto me; him shall-ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. ' 2. The office of a priest. Heb. v. 6, Thou art a priest forever, after the order of Melchis?edec. 3. The office of a king. Psal. ii. 6, Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Sion.
Q. 3. In what estate doth Christ execute these offices?
A. 1. Christ doth execute these offices in his estate of humiliation here on earth. 2. Christ doth execute these offices in his estate of exaltation now in heaven.