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ten thousand and forty-five young of. Mr. George Lidgett's outspoken persons meeting in Junior Society- address produced a deep impression, classes, now tabulated for the first

at any rate upon ourselves. He said time. Of course, the Conference what many have long felt, but have never intended that children should hardly dared to whisper. Here are be withdrawn from full membership a few of his sentences : and drafted into Junior Classes, but,

"There is no institution 80 essential to begond all doubt, financial considera

the existence of Methodism as the Classtions and the convenience of the

meeting, and every man amongst us who young meeting with the young have by his conduct discredits that institution caused considerable numbers of chil- reduces to that extent the number of our

Church-members. If & Local Preacher dren to leave the adult and join the

stands up in our pulpits and endeavours to juvenile Class. Besides-though this induce those who are before him to join seems to have been completely over- the hosts of the Lord, whilst at the same looked in the conversations—in pre

time it is known that he is a man who vious years hundreds of converted

never meets in Class, that man discredits

the institution. The same thing may children have united themselves to

be said of Society-stewards, of Circuitour Societies ; this year

the

stewards and of other officers. We have converts from the young have sought such nien amongst us—some of them hold. fellowship with those of their own

ing the highest official positions—who pay

in their Class-money on the day of the age. In view of this and of the fact

Quarterly Meeting, and who in that and in that upwards of sixty thousand per- other ways discredit the institution. If sons have been admitted during you talk about leakage-there is more year, we may

well
accept grate-

leakage caused in this way than in any

other. I know it will be said by those fully Dr. Osborrt's counsel : Let

who have assumed the responsibility of us beware of discouragement.' And appointing men to these offices who do not the Doctor's plea for get more efficient

meet in Class, that there are other advan. care of our children ought to bring

tages to which you must not shut your forth visible fruit, though possibly ality and ability to help us are of very

eyes. These are men who by their libernot till after many days. There is great importance to us. Well, I would another side to the question of the listen to any one who spoke after this decrease ; and the ex-President manner, and I would admit to the full all touched upon it gently but firmly.

that he had to say. But then I would look

at the other side, and I would venture to Our gains are not duly proportion- say that the disadvantages that flow from ate to our agencies. Very solemnly such appointments far outweigh any adshould we ask ourselves : Are con

vantages that you can possibly derive from versions as numerous with us as they

them. For instance, here is a Circuit

steward ; he occupies the highest position were with our fathers? And it is that a layman can hold in the Circuit, and sadly too true that there is wanting yet it is known that he does not meet in that constant, steady, assiduous, suc

Class. The knowledge of tbat fact does cessful working of our ancient discip

more to discredit the Class-meeting than

all that you can say in favour of it will do line which,... before all else, would

to uplift it. Further, see the effect upon tend to our prosperity. Mr. James that man's children. He does not meet Wood ascribed the decrease to leak

in Class ; his children therefore do not age,' and to the small encouragement

meet in Class ; and the consequence is that

you lose fruit that ought to be most easily given to evangelistic work in some gathered.' places.' He suggested meetings for prayer both before and after the pub- Mr. Lidgett urges sharpdiscipline in lic Sunday evening service, and the all such cases ; perhaps, however, with vigorous working of Mission-rooms an insufficient apprehension of the diffi“surrounding our large chapels.' culties that attach to it. Nevertheless, These hints should not be lost sight he is a bad soldier who will not bear

:

discipline, a bad soldier who will not fidently condemn the phraseology keep rule.' If our office-bearers, to referred to.' whom Mr. Lidgett's remarks apply, Other topics of the conversations would ponder the serious ill-effects of were the remarkable revival at their persistent neglect of the Class- Kingswood School; the wondrous sucmeeting, the Prayer-meeting and the cess of some of our District Missionweek-night preaching, they would aries; the number of Cambridgeunderprobably see the wisdom of not for- graduates meeting in Class; the desaking the assembling of themselves sirability of making all our annitogether, as, alas ! 'the manner of versaries' great soul-saving times; ' some is.'

the necessity of personal service and Dr. Pope turned the thought of self-examination, and the advisability the Conference to the duty of cul- of setting forth the exceeding sinfultivating personal piety, of 'perfecting ness of sin, and also its terrible and holiness in the fear of God.' The eternal consequences.

