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He to the West, they to the East
Repair, till death to dwell ;
And they by Hiddekel.
With all their singing men ;
They may not see again.
Where pilgrims blest by myriads pressed,
Shall shepherds feed their flocks :
Shall walk the wakeful fox :
Where kings held council high ;
And in the windows cry.
They hang their harps on high,
Or vernal winds go by;
Are wearied with their wail,
Where reverent tribes drew nigh,
Each ribald passer by:
When God His own abhorred!'
• They would not know the Lord.'
SELECT LITERARY NOTICES. History of the Reformation in Ger- the Romans. By Friedrich Adolple' many and Switzerland, Chiefly. By Philippi, Professor of Theology at Ros-Dr. K. R. Hagenbach, late Professor of tock. Translated from the Third ImTheology at Basel. Translated from the proved and Enlarged Edition, by the Fourth Revised Edition of the German, Rev. J. S. Banks. In Two Volumes, by Evelina Moore. Vol. I, Edinburgh: Vol. I. Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark. T, and T. Clark. 1878. This is the 1878.-Dr. Philippi is a theologian as well third volume of Hagenbach's History of as an expositor : he has a keen and delithe Church ; and numerous as are the cate tact of exposition, which is carefully, histories of the Reformation, it is far from patiently and scientifically applied ; he is being superfluous. It has the charm and also an acute grammatical interpreter, value of a popular narrative written by a exploding a false rendering by showing deep thinker, an accomplished scholar and how the Greek must have read if the a distinguished theologian. The book, hypothesized sense had been the real one. though the work of a very learned man, His theology is often very judicious : is not intended for learned men,' and is cautious, well-considered and well-stated. not a 'compend of Church History.' It He feels the absolute dependence of theois thoroughly interesting to the general logy on exegesis and spares no pains to reader. Not so picturesque and dramatic get at the true syntactical meaning of the as D'Aubigné, it evinces higher culture successive sentences. He sometimes, though and wider, calmer thought. Amongst the rarely, explains what does not need exbest parts of the volume are the accounts plaining; and, like many of his predeof Lather's Bible, the comparison and cessors,' mistakes expansion for exposition.' contrast of Luther and Zwingle, the de- The worst of it is, however, that he is often lightful description of the home life of least satisfactory on the most difficult pasthe great Reformers, the exposition of sages. He moves like a halting giant on Melancthon's doctrinal system, the rich a hobbled war-steed. Thus he fails, as a quotations from Luther and the apology theologian, in the solid, mutual adjustfor Luther's familiarity in prayer. But ment of antithetical passages. He greatly Hagenbach is too lenient altogether with underrates the action of the Spirit on the Luther's shallow, self-confident,
headstrong unconverted and the heathen. His interrejection of the Apocalypse and the Epistle pretation of shall also perish without of James, and his wish to put Melan- law' is altogether too bald and curt, too cthon's chief works into the Canon. Ha- rough and ready, for such an exegete on genbach applies the word ' liberal' to this such a text. In this way he misses some arbitrary, egotistic, overbearing eclecticism precious rays of revealed truth. He of the great Reformer. This is to make weakens his, for the most part, powerful liberal another word for wayward and exposition of Romans v. 12, etc., by such self-willed. The work, however, is of real an arbitrary and inconsistent limitationvalue and deep interest.
or such an unskilful putting—as the fol
lowing comment on, the free gift came Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to upon all men, etc.' 'Still there follows,
here, as matter of course, the qualification key-verses and critical expressions of the that by all men are only meant all that Apostle, such as sold under sin,' and believe.'
captivity to the law of sin and death.' His exposition of Romans vi., vii., viii. He repudiates the word 'normal,' as ap1,2—as the work of so accomplished an in- plied to the condition of a believer ; bat terpreter—is admonitorily inconsistent and he adopts the word “ideal,' in such a way confused. In his exposition of the sixth as to imply that the ideal of a Christian chapter he is misled by a theory of bap- can never be realized, was never meant to tismal quasi-regeneration. He affirms that be realized in this life. He is also entangled those to whom St. Paul wrote .died to sin in the meshes of the old Scotch theology, in baptism.' But he omits to explain how, which places regeneration, as an expein that case, the Apostle camo to write rienced fact, before repentance ; thus leavburied with Him in baptism'; and not ing no intermediate, transitional or embrycrucified with Him in baptism. He onic state between that of the unregenerate makes baptism to be the sacrament of and the regenerate ; here, again, ignoring initiation into communion with Christ,...of the powerful action of the convincing incorporation into Christ.' And immedi- Spirit on the as yet unregenerate. ately after says, “This holds true especially These serious deductions notwithstand. of infant baptism, preceding the ministrying, the close, grammatical student of the of the Word.' He adds, ' As, in baptism, New Testament will find this a work of the general act of salvation has been ac- great helpfulness, by reason of the fine complished in me directly by God, my critical qualities of the author above indifaith as to its assurance of salvation rests cated. upon my baptism.' (P. 292.) And yet, Mr. Banks has done his work admirably. on the words 'were baptized into His death,' he maintains, The Apostle de- The History of the Religious Movement scribes a psychological event, mysterious of the Eighteenth Century, called Methoindeed, but real and certain, although con- dism. By Abel Stevens, LL.D. Vol. III. ceivable only by experience of the new From Death of Wesley to Contenary of birth effected through justification.' It Methodism. Neno Edition, reprinted seems then that, after all, the new birth from the American Edition. London: is effected through justification, and we Wesleyan Conference Office. 1878.are justified by faith '; so faith, not bap- The concluding volume of Dr. Stevens' tism, is the instrumental cause, as well as great work betrays no flagging in the inthe condition, of the new birth.' What, terest of the narrative or slackening of then, is it which faith accomplishes, as the energy with which the author began distinct from that which baptism effects ? his task. In fact, the last volume is, in We have Dr. Philippi's answer in the fol- some respects, the most valuable of all, lowing terms : • The fellowship with Christ inasmuch as it traverses less beaten ground. in which baptism places us objectively, and The second chapter, on Conferences and faith subjectively. It appears from this Controversies from the Death of Wesley that, according to Philippi, the com- to the Settlement of the Wesleyan Polity, munion with Christ,''incorporation with is one of the most important in the whole Christ,' etc., which baptism, apart from work. The author has taken a wise course faith produces, is merely outward, not in- in making great part of the volume & ward; not a matter of experience'- succession of historical portraits of reprewhatever outward communion with, or out- sentative men and women of various ward incorporation into Christ, may be classes. The engravings enrich this vol. supposed to mean.
ume greatly; not only as works of art, Dr. Philippi's exposition of Romans vii. but as highly characteristic presentations is bewildered by a hopelessly unmanageable of remarkable personages, especially those hypothesis, which even his skill can in no of Watson, Dawson, Banting, Newton, wise reconcile, by process of scientific Entwisle and Lessey. The two concluexegesis, with the inspired phraseology, and ding paragraphs are very vigorous and as little with the facts of healthy Christian perfectly just. A few unimportant topo experience. He regards the seventh and graphical mistakes and one or twonotunimeighth of Romans as, not descriptive of two portant omissions and obselete statements, states or stages of development in the result from the fact that this is a reprint' Christian life, but as concurrent phases of from the last American edition. A conthat life. But in order to give plausibility spicuous omission is that of the name of to his conception, and to work it into ac- Mary Barritt (Mrs. Taft) from the rom cord with the consciousness of earnest of Methodist female preachers in the believers, he is driven to give an unwar- present century. She was the ablest, most rantably enfeebled sense to some of the active and most successful of them all : the instrument in the con version of hundreds, help the devout English reader of the New amongst whom was the late venerable Testament, who may, with a little knowThomas Jackson. This reminds us of a ledge of Greek, desire to refer to the actual like omission in the first volume : that of words used by the Spirit of God.' It is, Prior from a brilliant catalogue of lite- like the Englishman's Greek Concordrary names, in which Rove is included ! ance, especially adapted for the help of
The appearance of this volume just now those seeking to learn from the Word is very opportune. We can scarcely think itself rather than from the Commentaries.' of anything more likely to stir up an en- It is also an endeavour to furnish the Enthusiastic zeal for the relief and extension glish student with all that he may require of Methodism than the perusal of this both as to the text of the New Testament, book.