Mr. Harrithirst for holiness that pervades our son testified that Methodism has not Israel is the brightest possible har- lost its hold upon the masses. Mr. binger of more prosperous days. Bowden spoke warningly of the frivoNothing could much better illustrate lities—to use the mildest possible the overwhelming importance which term—that are found in too many Methodism attaches to experience of

Christian homes. Mr. Arthur pointed the deep things of God than to hear out that culture and University trainan erudite and exact theologian like ing need not damage spirituality or Dr. Pope declare with heartfelt sin- lessen love for Methodism_had not cerity that he could not pause to in certain specified cases; and the discuss critically theological errors President, with emphatic brevity, exwhile the fact remained that every- horted to the regular observance of where our people are pressing into family worship. Perhaps during the that which they desire above all two conversations on the State of the things—a closer communion with Work of God less intense spiritual God, a more entire severance from emotion was felt than while the Conself, a more absolute conformity to ference of 1878 was similarly enthe will of Christ and reflection of gaged; but never was more food His blessed example.' And, again : furnished for serious, prayerful medi* I have wondered whether it is right tation, and never was displayed more to speak of a “second blessing.” But a

real desire and determination to do, there is a text in which our Saviour in the name of the Lord, practical takes a blind man and partially re- aggressive work-a hopeful augury stores him his sight, and then, holding for the coming year. the man up before us for a little Upon the crowded congregation at while, that we may study his condi- the Ordination Service, and especially tion—which is a great advance upon upon the Probationers assembled to what it was—that we may watch him pledge themselves to Christ for lifein this state of struggle,...He touches service as His Ministers, and to rehim again, and he sees every man ceive the Church's confirmation of clearly. In the face of that text, and their vows, there rested the Holy in the face of the experience of mul- Ghost. The ex-President's charge titudes of our fathers, in the face of will in due course enrich our pages; the testimonies of multitudes now it is therefore needless to review it. living, and in the face of the deep Every one might expect from Dr. instinct, the hope and desire of my Rigg scholarship, thoroughness, sterown unworthy heart, I will not con- ling thought and sound theology;

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and when he described the relation pounds per boy is to be levied on of the Minister to the Church, and parents having sons at Kingswood and the significance of Ordination, in so Woodhouse Grove School, to pay for masterly a manner, and when he the clothing provided by the school proceeded to enforce the duty and authorities. Here, again, absolute advantage of a conscientious and necessity commanded the impost. But minute discharge of the pastoral func- it will bear very heavily upon Ministions, it was felt that the deliverance ters in country Circuits with small was worthy of the man.

allowances. Ministers in large towns Throughout the session of the can avail themselves of Grammar Representative Conference, retrench- Schools to secure their boys a good ment was the order of the day. Even and cheap education. There are very congratulations upon the success of few such schools in our country Cirthe Thanksgiving Fund were mingled cuits. And six pounds is only too with demands for a decrease of ex- frequently equivalent to one-twentieth penditure. Not even the Foreign of a Minister's stipend. In such cases Missions, the very pride and darling he cannot, without hardship, send one of the Methodist heart, were spared. of his sons to our school, If the The most protracted debate took place matter were properly understood by with regard to the Theological In- our people, we cannot doubt that an stitution. Ultimately it was resolved increase of contributions to the Schools' that the payment of travelling ex- Fund would solve the problem with penses to its students should immedi- a much less distressing answer. ately cease, and that after the Confer- The business of the Conference was ence of 1880 no allowance should be transacted rapidly, but efficiently. paid them, except in cases of proved Spite of the unusual business of the Deed, when a sum of ten pounds Thanksgiving Fund, and the many might be granted. Stern necessity knotty and delicate points requiring to alone justifies this measure. It was be settled, the Journal was signed strongly pressed that ministerial stu- about eight o'clock on the Friday dents in Dissenting Colleges receive evening. no allowances; but it should be borne By the time these pages are in our in mind that they are highly paid for readers' hands, the Connexional new their Sunday services, while our own year will have begun. We have students often receive barely their brought and are still bringing the travelling expenses. We trust that tithes into God's storehouse, at least retrenchment of the expenditure of the tithes of gold, and, we trust, the the Theological Institution has now firstfruits of prayer and faith and reached its limit; and that no re

love and labour. Now we wait, as duction will be found necessary the President urged us, with patient in the tutorial staff. While the and humble, yet eager and confident poorest enjoy the benefits of primary expectation ; we are proving Him if education and other denominations He' will not open'us' the windows of are straining every nerve to obtain heaven, and pour' us 'out a blessing, & cultured and trained Ministry, that there shall not be room enough Methodism cannot afford to have to receive it. Financial embarrassilliterate Preachers and Pastors. ments resulting from the multiplica

The reports of our Schools for tion of Ministers at a higher rate than Ministers' Children, both Boys' and the multiplication of members would Girls', were highly satisfactory. But speedily disappear before times of here, again, the outgo exceeds the refreshing from the presence of the Henceforth a tax of six Lord.'