and possibly all that he requires for its
word for word translation,' Just deference is Notes on the Rev. G. W. Olver's Fern- paid to the spiritual insight of the reader," ley Lecture, 1878. By J. L. Posnett. and reverence to the grace and help London : Elliot Stock. -A severe exami- of God.' This benevolent and well-connation of Mr. Olver's 'novel and startling ceived object has been accomplished with views.' Mr. Posnett adduces superabun- notable efficiency, by dint of careful and dant evidence, by quotation from a great competent scholarsbip. The rendering is number of expositors and theologians of resolutely simple, and on that account all various denominations and schools of the more helpful ; whilst the preservation thought, that the views in question are of Greek modes of spression casts a kind
novel'; but this the Lecturer himself of slanting light on the sense of Scripture. does not deny. Mr. Posnett also shows This work will be found very useful to a that the Lecturer's definition of bodily large number of searchers of the Scripdeath is as foreign to Greek or Latin and ture, who without such help might be disto ordinary usage as to the Scriptures couraged. No pains have been spared to and divinity. He calls attention to incon- make that help effectual. The volume, sistencies of statement. He then points being inexpensively 'got up,' is all the out the newness and irreconcilableness with more accessible. The Greek type is easily Scripture of the representation given in legible, and pleasant to the eye. the Lecture of the death of Christ. In like manner, the hypothesis of the solitude of Plain Proofs of the Great Facts of the lost soul and the reduction to no- Christianity, for the Help of Minds thing or to ashes of the raised bodies of perplexed with Difficulties. By F. E. the unsaved, is shown to be destitute of White, M.A., Author of The World Scriptural support. Several pages are Unseen. London : Hodder and Stoughoceupied with the citation of authorities ton. 1878. -A very timely, well-conceived as to our Lord's preaching to the spirits and well-executed little work. In his in prison.' Mr. Posnett's conclusion exemplarily modest Preface the author is : The aim of the author appears to be much anderrates the merit of his producthat of treating philosophically the awful tion. True, it is mainly a compendions subject of sin and its consequences. In so presentation of thearguments of Prebendary doing, we think that he has deviated from Row, Professors Westcott and Wace and the true lines of Biblical interpretation.' Rev. W. Sanday; but the writer's own The pamphlet is quite as much a mani. vigorous and remarkably well-balanced festo and a protest as an investigation and mind has been brought to bear on those an argument. It evidences familiarity arguments in a most happily effective with the grand old divines. Mr. Posnett way. His great subjects are treated in wisely recommends to us all, less of a manly, independent and really original speculation, more of childlike trust and manner, and with admirable clearness, patience.'
precision and moderation of treatment, tone
and style. It is a book for minds of some The Englishman's Greek New Testa- degree of cultivation ; and we know of no ment : gicing the Greek Text of Stephens, other so suitable to be placed before such bili with the various Reading celana
of them as have not the means, leisure or Editions of Elzevir, 1624; Griesbach, patience for the study of larger works. As Lachmann, Tischendorf, Tregelles, Al- a judicial summing up of those arguments, ford and Wordsworth. Together with it may be read with great advantage by all. an Interlinear Literal Translation, and It is, moreover, free from the grave the Authorized Version of 1611. London: faults of Prebendary Row's, in the main, S. Bagster and Sons. -The object of very valuable Bampton Lecture. We are this work is thus stated in the very modest, convinced, however, that Mr. White undervepsible and devout Introduction : "To values the force of the Presumptive Evi:
dence of Christianity, in calling it useless': late of Nottingham and Melbourne, not conclusive it certainly is, but useless it author of 'The Origin and History as certainly is not
of the New Testament.' London :
Hodder and Stoughton.-No one who The Word and the Works of God. A reads these Sermons will say they are dry. Course of Addresses to Young Men. By There is a symmetrical, and sometimes Maurice Lothian, F.R.S. E. Second and elaborate, ontline, the promise of which Revised Edition. Edinburgh : Johnstone, is well redeemed by the filling up. The Hunter and Co. 1878. It is a good language is choice, the sentences rhyth. sign that a second edition should be called mical, and there is sustained throughout a for of such a book as this. These Ad- fine tone of composition very agreeable to dresses were delivered to a class of young the reader, and often eloquence of a high men whose ages varied from fifteen to five- order, though never rising into sublimity, and-twenty years old and upward,' and are and a strength of thought that compen. intended principally for scholars who have sates for the absence of the adornment of left Sunday-school. The book, though not a vivid fancy. Illustration, in the shape of high literary pretensions, is very useful of simile, is rare, but there is no tameness. for the purpose for which it is designed. Mr. Martin's sermons are distinguished by
careful exegesis. Any difficulty the text Remarkable Cases of Conversion. By may present is boldly grappled with, and the J. R. Philips. London: S. W. Part- results of the Preacher's thought are fearridge.—These records of experiences lessly presented. With some of his conshowing the power of faith,' will prove clusions, however, it is hard to agree. In valuable to all workers for God. The the sermon on Cain 'and Abel; or, The anecdotes are, for the most part, fresh First Sacrifice, he discards the generally and striking, calculated to arrest the care- received opinion that God Himself taught less, strengthen the faith of the tempted Adam and his children the meaning and and guide the enquirer to Christ.
purpose of sacrifices. But whether is the
more improbable, that man, who had until New Coins from Old Gold ; or, Homely this time been a recipient of God's goodHints from Holy Writ. By Thomas ness, only now woke up to the feeling that Champness.
London : Hodder and he would do well to make some return for Stoughton.—These brief addresses will that goodness, and went about the work have a charm for all classes of readers. ignorantly, with the result recorded in the Mr. Champness has the rare power of put- Bible, or that, in so important a matter as ting a large amount of wisdom into terse, sacrificing, God gave instruction on a truth pithy sentences, which take firm hold on which man could not evolve from his own the memory.
The tone of the papers, reasoning? Does it not require great faith varies considerably. Some are tender and to receive such teaching as the following: admonitory, others racy and rousing ; all "This was, in fact, man's first lesson in are original and forceful. The 'get ap' saorifice. They were both trying their of the volume is admirable. It is one of hands at something entirely new. The the most tasteful books of the season. impulse was right, and, like every right
impulse, came from God. But God did Bible Teachings for the Young for not lay down the law. He let each try in Every Day in the Year, with Daily Cal- his own way, and waited till afterward to endar and Birthday Register. By, T.
show them which is best. Abel chose the S. Henderson. London : Hamilton, right way, and God showed that it was Adams and Co.-This book is offered as a right. Cain's first attempt was not 80 daily help to the little ones of Christ's good, and God took no notice. This was flock. The execution is as good as the not to discourage, but to let him see that design. The texts are carefully selected, Abel had found the true way to draw near. and the commenting is evidently the work Bad he learned the lesson of doing well," of one who understands the temptations and be would have been accepted too.' religious difficulties of children. The Again, in his sermon on The Sacrifice style is winning and sympathetic, and the of Isaac, he asserts that Abraham was matter suggestive, appropriate and prac- mistaken in his interpretation of the Divine tical. These short counsels will be valued command : 'It was an obscure command, by all earnest, intelligent children. The no doubt; but it was not a command to volume is attractively bound and well illus- slay or burn. It wanted interpreting ; trated.
but, in its strictest sense, it was simply
& command to give Isaac entirely up The Christian Mirror ; and other Ser. to God.... The natural tendency of the mons. By the Rev, James Martin, B.A, human heart is to believe that God
delights in victims slain. But Abraham large number of expository articles and a was to learn, once for all, that it is living still larger of 'Sermonic Outlines'; & sacrifices, and not dead ones, that God • Clerical Symposium,' and several chapreally desires.'