B. J.

income.

pages. Never

NOTES ON CURRENT SCIENCE :

BY THE REV. W. H. DALLINGER, F.R.M.S. The remarkable and constant advance die of its own inanition—but waiting of the buman race in its knowledge until the truth is discovered ; and of the facts of Nature, the surprising whatever that may be, there is no character of the majority of those pure and enlightened mind that would facts, and the aptitude which the for a moment reject it. Now it can scientific mind bas shown for apply- hardly be said that, as we actually ing them to the furtherance of human know them, the facts of geology interests and culture, has induced & irresistibly display evidence of a credulity in relation to scientific progressive development. But it is matters generally, which in the in- fallacious in the last degree to make terests of truth as a whole, and of too much of this. The geological theological truth specially, it would record must be eminently imperfect, be well to see checked. We need especially in its older hardly refer to the recent attempt to theless, it has to be remembered that impose upon human intellect by at the base of the Silurian rocks-50 affirming that a means had been far as the evidence went for a long found of suspending animation and while, taking the position of the consciousness for an indefinite time, earliest strata giving evidence of and then restoring it at will : the utili- organized existences—there are found tarian aspect of which was of course biological remains of organized forms that animals might be thus operated that are very highly differentiated or upon for a voyage from the most developed. But subsequently—in

. distant regions to the most lucrative 1859-Logan discovered in the Laumarket, consuming no food, however rentian formation in Canada, which long the journey, and being restored lies under the Silurian, and is composed living and plump when they had of extremely altered' or metamorreached their destination. One would phosed rocks, a curious imbedded have thought that so startling a structure, which after careful exstatement as this would have been amination was declared to be of received with at least caution, how- animal origin : a 'fossil,' indeed, har. ever animated by hope. But so re- ing a structure analagous to, but less ceptive bave we become by the con- highly organized than, the Foraministant announcement of victory over fera, so widely distributed in time matter by mind, that some journals and space. This was not received professedly scientific, many quasi- without question ; but it was an scientific, and a host of others, on extremely delicate point to determine. the first blush of the thing accepted Confessedly the rocks in which it was it almost without the expression of a found had undergone much change; suspicion. In such times as ours the it must therefore have undergone critical faculty should be in full similar metamorphosis, and it would exercise. By the wonderful advances only be here and there that what of science, we may be led to the loss would be esteemed a perfect speciof truth, by the very credulity which men would be recovered. And even these advances have superinduced. in euch instances it would require

We have lately had occasion more much special knowledge to arrive at than once to point out the necessity a definite conclusion, that exists in geological matters for This knowledge was undoubtedly suspended judgment-not antagon- possessed by Dr. W. Carpenter and ism : we need not fight the false, it will Principal Dawson ; and both deter

mined that the evidence afforded inasmuch as it was an animal that by microscopical examination of sec- appeared first, and the vegetables did tions of the fossil, cut in all directions not apparently present themselves and carefully compared and studied, until enormous periods of time had led to a necessary conclusion that it elapsed, it was inferred that the coswas a fossil animal of the lowliest mogony of Genesis was profoundly type; and it was named Eozoön at fault. We have recently had ocCANADENSE, or, The Dawn Animal. casion to point out in these columns Thus we commence the Biological how fallacious this mode of reasoning series that have inhabited the earth is, being based wholly upon negative with a very lowly form indeed evidence; and to record the fact mere mass of protoplasm possessed that a highly-organized vegetable-a of the power to secrete from the calamite has been in two or three ocean in which it dwelt a shell or different places found in the Laurentest of carbonate of lime; and the tian and Silurian rocks; thus carryform which the fossil presents is ing a bighly-developed vegetable down comparatively indefinite externally, to a level with the most lowly-devebut internally it is chambered in loped animal, namely, the eozoon. tiers, each chamber communicating But the real point of interest is with that above and below it by this. Two extremely expert ininerameans of delicate channels. The logists, Messrs. King and Rowney, part representing what was supposed after an apparently close examination to be the animal, is now filled up of the Eozoon Canadense, declared with 'serpentine,' the shell being in that it was not a ' fossil' at all. They the form of limestone.

affirmed that it was a simple mineral There are no other definite fossils production. This, of course, led to found in this formation—none, indeed, controversy, which some six years until we come to the Silurian rocks, since was both lively and long. On where we meet with fossil animals of, as neither side did the disputants conwe have before said, high development. vince their opponents; but the result But this formation has been so meta- of the controversy was, on the whole, morphosed that it is quite conceiv- to leave the careful student of able that all the biological remains scientific evidence, not an expert, it might have contained were wholly with the impression, that although it destroyed; but that the eozoon was was by no means an established 80 profusely spread over the ocean, point, yet it was still highly probable and so peculiar in structure, that that the eozoon was an animal fossil. to careful investigation evidences of Since that time Dr. Dawson has pubits organic character had survived lished a popular treatise on it, which all changes. So that development has somewhat strengthened this view. being assumed as proved in more But now a new critic has devoted recent formations, it was argued that himself to the question, and with the absence of evidence of its action somewhat remarkable results. Dr. between the eozoon and the advanced Karl Moebius, an eminent geologist organisms of the Silurian epoch was of Kiel, is a good microscopist and quite accounted for by metamor- well acquainted with the Foraminifera phosis ' in the rocks; but nature's as a group, and after what he affirms method was still made manifest, it to be a most prolonged, patient and was argued, since the earliest organ- unbiased study of a large variety of ism found at the base of the earliest sections of eozoon, he has come to the rocks containing fossils was of the conclusion, almost unwillingly, that lowliest conceivable type. Further, it is not a fossil, but simply a mineral.

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