ters on Biblical science ; besides a conDoubtless, God never intended that siderable quantity of other matter. A few 1998c should be slain, or that this command of the · Sermonic Outlines' barely reach should be a precedent for, or justification the level of respectable mediocrity, and one of, offering human sacrifices where no such or two of the expositions manifest scarcely command was given ; but Mr. Martin loses more than average ability ; but the bulk of sight of the fact that God, Who gave the articles attain a high standard of Isaac's life by a miracle, had a right to excellence, especially the more solid ardemand that life back again by sacrifice, ticles. Dr. Duns' able • Science Studies,' if it would in any way advance His glory. and Dr. Brace's thoughtful •Parabolic The test to Abraham's faith would not Teaching of Christ' are real gains to have been so severe, if the wording of the theological literature. Altogether, the command had left room for hope that Homiletic Quarterly would be a helpful Isaac might be offered to God in some addition to a Minister's library. other way than by being slain and burnt like other sacrifices. And surely if Abra- Zion's Harfe. Gesangbuch für die ham had been mistaken in his inter- deutschen Wesleyan ischen Methodisten pretation, some hint to that effect would (Hymn-Book of the German Wesleyan have been given in the subsequent narra- Methodists). Cannstatt : Wesleyan Booktire! With the lessons embodied in the Room.-Weare glad that our German brethrest of the sermon we thoroughly agree ; ren are provided with this excellent collecbat they do not depend upon the faulty tion of sacred songs. We have here many fine exegesis referred to.
specimens of German hymn-writing, ancient We need not call attention in detail to and modern, including the originals of any of the other sermons contained in this some of the noblest hymns in our own Col. volume. That on St. Peter and the Keys lection. There are also several accurately of the Kingdom, is a masterly exposition of rendered translations of English and Ameramach controverted passage; while that on
ican favourites. The tunes are tasteful and Dirine Jealousy the Measure of Divine appropriate : the correctness of their har. Grace, is an original, but none the less mony is guaranteed by the leading Prosatisfactory, explanation of a text, the usual fessor in the Stattgart Conservatory of interpretation of which is anything but Music. satisfactory. The sermon on Completeness in Christ, or, Ritualism and Spiritism The History of the Tea-Cup; with a Judged by St. Paul, is very cogent and Descriptive Account of the Potter's Art, powerful, and deserves a wide circulation By the Rev. G. R Wedgwood. London: in the present day.
Wesleyan Conference Office.-A large We have pleasure in commending to our amount of valuable information relative readers this volume of sermons as a worthy to the growth and preparation of tea memorial of an able Minister of the Gos- and the various processes employed in pel. It is impossible to peruse them without the manufacture of the tea-cup, is comà feeling of regret that the hand that pressed into this little volume. The illuspenned them is still in death, and the trations, which are good and frequent, mind that produced them removed to greatly help the descriptions. No intellianother sphere of service.—The book is gent reader can fail to be interested by the got ap' with the usual care and taste of perasal of this attractive gift-book. the pablishers.
The Cliftons, and their Play-hours. By The Homiletic Quarterly. Vol. II, Mrs. Cosslett.-Ned's Motto; or, Little by London : Richard D. Dickinson. 1878.- Little, London: Wesleyan Conforence OfThe four nambers of this magazine for fice.-The Cliftons, is a thoroughly sensible the past year make a goodly volume of story, very original and lively. It contains five hundred and sixty-four pages. Its no very alarming adventures or impossible Table of Contents occupies four pages : incidents, but the every-day life of a family its Index of Scriptures illustrated nearly of intelligent children is portrayed in a three. Hence it will be judged that most interesting style. The religious diffithe bill of fare is sufficiently varied. culties and mistakes of 'Fleda' are very The volume contains exposition touching and true to life. of the Book of Obadiah ; instalments Ned's Motto, is an excellent boy's tale, of commentaries, on different plans, on full of interesting incident, combined most Jadges, Esther, Hebrews and James ; a happily with sterling practical lessons. It